Jijabai

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Rajmata Jijabai
Shivaji jijamata.JPG
A statue of Jijabai and young Shivaji on Shivneri fort.
Rajmata of the Maratha Empire
Reign1645-1674
BornJijabai Jadhav
(1598-01-12)12 January 1598
Jijau Mahal, Sindkhed Raja, Ahmadnagar Sultanate
(present-day Buldhana District, Maharashtra, India)
Died(1674-06-17)17 June 1674 (aged 76)
Pachad, Maratha Empire
(present-day Raigad District, Maharashtra, India)
SpouseShahaji (m. ? - 1664)
Issue
HouseYadav (by birth)
Bhonsle (by marriage)
FatherLakhuji Jadhav
MotherMahalasabai Jadhav
ReligionHinduism

Jijabai Shahaji ; 12 January 1598 – 17 June 1674[1]), referred to as Rajmata, Rastramata, Jijabai or Jijau, was the mother of Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire. She was a daughter of Lakhuji Jadhav Rao of Sindkhed Raja.[2]

History[edit]

Jijabai was born on 12 January 1598, to Mahalasabai and Lakhuji Jadhav Rao of Deulgaon, near Sindkhed, in present-day Buldhana district of Maharastra. Jijabai was married at an early age to Shahaji Bhosle, son of Maloji Bhosle of Verul village, a military commander serving under the Nizam Shahi sultans. She taught Shivaji about swarajya and raised him to be a great warrior.[3] Jijabai died on 17 June 1674.[4] C.V. Vaidya in his book Medieval India, states that Yadavas are "definitely pure Maratha Kshatriyas". Jijabai (the mother of Shivaji, who founded the Maratha Empire) belonged to the clan of jadhavas of Sindkhed Raja, who also claimed descent from the Ahirs/Yadavas.[5][6]

Jijabai on a 1999 stamp of India.

Life and work[edit]

When Shivaji was 14 years old, Shahaji Raje handed over the Jagir of Pune to him. Of course, the responsibility of managing the Jagir fell on Jijabai. Jijabai and Shivaji arrived in Pune with skilled officers. Due to the persistent interests of Nizamshah, Adilshah and Mughals, the condition of Pune was very bad. Under such adverse circumstances, she along with Dadoji Kondadeo redeveloped the city of Pune. She plowed the farmland with a golden plow, giving sanctuary to the locals. She was responsible for the education of the kings. Jijabai told Shivaji stories from the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, which began and ended in independence. How mighty was Rama who killed Ravana who was depriving Sita, how mighty was Bhima who killed Bakasura and rescued weak people, etc. Because of these rites given by Jijabai, Shivaji Raje happened. Jijabai not only told the story but also gave the first lessons of politics by sitting next to the chair.[7]

She was also a skilled horse rider. She could wield a sword very skillfully. She managed her husband's Jagir in Pune and developed it. She established Kasba Ganapati Mandir. She also renovated Kevareshwar Temple and Tambadi Jogeshwari Temple.[8]

Death[edit]

She died on 17 June 1674 at Pachad village near Raigad Fort. At that time it was only twelve days since the coronation of Shivaji.[8]

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ GHUGARE, GANESH JANARDAN (2017). IMPORTANCE OF MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES OF CHHATRAPATI SHIVAJI ON THE BATTLE GROUND A STUDY. Chapter 3. Shri Jagdishprasad Jhabarmal Tibarewala University. p. 47. hdl:10603/193985.
  2. ^ Tibbetts, Jann (30 July 2016). 50 Great Military Leaders of All Time. Vij Books India Pvt Ltd. ISBN 978-93-85505-66-9.
  3. ^ Sardesai, Mr. (2002). Shivaji, the Great Maratha Volume 1. Cosmo Publications. p. 80. ISBN 9788177552850.
  4. ^ "Swastik Handicrafts Rajmata Jijabai, Resin, Balck 3.5 Inch: Amazon.in: होम और किचन". www.amazon.in. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  5. ^ "The Sampradaya Sun - Independent Vaisnava News - Feature Stories - September 2015". www.harekrsna.com. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  6. ^ Population Geography: A Journal of the Association of Population Geographers of India. The Association. 1988.
  7. ^ "Rajmata Jijau". Zee Marathi Jagruti. 11 January 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2019.[dead link]
  8. ^ a b "Jijabai Shahaji Bhosale Birth Anniversary: Interesting Facts about Chhatrapati Shivaji's Mother". News18. 12 January 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2022.

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