|Born||May 13, 1928|
|Died||June 20, 2007(aged 79)|
|Residence||Henryetta, Oklahoma, United States|
|Occupation||Rodeo star; Rancher|
|Spouse(s)||Sharon (married 1947–2007)|
James A. Shoulders (May 13, 1928 – June 20, 2007) was an American professional rodeo cowboy and rancher. He is commemorated at the ProRodeo Hall of Fame. At the time of his death, he was one of the most successful contestants in the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association (PRCA), having won 16 World Championships, which was the most of any performer at that time. He was known as the 'Babe Ruth of rodeo'. He was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma, and died in Henryetta, Oklahoma.
Shoulders won his first bull riding competition in Oilton, Oklahoma at the age of fourteen. He competed until his retirement due to injury at the age of forty-two. His success at competitions included:
Shoulders was the first competitor to win all three events (bareback bronc, bull riding and all-round) at the National Finals Rodeo (NFR).
Shoulders set the record of 16 world championships in 1959 when he won his 15th and 16th titles. The record stood for a long time until steer roper Guy Allen matched the record in 2001 after winning his 16th steer roping title. Two years later in 2003, he broke Shoulder's record after winning a 17th title. Allen won his 18th and final record to date in 2004. In 2013, Trevor Brazile won another all-around title and his total number of world titles moved to 19 world titles. This broke Allen's record of 18 world titles. As of 2017, Brazile has 24 world titles, six more than Allen, who is in second place with 18 titles, and Shoulders is in third place with 16 titles.
From his rodeo career earnings, Shoulders bought a 400-acre (1.6 km2) ranch in Oklahoma where he raised livestock. He owned several bucking "weather" bulls, the most famous of which was Tornado, a rodeo bull who threw 200 riders over 14 years. According to Frank Boggs, an Oklahoman sports writer and columnist, Shoulders bought Tornado in South Texas when he was three years old. In 1967, Freckles Brown rode Tornado.
On the basis of his rodeo success, Shoulders took work in advertising. His manager was Billy Martin, a former New York Yankees manager. He made advertisements for products such as Miller Lite beer, jeans (helping to design the Wrangler Jeans 13MWZ 'cowboy cut' jeans); and Justin boots.
Shoulders is honored in many rodeo halls of fame. Shoulders was an early participant in the American Cowboy Culture Association, which holds the annual National Cowboy Symposium and Celebration each September in Lubbock, Texas.
- Has an entry in The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture maintained online by the Oklahoma Historical Society
- An entry in the Encyclopædia Britannica
- An entry in the Encyclopedia of the Great Plains
- In 2017, the Molalla Walk of Fame
- In 2015, inducted into the Bull Riding Hall of Fame which is the inaugural class.
- In 2011, the Professional Bull Riders created the Heroes and Legends Celebration awards, one of which is the Jim Shoulders Lifetime Achievement Award
- In 2007, Jim was awarded the Legends of ProRodeo by the ProRodeo Hall of Fame
- In 2003, the Texas Trail of Fame
- In 2002, Cheyenne Frontier Days Hall of Fame
- In 1999, the Pendleton Round-Up and Happy Canyon Hall of Fame
- In 1999, St. Paul Rodeo Hall of Fame.
- In 1997, Jim was inducted into the Ellensburg Rodeo Hall of Fame
- In 1989, the Oklahoma Sports Hall of Fame
- In 1979 to the ProRodeo Hall of Fame in Colorado Springs
- In 1976, the Oklahoma Hall of Fame
- In 1955 inaugural inductee National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in its Rodeo Hall of Fame
- Madison Square Garden Hall of Fame in New York City
- "Top Rodeo Cowboy Dies". Fox News. June 20, 2007. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
- Staff, From Times; Reports, Wire (June 21, 2007). "Jim Shoulders, 79; the 'Babe Ruth of rodeo' also starred in beer ads". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
- "PRCA World Champions (Historical)". prorodeo.com. Retrieved May 11, 2017.
- "World Champions (Historical) - Jiim Shoulders". Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
- "Rodeo: Steer Roping Champion Guy Allen Set For Old Fort Days Rodeo". Times Record. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
- "Trevor Brazile wins 14th all-around title in final NFR". Las Vegas Review-Journal. December 16, 2018. Retrieved February 24, 2019.
- "Legendary Rodeo Champion Jim Shoulders, 79". The Washington Post. June 21, 2007. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
- "Frank Boggs | Oklahoma Journalism Hall of Fame | ZoomInfo.com". ZoomInfo. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
- "Shoulders, Jim (b. 1928)". Encyclopedia of the Great Plains. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
- "About". National Cowboy Symposium. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
- "Shoulders, James Arthur". The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
- "Jim Shoulders | American rodeo cowboy". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
- "Walk of Fame - Molalla Area Chamber of Commerce, OR". www.molallachamber.com. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
- "The Bull Riding Hall of Fame Inductions 2015". The Bull Riding Hall of Fame. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
- "Professional Bull Riders - Jim Shoulders Award". Professional Bull Riders. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
- "Legends of ProRodeo - Pro Rodeo Hall of Fame". Pro Rodeo Hall of Fame. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
- "Jim Shoulders". Western Heritage from the Texas Trail of Fame. June 6, 2013. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
- "Cheyenne Frontier Days Hall of Fame Inductees". Cheyenne Frontier Days. www.cfdrodeo.com. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
- "Jim Shoulders". Pendleton Round-Up and Happy Canyon Hall of Fame. pendletonhalloffame.com. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
- "St. Paul Rodeo Hall of Fame - Jim Shoulders". www.stpaulrodeo.com. Retrieved May 15, 2017.
- "Jim Shoulders | Ellensburg Rodeo Hall of Fame". erhof.com. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
- "Jim Shoulders". Oklahoma Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
- "Jim Shoulders - Pro Rodeo Hall of Fame". Pro Rodeo Hall of Fame. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
- "Shoulders, Jim | 1976". Oklahoma Hall of Fame. oklahomahof.com. Retrieved December 28, 2017.
- "Rodeo Hall of Fame Inductees - National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum". National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
- Sullivan, Patricia (June 21, 2007). "Legendary Rodeo Champion Jim Shoulders, 79". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 25, 2017.