|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from California's 16th district
Assumed office |
January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||Zoe Lofgren|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from California's 20th district
January 3, 2005 – January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||Cal Dooley|
|Succeeded by||Sam Farr|
James Manuel Costa|
April 13, 1952
Fresno, California, U.S.
|Education||California State University, Fresno (BA)|
James Manuel Costa, ComM // (born April 13, 1952) is the U.S. Representative for California's 16th congressional district, serving as a Democrat in Congress since his initial election in 2004. He previously served in the California State Assembly from 1978 until 1994, and in the State Senate from 1994 until 2002. At the time of his election to the California State Legislature, he was the youngest member of the legislature at the age of 26. During his time in the California State Assembly, he served as the Majority Caucus Chair. California's 16th congressional district takes in large and predominantly Latino portions of Fresno. Costa is chair of the Blue Dog Coalition and ranking member of the United States House Agriculture Subcommittee on Rural Development, Research, Biotechnology, and Foreign Agriculture.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 California Legislature
- 3 U.S. House of Representatives
- 4 Political positions
- 5 Honors
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Early life and education
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Born in Fresno, Costa is a third-generation family farmer. His grandparents emigrated from Portugal's Azores Islands in the early 20th century. He graduated from San Joaquin Memorial High School (1970) and from Fresno State (1974), where he was a member of Sigma Alpha Epsilon. He worked as a Special Assistant to Congressman John Krebs (1975–76), and as Administrative Assistant to Assemblyman Richard Lehman (1976–78).
Costa represented part of Fresno County in the State Legislature for 24 years, serving in the California State Assembly (1978–94) and in the California State Senate (1994-2002). In 1986, he was cited for soliciting prostitution after being arrested with a 19-year-old prostitute to whom Costa paid $50. Calling the incident "an error of judgement", he pleaded no contest to the charge.
U.S. House of Representatives
- Committee on Agriculture
- Committee on Natural Resources
- American Sikh Congressional Caucus
- Beef Caucus Specialty
- Congressional Organ Donation Caucus (Co-Founder)
- Congressional Soils Caucus
- Congressional Victims' Rights Caucus (Co-Founder and Co-Chair)
- Congressional Water Caucus (Co-Founder)
- United States Congressional International Conservation Caucus
- Methamphetamine Caucus
- New Democrat Coalition
- Congressional Hispanic Caucus
In 2004, Costa entered the Democratic primary for the 20th district, which was opened up by the retirement of its seven-term incumbent, Cal Dooley. Dooley endorsed his chief of staff, Lisa Quigley, as his successor, but most of the state's Democratic Party establishment, including Senator Dianne Feinstein, endorsed Costa, who won the bruising primary and faced Republican Party state senator Roy Ashburn in November.
The 20th district is a heavily Democratic, 63% Latino-majority district; it gave Al Gore his highest vote total outside the state's two large conurbations (Sacramento and the San Francisco Bay Area in the north and Los Angeles and San Diego to the south). Nonetheless, the Republicans spent a substantial amount of money on the race. Ashburn's campaign made plays on Costa's name, "Costa's going to cost ya," and linked him to former Governor Gray Davis, calling them "two taxing twins". Costa won the election with 54% of the vote to Ashburn's 46%. Ashburn kept the margin within single digits by winning heavily Republican Kings County.
Costa ran unopposed for reelection in 2006. The Democrats won control of the House in that election, and Costa became chairman of the Natural Resources Committee's Energy and Mineral Resources Subcommittee. He is a member of the House Agriculture Committee.
Costa was reelected in 2008 with 74 percent of the vote, the highest percentage for a Democratic incumbent outside Sacramento, the Bay Area and Southern California.
Costa was challenged for reelection by Republican nominee Andy Vidak. In his closest race yet, the race was officially called for Costa nearly three weeks after election day, with the unofficial final tally standing at 45,806 votes (51.8%) for Costa and 42,773 votes (48.2%) for Vidak.
For his first four terms, Costa represented a district including most of the majority-Latino portions of Fresno and Bakersfield. However, redistricting following the 2010 census renumbered his district as the 21st district and made it slightly more Republican. In February 2012, Costa officially announced that he would run in the newly formed 16th district, a much more compact district that included most of Fresno as well as most of Merced. While most of his old territory remained in the 21st, the new 16th absorbed most of the Fresno County portion of his old district, including his home.
Costa faced Republican Brian Whelan in the general election. After the new districts were announced, it was reported that the NRCC considered Costa vulnerable to defeat. However, had it existed in 2008, Barack Obama would have carried it with 57 percent of the vote.
Costa faced an unexpectedly close race against Republican Johnny Tacherra, a dairyman from rural Fresno County. On election night, Tacherra led by 736 votes, a margin that grew to 1,772 votes a few days later. However, Tacherra's lead narrowed as counting continued, and Costa ultimately defeated him by 1,319 votes. While Tacherra carried the district's portions of Merced and Madera counties, Costa defeated him in Fresno County by 9,600 votes.
This section needs to be updated.(August 2018)
On June 7, 2016, Costa was the sole Democratic candidate in the 2016 "top two" primary, and was ahead on June 28, with 55.9%, 50,917 votes. He was expected to be paired once again in the general election with Republican Johnny Tacherra, who was in second place with 33.1%, 30,342 votes. The counting of ballots was finalized on June 30.
Costa was one of the sponsors for the bipartisan Agricultural Certainty for Reporting Emissions (ACRE) Act. The act would strip provisions from Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), which was responsible for ensuring cleanup of industrial toxic waste dumps, oil spills, and chemical tank explosions environmental regulations on farm land. If enacted, this act would reduce transparency by allowing the livestock industry to hide their waste storage and disposal methods. Another provision would make it easier for farmers to dump pesticides into waterways regulated under the Clean Water Act.
District of Columbia rights
In May 2016, Costa was one of two Democrats who supported the unprecedented step of overturning a District of Columbia referendum. The measure, passed by a vast majority of D.C. voters, would allow the District to spend its own tax dollars without congressional approval.
Costa was reportedly a holdout vote on the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare, in March 2010. He ultimately voted in favor of the legislation. To gain Costa's vote, the House leadership reportedly promised Costa and Dennis Cardoza funding for a medical school for California's Central Valley.
Costa has been an advocate of creating a high-speed rail system that would go up and down California as well as across the nation at speeds of 225 miles-per-hour. He has introduced many bills supporting these rails; so far, none have passed. Miller[who?] has compared rail projects to Eisenhower's highway expansion and pleaded to Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood and President Obama for help in with this project.
In April 2008, Costa wrote a piece in Capitol Weekly calling for high-speed rail in California.
Keystone XL Pipeline
National cemetery burials
In December 2017, Costa introduced legislation to allow some Hmong- and Laotian-American veterans to be buried in U.S. national cemeteries. The legislation applies to Hmong and Laotian veterans who fought alongside the U.S. against North Vietnamese forces in the 1960s and 1970s. The bill, which does not allow for burials at Arlington National Cemetery, applies only to veterans who pass away on or after the bill's enactment. The bill was enacted in March 2018 as part of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2018.
Costa voted on November 19, 2015, for HR 4038, legislation that would effectively halt the resettlement of refugees from Syria and Iraq to the United States.
- "Members". Blue Dog Coalition. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
- O'NEILL, Stephanie (5 September 1986). "Assemblyman in Prostitute Incident Issues Apology". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "Our Members". U.S. House of Representatives International Conservation Caucus. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
- "Members". New Democrat Coalition. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
- "Members". Congressional Hispanic Caucus. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
- "Costa Holds Seat, Keeps GOP Pickups at 63: Roll Call Politics". Rollcall.com. 2010-11-23. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- "Rep. Jim Costa Announces Reelection Campaign". CBS.
- "Republicans Tout Redistricting Gains". National Journal. March 28, 2012. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012.
- "Daily Kos Elections 2008, 2012 & 2016 presidential election results for congressional districts used in 2016 elections". Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- "Jim Costa responds to attacks from the right, and the left". ABC News.
- "U.S. House: California District 16 - 2012 Election Center". CNN.
- "Jim Costa keeps House seat, edging out Johnny Tacherra in another late-vote rally". Fresno Bee. November 19, 2014. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
- "California House results -- 2014 Election Center -- Elections and Politics from CNN.com". Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- 16 District returns Archived 2016-07-09 at the Wayback Machine., California Secretary of State, June 28, 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
- "NCBA Hails Introduction of Bipartisan ACRE Act in U.S. House of Representatives". National Cattlemen's Beef Association. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
- Liebmann, Larissa. "Don't Let CAFOs Hide Their Pollution". Waterkeeper's Alliance. Retrieved August 29, 2018. Text " Dive Into Democracy " ignored (help)
- Davis, Aaron (25 May 2016). "House Republicans take unprecedented step to upend local D.C. law". The Washington Post. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
- "Costa a yes". Politico. March 10, 2010.
- "Side deals stack up as health bills move along". The Hill. November 23, 2009.
- "Jim Costa". Political Profile. The Washington Post. August 21, 2012.
- "High speed rail: a viable transportation system for California". Capitol Weekly. Archived from the original on February 9, 2011. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
- Foran, Clare. "Here are the 28 House Democrats Who Voted to Approve the Keystone XL Pipeline". The Atlantic. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
- Constante, Agnes (April 3, 2018). "Congress passes law allowing national cemetery burials for 'secret war' veterans". NBC News. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
- Wire, Sarah D. "Inside the Syrian refugee vote: California representatives explain what shaped their votes". latimes.com. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- "Cidadãos Estrangeiros Agraciados com Ordens Portuguesas". Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
- Congressman Jim Costa official U.S. House site
- Campaign website
- Jim Costa at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Biography at Ballotpedia