|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Jiawang District (simplified Chinese: 贾汪区; traditional Chinese: 賈汪區; pinyin: Jiǎwāng Qū) is a suburban of Xuzhou, Jiangsu province, China. It is located in the northern part of Xuzhou and adjacent to the prefecture-level city of Zaozhuang, Shandong.
Since the Ming dynasty, some people resettled to the area where located in Jiawang nowadays. The Jia family among them found a bond which formed by spring, then they settled close by a pond. Thus, the pond was named as Jiajiawang, "贾家汪" in Chinese, whose literal meaning is the Jia's pond". Similar as Xuhui District for Xujiahui in Shanghai, Jiajiawang was simplified as Jiawang.
In the summer of 1880, the coal was found in Jiawang. One peasant, Zhou Mian mined from an open-cast coal with his fellows and sold. It also the beginning of coal mining for modern Xuzhou. In 1881, Zuo Zongtang wrote to a local official, Cheng Guoxi, asked him to seek iron and coal mines for shipping industry. Cheng invited a Nanjing officer, Hu Enxie, to join with him. They employed a British engineer for prospecting. The engineer considered there are several nice spots in Xuzhou for mining, included Jiawang. Hu established a mining enterprise in 1882. His son, Bicheng succeed him and bought the mines in Jiawang in 1884. But the market was bleak because of the Sino-French War. Then a Cantonese businessman, Wu Weixiong, took over the enterprise, he set up Jiawang Coal Company in 1898, but the financial condition was worse and finally failed in about 1904. Wu trusted the facilities with Bicheng before he died. Bicheng raised money and established a new firm, Jiawang Coal Incorporated Company, but it also soon failed. Yuan Shikai's cousin, Yuan Shichuan, was the principal shareholder of the company. With his help the company began to run again. The output was up to about 600–1000 tons per day. However, the continuous civil war led to recession, causing sales to drop off. In 1930, the company was acquired by Liu Hongsheng and renamed East China Coal Incorporated Company.
In 1938, the Japanese captured Jiawang. Then they converted the company under military control. After the end of the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Republic of China's government took over the company.
As the prospering mining made the area developed, CPC set up Jiawang Town in 1949. In 1965, it was upgraded as a district.
|This Jiangsu location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|