|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||927.53 km2 (358.12 sq mi)|
|• Density||790/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Jiangyan District (simplified Chinese: 姜堰区; traditional Chinese: 姜堰區; pinyin: Jiāngyàn Qū) is one of three districts of Taizhou, Jiangsu province, China. In December 2012 it was converted from a county-level city to become the third district of Taizhou. Jiangyan is noted for being the birthplace of the former General Secretary of the Communist Party of China Hu Jintao.
Located in the centre of Jiangsu province, Jiangyan is neighbored by Hai'an and Dongtai to the east. To the west lie the Hailing and Gaogang districts. Taixing is situated to the south and Xinghua to the north.
Jiangyan has a very long history. Formerly called Taixian (Chinese: 泰县, pinyin: tāixīan), it was set as a county at the end of the Western Han Dynasty. It has relics from Zhou Dynasty, Buddha statue from the Tang Dynasty, and a town from the Qing Dynasty. In July 1994, it was changed from Taixian County to Jiangyan City, and also established as a city status. Other names Jiangyan had are Hailu (Chinese: 海陆), Wuling (Chinese: 吴陵), Taizhou (Chinese: 泰州) over the years. General Chen Yi had commanded the Battle of Huangqiao in Qujiang Tower, in downtown Jiangyan. Liu Jingting (Chinese: 柳敬亭, Master of Yangzhou Pingtan, a form of traditional Chinese opera)、Huang Longshi (Chinese :黄龙士, Master of go in Qing Dynasty), and Gao Ershi (Chinese: 高二适, modern time calligraphier) are among the well-known people from Jiangyan. The Qintong Boat Festival (Chinese: 溱潼会船) also has a long history since Ming Dynasty, and it is becoming an important tourist destination in the whole eastern China. The Baima Temple (Chinese: 白马庙, meaning white horse temple) in Jiangyan (now in Taizhou) is the birthplace of the Navy of the People's Liberation Army.
There have been so many well-known people from Jiangyan in its long history. Yue Fei (岳飞) and Wen Tianxiang (文天祥) in Song dynasty have both stationed in Jiangyan to fight again the Jin and Mongol invaders. The Ming dynasty general, Tang Shunzhi (唐顺之) had been fighting Japanese wokou in Jiangyan until his death there. The philosophy and one of the founders of 'Taizhou clique', Wang Dong (王栋) had been teaching in Jiangyan for decades, and his teaching place, Wanggong Temple ("王公祠") is now preserved as a museum. The artist in Ming dynasty, Tang Zhique (唐志契) and his brother Tang Zhiyi (唐志尹), nephew Tang Riyin (唐日艮), so called 'Three Tangs' were from Jiangyan. The go chess master in Qing dynasty, Huang Longshi (黄龙士) had led the go game to the highest peak in the old times. Lu Fubao (卢福保) was the consule of Taiwan. Liu Guorong (刘荣庆) and Liu Guoqing (刘国庆) brothers were the martial champain.
In the modern history, the artist master Mei Lanfang (梅兰芳) was born in Zhangmu (张沐) town (now in Baimi town), and he had visited Jiangyan for many times. Following the call from Chairman Mao Zedong, modern poet and calligrapher Gao Ershi (高二适) had made a famous 'Lanting Argument' (兰亭论辩) with Guo Moruo (郭沫若). According to a preliminary statistics, there are over 200 professors and 5 military lieutenant generals originated from Jiangyan as of 2000.
Jiangyan also has made its special marks in the history of modern China. The first Soviet base in northern Jiangsu was founded in Jiangyan by No 14 red army. Hu Jintao(胡锦涛）, the former General Secretary of the Communist Party is also born and raised in Jiangyan.
Jiangyan has also actively engaged in a campaign to modernise the district by new technology and intense education. During 1992 and 1997, there are as many as 180 innovations and 155 new technologies were awarded and more than 70 patents were assigned. Jiangyan has been in Top 100 Counties since 1995.
The Nanjing-Jinjiang-Yancheng Highway passes through from south to north and National Highway 328 goes from west to east. All the townships are connected by well paved ways. The old and new Yangzhou Canal, Zhonggan river, Jiangyan-Qintong river, and east and west Jiangyan-Huangqiao rivers provide a very good river transportation system. It takes few than 3 hours to Nanjing or Shanghai. Out of the total 1044 km² area, large amount of them are low swamps, and the water area measures about 15%.
The routes to get to Jiangyan includes:
- Take buses from Shanghai or Nanjing through National Highway 328 or Nanjing-Jinjiang-Yancheng Highway.
In 1990, Heheng (Chinese: 河横) village in the town of Shengao, Jiangyan was awarded Global 500 Roll of Honor by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) because of its success in protecting the environment while increasing the grain yield and its wide use of marsh biogas ponds. In total Jiangyan District is divided into 15 towns:
Qintong Boat Festival
Qintong Boat Festival is held in Qingming Festival (around April 4–6) every year. During the festival boats from nearby villages and towns converge in Xique lake for a few days of rejoicing. Theatrical performances, dragon and lion dances, and other folk dances are staged right on board the boats. The whole festival was highlighted by the unique boating racing by using the long poles instead of paddles. The whole events now are used by the district government as a platform to attract tourists and foreign investiments.
The lake located in Qintong town, 15 km north of Jiangyan. The water was composed of Nanhu (南湖), Xique (喜鹊湖), and Beihu (北湖). It is part of Qintong Swamp.
Heheng Agriculture Scenic Tour
- Gao Ershi Museum, Jiangyan
There are 233 kindergartens, 280 primary schools, 50 middle schools, and 2 provincial special high schools. Jiangyan High School was named model high school and promoted to provincial run schools.
- Google (2014-07-02). "Jiangyan" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
- Taizhou Statistical Yearbook 2012/《泰州统计年鉴2012》.(Chinese) Accessed 9 July 2014.
- China 2010 Census County-by-county Statistics/《中国2010年人口普查分县资料》.(Chinese) Accessed 9 July 2014.
- "泰州姜堰撤市设区已获国务院和江苏省政府批准". People.com.cn. 4 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-07.
- 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码：姜堰市 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-01-07.
- Official website of Jiangyan, Jiangsu
- Jiangyan English guide (Jiangsu.NET)
- Official website of Qintong Boat Festival