Jim van Os
Jim van Os (born 1960) is a Dutch professor of Psychiatric Epidemiology and Public Mental Health at Utrecht University Medical Centre, the Netherlands.
He is professor of Psychiatric Epidemiology and Public Mental Health and Head of the Division of Neuroscience at Utrecht University Medical Centre, as well as visiting professor at the Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, DeCrespigny Park, London, United Kingdom.
Arguments that "schizophrenia" does not exist
In 2009, van Os proposed the retirement of the diagnosis, "schizophrenia", citing its lack of validity and the risk of fundamental attribution error associated with the label. The label "schizophrenia" could cause difficulties on the clinician's part in communicating with the diagnosed person, due to erroneous preconceptions associated with the label.
In its place, van Os proposed a broad and general syndromal definition, more suited to personal diagnosis, which would reduce attribution error. He cited previous work by other researchers that explains psychosis as aberrant salience regulation.
In 2015 he co-authored an article in a national newspaper, suggesting that "schizo-labels" be abandoned and replaced with more scientific and patient-friendly terminology. The following week, his colleagues Rene Kahn, Iris Sommer, and Damiaan Denys published a counter-article, labeling Van Os and his colleagues as "antipsychiatrists".
- van Os, J. & Kapur, S. (2009) Schizophrenia; Lancet, 374, 635-645.
- van Os J, Kenis G, Rutten BP. The environment and schizophrenia. Nature. 2010;468(7321):203-212.
- McGorry P, van Os J. Redeeming diagnosis in psychiatry. Timing versus specificity. Lancet. 2013;381:343-345.
- van Os, J. (2009) 'Salience syndrome' replaces 'schizophrenia' in DSM-V and ICD-11: psychiatry's evidence-based entry into the 21st century? Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 120, 363-372.
- Van Os, J., Linscott, R.J., Myin-Germeys, I., Delespaul, P. & Krabbendam, L. (2009) A systematic review and meta-analysis of the psychosis continuum: evidence for a psychosis proneness-persistence-impairment model of psychotic disorder; Psychological Medicine, 39, 179-195.
- Tamminga, C., Sirovatka, P., Regier, D.A. & Van Os, J. (2010) Deconstructing Psychosis: Refining the Research Agenda for DSM-V (Arlington, Virginia, American Psychiatric Association).
- "Jim van Os". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
- van Os J (February 2009). "A salience dysregulation syndrome". Br J Psychiatry. 194 (2): 101–3. doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.108.054254. PMID 19182167.
- Kapur S (January 2003). "Psychosis as a state of aberrant salience: a framework linking biology, phenomenology, and pharmacology in schizophrenia". Am J Psychiatry. 160 (1): 13–23. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.160.1.13. PMID 12505794.
- TED talk at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sE3gxX5CiW0
- http://thomsonreuters.com/en/articles/2014/worlds-most-influential-scientific-minds-2014.html Retrieved 1-12-2015
- Van Os et al, NRC Handelsblad, 2015, laten we de diagnose schizofrenie vergeten http://www.nrc.nl/handelsblad/2015/03/07/laten-we-de-diagnose-schizofrenie-vergeten-1472619
- Kahn et al, NRC Handelsblad, 2015: http://www.nrc.nl/nieuws/2015/03/13/schizofrenie-als-diagnose-schrappen-is-anti-psychiatrie-uit-de-jaren-70
- Os, Jim van (2016-02-02). ""Schizophrenia" does not exist". BMJ. 352: i375. doi:10.1136/bmj.i375. ISSN 1756-1833. PMID 26837945.