Jill Purce (born 1947) is a British voice teacher, Family Constellations therapist, and author. Purce developed in the 1970s a new way of working with the voice, introducing the teaching worldwide of group overtone chanting, producing a single note whilst amplifying the vocal harmonics. She is a former fellow of King's College London, Biophysics Department. She produced over 30 books as General Editor of the Thames and Hudson Art and Imagination series. Between 1971 and 1974 she worked in Germany with the composer Karlheinz Stockhausen. Since the early 1970s she has taught internationally diverse forms of contemplative chant, and especially overtone chanting. For over fifteen years she has been leading Family Constellations combined with chant.
In a BBC documentary about Purce, More Ways than One: The Mystic Spiral, she described how through contemplating the patterns in water she noticed that when flow encounters resistance, first it rotates, then these rotary patterns become individual eddies which separate out as independent forms. This observation of the form creating principal of flow, resistance, and rotation, became the basis of her research from 1968 to 1974 on the form of the spiral and the theme of the labyrinth in nature, science, art, psychology and sacred traditions.
Purce was born in Staffordshire, England. Educated at Headington School, Oxford, she graduated with a BA in Fine Art from University of Reading (1970), and a Masters from Chelsea College of Art, London (1970–71), and King's College London.
She was awarded a Leverhulme Research Fellowship at King's College London Biophysics Department, to explore the spiral as a universal structure. Here she initiated a dialogue between science and spirituality with Maurice Wilkins (Nobel Laureate with Watson and Crick for the discovery of DNA), and lectured to the BSSRS (British Society for Social Responsibility in Science). Between 1974 and 1976 she lectured at the Architectural Association School of Architecture and Chelsea College of Art and Design and was a visiting lecturer at numerous universities and art schools, on art and sacred traditions; form and the spiral; and the tradition of music, sound and the voice as a contemplative practice in diverse cultures.
Purce discovered the effect of sound on matter in the late 1960s through the work of Hans Jenny (cymatics) who used fine powders, liquids and pastes, to show how formless matter takes on diverse forms and complex patterns through sound vibration. Purce also investigated the effect of sound vibrations on fine particles and on water inspired by the early experiments of Ernst Chladni in 1785 and Margaret Watts Hughes between 1885–1904.
Purce and Stockhausen
Between June 1971 and 1974 she moved to Kürten in Germany to live and work with the eminent German composer Karlheinz Stockhausen. Stockhausen had just introduced a simple form of overtone chanting using vowels to the West for the first time with the premiere of Stimmung in December 1968. During the autumn of 1971 Purce toured with Stockhausen and the performances of Stimmung throughout the Eastern United States and Canada. She provided him with many ideas about sounds and their effects on matter, which he used to create Alphabet für Liège, a piece demonstrating those effects (1972). She took part in performances of his music at various music festivals (Liège, Rencontres Internationales d'Art Contemporain—La Rochelle, and Sainte-Baume—1972, 1973, 1974).
Working with the voice
Researching the supposed beneficial properties of the voice since 1968, and having spent time with the Gyutö monks (see Gyuto Order) before going to Germany in 1971, she later continued her studies in the Himalayas with the chantmaster of the Gyutö Tibetan Monastery, Tenpa Gyaltsen, and with the Mongolian Khöömii master, Yavgaan in order to explore the Tibetan and Mongolian methods of overtone chanting (see Mongolia and Tibet sections in Overtone singing).
Purce's researches, lectures, and workshops throughout the world have attempted to demonstrate how the human voice might supposedly be used to bring about positive psychological, emotional, and physical changes through acting as a link between body and mind, as described in Buddhist and other Eastern traditions.
Purce has also been invited by several hospitals and schools to explore how these voice techniques might be of positive help to women in childbirth; at the Maudsley Hospital in London, with people suffering from Alzheimer's; at the Royal Free Hospital, London, with people suffering from mental disabilities; at Hawthorn School, with children suffering from physical disabilities; and with people suffering from ME.
In June 1993 Purce gave a lecture and seminar for ENO (English National Opera) The Healing Power of Opera as part of the Covent Garden Music Festival, London. She later led the audience in a chanting meditation before the first performance of Jonathan Harvey's opera: Inquest of Love for ENO.
In 2003, Purce was invited to work with nuns and monks in a number of enclosed Christian Monastic Communities who sing Gregorian chant, particularly Burnham Abbey and Fairacres, Oxford, to teach overtone chanting and other methods to explore ways to re-invigorate and rediscover the contemplative aspects of chant in Christian traditions.
In 1999, as part of the international conference on family constellations and the work of family therapist Bert Hellinger in Wiesloch, Germany, she was invited by Hellinger to give an extended workshop to demonstrate her work, to his students and conference delegates. Influenced by her time in Japan in the early 1980s where there is a strong tradition of honouring the ancestors, Purce developed a process for doing this in her own work, using ceremony and chant to acknowledge excluded family members, both living and dead.
- Jill Purce, (1974), The Mystic Spiral: Journey of the Soul, Thames & Hudson.
- Jill Purce, Overtone Chanting Meditations
- Jill Purce, Healing Voice
- on YouTube.
Notes and references
- Documentary film on origins of overtone chanting 'Space-Sound-Voice—A quest for the Origin of Harmonics' or 'Raum-Klang-Stimme—Auf Der Such Nach dem Ursprung er Obertone'. A documentary in English and German by Minghao Xu and others 2009, published by Traumzeit Verlag
- van Tongeren, M.C. (2006). Overtone Singing: Physics and Metaphysics of Harmonics in East and West. Centraal Boekhuis. p. 174.
- Godwin, J. (1991). The Mystery of the Seven Vowels. Phanes Press, US, see quote on p. 55.
- Dhingra, D. (1994). "Heavenly Overtones". The Independent (12 May 1994).
- Jenkins, L. (1993), "A Bubbling Pot", Classical Music (July): p. 25. (The Composer George Benjamin Is Interviewed about His Experience Learning Overtones with Purce).
- Entry on 'Jill Purce' in Gale Encyclopedia 2001
- Thames & Hudson webpage for Art & Imagination series Archived 2016-11-09 at the Wayback Machine.
- Stockhausen, K. (1978). Texte zur Musik (1970–1977), vol. 4. Cologne: DuMont Buchverlag. pp. 200–1.
- Kurtz, M. (1992). Stockhausen: A Biography, translated by Richard Toop. London: Faber & Faber. p. 189.
- Stockhausen, K. (translated and selected by Tim Nevill). (1989). Towards a Cosmic Music. pp. 15–18.
- Kurtz, M. (1992). Stockhausen: A Biography, translated by Richard Toop. London: Faber and Faber, pp. 192–93.
- Troughton, M. (2008). "Tried & Tested—Healing the Family Workshop". Psychologies, p. 37.
- Mackay, N. (2009). The Science of Family: Working with Ancestral Patterns. O Books, ix.
- Purce, J. (1974). The Mystic Spiral, London: Thames & Hudson.
- on YouTube
- Cott, J. (1973). Stockhausen: Conversations with the Composer. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 175.
- Barrière, G. (1975). La Spirale Nature et Mysticisme. Connaissance des arts. p. 46
- Joan, E. (2008). Entry for 'Labryrinths, Spirals, and Meanders', in Re-Genesis Encyclopedia.
- Fordham, M. (1978). Jungian Psychotherapy: A Study in Analytical Psychology. John Wiley & Sons. p. 42.
- on YouTube
- The International Sound Healing Conference, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA, 2008.
- Shapiro, E. & Shapiro, D. (1998). 'Voices from the Heart: Inspiration for a Compassionate Future', Random House. pp. 196–202.
- Metzner, R. (Ed.). Re-Vision, Journal of Consciousness and Change, Special Issue: The Resonating Universe, vol.10, No.1, Summer 1987.
- on YouTube.
- on YouTube.
- on YouTube.
- on YouTube.
- Griggs, B. (Dec 1992). Soul Music: Striking a healthy note. Country Living.
- Interview with Karlheinz Stockhausen, Sound International Magazine, Oct. 1978.
- Stockhausen, K. (1978). DuMont, p. 200-1.
- Documentary film on origins of overtone chanting 'Space-Sound-Voice—A quest for the Origin of Harmonics' and others 2009, published by Traumzeit Verlag (see above reference for more details)
- Polly Samson. "Getting Those Good Vibrations". The Observer. 7 May 1989.
- Alan Franks. The Enchantress. The Times. December 14, 1996.
- Michel, A. (1995). Le Livre De L'Essential: Plus De 1000 Idees pour Vivre Autrement. Guides Clés. pp. 73-4.
- Satish Kumar, (1991). 'Being In Tune'. Resurgence magazine, Nov/Dec 1991, pp. 28-29.
- Hope, M. (1996). The Sirius Connection. Element Books. see p. 185.
- Shapiro, E. & Shapiro, D. (1992). The Way Ahead: A Visionary Perspective for the New Millenium, Element Books, pp. 126-130.
- Satish Kumar, 'Sound in Mind and Body', in Resurgence Issue, No. 115, Mar-Apr 1986.
- International Synergy Journal, No. 2, ed. David Dunn. Los Angeles. pp. 19-22.
- Campbell (Ed.), 1991, 'Music Physician: For Times To Come', pp. 238-240.
- van Tongeren, M.C. (2006). Overtone Singing. Centraal Boekhuis. p. 4.
- Housden, R. (1995). Retreat: Time Apart for Silence & Solitude. London: Harper Collins. pp. 158-161.
- van Eersel, P. (2005). Tisseurs de Paix. Le Relié. pp. 13-22, 59.
- Berger, J. (1985). About Time. London: Jonathan Cape. pp. 202-9.
- Keith Clarke in "The Unbelievable Resonance of Being", The Singer Magazine Vol. 3 No. 1 (Feb/Mar 1995).
- Jayne Comins, "Humming Bird", The Singer Magazine (August–September 2000), p. 26.
- Patrice van Eersel, "Entretien avec une magicienne du son Archived 2015-06-22 at the Wayback Machine.", Nouvelles Clés (November–December 1992), pp. 14-19.
- Hale, S., "Universal Chants", Harpers & Queen Magazine (Feb 1985), pp. 83-85.
- March, R., "The Healing Voice: Riding Sound to Liberation", The Sun, Santa Fe, New Mexico, Sep 1992.
- Lind-Kyle, P. (1992). When Sleeping Beauty Wakes Up: A Woman's Tale of Healing the Immune System and Awakening the Feminine. Portland, Oregon: Swan, Raven & Company. pp. 216-23.
- Robinson, J. (Ed.) (1996). The Alternative & Complementary Health Compendium. Bognor Regis, UK: Millenium Profiles. p. 183-4.
- van Tongeren, M.C. (2006). Overtone singing. Centraal Boekhuis. p. 212-14.
- Campbell (Ed.), 1991, 'Music Physician: For Times To Come', pp. 240-242.
- van Tongeren, M.C. (2006). Overtone Singing. Centraal Boekhuis. pp. 209-10 and p. 229.
- Pye. (2007). "Japanese Ancestor Veneration in Comparative Perspective". Dharma World
- Whitfield, J. (22 January 2004). "Telepathic charm seduces audience at paranormal debate". Nature. 427 (6972): 277. doi:10.1038/427277b. PMID 14737136.
- Rupert Sheldrake's website