Jimmy Boyle (artist)

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James Boyle (born 17 May 1944) is a Scottish former gangster and convicted murderer who became a sculptor and novelist after his release from prison.


In 1967, Boyle was sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of another gangland figure, William "Babs" Rooney. He served fourteen years before his release in 1980.[1] Boyle has always denied killing Rooney[2] but has acknowledged having been a violent and sometimes ruthless moneylender from the Gorbals, one of the roughest and most deprived areas of Glasgow. During his incarceration in the special unit of Barlinnie Prison, he turned to art and wrote an autobiography, A Sense of Freedom (1977), which was later turned into a film of the same name. In 1979, whilst still a prisoner at Barlinnie, he was commissioned to produce a memorial statue of poet William McGonagall. Various difficulties associated with the project meant that the work was never completed.[3]

Upon his release from prison on 26 October 1981, he moved to Edinburgh to continue his artistic career. He designed the largest concrete sculpture in Europe called "Gulliver" for the Craigmillar Festival Society in 1976.[4]

In 1983, Boyle set up the Gateway Exchange with his wife, Sarah, and artist Evlynn Smith; a charitable organisation offering art therapy workshops to recovering drug addicts and ex-convicts. Though the project secured funding from private sources (including actor Sir Sean Connery, comedian Sir Billy Connolly and John Paul Getty) it lasted only a few years.[5]

In 1994, his son James, a drug addict, was murdered in the Oatlands neighbourhood of Glasgow.[6]

Boyle has published Pain of Confinement: Prison Diaries (1984), and a novel, Hero of the Underworld (1999). The latter was adapted for a French film, La Rage et le Rêve des Condamnés (The Anger and Dreams of the Condemned), and won the best documentary prize at the Fifa Montreal awards in 2002. He also wrote a novel, A Stolen Smile, which is about the theft of the Mona Lisa and how it ends up hidden on a Scottish housing scheme. It was rumoured that Disney bought the film rights, but Boyle has denied this.[7][8][9]

In 1998, he was named as a financial donor of the Labour Party.[10]

The character Nicky Dryden in the 1999 film The Debt Collector is reportedly loosely based on Boyle.[11]

He divides his time between France and Morocco with his second wife, Kate Fenwick, a British actress.[12][13] They married at a ceremony in Marrakech, Morocco on 27 October 2007.


  1. ^ "Glasgow gangster turned writer Jimmy Boyle: 'I would be dead now without books'". the Guardian. 20 May 2016. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Jimmy Boyle's life less ordinary". BBC News. 27 August 1999. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  3. ^ Strachan, Graeme (2 March 2019). "The curious tale of the Barlinnie lifer and Dundee's Bard". The Courier.
  4. ^ Laughlan, Kim (10 July 2010). "Boyle sculpture expected to fetch £20,000 at auction". The Herald. Glasgow. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  5. ^ "Obituary: Evlynn Smith". The Daily Telegraph. 30 April 2003.
  6. ^ Son of reformed gangland killer stabbed to death, The Independent, 16 May 1994
  7. ^ Gardiner, Claire (9 November 2003). "Jimmy Boyle agrees £2m film deal with Disney". Scotland on Sunday.
  8. ^ Cramb, Auslan (10 November 2003). "Disney in £2m deal for novel by Jimmy Boyle". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  9. ^ "French fall for Glasgow hardman". BBC News. 17 November 2002. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  10. ^ "'Luvvies' for Labour". BBC News. 30 August 1998. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
  11. ^ Kelly, Richard. "The Debt Collector". Sight & Sound. British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 3 August 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  12. ^ Sherwood, Seth (21 October 2007). "In Marrakesh, Homes Among the Palm Groves". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  13. ^ Harrison, Anthony (16 February 2007). "Je ne regrette riad". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 July 2014.

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