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|James B. McDougal|
August 25, 1940|
White County, Arkansas, U.S.
March 8, 1998 (aged 57)|
Fort Worth, Texas, U.S.
James B. McDougal (August 25, 1940 – March 8, 1998), a native of White County, Arkansas, and his wife, Susan McDougal (the former Susan Carol Henley), were financial partners with Bill Clinton and Hillary Clinton in the real estate venture that led to the Whitewater political scandal of the 1990s. Starting in 1982, McDougal operated Madison Guaranty Savings and Loan Association.
In 1982, McDougal made a failed bid for the United States House of Representatives against the Republican incumbent John Paul Hammerschmidt in Arkansas's northwesterly Third Congressional District. Hammerschmidt polled 133,909 votes (66 percent) to McDougal's 69,089 (34 percent). Coincidentally, Clinton himself had been defeated by Hammerschmidt in the same district in 1974. McDougal entered the political arena again at the height of the Whitewater controversy, running in the 1994 Democratic Primary in Arkansas' Fourth Congressional District, in South Arkansas. McDougal ran last in a three-man race, getting 23% of the vote in a primary won by State Senator Jay Bradford of Pine Bluff, who, in turn, lost the general election to a first-term representative, Republican Jay Dickey in 1994's "Battle of the Jays".
On April 14, 1997, he was convicted of 18 felony counts of fraud and conspiracy charges. The counts had to do with bad loans made by Madison in the late 1980s. As his savings and loan was federally insured, the $68 million was paid by taxpayers. During the case, special prosecutor Kenneth Starr requested a reduced sentence because of McDougal's assistance in the investigation.
He joined with his wife, who later divorced him, and the Clintons to borrow $203,000 to buy land in the Ozark Mountains for vacation homes. When the development failed, he attempted to cover the losses with savings-and-loan funds. Prosecuted for fraud in 1984, he hired the Rose Law Firm, which had Hillary Clinton as a partner, to defend him.
McDougal was also found by federal regulators to have made fraudulent loans with regards to his Castle Grande project, a real estate development 10 minutes south of Little Rock. The project was a 1,050-acre (4.2 km2) lot on which he hoped to build microbrewery, shopping center, a trailer park, and other future projects in 1985. The sale price was $1.75 million. Since state regulations prohibited him from investing more than 6% of his savings-and-loan assets in the project, he put in $600,000 of Madison Guaranty money and had Seth Ward put in the difference, which was $1.15 million. Ward lent the money from Madison Guaranty as a non-recourse loan.
- Washington Post time line
- CNN whitewater report
- CNN report
- Caught In The Whitewater - CBS
- CNN Report: McDougal had no access to his heart medication nor doctors just before his death
- Hickman Ewing reduced Jim McDougal's prison sentence in exchange for testimony that Susan McDougal refused to confirm.
- Rose Law Firm Billing Records, PBS, WGBH educational foundation, Frontline
- Labaton, Stephen. "Appraiser on Madison Loans in Plea Accord", New York Times, December 6, 1994
- Snopes.com on Jim McDougal's death