Jump to content

Jim Prentice

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jim Prentice
Prentice in 2014
16th Premier of Alberta
In office
September 15, 2014 – May 24, 2015
MonarchElizabeth II
Lieutenant GovernorDonald Ethell
Preceded byDave Hancock
Succeeded byRachel Notley
Leader of the Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta
In office
September 6, 2014 – May 5, 2015
Preceded byDave Hancock (interim)
Succeeded byRic McIver (interim)
Minister of the Environment
In office
October 30, 2008 – November 4, 2010
Prime MinisterStephen Harper
Preceded byJohn Baird
Succeeded byJohn Baird
Minister of Western Economic Diversification
In office
October 30, 2008 – November 4, 2010
Prime MinisterStephen Harper
Preceded byRona Ambrose
Succeeded byRona Ambrose
Minister of Industry
In office
August 14, 2007 – October 30, 2008
Prime MinisterStephen Harper
Preceded byMaxime Bernier
Succeeded byTony Clement
Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development
In office
February 6, 2006 – August 14, 2007
Prime MinisterStephen Harper
Preceded byAndy Scott
Succeeded byChuck Strahl
Parliamentary constituencies
Member of the
Legislative Assembly of Alberta
for Calgary-Foothills
In office
October 27, 2014 – May 5, 2015
Preceded byLen Webber
Succeeded byPrasad Panda
Member of Parliament
for Calgary Centre-North
In office
June 28, 2004 – November 14, 2010
Preceded byRiding established
Succeeded byMichelle Rempel Garner (2011)
Personal details
Peter Eric James Prentice

(1956-07-20)July 20, 1956
South Porcupine, Ontario, Canada
DiedOctober 13, 2016(2016-10-13) (aged 60)
Lake Country, British Columbia, Canada
Cause of deathPlane crash
Political partyProvincial:
Progressive Conservative
Progressive Conservative (1976–2003)
Conservative (2003–his death)
SpouseKaren Prentice
Residence(s)Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Alma mater

Peter Eric James Prentice PC QC (July 20, 1956 – October 13, 2016) was a Canadian politician who served as the 16th premier of Alberta from 2014 to 2015.[1] In the 2004 federal election he was elected to the House of Commons of Canada as a candidate of the Conservative Party of Canada. He was re-elected in the 2006 federal election and appointed to the cabinet as Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and Federal Interlocutor for Métis and Non-Status Indians. Prentice was appointed Minister of Industry on August 14, 2007,[2] and after the 2008 election became Minister of Environment on October 30, 2008.[2] On November 4, 2010, Prentice announced his resignation from cabinet and as MP for Calgary Centre-North. After retiring from federal politics he entered the private sector as vice-chairman of CIBC.

Prentice entered provincial politics in his home province of Alberta, and ran for the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta to replace Dave Hancock, who was serving as interim Premier and party leader after Alison Redford's resignation. On September 6, 2014, Prentice won the leadership election, becoming both the leader of the Progressive Conservatives and as such the Premier, as his party held a majority in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta.[3] As Premier of Alberta, Prentice formed a new cabinet consisting of some members from the previous government, but also new Ministers including two who did not hold seats in the Legislature—Stephen Mandel and Gordon Dirks.[4] All three stood as candidates in by-elections scheduled for October 27, 2014, and all three were elected with Prentice becoming the MLA for Calgary-Foothills. After introducing his first budget in 2015, Prentice declared an early provincial election on May 5, 2015. In the election, Prentice's PCs suffered an unprecedented defeat, dropping to third place in the legislature with just 10 seats – ending 44 years of Tory rule in Alberta, the longest consecutive reign for any political party at the provincial level in Canada. Despite winning re-election in Calgary-Foothills, on election night Prentice resigned as both PC leader and MLA and retired from politics after results indicated that the Alberta NDP had won a majority government.[5]

On October 13, 2016, Prentice and three others were killed when the aircraft in which they were travelling crashed shortly after taking off from Kelowna, British Columbia.[6] The flight was en route from Kelowna to Springbank Airport, just outside Calgary.


Prentice was born to a large, blue-collar family in South Porcupine, near Timmins, Ontario. The family then moved to Alberta in 1969.[6] He was the son of Wilma Lyle Marea (Mawhiney) and Eric Prentice, a professional hockey player who played five games in the National Hockey League (NHL) in the 1940s.[7][8] His uncle Dean Prentice played in the NHL for more than 20 years. Prentice was educated at the University of Alberta (where he became a member of the Phi Gamma Delta fraternity[9]) and Dalhousie University. He paid for his tuition by working as a coal miner in the summer months for seven years.[10]

As a lawyer, he served as a Law Commissioner of the Indian Claims Commission of Canada.[11]

In his personal life, Prentice served for seven years on the Board of Directors at the Calgary Winter Club, including stints as president and Chairman. He was an active member and volunteer leader in the Grace Presbyterian Church. Prentice and his wife Karen have three daughters and two grandchildren.[12]

He was also a member of the Trilateral Commission, a non-partisan organization that aims to increase cooperation within the developed world. In this capacity, Prentice was one of 20 Canadian members.[13]

Early political career[edit]

Prentice joined the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in 1976, and was active in Tory circles ever since. In the 1986 provincial election, Prentice ran for the Progressive Conservatives in Calgary Mountain View, being defeated by NDP candidate Bob Hawkesworth.[14]

During the early 1990s, Prentice served as the governing federal PC party's chief financial officer and treasurer (1990–93). Prentice first ran for Parliament as the nominated Progressive Conservative candidate in a spring 2002 by-election in the riding of Calgary Southwest that followed the retirement of Preston Manning as the riding's Member of Parliament (MP). When newly elected Canadian Alliance leader Stephen Harper replaced nominated CA candidate Ezra Levant in the by-election, Prentice withdrew from the race, following common practice to allow a party leader to win a seat uncontested so they may lead their party within Parliament.[15]

He ran in the 2003 Progressive Conservative leadership election to support the "United Alternative" proposal to merge the PC party with the Canadian Alliance. He was seen by many as an alternative to the "status quo" candidate and front runner Peter MacKay. A basic platform of Prentice's campaign was that "no one has ever defeated the Liberals with a divided conservative family." Prentice entered the 2003 convention day with some momentum, after delivering a passionate speech to the assembled delegates that encouraged Tories to be proud of their accomplishments, despite recent setbacks, and that recalled the sacrifices of Canadian soldiers who fought in the Battle of Passchendaele. He also unexpectedly received the support of fellow leadership challenger Craig Chandler, who withdrew early. Prentice ultimately emerged in second-place on the fourth ballot to the eventual winner MacKay.[16] Consistent with his positions during the leadership race, Prentice was a supporter of the merger endorsed by both the CA and PC parties in December 2003 that formed the new Conservative Party of Canada.[17]

Prentice was the first declared candidate for the leadership of the new Conservative Party,[18] announcing his run on December 7, 2003, the day after the new party was ratified by members of the PC Party. Prentice began his campaign in Calgary and toured parts of Ontario, specifically visiting Kingston, Ontario, the hometown of the first conservative leader Sir John A. Macdonald. However, he withdrew from the race on January 12, 2004, citing difficulty in raising new funds less than a year after his unsuccessful first leadership bid.[19] The leadership election was won by Stephen Harper, who later became Prime Minister of Canada after the 2006 Canadian federal election.

Early parliamentary career[edit]

Prentice ran in the riding of Calgary Centre-North in the 2004 election for the new Conservative Party, and won the seat with 54% of the popular vote.[20]

After being sworn in as the MP for Calgary Centre North on July 16, Conservative Party Leader Stephen Harper named Prentice to the Shadow Cabinet as the Official Opposition Critic for Indian and Northern Affairs. In that role Prentice opposed the Tli Cho land claim agreement, which he said would make Canadian law secondary to Tlicho local law.[21] Prentice was also a strong supporter of the proposed and controversial Mackenzie Valley pipeline.[22][23] He criticized the Liberal government for its treatment of aboriginal women, and its alleged costs of administering the Residential School Claims program for aboriginal victims of abuse.[24]

Prentice described himself as a Red Tory in the Conservative Party[25] and surprised many observers when he voted in favour of Bill C-38 supporting same-sex marriage.[26]

Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development[edit]

Prentice had been assigned the Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development in the Conservative government, and was sworn into this role on February 6, 2006, until August 13, 2007. One of his main challenges as Minister was to implement "The Nunavut Project," a 2006 report authored by Thomas Berger, to show tangible, measurable results to increase Inuit representation in the Nunavut public services.[27]

Kelowna Accord and residential schools[edit]

In the fall of 2006, Phil Fontaine, National chief of the Assembly of First Nations, expressed disappointment over the Conservative government's refusal to honour the Kelowna Accord, endorsed by 14 jurisdictions (the federal government, 10 provinces, and three territories). Fontaine previously described the federal government's point person on Kelowna, Jim Prentice, as an "honourable" person sensitive to native concerns. Prior to January 2006 election, Fontaine and two vice-chiefs of the Assembly of First Nations had a meeting with Prentice. "[Prentice] acknowledged all the hard work that went into Kelowna and (said) that the Conservative party would not put this aside," says Fontaine. "We took him at his word."[28] Prentice did not recall saying that: "I've always been very, very careful about what I've said about Kelowna,"[28] According to Fontaine, in their first meeting after the 2006 election, "(Prentice) wanted to apply a very focused approach to his responsibilities." In the federal budget of May 2006, Fontaine and other native leaders got a glimpse of what "focused" meant: just $450 million (over two years) was committed to implementing Kelowna, not the $1.64 billion for the first two years that Paul Martin had agreed to.[28]

Prentice argued that there was actually $3.7 billion in spending on native peoples in the May 2006 budget, "more than the previous four budgets in total." That figure includes $2.2 billion in compensation for victims of abuse in residential schools (another deal that was worked out with the previous government) and $300 million for off-reserve housing.[28]

On June 11, 2008, Prime Minister Stephen Harper thanked Jim Prentice for his work on addressing the matter of the Indian residential schools and providing a government apology for the residential school system. Stephen Harper's thanks to Prentice came before he made the apology to former students of the schools.[29]

Minister of Industry[edit]

In a cabinet shuffle on August 14, 2007, Prentice became Minister of Industry, succeeding Maxime Bernier.[30]

Copyright legislation and controversy[edit]

Bringing "Canada into WIPO treaty compliance" had been stated as one of Prentice's goals in future copyright legislation.[31] It has been pointed out repeatedly, however, that at the time of Prentice's statement of his rationale for introducing amendments to the Copyright Act, there was no international legal obligation to implement any provision of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Copyright Treaty (WCT) or the WIPO Performances & Phonograms Treaty (WPPT) since neither had been ratified by Canada.[32] Prentice has promised to "put consumers first." claiming in an editorial that "(C-61) allows the recording of webcasts and TV and radio programs to be enjoyed at different times" while ignoring the fact that if the files are protected by digital rights management (DRM) it is illegal to break the DRM to make the recording.[33] Michael Geist, Canada Research Chair of Internet and E-commerce Law at the University of Ottawa, has suggested that the core desire of the draft legislation is "to satisfy U.S. pressure by enacting something very close to the U.S. Digital Millennium Copyright Act".[34]

An opponent of the proposed Bill C-61 holds up a protest sign at a public breakfast event held during the Calgary Stampede by Canadian Industry Minister Jim Prentice.

Prentice did not immediately provide a rationale for not discussing the issue with CBC Radio Canada despite the hundreds of questions that flooded in from concerned Canadians.[35] He also refused to talk to a group of protesters who went to his office to express their concern, stating "When Canadian Heritage Minister Josée Verner and I have reached a consensus and we're satisfied, we will introduce a bill."[36] Prentice has also implied that he will not follow the Government's policy to table the WCT & WPPT 21 days prior to introducing copyright amendments designed to implement parts of these treaties contrary to the Government's policy on treaty implementation.[32] Industry Canada announced on June 11, 2008, that Prentice "will deliver brief statements and answer media inquiries shortly after the tabling of a bill to amend the Copyright Act ... [on] Thursday, June 12, 2008".[37] After less than two hours, hundreds of Canadians and critics panned the new Bill C-61[38] as nothing more than pandering to US interests at the expense of Canadians.[39]

On a 10-minute interview with the CBC's Search Engine radio program he dismissed any question related to digital rights management as "extremely technical" and claimed that the market will take care of copy protected CDs. Prentice then hung up mid question and refused to continue the interview at a later time. Most notably, Jim Prentice hung up before answering Jesse Brown's final question about who, under this bill, would have the power to investigate potential copyright violations.[40]

Wikipedia controversy[edit]

During the period of May 27, 2008, to June 4, 2008, edits originating from an IP address belonging to Industry Canada were made to the Jim Prentice article on Wikipedia. The edits included the removal of references to new copyright legislation (claiming that it did not exist) and the addition of two passages about Prentice's recent accomplishments as Minister of Industry.[41] Specifically, information about the copyright controversy was deleted from Prentice's biography by someone using an Industry Canada IP address.[41]

Jay Walsh, spokesman for the Wikimedia Foundation, said in an interview there are tens of thousands of living people with biographies on Wikipedia, "so challenges about information are not uncommon." Walsh said neutrality of language and guarding against conflicts of interest are two of the central pillars of Wikipedia. He said, "The edits which should be trusted would come from people who don't possess a conflict of interest, in this case, it would be worthwhile saying that if someone is making edits from a computer within the government of Canada … if it was someone within that ministry, that would theoretically constitute a conflict of interest."[42]

Auto industry[edit]

In a February 29, 2008, speech to the Toronto Board of Trade Prentice rejected the concept of direct subsidies to the auto industry, insisting that setting up a strong economic foundation is a better route to strengthen the business.[43] Former Liberal Leader Stéphane Dion said Finance Minister Jim Flaherty should be fired after the planned shutdown of the GM truck plant in Oshawa, Ont., with Prentice and Flaherty expressing hope for a new GM plant.[44]

Net neutrality[edit]

While serving as a Federal Cabinet minister, Prentice received criticism that he was sidestepping the issue of Canada's net neutrality laws by not providing clear answers regarding the government's position on internet throttling practices by national Internet Service Providers (ISPs).[45] New Democratic Party MP Charlie Angus raised the issue to Prentice in the House of Commons and said the government's "hands off" approach was bad for Canadian innovation.[45] Prentice said that the issue is being appropriately handled by the Federal government agency the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC), which invited the general public to an open debate on net neutrality.[46]

Text messaging fees[edit]

After initially appearing to take a stand on the issue,[47] Prentice refused to intervene when Telus and Bell started charging 15 cents for incoming SMS text messages despite widespread opposition by consumer groups. This decision was made after Prentice dialogued with senior Bell and Telus executives and suggested that consumers "seek alternatives", even in Canada's limited-competition cellular industry.[48]

Minister of the Environment[edit]

On October 30, 2008, Prentice was sworn in as Minister of the Environment in the Conservative Government.[49] During his tenure, funding for the CFCAS (Canadian Foundation for Climate and Atmospheric Sciences) was not renewed, which some argued lead to a brain drain in the climate scientific community.[50]

Draft Prentice Movement[edit]

Shortly after the Conservative government faced a possible defeat by the opposition over the Conservatives economic update, a "Conservatives for Prentice" website emerged, gaining a place on the Blogging Tories blogroll.[51] A posting from a person claiming to be David Higginbottom, Prentice's campaign manager in the last election, said, "It is unfortunate that at a time when Conservatives need to be working together to prevent what is a desperate power play by the opposition to seize control of our democratically elected government, that a site like this would be created."[52]


On November 4, 2010, Prentice announced he was resigning as Environment Minister effective immediately and that he would be resigning as Member of Parliament for Calgary Centre-North by the end of the year to take a job as vice-chairman of the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce.[53]

Prentice suggested that his departure was for family reasons; he had committed to spending 10 years in politics, and at that point he had. He expressed a desire to step down so he could explore new opportunities in his life. His resignation raised some questions with the opposition; NDP leader Jack Layton expressed concern over the apparent connection between Ministers and the large banks.[54]

Premier of Alberta[edit]

Prentice and Danielle Smith announcing that Smith and eight other Wildrose MLAs would be crossing the floor to join the Progressive Conservatives

Though previously rumoured to have been interested in succeeding Stephen Harper as federal Conservative leader,[55] Prentice entered the 2014 Alberta Progressive Conservative leadership election on May 15, 2014.[56][57] At the time the Alberta PC party was lagging badly in polls behind the opposition Wildrose due to personal expense controversies with Allison Redford, who resigned as premier and party leader after facing a revolt from the caucus and riding associations, with Dave Hancock serving in these roles for the interim. On September 6, 2014, Prentice won the leadership race with more than 76% of the vote on the first ballot (the leadership contest was conducted using Instant-runoff voting).[58]

Prentice was formally sworn in as premier on September 15, 2014.[59] He immediately named a 20-member Executive Council of Alberta, smaller than the cabinet had been under recent premiers. His recommendations for cabinet appointments included two people, former Edmonton mayor Stephen Mandel and former Calgary Board of Education trustee Gordon Dirks, who were not members of the Legislative Assembly.[59] Prentice was elected to the legislature in a by-election in Calgary-Foothills, the seat formerly held by MLA Len Webber.[60] The PCs won all four of the provincial by-elections held on October 27, 2014, in what was seen at the time as a major electoral success for Prentice.[61]

On November 24, 2014, Wildrose Party MLAs Kerry Towle, (Innisfail-Sylvan Lake), and Ian Donovan, (Little Bow) crossed the floor to join the ruling PC Party's caucus giving the turmoil within the Wildrose Party, uncertainty about the leadership of Danielle Smith and confidence in Prentice as reasons for their move.[62]

On December 17, 2014, in a highly unusual move within any parliament using the Westminster system, Leader of the Opposition Danielle Smith confirmed that she and eight other Wildrose members – Rob Anderson, Gary Bikman, Rod Fox, Jason Hale, Bruce McAllister, Blake Pedersen, Bruce Rowe and Jeff Wilson – would cross the floor to the Progressive Conservative caucus.[63] At a press conference, Smith said that her conversations with Prentice revealed that they shared so much common ground that it made little sense for her to continue in opposition. "If you’re going to be the official Opposition leader," she said, "you have to really want to take down the government and really take down the premier. I don't want to take down this premier. I want this premier to succeed."[64] The defections were termed by a journalist as "an unprecedented move in Canadian political history", although they did not change the overall make-up of the legislature – the Conservatives still held a vast majority of the seats, and the Wildrose Party remained the Official Opposition.[65]

Prentice at a campaign stop at the Whitemud Creek Community Centre in Edmonton during the 2015 election

Prentice's March 2015 budget "raised a plethora of taxes and fees to help pay the province's way out of its hole, but he refuses to touch corporate taxes, because he is spooked by the prospect of investors skipping over Alberta for their next billion-dollar energy project, in favour of some more clement petro-state somewhere else. This array of taxes on you and your friends, but not on the C-Suite in Calgary’s office-tower jungle, has provoked populists on the left and right".[66][67] In retrospect, Ron Kneebone of the University of Calgary’s School of Public Policy defended Prentice's budget saying "'We've got to look in the mirror.' He got tossed for it. But he was absolutely right because he said, 'You guys keep electing us for spending all this money.'"[68]

On April 7, 2015, Prentice advised the Lieutenant Governor to call an early election for May 5 claiming that he needed to seek a new mandate in order to pass his budget, a full year before he was mandated to by the provincial fixed-election law of an election every four years (by the constitution, the incumbent government could run for up to five years before the writ had to be dropped in 2017).[69][70] The Progressive Conservatives were already lagging in polls behind the resurgent Wildrose Party led by Brian Jean, as Prentice's pre-election budget was deeply unpopular with both the left and right in the political spectrum while only "business leaders thought it was tough but fair". Several gaffes by Prentice hurt him and his party in the campaign, including a comment before the election call in which Prentice appeared to be blaming Albertans, telling them that they had to "look in the mirror" to understand the root cause of Alberta's "serious budget shortfall"; Alberta Party leader Greg Clark dubbed this “Mr. Prentice’s Alice in Wonderland moment because it’s only in some alternate reality that the blame for decades of PC mismanagement can be placed squarely on Albertans".[71] There was an "embarrassing miscalculation in the proposed NDP budget" released two days before the debate that Prentice planned to capitalize upon; during the televised leaders' debate Prentice said "I know math is difficult" to Alberta New Democratic Party leader Rachel Notley in criticizing the "multibillion-dollar hole in [her] proposed budget", however Prentice's remark came under fire for as being deeply patronizing as well as potentially sexist.[71][72][73] While Prentice otherwise performed respectably ahead of Wildrose leader Brian Jean and interim Liberal leader David Swann, the NDP gained momentum as a result of the debate and overtook Wildrose for the lead in polls.[74][75][76][77]

The provincial election ended the Progressive Conservatives' 44-year run in government, with the Alberta New Democratic Party winning a majority government, the first time the party had been elected to government in the province's history. The Progressive Conservatives fell to third place in the legislature, with 10 seats, behind both the NDP and the Wildrose Party. While the PCs placed second in terms of the popular vote, their caucus was decimated due to being completely shut out in Edmonton and losing all but eight seats in Calgary. Thirteen members of Prentice's cabinet were defeated, though Prentice himself was re-elected in Calgary-Foothills. However, with the overall result beyond doubt, he resigned as PC leader, disclaimed his seat (thus voiding the election result in his riding)[78] and retired from politics.[79]

During the transition of power, Prentice advised Premier-designate Notley to continue settlement talks with the Lubicon Lake Band. The band had been seeking an agreement for 80 years, and Prentice had reopened negotiations in the fall of 2014. Notley recalled "He saw a path forward and he advised me how to travel that path, for which I, and many, many others, are very grateful", and the land claim deal was reached in late 2018.[80][81]

After politics[edit]

Prentice served as a visiting global fellow at the Canada Institute at the Wilson Center in Washington, D.C., for a four-month term that begun in February 2016.[82] At the Wilson Center, he wrote the book Triple Crown: Winning Canada’s Energy Future with Jean-Sebastien Rioux that was published posthumously by HarperCollins on February 21, 2017.[83][84]

Prentice was appointed as a senior advisor to private equity firm Warburg Pincus LLC in June 2016, specializing in the energy industry.[85][86]


Prentice was among the four people killed in the October 13, 2016, crash of a twin-engine Cessna Citation 500 business jet in Lake Country, British Columbia, shortly after takeoff from Kelowna International Airport en route to Springbank Airport near Calgary. He had spent the day golfing in the Kelowna area and was returning home.[87] In April 2018, the Transportation Safety Board of Canada reported that while no conclusive reason for the crash could be determined, it was likely that the pilot had experienced spatial disorientation shortly after takeoff, having had little experience flying at night.[6][88][89][90][91]

A state funeral was held for Prentice on October 28, 2016. Numerous dignitaries were in attendance, including former Prime Minister Stephen Harper, interim federal Conservative leader Rona Ambrose, Alberta Premier Rachel Notley, British Columbia Premier Christy Clark, Calgary Mayor Naheed Nenshi, Green Party Leader Elizabeth May, former prime minister Joe Clark and former opposition leader Preston Manning.[92][93][94]

Prentice's official portrait as Premier of Alberta was unveiled on February 4, 2019. Painted by David Goatley, it depicts Prentice "standing on the third floor of the Alberta legislature, hands resting on the marble railing, eyes looking off in the distance. The expression and gaze shows Jim's sense of vision. He's thinking of the future and not the past." At the ceremony of the portrait unveiling, his widow Karen recalled that Prentice was "one who couldn't resist meeting with school tours when they passed by his office. He would invite them in, show them around, and give each of them the opportunity to sit in the premier's chair. I honestly believe his hope was that the experience would inspire more than one of these children to become involved in politics one day, and perhaps even become premier".[80][81]

Electoral record[edit]

2008 Canadian federal election: Calgary Centre-North
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Jim Prentice 27,371 56.53 +0.53 $67,126
New Democratic John Chan 7,417 15.32 -1.46 $24,957
Green Eric Donovan 7,403 15.29 +3.49 $10,654
Liberal Doug James 5,699 11.77 -1.93 $12,026
Libertarian Jason McNeil 345 0.71 +0.71 $3,315
Marxist–Leninist Peggy Askin 184 0.38 +0.04 n/a
Total valid votes/expense limit 48,419 100.00   $88,582
Total rejected ballots
Conservative hold Swing +1.0
2006 Canadian federal election: Calgary Centre-North
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Jim Prentice 31,174 56.00 +1.82 $69,871
New Democratic John Chan 9,341 16.78 +4.66 $23,559
Liberal Matthew Moody 7,628 13.70 -7.65 $16,352
Green Marc Andrew MacGillivray 6,573 11.80 +0.56 $4,212
Independent Michael Falconar 383 0.68 -0.05 $1,133
First Peoples National Doug Dokis 206 0.37 $0
Marxist–Leninist Margaret Peggy Askin 194 0.34 -0.01 $59
Canadian Action James Kohut 168 0.30 $0
Total valid votes 55,667 100.00
Total rejected ballots 213 0.38
Turnout 55,880 63.80
2004 Canadian federal election: Calgary North Centre
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Jim Prentice 28,143 54.18 * $55,236
Liberal Cathy McClusky 11,093 21.35 * $43,208
New Democratic John Chan 6,298 12.12 * $15,764
Green Mark MacGillivray 5,840 11.24 * $3,450
Independent Michael Falconar 380 0.73 * $3,076
Marxist–Leninist Margaret Peggy Askin 184 0.35 * $46
Total valid votes 51,938 100.00  
Total rejected ballots 188 0.36
Turnout 52,126 60.97


  1. ^ "Jim Prentice Officially Sworn In as Alberta's Premier". CTV News. Calgary. September 15, 2014. Retrieved September 15, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Jim Prentice's Official Website". jimprentice.ca.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Alberta PC leadership vote: Jim Prentice wins on 1st ballot". CBC News. September 6, 2014. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  4. ^ Mertz, Emily (September 15, 2014). "Jim Prentice's cabinet: Who's in and who's out?". Global News. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
  5. ^ "Jim Prentice resigns after orange wave sweeps Alberta". CBC News. May 5, 2015. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
  6. ^ a b c Fletcher, Robson (October 13, 2016). "Former Alberta premier Jim Prentice among 4 killed in B.C. plane crash". CBC News. Retrieved October 14, 2016.
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ "Mawhinney, Wilma Lyle Marea and Prentice, Eric Dayton, (Married)".
  9. ^ Who Else is a Fiji? Archived 2010-04-10 at the Wayback Machine – www.phigam.ca – retrieved 8 December 2008
  10. ^ Speaking Points – The Honourable Jim Prentice – Canadian Council of Chief Executives Luncheon, Toronto, Ontario, November 21, 2007 – Industry Canada – retrieved 11 June 2008
  11. ^ The Commissioners Archived 2008-06-27 at the Wayback Machine – Indian Claims Commission – retrieved 11 June 2008
  12. ^ Lepage, Michelle (October 14, 2016). "To lose two family members at once is unbelievably painful': Prentice family". The Edmonton Journal. Retrieved October 14, 2016.
  13. ^ "The Trilateral Commission (membership list)" (PDF). www.trilateral.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 26, 2012.
  14. ^ "A 1986 photo of Jim Prentice". Ottawa Citizen. Postmedia. September 6, 2014. Archived from the original on November 16, 2018. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
  15. ^ Plamondon, Bob (November 21, 2014). Full Circle: Death and Resurrection In Canadian Conservative Politics. eBookIt.com. pp. 370–375. ISBN 9781456623166. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
  16. ^ "2003 PROGRESSIVE CONSERVATIVE LEADERSHIP CONVENTION". cpac.ca. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
  17. ^ Fletcher, Robson (October 14, 2016). "Former Alberta premier Jim Prentice among 4 killed in B.C. plane crash". CBC News. Retrieved October 14, 2016.
  18. ^ Thomson, Stuart (October 14, 2016). "Jim Prentice timeline: A long career of public service". The Edmonton Journal. Retrieved October 14, 2016.
  19. ^ Wood, James; Varcoe, Chris (October 14, 2016). "Jim Prentice: A career that changed Conservative politics". The Calgary Herald. Retrieved October 14, 2016.
  20. ^ "244 Calgary North Centre". CBC News.
  21. ^ "38th Parliament, 1st Session. Edited Hansard, number 019, Monday, November 1, 2004". .parl.gc.ca. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
  22. ^ Notes for an Address by The Honourable Jim Prentice to the Canadian Energy Pipeline Association Annual Dinner, Calgary, Alberta, May 23, 2006 Archived June 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine – Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
  23. ^ The Mackenzie Valley pipeline, CBC, March 12, 2007
  24. ^ "Prentice's appointment as INAC minister welcomed". CBC News. February 6, 2006. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  25. ^ Cryderman, Kelly (May 5, 2014). "Jim Prentice tries to counter "Red Tory" label with high profile recruit". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
  26. ^ "Gay marriage bill reveals party divisions". Ctv.ca. February 3, 2005. Archived from the original on November 20, 2007. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
  27. ^ Bell, Jim (March 31, 2006). "Berger urges big, bold fix for Inuit education". The Nunatsiaq News. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
  28. ^ a b c d Urquhart, Ian (November 25, 2006). "Just another empty white man's promise". The Toronto Star. Archived from the original on October 8, 2012. Retrieved June 15, 2008.
  29. ^ Harper, Stephen J., "Apology to Former Students of Indian Residential Schools" House of Commons Debates, Official Reports (Hansard) 39th Parl., 2nd Sess. (June 11, 2008) (Online) [2]
  30. ^ "The Honourable Jim Prentice, PC, QC, 2014–2015," Legislative Assembly of Alberta, URL accessed 14 October 2016.
  31. ^ Jim Prentice (December 8, 2007). Meeting Jim Prentice, the Minister of Industry. Calgary, AB: Andy Doan. Event occurs at 1:50 minutes. Archived from the original on December 12, 2021. Retrieved June 5, 2008.
  32. ^ a b Hagen, Gregory (March 11, 2008). "A Note on Integrity in Treaty Making & Copyright Law". Ablawg.
  33. ^ "Canadian approach to copyright". The Star. Toronto. June 17, 2008. Retrieved March 20, 2024.
  34. ^ George-Cosh, David (June 2, 2008). "Tories eye $500 fine for illegal downloads". Financial Post. Archived from the original on July 3, 2008. Retrieved June 11, 2008.
  35. ^ CBC Radio. "Jim Prentice says no". www.cbc.ca. Archived from the original on April 22, 2008. Retrieved June 7, 2008.
  36. ^ The Canadian Press (May 14, 2008). "New Canadian copyright bill on downloading delayed". www.ctv.ca. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
  37. ^ Government of Canada to Table Bill to Amend the Copyright Act – Industry Canada website. Retrieved 11 June 2008.
  38. ^ Government of Canada. "Bill C-61 – Government of Canada". www2.parl.gc.ca. Retrieved June 12, 2008.
  39. ^ CBC Radio (June 12, 2008). "Copyright law could result in 'police state,' critic warns". www.cbc.ca. Retrieved June 12, 2008.
  40. ^ Brown, Jesse. "Search Engine podcast: Jim Prentice Unlocked (1:00–11:00)". CBC News. Archived from the original on June 27, 2008.
  41. ^ a b Nowak, Peter (June 4, 2008). "Government buffing Prentice's Wikipedia entry". Canada: CBC News. Retrieved June 4, 2008.
  42. ^ Cheadle, Bruce. "Rewrite war rages on Wikipedia over Prentice biography and copyright law". cnews.canoe.ca. Archived from the original on June 7, 2008. Retrieved June 5, 2008.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  43. ^ Blackwell, Richard. "Prentice rejects auto subsidies". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Archived from the original on June 8, 2008. Retrieved June 4, 2008.
  44. ^ Whittington, Les; Ferguson, Rob (June 5, 2008). "Liberals demand PM fire Flaherty". The Toronto Star. Retrieved May 25, 2021.
  45. ^ a b Hartley, Matt (April 2, 2008). "Prentice mum on ISP throttling debate". Toronto: The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on May 16, 2008. Retrieved June 9, 2008.
  46. ^ "CRTC opens net neutrality debate to public". CBC News. May 15, 2008. Retrieved June 9, 2008.
  47. ^ "Industry minister calls on Bell, Telus to explain new text charges". CBC News. July 9, 2008. Retrieved March 20, 2024.
  48. ^ Government won't interfere in wireless texting charges: Prentice (2008.08.08) – retrieved 2009.02.16
  49. ^ "The Honourable Jim Prentice Minister of the Environment". Pm.gc.ca. Archived from the original on March 31, 2010. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
  50. ^ Cardinal, François (January 10, 2010). "François Cardinal : Les cerveaux du climat désertent le Canada | Environnement". La Presse. Cyberpresse.ca. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
  51. ^ "Conservatives for Prentice: Welcome to CONSERVATIVES for PRENTICE!". Conservativesforprentice.blogspot.com. November 28, 2008. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
  52. ^ "Mysterious websites want Baird, Prentice for leader – CTV News". Ctv.ca. November 30, 2008. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
  53. ^ Wingrove, Josh; Ibbitson, John (November 4, 2010). "Prentice quits cabinet, 'closes door on political life'". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 25, 2021.
  54. ^ Whittington, Les; Brennan, Richard J.; Delacourt, Susan (November 4, 2010). "Jim Prentice resigns from Harper cabinet". The Star. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
  55. ^ "'Draft Jim Prentice' movement urging ex-Harper minister to leave CIBC and run for Alberta PC leadership". National Post. April 9, 2014. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
  56. ^ "Prentice enters Alberta PC Party Leadership race". CTV News. May 15, 2014. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
  57. ^ "Jim Prentice forming team for Alberta Tory leadership race". CBC News. April 28, 2014. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
  58. ^ "Alberta PC leadership vote: Jim Prentice wins on 1st ballot". CBC News. September 6, 2014. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  59. ^ a b "Prentice promises ‘new way of doing things’ as smaller cabinet sworn in" Archived 2014-10-06 at the Wayback Machine. Edmonton Journal, September 15, 2014.
  60. ^ "Premier Prentice to run in Calgary-Foothills in October byelection". Global News, September 29, 2014.
  61. ^ CBC News (October 27, 2014). "Alberta byelections swept by Jim Prentice's Progressive Conservative Party". Retrieved May 7, 2015.
  62. ^ Bennett, Dean (November 24, 2014). "Two Wildrose members crossing the floor to join Tories". The Globe and Mail. Edmonton. The Canadian Press. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
  63. ^ "Nine Wildrose MLAs bolt for Alberta PC Party". Metro. December 17, 2014. Archived from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
  64. ^ Alberta’s Wildrose leader and eight members join Prentice government. Canadian Press, 2014-12-17.
  65. ^ Wood, James (December 18, 2014). "Nine Wildrose MLAs — including Leader Danielle Smith — cross floor to Prentice's Tory government". Calgary Herald. Archived from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  66. ^ Wells, Paul (April 23, 2015). "Paul Wells in Alberta: Could Jim Prentice actually lose?". Maclean's.
  67. ^ "Alberta Premier Jim Prentice (left) congratulates Robin Campbell (right), Alberta Minister of Finance, after Campbell delivered the provincial budget speech at the Alberta Legislature on March 26, 2015". Edmonton Journal. March 26, 2015. Archived from the original on May 6, 2019.
  68. ^ Hudes, Sammy (February 26, 2021). "How Alberta went from Klein's 'paid in full' years to record debt in 2021 budget". Calgary Herald. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
  69. ^ Justin Giovannetti (April 7, 2015). "Jim Prentice seeks mandate on May 5 in cautious Alberta election bid". Retrieved May 7, 2015.
  70. ^ Leong, Ricky (April 8, 2015). "Jim Prentice and Alberta Tories should remember Grit election disaster". Edmonton Sun. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
  71. ^ a b Allan Maki (April 7, 2015). "Mirrors and miscalculations: Five Alberta election moments to remember". Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  72. ^ Kleiss, Karen (April 21, 2015). "NDP misses by a year on balanced budget calculation". Retrieved December 4, 2015.
  73. ^ Maki, Allan (April 7, 2015). "Mirrors and miscalculations: Five Alberta election moments to remember". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  74. ^ "Report card: How the leaders did in the debate". Edmonton Journal. April 24, 2015. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
  75. ^ Braid, Don (April 23, 2015). "Braid: Notley shines in the best-ever Alberta leaders' debate". Calgary Herald. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
  76. ^ Gerson, Jen (April 24, 2015). "Alberta election debate 'math' remark could subtract voters for PC's Jim Prentice". National Post. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
  77. ^ Bartko, Karen (April 24, 2015). "Notley emerges as winner of Alberta election leaders' debate". Global News. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
  78. ^ "The Honourable Jim Prentice, PC, QC, 2014–2015". Legislative Assembly of Alberta. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
  79. ^ "Alberta PC Leader Jim Prentice resigns after winning seat in Calgary-Foothills". Global News. May 5, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  80. ^ a b Bellefontaine, Michelle (February 4, 2019). "Jim Prentice's 'sense of vision' depicted in official premier's portrait". CBC News. Edmonton. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
  81. ^ a b Bennett, Dean (February 4, 2019). "Former premier Jim Prentice honoured with official portrait at Alberta legislature". Global News. The Canadian Press. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
  82. ^ "Former Alberta premier Jim Prentice lands job at Washington think-tank". CBC News. Calgary. The Canadian Press. February 10, 2016. Retrieved May 25, 2021.
  83. ^ "HarperCollins to publish book by the late Jim Prentice". HarperCollins Canada (Press release). January 5, 2017. Retrieved May 25, 2021.
  84. ^ "Triple Crown: Winning Canada's Energy Future". HarperCollins Canada. Retrieved May 25, 2021.
  85. ^ "Jim Prentice lands new job as energy analyst with Warburg Pincus". CBC News. Calgary. June 13, 2016. Retrieved May 25, 2021.
  86. ^ Yedlin, Deborah (June 14, 2016). "Yedlin: Former premier Prentice enters private equity field". Calgary Herald. Retrieved May 25, 2021.
  87. ^ Markusoff, Jason (October 14, 2016). "Former Alberta premier Jim Prentice dead in plane crash". Macleans. Retrieved October 14, 2016.
  88. ^ Scotti, Monique (October 14, 2016). "Jim Prentice, 60, dies in Kelowna plane crash". Global News. Retrieved October 14, 2016.
  89. ^ Pullen, Lauren (April 13, 2017). "6 months later: investigation into plane crash that killed 4, including Jim Prentice". Globalnews.ca. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  90. ^ "Aviation Investigation Report A16P0186". Transportation Safety Board of Canada. October 13, 2016. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  91. ^ Cryderman, Kelly (April 26, 2018). "Cause of crash that killed Jim Prentice will remain uncertain without flight recorder data: TSB". Calgary: The Globe and Mail. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
  92. ^ Fletcher, Robson (October 28, 2016). "'A great Albertan, a great Canadian': Jim Prentice honoured in state memorial". CBC News. Calgary. Retrieved May 25, 2021.
  93. ^ Gilligan, Melissa; Tucker, Erika (October 28, 2016). "Jim Prentice remembered at state memorial: 'he gave Canada and Alberta his very best'". Global News. Retrieved May 25, 2021.
  94. ^ Graveland, Bill; Krugel, Lauren (October 28, 2016). "'He was everything to our family': Daughter remembers Jim Prentice at memorial". CTV News. Calgary. The Canadian Press. Retrieved May 25, 2021.

External links[edit]

28th Ministry – Cabinet of Stephen Harper
Cabinet posts (4)
Predecessor Office Successor
John Baird Minister of the Environment
October 30, 2008 – November 4, 2010
John Baird
Rona Ambrose Minister of Western Economic Diversification
October 30, 2008 – November 4, 2010
Rona Ambrose
Maxime Bernier Minister of Industry
August 14, 2007 – October 30, 2008
Tony Clement
Andy Scott Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development
February 6, 2006 – August 14, 2007
Chuck Strahl
Special Cabinet Responsibilities
Predecessor Title Successor
Andy Scott Federal Interlocutor for Métis and Non-Status Indians
February 6, 2006 – August 14, 2007
Chuck Strahl