|Born||James Lewis Ranchino
April 20, 1936
Herrin, Williamson County
|Died||November 7, 1978
Little Rock, Arkansas
|Cause of death||Heart attack|
|Resting place||Rest Haven Memorial Gardens in Arkadelphia, Arkansas|
|Residence||Arkadelphia, Clark County, Arkansas|
|Alma mater||University of Wisconsin - Madison|
Professor at Ouachita Baptist University
|Spouse(s)||Veda Ranchino, later Veda Ranchino Morgan|
Tony A. Ranchino
|Parent(s)||Angelo and Esther Verna Ranchino|
James Lewis Ranchino, known as Jim Ranchino (April 20, 1936 - November 7, 1978), was a pollster, political consultant, and political scientist on the faculty of Ouachita Baptist University in Arkadelphia, Arkansas. He died of a massive heart attack while awaiting to appear on Little Rock ABC television station KATV on the night of the 1978 general election.
Ranchino was a strong supporter of his fellow Democrat, future U.S. President Bill Clinton, who that night easily defeated the Republican Lynn Lowe to win the first of five non-consecutive terms as governor of Arkansas.
Ranchino (pronounced RAN KEY NO) was one of five children born in Herrin in Williamson County in southern Illinois to Angelo "Comp" Ranchino (1908-1988) and the former Esther Verna. His siblings were three sisters, Alma Joy Hise (1928-2010) of Herrin, Mariann R. Hunt (1933-2010), of Des Moines, Iowa, and Cheryl Ranchino Trench, a newspaper columnist in Herrin, and a brother, John Edward Ranchino, who died in infancy. Ranchino and his wife, Veda, had two children, Tony A. Ranchino (born 1969), a photojournalist for KATV in Little Rock, where his father collapsed, and Nicole "Niki" R. Jackson (born 1971), who was seven at the time of her father's death and operates a children's camp. After her husband's early death, Veda continued to live in Clark County and the next year married local prosecuting attorney Henry Morgan.
Ranchino graduated from Herrin High School in 1954. In 1964, he received his Master of Arts in history from Texas Christian University in Fort Worth, Texas; his thesis is entitled "The Work and Thought of a Jeffersonian in the Populist Movement: James Harvey 'Cyclone' Davis" as study of the Populist organizer and Democratic U.S. Representative James "Cyclone" Davis of Texas. He studied graduate history and political science under the New Left historian William Appleman Williams at the University of Wisconsin - Madison. Ranchino was described as a "campus radical".
Academic and political career
At Ouachita Baptist University, his teaching colleagues included two other Arkansas political figures, Bob C. Riley, the lieutenant governor from 1971 to 1975, and the Clinton friend and Whitewater associate James B. Dougal, who subsequently ran unsuccessfully for the United States House of Representatives in 1982 against the late Republican John Paul Hammerschmidt in Arkansas' 3rd congressional district. Coincidentally, Clinton himself had lost the 1974 congressional race to Hammerschmidt. A Ranchino student recalls that the professor demanded original thinking by his students and sometimes gave false information in a lecture to test the alertness and preparation of the class. Ranchino was the director of the OBU Volunteers in Service to America program, the first of its kind established in 1968 in Arkansas. Forty-eight students signed up initially as volunteers. In 1969, the program was co-sponsored by OBU and the Arkansas Council on Human Relations and described at the time as the largest of its kind in the nation.
L. T. Simes, II, an African American student at OBU who in 1970 was elected vice president of the student body, recalls Ranchino as a:
visionary. I will never forget the conversation we had about political polling. He could foresee the art of polling as early as 1970. He allowed me to challenge him on this point. I didn’t believe that it was possible to predict voter behavior in that there were so many variables. Dr. Ranchino was right. Now polling is a basic component of our electoral process. Most memorable was the time he invited me to come to his office the following day to meet ... this man dressed like a hippie, long hair, etc. Dr. Ranchino said to me, L. T., I want to introduce you to Bill Clinton. He became governor of Arkansas and later President of the United States. Times passes on ... While in law school I again met Bill Clinton as my law professor. ...
In the 1968 general election, Arkansas was declared "schizophrenic" by political observers for having cast its electoral votes for George Wallace, its gubernatorial majority for Moderate Republican Winthrop Rockefeller, and its U.S. Senate ballots for J. William Fulbright. As a result, Ranchino in 1972 published the book From Faubus to Bumpers: Arkansas Votes, 1960-1970, a political analysis of state election during the preceding decade. In the study he concludes that Arkansas voters are flexible and independent and can make consistent ballot choices even if they appear inconsistent.
Ranchino estimated the 1970 Arkansas electorate as 150,000 conservatives, 150,000 liberals, and 300,000 moderates. In his own words, Ranchino offers this analysis from 1970 which has been rendered obsolete by the development of political events in the 21st century:
Republicans have never had a party in Arkansas in the strictest sense. They have not offered consistent opposition to the Democrats at all levels of government and have frequently opted out for individual efforts and campaigns at the expense of the broad party-oriented effort....Whichever way the moderate vote leans in any specific election does make the essential difference between victory or defeat for the candidates. ... There is "no emerging Republican majority" (a term coined in 1969 by Kevin P. Phillips) in Arkansas built on a coalition of blue-collar, middle-class Democrats and upper-class traditional Republicans. The success that Republicans have had in Arkansas has come from a moderate liberal coalition based on blacks and progressive Democrats. That combination was shattered in 1970. ...
In 1976, Ranchino attributed the Democratic presidential nomination of former Governor Jimmy Carter of Georgia to Carter's young pollster, Patrick Caddell, who advised the candidate to accent the "trust factor," rather than highlighting various temporary campaign issues. Ranchino called his fellow pollster Caddell "the best in the country."
In September 1977, the cover of the Arkansas Times magazine carried an article by Ranchino, "The Arkansas of the '70s: The Good Ole Boy Ain't Whut He Used to Be", which reflects on the increasing use of marijuana, pre-marital sexual relations, and unfaithfulness to marriage vows "becoming more the rule than the exception". The article was published at the height of Anita Bryant's "Save the Children" campaign against homosexual rights in Miami, Florida. Ranchino wrote that many in Arkansas had by the late 1970s already been viewing the decline of family values with growing anxiety.
Death and aftermath
Ranchino had no inclination of his sudden death. He had done election commentary for KATV since 1972. He leased a private plane to take him out of state as soon as his assignment for KATV had been completed. Ranchino had worked as a pollster on a campaign and wanted to be there for the final counting of the votes. Claudia Riley, widow of Lieutenant Governor Bob Riley, whose home in Arkadelphia had been a meeting place for many of the state's rising Democratic politicians, called Ranchino prior to his death "a bright star on the horizon."
Ouachita Baptist University has among scores of scholarships one named in Ranchino's honor.
- "Election Night". rexnelsonsouthernfried.com. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- "Alan Marcus, Bill Clinton in Arkansas: Generational Politics, the Technology of Political Communication and the Permanent Campaign". The Historian (Vol. 72, No. 2). Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- "Williamson County Marriage Project". Williamson.illinoisgenweb.org. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- "Alma Joy Hise". meredithwaddell.com. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- "Mariann Hunt". ilesfuneralhomes.com. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- "Cheryl Ranchino Trench". herrinillinois.com. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- "Spencer Watson, Niki Jackson, April 6, 2008". arkansasonline.com. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- The author is unable to determine Ranchino's whereabouts from 1954 to 1963, including the institution from which he received his bachelor's degree.
- "Biography (Jim Ranchino)". clio.missouristate.edu. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- "By Robert Moore - Published on Amazon.com". amazon.co.uk. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- "Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- "L. T. Simes, Jr., The Testimony of the Holy Spirit". holyspirit777.com. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- Jim Ranchino, Faubus to Bumpers;: Arkansas votes, 1960-1970. Arkadelphia, Arkansas: Action Research, 1972. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- Janine A. Parry et al, Readings in Arkansas Politics and Government,. University of Arkansas Press. 2009. pp. 251–252. ISBN 1-55728-902-6. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- Ranchino, From Faubus to Bumpers, pp. 91-92
- The Blytheville, Arkansas, Courier News, June 11, 1976, p. 3
- Jim Ranchino, "The Arkansas of the '70s: The Good Ole Boy Ain't Whut He Used to Be", Arkansas Times, September 1977, p. 40
- "W. Brock Thompson, A Crime Unfit to be Named: Arkansas and Sodomy". Arkansas Historical Quarterly (Autumn 2002), p. 263-264. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- "Frontline". Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- Marvin Schwartz, In Service to America: A History of VISTA in Arkansas, 1965-1985. See section Jim Ranchino: In Remembrance, p. 259. University of Arkansas Press, 1988, ISBN 1-55728-005-3. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- "Jim Ranchino". findagrave.com. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- "ARKADELPHIA, Arkansas (AR) Political Contributions by Individuals". city-data.com. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- "Student Financial Aid" (PDF). obu.edu. Retrieved September 1, 2013.