Jieyang

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Jieyang
揭阳市
Kityang
Jieyang music fountain
Jieyang music fountain
Location of Jieyang in Guangdong
Location of Jieyang in Guangdong
Jieyang is located in China
Jieyang
Jieyang
Location in China
Coordinates (Jieyang municipal government): 23°33′04″N 116°22′22″E / 23.5510°N 116.3727°E / 23.5510; 116.3727Coordinates: 23°33′04″N 116°22′22″E / 23.5510°N 116.3727°E / 23.5510; 116.3727
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuangdong
County-level division5
Township-level division100
City seatRongcheng District
Government
 • CPC SecretaryYan Zhichan (严植婵)
 • MayorChen Dong (陈东)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city5,240.5 km2 (2,023.4 sq mi)
 • Coastline (excluding islands)82 km2 (32 sq mi)
Elevation
8 m (26 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Prefecture-level city5,877,025
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
 • Urban
741,674
Time zoneChina Standard
Area code663
ISO 3166 codeCN-GD-52
LanguageMin and Hakka
GDP per capita¥35,327 (2017)
Local dialectChaoshan Min and Hakka
Jieyang
JY name.png
"Jieyang", as written in Chinese calligraphy
Simplified Chinese揭阳
Traditional Chinese揭陽
JyutpingKit3 joeng4
Cantonese YaleKityèuhng
Hanyu PinyinJiēyáng
PostalKityang
Literal meaningRising sun

Jieyang (Chinese: 揭阳; pinyin: Jiēyáng) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Guangdong Province (Yuedong), People's Republic of China, part of the Chaoshan region whose people speak Chaoshan Min distinct from neighbouring Yue speakers. It is historically important as the hometown of many overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia. It borders Shantou to the east, Chaozhou to the northeast, Meizhou to the north, Shanwei to the west, and looks out to the South China Sea to the south.

Administration[edit]

The prefecture-level city of Jieyang administers five county-level divisions, including two districts, one county-level city (administered on behalf of the province) and two counties.

Map
Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 census)
Area
(km2)
Density
(/km2)
Rongcheng District 榕城区 Róngchéng Qū 741,674 182 4,098
Jiedong District 揭东区 Jiēdōng Qū 1,157,720 850 1,362
Jiexi County 揭西县 Jiēxī Xiàn 825,313 1,279 605
Huilai County 惠来县 Huìlái Xiàn 1,097,615 1,207 906
Puning 普宁市 Pǔníng Shì 2,054,703 1,620 1,291

These are further divided into 100 township-level divisions, including 69 towns, 10 townships and 21 subdistricts.

Economy[edit]

Rice cultivation and the textile industry are important to its economy.

Transport[edit]

Air[edit]

The new Jieyang Chaoshan International Airport is the third largest airport complex in Guangdong Province, after Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport, and Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport. It replaced the Shantou Waisha Airport on 15 November 2011.

Rail[edit]

Jieyang is located on the Guangzhou–Meizhou–Shantou Railway.

Language and culture[edit]

The Chaoshan Min is predominantly spoken in this region. The Hakka dialect, however, has its limited presence among Hakka people in Jiexi County.

History[edit]

The 1930s saw numerous Jieyang inhabitants emigrating overseas. A large number of Chinese live in Southeast Asia and kept their customs. Pontianak and Ketapang in Indonesia, Johor Bahru in Malaysia, Singapore, Cambodia and Thailand have large Overseas Chinese communities of Jieyang origin; the Lintian Republic, one of many kongsis of West Borneo, were founded by Jieyang immigrants.[1] In 1991, the Chinese central government approved Jieyang as a prefecture-level city.

Notable people[edit]

  • Vintoquián (林道乾, Lîm tō-khiân) (?-?), 16th century pirate
  • Li Zhenning (born 1995), Chinese singer and actor[2]
  • Ke Hua (19 December 1915 – 1 January 2019), former Chinese diplomat
  • Zeng Yi (8 March 1929 – 13 July 2020), virologist

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Jieyang (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.5
(85.1)
30.5
(86.9)
33.0
(91.4)
35.3
(95.5)
36.2
(97.2)
39.2
(102.6)
39.7
(103.5)
38.9
(102.0)
37.8
(100.0)
35.9
(96.6)
33.7
(92.7)
33.0
(91.4)
39.7
(103.5)
Average high °C (°F) 19.3
(66.7)
19.6
(67.3)
21.6
(70.9)
25.6
(78.1)
28.9
(84.0)
31.2
(88.2)
33.3
(91.9)
33.0
(91.4)
31.5
(88.7)
29.0
(84.2)
25.3
(77.5)
21.2
(70.2)
26.6
(79.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
15.3
(59.5)
17.5
(63.5)
21.6
(70.9)
25.0
(77.0)
27.4
(81.3)
29.0
(84.2)
28.8
(83.8)
27.5
(81.5)
24.6
(76.3)
20.5
(68.9)
16.2
(61.2)
22.3
(72.2)
Average low °C (°F) 11.5
(52.7)
12.6
(54.7)
14.9
(58.8)
18.9
(66.0)
22.4
(72.3)
24.9
(76.8)
26.0
(78.8)
26.0
(78.8)
24.7
(76.5)
21.7
(71.1)
17.3
(63.1)
12.9
(55.2)
19.5
(67.1)
Record low °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
3.7
(38.7)
4.1
(39.4)
9.6
(49.3)
15.2
(59.4)
19.0
(66.2)
21.6
(70.9)
22.7
(72.9)
18.4
(65.1)
12.5
(54.5)
7.0
(44.6)
0.9
(33.6)
0.9
(33.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 32.6
(1.28)
76.4
(3.01)
117.6
(4.63)
170.9
(6.73)
203.7
(8.02)
291.6
(11.48)
293.2
(11.54)
283.2
(11.15)
203.7
(8.02)
39.1
(1.54)
32.5
(1.28)
29.4
(1.16)
1,773.9
(69.84)
Average relative humidity (%) 74 79 81 81 82 83 80 80 78 74 73 71 78
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hays, Jeffrey. "CHINESE IN SOUTHEAST ASIA | Facts and Details". factsanddetails.com. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  2. ^ DayDayNews (26 October 2020). "A collection of celebrities going out from Jieyang, the last one you definitely don't know!". daydaynews.cc. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  3. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 7 November 2022.

External links[edit]