Jimbolia

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Jimbolia
Town
Skyline of Jimbolia
Coat of arms of Jimbolia
Coat of arms
Jimbolia is located in Romania
Jimbolia
Jimbolia
Location of Jimbolia
Coordinates: 45°47′30″N 20°43′20″E / 45.79167°N 20.72222°E / 45.79167; 20.72222Coordinates: 45°47′30″N 20°43′20″E / 45.79167°N 20.72222°E / 45.79167; 20.72222
Country  Romania
County ROU Timis County CoA.svg Timiș
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Postelnicu Darius Adrian (PNL)
Area
 • Total 108 km2 (42 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 10.808
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Climate Cfb
Website http://www.jimbolia.ro/

Jimbolia (Romanian pronunciation: [ʒimˈboli.a]) is a town in Timiș county, Romania.

Name[edit]

In Banat Bulgarian, it is known as Džimbolj, in German as Hatzfeld, in Hungarian as Zsombolya, and in Serbian as Žombolj (Жомбољ).

History[edit]

The earliest record of a community in this location is a place identified as Chumbul in a papal tax record in 1333. This place came under Turkish (Ottoman) administration in 1552. As a result of the Treaty of Passarowitz this place came under Austrian rule in 1718. The surrounding region had become seriously depopulated during the period of Turkish rule.[1]

Jimbolia was colonized in 1766 by German-speaking settlers (Danube Swabians) who named their new community Hatzfeld.[2] After 1867 this community was also officially known as Zombolya.

The town came under Serbian military rule on Nov. 17, 1918.[3] As a result of the Paris Peace Conference, the town came within the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. As the result of an adjustment in the border between Romania and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, it became part of Romania with the name Jimbolia on April 9, 1924. At the same time, the village of Modoš was transferred from Romania to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.[4]

The painter Stefan Jäger, known for his depiction of Danube Swabian life and history, lived in the town from 1910 until his death in 1962.

The notorious Hungarian political figure Dr. Franz Anton Basch was born here on July 1, 1901.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Formerly, the town was populated mainly by ethnic Germans, but as result of emigration, the Romanians currently form the largest ethnic group.

Historical population of Jimbolia Mare[6]
Year Population Romanians Hungarians Germans
1880 8,621 0.4% 5.9% 87.5%
1890 9,580 0.4% 7.5% 89.8%
1900 10,152 0.5% 15.1% 82.7%
1910 10,893 1% 20.8% 74.2%
1930 10,873 6.1% 19.3% 70.3%
1941 10,781 8% 19.2% 67.2%
1956 11,281 30.6% 21.5% 43.6%
1966 13,633 39% 20.7% 36.1%
1977 14,682 41.3% 19.7% 34.2%
1992 11,830 66.8% 16.6% 9.4%
2002[7] 11,136 72.4% 14.8% 4.6%
2011[8] 10,808 72.7% 10.8% 2.9%

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peace Handbooks, Vol. 1, Austria Hungary, issued by the Historical Section of the Foreign Office (U.K.), London, 1920.
  2. ^ Ortsgeschichte von Hatzfeld, by Paul Martin, Banater Buchverkag, H, Anwender & Sohn, Timisoara, 1943.
  3. ^ Die Temesvarer Zeitung als Banater Geschichtsquelle (1852-1949), by Alexander Krishnan, Munich, 1969.
  4. ^ http://www.schuttertal.de/index.phtml?NavID=1117.76&La=1
  5. ^ The Danube Swabians, by Geza Paikert, Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, 1967.
  6. ^ Erdély etnikai és felekezeti statisztikája
  7. ^ Recensamant 2001
  8. ^ Populaţia stabilă după etnie – judeţe, municipii, oraşe, comune