James E. Charlton (July 26, 1911 – September 20, 2013) was a Canadian coin dealer and numismatic publisher. After working as a stationary engineer, he opened a coin store in Toronto. He published his first guidebook, Catalogue of Canadian Coins, Tokens & Fractional Currency, in 1952. Other titles from Charlton Press followed.
Subsequently he sold his store to concentrate on his publications, and later sold his publishing company, Charlton Press, which continues to publish price guides for coins, banknotes and other collectibles. He turned 100 in July 2011.