Jiayuguan City

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Jiayuguan
嘉峪关市
Prefecture-level city
Jiayuguan Fort
Jiayuguan Fort
Location of Jiayuguan City jurisdiction in Gansu
Location of Jiayuguan City jurisdiction in Gansu
Jiayuguan is located in China
Jiayuguan
Jiayuguan
Location in China
Jiayuguan is located in Gansu
Jiayuguan
Jiayuguan
Jiayuguan (Gansu)
Coordinates: 39°49′N 98°18′E / 39.817°N 98.300°E / 39.817; 98.300
Country People's Republic of China
Province Gansu
Area
 • Total 2,935 km2 (1,133 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 231,853
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code 735100
ISO 3166 code CN-GS-02
Website www.jyg.gansu.gov.cn

About this sound Jiayuguan  (simplified Chinese: 嘉峪关市; traditional Chinese: 嘉峪關市; pinyin: Jiāyùguān shì) is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Gansu province, with a population of 231,853 as of 2010. It is most famous for the nearby Jiayu Pass, the largest and most intact pass of the Great Wall of China.

In ancient times, many inns were built near the pass. Gradually, more and more people decided to stay there for business and Jiayuguan City was built. At present, Jiayuguan City is not only famous for Jiayuguan Pass but also for Jiuquan Steel Company built in 1958. The steel company is the largest in Gansu Province. By area, it is by far the smallest prefecture-level division of Gansu.

The fortress at Jiayuguan is situated at the end of the portion of the Great Wall of China which was built by the Ming Dynasty, in the 14th century.[1]

Administration[edit]

Jiayuguan has 3 management districts and further divided into 3 towns with a total population of 231,853(2010).[2]

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Town
Xiongguan District 雄关区 Xióngguān Qū Yuquan town (峪泉镇; Yùquán Zhèn)
Changcheng District 长城区 Chángchéng Qū Xincheng town (新城镇; Xīnchéng Zhèn)
Jingtie District 镜铁区 Jìngtiě Qū Wenshu town (文殊镇; Wénshū Zhèn)

Transport[edit]

Jiayuguan is served by China National Highway 312, and the Lanzhou-Xinjiang and Jiayuguan-Ceke Railways. A 69-km-long branch railway (Jia-Jing Railway, 嘉镜铁路) runs from Jiayuguan to Jingtie.

Jiayuguan is served by the Jiayuguan Airport that offers direct air services to Xi'an on Shanghai Airlines and Beijing on Air China.

The Latitude is 39° 47' N and Longitude: 98° 17' E.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Jiayuguan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −2
(28)
3
(38)
11
(51)
17
(63)
22
(72)
27
(81)
29
(84)
28
(83)
23
(73)
16
(60)
6
(42)
0
(32)
15
(59)
Average low °C (°F) −16
(3)
−12
(11)
−4
(25)
2
(36)
8
(46)
13
(55)
15
(59)
14
(58)
8
(47)
1
(33)
−7
(20)
−13
(9)
1
(34)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 0
(0)
0.3
(0.1)
0.5
(0.2)
0.5
(0.2)
0.8
(0.3)
1
(0.4)
1.8
(0.7)
2.8
(1.1)
0.5
(0.2)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.1)
0.3
(0.1)
8.6
(3.4)
Source: Weatherbase [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gore, Rick (March 1980). "Journey to China's Far West". National Geographic. Vol. 157 no. 3. p. 314. ISSN 0027-9358. OCLC 643483454. 
  2. ^ Main data bulletin of the sixth national census in 2010 Archived 2014-11-29 at the Wayback Machine., 2011-09-05(in Chinese)
  3. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Jiayuguan, China". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.

External links[edit]