James Loy

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James M. Loy
James M. Loy.jpg
United States Secretary of Homeland Security
In office
February 1, 2005 – February 15, 2005
President George W. Bush
Preceded by Tom Ridge
Succeeded by Michael Chertoff
United States Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security
In office
December 4, 2003 – March 1, 2005
President George W. Bush
Preceded by Gordon England
Succeeded by Michael Jackson
Commandant of the Coast Guard
In office
May 30, 1998 – May 30, 2002
President Bill Clinton
George W. Bush
Preceded by Robert Kramek
Succeeded by Thomas Collins
Personal details
Born James Milton Loy
(1942-08-10) August 10, 1942 (age 73)
Altoona, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Alma mater U.S. Coast Guard Academy
Wesleyan University
Military service
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Coast Guard
Rank US CG 10 shoulderboard.svg Admiral
Battles/wars Vietnam War

James Milton Loy (born August 10, 1942) is a former United States Coast Guard admiral who served as the acting U.S. Secretary of Homeland Security in 2005 and U.S. Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security (DHS) from December 4, 2003, to March 1, 2005. Prior to his appointment as the DHS Deputy Secretary, he served as the second administrator of the Transportation Security Administration from 2002 to 2003,[1] and before that as the Commandant of the U.S. Coast Guard from 1998 to 2002.

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Altoona, Pennsylvania, Loy earned the rank of Eagle Scout in the Boy Scouts of America as a youth and was awarded the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award as an adult.[2] Loy entered the United States Coast Guard Academy in 1960. Subsequently, he earned a master's degree in history and government from Wesleyan University.


Loy during his tenure as the Commandant of the U.S. Coast Guard.

Loy served as a commissioned officer in the U.S. Coast Guard, served in combat as commanding officer of a patrol boat in the Vietnam War, and eventually rose to the rank of admiral. In May 1998, Loy became the twenty first Commandant of the Coast Guard, serving in that post until 2002.[3]

As the USCG Commandant, Loy reacted to the September 11 attacks of 2001. In the short term, he supervised the resumption of sea-borne trade throughout the U.S., after the USCG had shut down most major ports after the attacks. In the long term, Loy led the U.S. delegation to the International Maritime Organization (IMO), and was instrumental in ensuring that the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code was approved and implemented in 2002. The code came into effect in 2004.

In May 2002, the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Transportation, Norman Mineta, appointed Loy to become the Deputy Undersecretary for the newly formed Transportation Security Administration. Loy led the agency through its creation and subsequent incorporation into the Department of Homeland Security.

On October 23, 2003, Loy was nominated as the U.S. Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security by U.S. President George W. Bush, and sworn in on December 4, 2003. Following the departure of Tom Ridge, Loy filled in as Acting Secretary of Homeland Security from February 1, 2005, until February 15, 2005, when Michael Chertoff was confirmed and sworn into office. Joining the exodus of leadership, Loy resigned as Deputy Secretary, effective March 1, 2005.

Loy's official U.S. Coast Guard biography notes that he has received the Department of Transportation Distinguished Service Medal, four Coast Guard Distinguished Service Medals, the Defense Superior Service Medal, two Legion of Merit awards, the Bronze Star with Combat Distinguishing Device, the Meritorious Service Medal, five Coast Guard Commendation Medals, the Coast Guard Achievement Medal, the Combat Action Ribbon, and other unit and campaign awards.[3]

On April 7, 2005, the Cohen Group announced that Loy had joined the firm as a Senior Counselor, effective April 18.[4]

On August 5, 2005, Loy joined the Board of Directors for Lockheed Martin.[5]

In the fall of 2006 it was announced that Loy was being honored as the first Chair of the Tyler Institute for Leadership at the U.S. Coast Guard Academy. As such Loy has played a significant role in speaking and drawing other distinguished visitors to the Academy. His first class was designed to teach a select group of cadets about the international shipping industry and how it might be secured.

In March 2007, the Washington Post had a feature on Loy and his relation to the U.S. Coast Guard's Deepwater contract, which was awarded to Lockheed Martin in summer of 2002. When asked by the Washington Post if he ever faced improper influence on Deepwater decisions while serving as the USCG Commandant, Loy said: "The question is almost insulting. I will pass on giving you any kind of answer."[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ http://www.marinelog.com/DOCS/NEWSMMIII/MMIIIOct24.html
  2. ^ "Distinguished Eagle Scouts" (PDF). Scouting.org. Retrieved 2010-11-04. 
  3. ^ a b "James M. Loy". Commandants of the U.S. Coast Guard. U.S. Coast Guard Historian's Office. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  4. ^ Cohen Group
  5. ^ a b Hsu, Spencer S.; Merle, Renae (March 25, 2007). "Coast Guard's Purchasing Raises Conflict-of-Interest Flags". In the News. The Washington Post website. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Robert Kramek
Commandant of the Coast Guard
Succeeded by
Thomas Collins
Political offices
Preceded by
John Magaw
Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration
Succeeded by
David Stone
Preceded by
Gordon England
United States Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security
Succeeded by
Michael Jackson
Preceded by
Tom Ridge
United States Secretary of Homeland Security

Succeeded by
Michael Chertoff