7 March 1911|
Fulham, London, UK
|Died||13 December 1999
Hampstead, London, UK
|Occupation||Documentary film director, screenwriter and feminist|
Jill Craigie (7 March 1911 – 13 December 1999) was an English documentary film director, screenwriter and feminist. She married the Labour Party politician Michael Foot (1913–2010), whom she met during the making of her film The Way We Live.
She became politicised because of the events of the 1930s and she turned to filmmaking. Her films depicted her socialist leanings and dealt with left-wing topics such as child refugees, working conditions for miners, and gender equality. After directing five films and writing two others, Craigie retired from the film business for almost forty years, returning to make a single film for BBC television.
Craigie was one of the scriptwriters of Trouble in Store, Norman Wisdom's film debut, which screened in December 1953. The film broke box office records at 51 out of the 67 London cinemas in which it played. After writing the first draft of the script, Craigie reportedly asked that her name be removed from the credits after learning of Wisdom's participation.
Craigie had a daughter, Julie, from her first marriage. She and Michael Foot had no children together, but enjoyed family life with Julie and, later, her four children. They lived in a flat in Hampstead, north London, and in a cottage in Ebbw Vale.
In 1998, a biography of the late Hungarian-born writer Arthur Koestler by David Cesarani alleged Koestler had been a serial rapist and that Craigie had been one of his victims in 1951. Craigie confirmed the allegations. In his biography Koestler: The Indispensable Intellectual (2009), Michael Scammell countered that Craigie was the only woman to go on record that she had been raped by Koestler, and had revealed this at a dinner party over fifty years after the alleged incident. Claims that Koestler had been violent were only added by Craigie later.
- Make-Up (1937), actress
- The Flemish Farm (1943), screenwriter (credited as "Jill Dell")
- Out of Chaos (1944)
- The Way We Live (1946)
- Children of the Ruins (1948)
- Blue Scar (1949)
- To Be a Woman (1951)
- The Million Pound Note (1953), screenwriter
- Trouble in Store (1953), uncredited screenwriter
- Windom's Way (1957), screenwriter
- Two Hours from London (1995)
- Craigie, Jill (1997). "Political Blood Sport". In Goodman, Geoffrey (ed.). The State of the Nation: The Political Legacy of Aneurin Bevan. London: Gollancz. pp. 88–105. ISBN 0-575-06308-4.
- Macnab, Geoffrey (1993). J. Arthur Rank and the British Film Industry. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-07272-7.
- Rollyson, Carl (2005). To Be a Woman: The Life of Jill Craigie. Aurum Press. p. 6. ISBN 1-85410-935-9.
- "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 2010-03-07.
- Easen, Sarah. "Craigie, Jill". British Film Institute.
- Family Britain 1951-1957 by David Kynaston, Bloomsbury, 2009 p353 ISBN 978-1-4088-0083-6
- Tom Vallance Obituary:Jill Craigie, The Independent, 15 December 1999
- "Women force removal of Koestler bust". BBC. 29 December 1998. Retrieved 2009-07-19.
- Enticknap, Leo (1999). The Non-Fiction Film in Britain, 1945-51 (unpublished PhD thesis). University of Exeter.