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Jilib is located in Somalia
Location in Somalia
Coordinates: 0°30′N 42°46′E / 0.500°N 42.767°E / 0.500; 42.767
Country Somalia
State Jubaland
RegionJubbada Dhexe
DistrictJilib District
 • ControlIslamic State of Iraq and the Levant Al-Shabaab
 • Total125,000 est.
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)

Jilib (other names: Gilib, Gelib, Jillib, Jillio; Arabic: جلب‎) is a town in Somalia, [1] It is 112KM south to Kismaayo [2]


During the Middle Ages, Jilib and its surrounding area was part of the Ajuran Empire that governed much of southern Somalia and eastern Ethiopia, with its domain extending from Hobyo in the north, to Qelafo in the west, to Kismayo in the south.[3]

In the early modern period, Jilib was ruled by the Geledi Sultanate. The kingdom was eventually incorporated into Italian Somaliland protectorate in 1910 after the death of the last Sultan Osman Ahmed.[4] After independence in 1960, the city was made the center of the official Jilib District.

The Islamic Courts Union was defeated there in the Battle of Jilib December 2006 January 2007. The ICU recaptured the town on May 17, 2008.[5]

Somali Civil War[edit]

Jilib is controlled by the Al-Shabaab terrorist group, terrorist, jihadist fundamentalist group based in East Africa with links to Al-Qaeda. The town functions as its de facto headquarters in Somalia.[6]


  1. ^ "Jilib". World Gazetteer. world-gazetteer.com. Archived from the original on 2007-04-29. Retrieved 2007-01-02.
  2. ^ "Search: distance between Jilib%2C Jubbada Dhexe%2C Somalia and Kismaayo%2C Jubbada Hoose%2C Somalia". www.distance-cities.com. Retrieved 2016-07-31.
  3. ^ Lee V. Cassanelli, The shaping of Somali society: reconstructing the history of a pastoral people, 1600-1900, (University of Pennsylvania Press: 1982), p.102.
  4. ^ Cassanelli, Lee Vincent (1973). The Benaadir Past: Essays in Southern Somali History. University Microfilms International. p. 149.
  5. ^ "Rights leader: Islamist fighters seize Somali town". The Seattle Times. May 17, 2008. Archived from the original on June 10, 2008.
  6. ^ "Kenyan troops seize al-Shabaab base in Somalia". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 2021-06-16.

Coordinates: 0°30′N 42°46′E / 0.500°N 42.767°E / 0.500; 42.767