James Almand Haynes
10 November 1933
|Died||6 January 2021 (aged 87)|
|Known for||founding Edinburgh's Traverse Theatre, International Times and London Arts Lab|
James Almand Haynes (10 November 1933 – 6 January 2021) was an American-born figure in the British "underground" and alternative/counter-culture scene of the 1960s. He was involved with the founding of Edinburgh's Traverse Theatre, the paper International Times and the London Arts Lab in Drury Lane for experimental and mixed media work.
Haynes was born in the United States in Haynesville, Claiborne Parish, in far northern Louisiana. He spent several years in Venezuela when his father took a job there. In 1956, Haynes was serving in the United States military and stationed with a unit in Kirknewton, West Lothian, Scotland; he decided to stay after his service ended.
He attended Edinburgh University and, among other writing and musical activities, helped to found the Traverse Theatre and the Edinburgh Festival Fringe. He opened the Paperback Bookshop in George Square in 1959, calling it "Britain’s first paperback-only bookshop". The bookshop was one of the first in the UK to stock Lady Chatterley's Lover.
In 1966 Haynes relocated to London, in the middle of the "Swinging Sixties". He became deeply involved in the underground cultural scene, co-founding the alternative paper International Times, known as "I.T.", together with Barry Miles, John Hopkins, and others.
In September 1967 Haynes co-founded the Drury Lane Arts Lab space for mixed-media, which closed in late 1969. That year he co-launched with William Levy, Germaine Greer and Heathcote Williams Suck newspaper in Amsterdam to promote sexual freedom; it was also distributed in the United Kingdom. The first issue contained a long and unrestrainedly descriptive erotic poem attributed to W. H. Auden and an explicit photo of Germaine Greer. In 1968 he co-founded Videoheads with Jack Henry Moore in London.
In 1969 Haynes moved to Paris, where he taught Media Studies and Sexual Politics for 30 years at the University of Paris. He published an irregular newsletter about his life and times. In addition, he wrote an autobiographical memoir, titled Thanks for Coming.
In 1970, he created and directed the Wet Dream Festival in Amsterdam.
In Paris, Haynes held a weekly open house dinner party beginning in 1978; at the time of his death he was estimated to have hosted over 130,000 to 150,000 people for the Sunday dinners. At Christmas 2009, Haynes and his open house parties were featured in British television advertisements for multinational foods company Nestlé: "When the coffee and 'After Eight' mints come out, Jim's always got a story to tell."
Haynes had a heart attack in August 2011 on his way from Paris to the Edinburgh Festival, but he recovered.
In popular culture
The documentary Echoes of the Underground includes footage of him and featured Lee Harris, Brian Barritt, Henk Targowski, and Youth. The score for the film was written and performed by The Moonlight Convention. It is drawn from his book by the same name.
- Hello, I Love You! Voices from within the Sexual Revolution, First published in 1974 by Jim Haynes under various imprints, Jean Lafitte Editions, Almonde Editions, Handshake Editions, edited by Jeanne Pasle Green and Jim Haynes. Translated and published in French, German and Italian. A semi-pirate edition published by Times Change Press in California in 1977. Traverse Plays, Penguin Books, London, 1966. Edited by Jim Haynes.
- Workers of the World, Unite and Stop Working! A Reply to Marxism, First published in a bi-lingual English/French edition by Dandelion Editions, Paris, in 1978. Later published in a German-language edition and a bi-lingual English/Russian edition in St. Petersburg. A new edition published by Glas, Moscow in English in 2002.
- Everything Is! Soft Manifestos for Our Time, Published by Handshake Editions in Paris in 1980. Later published in German-language edition by Volksverlag in 1981. Translated into French and published in a small edition by Handshake Editions in 1981. Also Glas Publications in Moscow brings out a new edition in English in 2002.
- More Romance, Less Romanticism, Edited by Jim Haynes, Published in an extremely limited edition by Handshake Editions in Paris in 1982.
- Thanks for Coming!, A Participatory Autobiography, published by Faber and Faber in 1984.
- Round the World in 33 Days, edited by Jim Haynes, published by Glas, Moscow in 2002, in English.
- Homage to Henry, a homage to Henry Miller, A collection of essays about Henry Miller edited by Jim Haynes and published by Handshake Editions, Paris in 1980. Re-printed in 1982. New edition in 2005.
- THANKS FOR COMING! ENCORE! a memoir, Polwarth Publishing, London, 2014.
- World Citizen in Paris published 2016.
- Russell, Robert. "Robert Russell: The well-lived life of Jim Haynes". The Shreveport Times.
- Belk, Martin. "Obituary: Jim Haynes, co-founder of Scotland's visionary Traverse Theatre". The Scotsman.
- Baker, Vicky. "Jim Haynes: A man who invited the world over for dinner". BBC.
- Campbell, James (7 January 2021). "Jim Haynes obituary". The Guardian.
- "Obituary: Jim Haynes, Traverse Theatre co-founder and counter-cultural polymath". The Herald. Glasgow.
- "Jim Haynes obituary". The Times.
- Obituaries, Telegraph (13 January 2021). "Jim Haynes, counterculture trailblazer and co-founder of Edinburgh's avant-garde Traverse Theatre – obituary". The Telegraph.
- "EIBF: THE EDINBURGH WRITERS' CONFERENCE 1962: THE LEGACY – Scottish Review of Books". scottishreviewofbooks.org.
- "Edinburgh Book Festival marks 1962 Writers' Conference". BBC News. 16 August 2012.
- "IT Staff - Issue 1, 14th October 1966". Internationaltimes.it. 14 October 1966. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
- Calder, John (January 2018). Pursuit. Alma Books. ISBN 978-0-7145-4538-7.
- Ingram, Matthew (8 December 2020). Retreat: How the Counterculture Invented Wellness. Watkins Media Limited. ISBN 978-1-912248-79-7.
- "Jim Haynes Web site, newsletters". Jim-haynes.com. Archived from the original on 12 January 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
- Curtis, David (27 October 2020). London's Arts Labs and the 60s Avant-Garde. Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-86196-980-7.
- Learmonth, Andrew. "Tributes paid to 'legend' who helped shape capital's cultural landscape". The National.
- "Meet Jim". After Eight. Nestlé. Archived from the original on 11 August 2014.
- "Honorary graduate Jim Haynes dies in Paris". Napier.
- "Traverse Theatre co-founder Jim Haynes dies". The Stage.
- Resurgence. H. Sharman. 1983.