Jill Wendy Dando
9 November 1961
|Died||26 April 1999 (aged 37)|
|Cause of death||Murder by shooting|
|Resting place||Ebdon Road Cemetery|
|Education||Worle Comprehensive School|
|Alma mater||South Glamorgan Institute of Higher Education|
|Occupation||Journalist, television presenter and newsreader|
|Partner(s)||Alan Farthing (fiancé)|
Jill Wendy Dando (9 November 1961 – 26 April 1999) was a British journalist, television presenter and newsreader. She spent most of her career at the BBC and was the corporation's Personality of the Year in 1997. At the time of her death, her television work included co-presenting the BBC One programme Crimewatch with Nick Ross.
On the morning of 26 April 1999, Dando was shot dead outside her home in Fulham, London. It prompted the biggest murder inquiry conducted by the Metropolitan Police and the country's largest criminal investigation since the hunt for the Yorkshire Ripper. A local man, Barry George, was convicted and imprisoned for the murder, but was later acquitted after an appeal and retrial. The case remains unsolved.
Jill Dando was born at Ashcombe House Maternity Home in Weston-super-Mare, Somerset. She was the daughter of Jack Dando (February 1918 – February 2009) and Winifred Mary Jean Dando (August 1928 – January 1986), who died of leukaemia aged 57. Her only sibling, brother Nigel (born 1952), worked as a journalist for BBC Radio Bristol before retiring in 2017, having previously worked as a journalist in local newspapers since the 1970s. Dando was raised as a Baptist. When she was three years old, it was discovered that she had a hole in her heart and a blocked pulmonary artery. She had heart surgery on 12 January 1965.
Dando was educated at Worle Infant School, Greenwood Junior School, Worle Comprehensive School, and Broadoak Sixth Form Centre, where she was head girl, and passed two A-levels. She studied journalism at the South Glamorgan Institute of Higher Education in Cardiff. Dando was a member of Weston-super-Mare Amateur Dramatic Society and Exeter Little Theatre Company, with whom she appeared in plays at the Barnfield Theatre. She was a volunteer at Sunshine Hospital Radio in Weston-super-Mare in 1979.
Dando's first job was as a trainee reporter for the local weekly newspaper, the Weston Mercury, where her father and brother worked. After five years as a print journalist, she started to work for the BBC, becoming a newsreader for BBC Radio Devon in 1985. That year, she transferred to BBC South West, where she presented a regional news magazine programme, Spotlight South West. In 1987, she worked for Television South West, then BBC Spotlight in Plymouth. In early 1988, Dando moved from regional to national television in London to present BBC television news, specifically the short on-the-hour bulletins that aired on both BBC1 and BBC2 from 1986 until the mid-1990s.
Dando presented the BBC television programmes Breakfast Time, Breakfast News, the BBC One O'Clock News, the Six O'Clock News, the travel programme Holiday, the crime appeal series Crimewatch (from 1995 until her death) and occasionally Songs of Praise. In 1994, she moved to Fulham. On 25 April 1999, Dando presented the first episode of Antiques Inspectors. She was scheduled to present the Six O'Clock News on the evening of the following day. She was featured on the cover of that week's Radio Times magazine (for 24 to 30 April). Dando was also booked to host the British Academy Television Awards 1999, alongside Michael Parkinson, at Grosvenor House Hotel on 9 May. On 5 September, BBC One resumed airing of Antiques Inspectors, the final series to be recorded by Dando. The series had made its debut on 25 April, with filming of the final episode completed two days before that. The programme was subsequently cancelled following her death, but it was decided later in the year that it should be aired as a tribute to the presenter. The final episode aired on 24 October.
At the time of her death, Dando was among those with the highest profile of the BBC's on-screen staff, and had been the 1997 BBC Personality of the Year. Crimewatch reconstructed her murder in an attempt to aid the police in the search for her killer. After Barry George was charged with the murder but acquitted, Crimewatch made no further appeals for information concerning the case.
From 1989 to 1996, Dando dated BBC executive Bob Wheaton. She also had a relationship with national park warden Simon Basil. In December 1997, Dando met gynaecologist Alan Farthing on a blind date set up by a mutual friend. Farthing was separated from his wife at the time. A couple of months after Farthing's divorce was finalised, the couple announced that they were engaged on 31 January 1999. Their wedding was set to take place on 25 September.
On the morning of 26 April 1999, 37-year-old Dando left Farthing's home in Chiswick. She returned alone, by car, to the house she owned in Fulham. She had lived in the house, but by April 1999 was in the process of selling it and did not visit it frequently. As Dando reached her front door at about 11:32, she was shot once in the head. Her body was discovered about fourteen minutes later by neighbour Helen Doble. Police were called at 11:47. Dando was taken to the nearby Charing Cross Hospital where she was declared dead on arrival at 13:03 BST.
"As Dando was about to put her keys in the lock to open the front door of her home in Fulham, she was grabbed from behind. With his right arm, the assailant held her and forced her to the ground, so that her face was almost touching the tiled step of the porch. Then, with his left hand, he fired a single shot at her left temple, killing her instantly. The bullet entered her head just above her ear, parallel to the ground, and came out the right side of her head."
Forensic study indicated that Dando had been shot by a bullet from a 9 mm calibre semi-automatic pistol, with the gun pressed against her head at the moment of the shot. Richard Hughes, her next door neighbour, heard a surprised cry from Dando "like someone greeting a friend" but heard no gunshot. Hughes looked out of his front window and, while not realising what had happened, made the only certain sighting of the killer—a six-foot-tall (183 cm) white man aged around 40, walking away from Dando's house.
After the murder, there was intense media coverage. An investigation by the Metropolitan Police, named Operation Oxborough, proved fruitless for over a year. Dando's status as a well-known public figure brought her into contact with thousands of people, and she was known to millions. There was huge speculation regarding the motive for her murder.
Within six months, the Murder Investigation Team had spoken to more than 2,500 people and taken more than 1,000 statements. With little progress after a year, the police concentrated their attention on Barry George, who lived about half a mile from Dando's house. He had a history of stalking women, sexual offences and other antisocial and attention-seeking behaviour. George was put under surveillance, arrested on 25 May 2000 and charged with Dando's murder on 28 May.
George was tried at the Old Bailey, convicted, and on 2 July 2001 was sentenced to life imprisonment. Concern about this conviction was widespread on the basis that the case against George appeared thin. Two appeals were unsuccessful, but after discredited forensics evidence was excluded from the prosecution's case, George's third appeal succeeded in November 2007. The original conviction was quashed and a second trial lasting eight weeks ended in George's acquittal on 1 August 2008.
After George's acquittal, some newspapers published articles which appeared to suggest that he was guilty of the Dando murder and other offences against women. In December 2009, George accepted substantial damages from News Group Newspapers over articles in The Sun and the News of the World, following a libel action in the High Court.
Lines of inquiry explored in the police investigation included:
- Theories that a jealous ex-boyfriend or an unknown lover had killed Dando. This was quickly ruled out by the detectives who interviewed all Dando's friends and acquaintances and checked her phone calls.
- A belief that somebody had hired an assassin to murder Dando as revenge for their being convicted as a result of evidence garnered by Crimewatch viewers. After exhaustive inquiries this was also ruled out by detectives.
- Various theories relating to Bosnian-Serb or Yugoslav groups in retaliation for NATO actions against media outlets and her appeals for aid during the Yugoslav Wars.
- The possibility that a deranged fan may have killed Dando after she had rejected his approaches. Dando's brother, Nigel, informed detectives that she had become concerned by “some guy pestering her” in the few days before her death, but this was ruled out by detectives.
- A case of mistaken identity. This was judged unlikely, given that the killing took place on the doorstep of Dando's own home.
- Following the Jimmy Savile sexual abuse scandal, a claim was made that Dando had investigated a paedophile ring at the BBC during the mid-1990s and had handed a dossier containing her findings to BBC management, purportedly prompting a revenge attack. The BBC said it had seen no evidence to support the claim.
- Actions taken by a professional rival or business partner also had to be considered. Her agent Jon Roseman stated that he had been interviewed as a suspect by police.
The original police investigation had explored the possibility of a contract killing, but since Dando was living with her fiancé and was only rarely visiting her Fulham residence, it was considered unlikely that a professional assassin would have been sufficiently well informed about Dando's movements to have known at what time she was going to be there. CCTV evidence of Dando's last journey (mainly security video recordings from a shopping centre in Hammersmith, which she visited on her way to Fulham) did not show any sign of her being followed.
On the night of her death, Dando's BBC colleague Nick Ross said on Newsnight that retaliatory attacks by criminals against police, lawyers and judges were almost unknown in the UK. Finally, forensic examination of the cartridge case and bullet recovered from the scene of the attack suggested that the weapon used had been the result of a workshop conversion of a replica or decommissioned gun. It was argued that a professional assassin would not use such a poor quality weapon. The police therefore soon began to favour the idea that the killing had been carried out by a crazed individual acting on an opportunist basis. This assumed profile of the perpetrator led to the focus on George.
Soon after the murder, some commentators identified the possibility of a Yugoslav or Serb connection. The origin of the theory turned out to be a viewer's letter recalled by Allasonne Lewis, Dando's agent, complaining that a Disasters Emergency Committee appeal fronted by Dando had been one-sided. It contained no hint of threat, but the story that reached the media was that it was extremely menacing. Nonetheless, at George's first trial, his defence barrister, Michael Mansfield QC, proposed that the Serbian warlord leader Arkan had ordered Dando's assassination in retaliation for the NATO bombing of Radio Television of Serbia's headquarters on 23 April 1999. Sixteen station staff had died in the bombing. Mansfield suggested that Dando's earlier presentation of an appeal for aid for Kosovar Albanian refugees may have attracted the attention of Bosnian-Serb hardliners.
The former communist government in Yugoslavia had a history of assassinations directed against its opponents. The victims were mostly Croatian émigrés, although others were targeted. The attacks were usually carried out by small teams consisting of a trigger-man supported by a spotter and were always carefully planned. The attacks were often made as targets entered or left their homes, since this was the point at which they were most vulnerable and where a case of mistaken identity was least likely. An opposition journalist was assassinated outside his home in Belgrade just a few days before Dando's murder and the method used in both cases was identical. Journalist Bob Woffinden advanced the view that a Yugoslav group was behind the Dando killing and, in various newspaper articles, contested all the grounds on which the police had dismissed this possibility.
Cold case reviews by the police after 2008 have concluded that Dando was killed by a professional assassin in a "hard contact execution". Pressing the gun against her head would have acted as a suppressor–muffling the sound of the shot and preventing the killer from being splattered with blood. Conservative MP Patrick Mercer (who had served with the British Army in Bosnia) was reported as saying, "It [the Dando killing] had all the hallmarks of covert forces. The killer even used specially tailored ammunition, which was a Serbian assassination trademark and something I saw when I was over there".
Dando's funeral took place on 21 May 1999 at Clarence Park Baptist Church in Weston-super-Mare. She was buried next to her mother in the town's Ebdon Road Cemetery. The gross value of her estate was £1,181,207; after her debts and income tax, the value was £863,756; after inheritance tax, it was £607,000, all of which her father inherited because she died intestate.
Dando's co-presenter Nick Ross proposed the formation of an academic institute in her name and, together with her fiancé Alan Farthing, raised almost £1.5 million. The Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science was founded at University College London on 26 April 2001, the second anniversary of her murder.
A memorial garden designed and realised by the BBC Television Ground Force team in Dando's memory, using plants and colours that were special to her, is located within Grove Park, Weston-super-Mare ( ) and was opened on 2 August 2001. The BBC set up a bursary award in Dando's memory, which enables one student each year to study broadcast journalism at University College Falmouth. Sophie Long, who was then a postgraduate who had grown up in Weston-super-Mare and is now a presenter on BBC News, gained the first bursary award in 2000.
In 2007, Weston College opened a new university campus on the site of the former Broadoak Sixth Form Centre where Dando studied. The sixth-form building has been dedicated to her and named the Jill Dando Centre.
On 2 April 2019, three weeks before the twentieth anniversary of her death, the BBC broadcast a documentary, titled The Murder of Jill Dando, about the case and its aftermath. Watched by four million viewers on the night of the broadcast, the general consensus among critics was that the film was "sensitive" and "powerful" but lacked answers. ITV1 also screened a documentary, Jill Dando: the 20 Year Mystery, which was presented by Julie Etchingham. The Daily Telegraph review stated it was "odd how much more curious about the truth" the documentary was than the BBC's, adding "not only did the timing of ITV's documentary seem more apt, coming on the eve of the 20th anniversary of her death, but its content was more pertinent, too. Rather than just shake its head and mourn, this film was determined to give the case another good shake to see if anything might yet fall out to explain a most tragic and senseless killing." The review for The Times agreed that it "took a harder investigative tack" than the BBC's.
- Lusher, Adam (26 April 2019). "Who killed Jill Dando? The main theories behind murder of British TV's golden girl". The Independent. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
- Through the family photo album Archived 8 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- "Jill Dando's dad dies at 91 – Bristol News – This Is Bristol – Bristol Post". Bristol Post. Archived from the original on 5 May 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
- Bird, Steve (2 August 2008). "Jill Dando bubbly excited and in love then she was shot on doorstep". The Times. London.
- "BBC – Bristol – BBC Radio Bristol – Nigel Dando". Archived from the original on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
- Barker, Dennis (27 April 1999). "Jill Dando Obituary". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 23 June 2007.
- "Story of the murder of Jill Dando". Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- Duncan Campbell. "TV star Dando murdered by single shot". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
- Barker, Dennis (27 April 1999). "Jill Dando: Broadcaster with feel-good factor". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 14 April 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "BBC News – Entertainment – TV stars honour Jill Dando". BBC. 10 May 1999. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- "BBC may pull antiques show". Broadcast. 30 April 1999. Retrieved 12 April 2014.
- "Jill Dando: Every picture tells a story". The People. Trinity Mirror. 9 May 1999. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- Savage, Richard (4 September 1999). "Jill Dando's last TV show goes on". The Mirror. Trinity Mirror. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- "Antiques Inspectors – BBC One London – 5 September 1999 – BBC Genome". Genome.ch.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
- "Antiques Inspectors". 21 October 1999. p. 100. Retrieved 3 April 2019 – via BBC Genome.
- This is Bristol :10 years later Archived 5 May 2013 at Archive.today
- "Alan Farthing: 'No-one can replace Jill'". bbc.co.uk. 2 July 2001. Archived from the original on 26 August 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
- Cheston, Paul (1 August 2008). "So if George didn't kill Jill Dando, who did?". standard.co.uk. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
- "BBC presenter shot dead". BBC News. 26 April 1999. Archived from the original on 23 January 2010.
- Midgley, Dominic (9 February 2017). "Will Jill Dando's killer be named at last?". Express. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- Shadow of Doubt? :6 July 2002 Archived 19 April 2017 at the Wayback Machine
- "Dando killer's Diana 'obsession'". BBC News. 3 July 2001. Archived from the original on 7 September 2007.
- "Jill Dando: The investigation". BBC News. 25 February 2001. Archived from the original on 3 August 2017.
- "George not guilty of Dando murder". BBC News. 1 August 2008. Archived from the original on 17 October 2008. Retrieved 1 August 2008.
- BBC report :December 2009 Archived 3 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine
- Cathcart, Brian (2 August 2008). "Dando murder: we need to think twice before locking up the local weirdo". London: The Times. Retrieved 4 August 2008.
- "Former Plymouth journalist Jill Dando knew of BBC paedophile ring, claims retired colleague". Plymouth Herald. 21 July 2014. Archived from the original on 22 July 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
- "Jill Dando tried to expose BBC paedophile ring but 'nobody wanted to know'". Bristol Post. 21 July 2014. Archived from the original on 26 July 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
- Guardian article :2001 article Archived 14 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine
- Guardian, 6 July 2002 Shadow of a Doubt?
- "Crime: how to solve it and why so much of what we're told is wrong," Nick Ross, Biteback, 2013
- Amnesty International, 9 April 2009 "No Justice ..." Archived 17 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- Pravda, 2002 :book review Archived 11 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Daily Telegraph, 3 March 2012 Dando 'murdered by Serb hitman' Archived 25 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine
- Woffinden, Bob (6 July 2002). "Shadow of doubt?". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 17 November 2007.
- Campbell, Duncan (1 August 2008). "With Barry George innocent, who did kill Jill Dando?". London: The Guardian. Archived from the original on 8 October 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2008.
- Plymouth Herald, 5 March 2012 Dando was executed on order of Milosevic
- Daily Telegraph, 3 March 2012 Dando murdered by Serbian hitman
- Emotional farewell to Dando Archived 18 June 2003 at the Wayback Machine
- "The Sunday Times". Retrieved 3 January 2016.
- "BBC News – UK – Dando leaves £1m". Archived from the original on 11 August 2003. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
- "About the UCL Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science". Jill Dando Institute. Archived from the original on 7 November 2007. Retrieved 30 October 2007.
- "A memorial to Jill Dando". The Weston & Somerset Mercury. Archived from the original on 19 August 2007. Retrieved 23 June 2007.
- Sonia McDuff (3 May 2001). "FCA Bursary Winners". Falmouth Navigator. Retrieved 21 January 2008.
- "University Campus Dedicated to Jill". Weston College. 16 August 2007. Archived from the original on 7 November 2007. Retrieved 25 October 2007.
- "College remembers presenter Dando". BBC News. 6 August 2007. Archived from the original on 17 February 2009. Retrieved 30 October 2007.
- "BBC One – The Murder of Jill Dando". BBC Programmes. BBC. 2 April 2019. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- "The Murder of Jill Dando: 'Sensitive', 'powerful' but 'lack of answers'". BBC News. BBC. 3 April 2019. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- "Jill Dando: The 20-Year Mystery — the whodunnit continues". Financial Times. 19 April 2019. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
- O'Donovan, Gerard (25 April 2019). "Jill Dando: 20 Year Mystery, review: this film revived hope of finding her killer". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
- "Jill Dando: The 20 Year Mystery; Happy Birthday OU". Broadcast. 26 April 2019. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
| Co-host of Crimewatch
with Nick Ross