James Loy

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James M. Loy
James M. Loy.jpg
United States Secretary of Homeland Security
Acting
In office
February 1, 2005 – February 15, 2005
President George W. Bush
Preceded by Tom Ridge
Succeeded by Michael Chertoff
United States Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security
In office
December 4, 2003 – March 1, 2005
President George W. Bush
Preceded by Gordon England
Succeeded by Michael Jackson
Commandant of the Coast Guard
In office
May 30, 1998 – May 30, 2002
President Bill Clinton
George W. Bush
Preceded by Robert Kramek
Succeeded by Thomas Collins
Personal details
Born James Milton Loy
(1942-08-10) August 10, 1942 (age 74)
Altoona, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Alma mater U.S. Coast Guard Academy
Wesleyan University
Awards Transportation Distinguished Service Medal
Coast Guard Distinguished Service Medal (4)
Defense Superior Service Medal
Bronze Star with "V" device
Military service
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Coast Guard
Years of service 1964-2002
Rank US CG 10 shoulderboard.svg Admiral
Battles/wars

James Milton Loy (born August 10, 1942) is a former United States Coast Guard admiral who served as the acting U.S. Secretary of Homeland Security in 2005 and U.S. Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security (DHS) from December 4, 2003, to March 1, 2005. Prior to his appointment as the DHS Deputy Secretary, he served as the second administrator of the Transportation Security Administration from 2002 to 2003,[1] and before that as the Commandant of the U.S. Coast Guard from 1998 to 2002.

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Altoona, Pennsylvania, Loy earned the rank of Eagle Scout in the Boy Scouts of America as a youth and was awarded the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award as an adult.[2] Loy entered the United States Coast Guard Academy in 1960. Subsequently, he earned master's degrees in history and government from Wesleyan University, and in Public Administration from University of Rhode Island.

Career[edit]

Loy during his tenure as the Commandant of the U.S. Coast Guard.

Loy served as a commissioned officer in the U.S. Coast Guard, served in combat as commanding officer of a patrol boat in the Vietnam War, and eventually rose to the rank of admiral. In May 1998, Loy became the twenty first Commandant of the Coast Guard, serving in that post until 2002.[3]

As the USCG Commandant, Loy reacted to the September 11 attacks of 2001. In the short term, he supervised the resumption of sea-borne trade throughout the U.S., after the USCG had shut down most major ports after the attacks. In the long term, Loy led the U.S. delegation to the International Maritime Organization (IMO), and was instrumental in ensuring that the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code was approved and implemented in 2002. The code came into effect in 2004.

In May 2002, the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Transportation, Norman Mineta, appointed Loy to become the Deputy Undersecretary for the newly formed Transportation Security Administration. Loy led the agency through its creation and subsequent incorporation into the Department of Homeland Security.

On October 23, 2003, Loy was nominated as the U.S. Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security by U.S. President George W. Bush, and sworn in on December 4, 2003. Following the departure of Tom Ridge, Loy filled in as Acting Secretary of Homeland Security from February 1, 2005, until February 15, 2005, when Michael Chertoff was confirmed and sworn into office. Joining the exodus of leadership, Loy resigned as Deputy Secretary, effective March 1, 2005.

On April 7, 2005, the Cohen Group announced that Loy had joined the firm as a Senior Counselor, effective April 18.[4]

On August 5, 2005, Loy joined the Board of Directors for Lockheed Martin.[5]

In the fall of 2006 it was announced that Loy was being honored as the first Chair of the Tyler Institute for Leadership at the U.S. Coast Guard Academy. As such Loy has played a significant role in speaking and drawing other distinguished visitors to the Academy. His first class was designed to teach a select group of cadets about the international shipping industry and how it might be secured.

In March 2007, the Washington Post had a feature on Loy and his relation to the U.S. Coast Guard's Deepwater contract, which was awarded to Lockheed Martin in summer of 2002. When asked by the Washington Post if he ever faced improper influence on Deepwater decisions while serving as the USCG Commandant, Loy said: "The question is almost insulting. I will pass on giving you any kind of answer."[5]

Awards and decorations[edit]

USCGCO.jpg
 Award star (gold).pngAward star (gold).pngAward star (gold).png
Gold star
V
Operational Distinguishing Device.pngAward star (gold).pngAward star (gold).pngAward star (gold).pngAward star (gold).png
Operational Distinguishing Device.pngAward star (gold).pngAward star (gold).png
Operational Distinguishing Device.pngAward star (gold).pngAward star (gold).png
Bronze-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.png
Bronze-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.png
Bronze star
Bronze-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.pngBronze-service-star-3d.png
USCG - Commandant's Staff Badge.png
Badge
Cutterman Insignia[3]
1st row
Transportation Distinguished Service Medal
Coast Guard Distinguished Service Medal with three gold award stars
2nd row
Defense Superior Service Medal
Legion of Merit with one award star
Bronze Star Medal with "V" Device
3rd row
Meritorious Service Medal
Coast Guard Commendation Medal with four award stars and "O" device
Coast Guard Achievement Medal
4th row
Commandant's Letter of Commendation Ribbon
Combat Action Ribbon
Secretary of Transportation Outstanding Unit Award
5th row
Coast Guard Unit Commendation with 2 award stars and "O" device
Navy Unit Commendation
Coast Guard Meritorious Unit Commendation with 2 award stars and "O" device
6th row
Meritorious Team Commendation
Coast Guard "E" Ribbon
Coast Guard Bicentennial Unit Commendation
7th row
National Defense Service Medal with two bronze service stars
Vietnam Service Medal with two service stars
Humanitarian Service Medal with one service star
8th row
Special Operations Service Ribbon
Sea Service Ribbon with three service stars
Restricted Duty Ribbon
9th row
Royal Norwegian Order of Merit, Commander with Star
Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation
Vietnam Civil Actions Unit Citation
10th row
Vietnam Campaign Medal
Expert Rifle Marksmanship Medal
Expert Pistol Marksmanship Medal
Badge
Commandant Staff Badge

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.marinelog.com/DOCS/NEWSMMIII/MMIIIOct24.html
  2. ^ "Distinguished Eagle Scouts" (PDF). Scouting.org. Retrieved 2010-11-04. 
  3. ^ a b "James M. Loy". Commandants of the U.S. Coast Guard. U.S. Coast Guard Historian's Office. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  4. ^ Cohen Group
  5. ^ a b Hsu, Spencer S.; Merle, Renae (March 25, 2007). "Coast Guard's Purchasing Raises Conflict-of-Interest Flags". In the News. The Washington Post website. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Robert Kramek
Commandant of the Coast Guard
1998–2002
Succeeded by
Thomas Collins
Political offices
Preceded by
John Magaw
Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration
2002–2003
Succeeded by
David Stone
Preceded by
Gordon England
United States Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security
2003–2005
Succeeded by
Michael Jackson
Preceded by
Tom Ridge
United States Secretary of Homeland Security
Acting

2005
Succeeded by
Michael Chertoff