Jimmy MacDonald (sound effects artist)
John James MacDonald
May 19, 1906
|Died||February 1, 1991 (aged 84)|
Glendale, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery|
Sarah Roberta Cullen
John James MacDonald (May 19, 1906 – February 1, 1991) was a Scottish-American foley artist, voice actor, conductor and musician. He was the original head of the Disney sound effects department, and was also the 2nd official voice of Mickey Mouse from 1947 to 1976 and again in 1978.
MacDonald was born on May 19, 1906, in Dundee, Scotland. His parents were Richard William MacDonald and Minnie Hall. The family emigrated to America when MacDonald was 1 month old. They travelled via the SS Haverford from Liverpool, England, arriving in Pennsylvania fifteen days later.
As a young man, MacDonald landed a job as a musician on the Dollar Steam Ship Lines, which in 1934 led to an opportunity to record music for a Disney cartoon. He went on to secure a permanent contract with Disney, becoming head of the sound department.
In addition to directing sounds for animated shorts as aurally complicated as Mickey's Trailer (1938), he developed many original inventions and contraptions to achieve expressive sounds for characters like Casey Jr., the circus train engine from Dumbo (1941); Evinrude the dragonfly from The Rescuers (1977); the bees in Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree (1966); and Buzz-buzz (later called "Spike"), the bee who gets the best of Donald Duck in his 1950s short films. He also made the sound effects of Tick Tock the crocodile from Peter Pan (1953) and Dragon Maleficent from Sleeping Beauty (1959) by using castanets.
The majority of his effects are available on Cartoon Trax Volume 1, from The Hollywood Edge, which was released in 1992. A few of his other effects showed up on other non-Disney sound libraries, such as the International Sound Effects Library and the Hanna-Barbera Sound Effects Library, both from Sound Ideas. Some other releases containing MacDonald's sound effects include a few specialty sound effect record releases from Disneyland Records, most notably Chilling, Thrilling Sounds of the Haunted House.
James MacDonald did the first test yodeling for the dwarfs in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) before they brought in professional yodelers as well as doing some sounds for Dopey such as his hiccuping and sobbing.
By 1947, Walt Disney was getting too busy and hoarse from smoking to continue voicing Mickey Mouse, so he offered the job to MacDonald. MacDonald voiced Mickey Mouse until his retirement in 1976, at which point he was replaced by his sound effects protégée, Wayne Allwine, for The New Mickey Mouse Club. However, MacDonald returned to voice Mickey again for an appearance at the 50th Academy Awards in 1978. Despite formally retiring, MacDonald remained involved with several Disney productions; he voiced Evinrude from The Rescuers (1977) and was often consulted for sound-effects projects.
MacDonald was the original voice actor for Chip, one half of the duo Chip and Dale. He provided the voice of Lumpjaw in Fun and Fancy Free, Jaq and Gus the mice and Bruno the dog in Cinderella (1950), the Dormouse in Alice in Wonderland (1951), Humphrey the Bear, the howling of the dogs at the pound (along with Thurl Ravenscroft) in Lady and the Tramp (1955), the Wolf in The Sword in the Stone (1963), and the hyena in Bedknobs and Broomsticks (1971). He appeared in the film Toby Tyler (1960) as the Circus Band Drummer, but was uncredited and appeared in Fantasia (1940) as one of the musicians.
MacDonald played drums in the Firehouse Five Plus Two jazz band. He played with the band on and off from its inception until it disbanded in the early 1970s.
MacDonald married Sarah Roberta Cullen in 1936, they remained married until his death in 1991.
|1936||The Cowboy Star||Still Photographer||Uncredited|
|1937||Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs||Dopey (voice, hiccuping and crying)||Uncredited|
|1940||Donald's Vacation||Various voices||Uncredited|
|1941||The Reluctant Dragon||Sound effects man||Uncredited|
|1942||Out of the Frying Pan Into the Firing Line||Butcher (voice)||Uncredited|
|1943||Private Pluto||Chip (voice)||Uncredited|
|1946||Squatter's Rights||Chip (voice)||Uncredited|
|1947||Fun and Fancy Free||Lumpjaw (voice)||Uncredited|
|Chip an' Dale||Chip (voice)||Uncredited|
|1948||Mickey Down Under||Mickey Mouse (voice)||Uncredited|
|Three for Breakfast||Chip (voice)||Uncredited|
|Mickey and the Seal||Mickey Mouse (voice)||Uncredited|
|Winter Storage||Chip (voice)||Uncredited|
|All in a Nutshell||Uncredited|
|1950||Cinderella||Jaq, Gus, Bruno (voices)|
|Crazy Over Daisy||Chip (voice)||Uncredited|
|Suspense||Jeff||Episode: "Wisteria Cottage"|
|Food for Feudin'||Chip (voice)||Uncredited|
|Out on a Limb||Uncredited|
|1951||Chicken in the Rough||Uncredited|
|Plutopia||Mickey Mouse (voice)||Uncredited|
|Test Pilot Donald||Chip (voice)||Uncredited|
|Alice in Wonderland||Dormouse (voice)|
|R'coon Dawg||Mickey Mouse (voice)||Uncredited|
|Out of Scale||Chip (voice)||Uncredited|
|Lambert the Sheepish Lion||Wolf (voice)||Uncredited|
|Two Chips and a Miss||Chip (voice)||Uncredited|
|Pluto's Party||Mickey Mouse (voice)||Uncredited|
|Pluto's Christmas Tree||Mickey Mouse, Chip (voices)||Uncredited|
|1953||The Simple Things||Mickey Mouse (voice)||Uncredited|
|Rugged Bear||Humphrey the Bear (voice)||Uncredited|
|Working for Peanuts||Chip (voice)||Uncredited|
|1954||The Lone Chipmunks||Uncredited|
|Grin and Bear It||Humphrey the Bear (voice)||Uncredited|
|Social Lion||Lion (voice)||Uncredited|
|20,000 Leagues Under the Sea||Ned Lad humming "Whale of a Tale" (voice)||Uncredited|
|1955||Bearly Asleep||Humphrey the Bear (voice)||Uncredited|
|Up a Tree||Chip (voice)||Uncredited|
|1956||Chips Ahoy||Chip (voice)||Uncredited|
|Hooked Bear||Humphrey the Bear (voice)||Uncredited|
|In the Bag||Uncredited|
|1959||Noah's Ark||Animal sounds (voice)|
|1960||Toby Tyler or Ten Weeks with a Circus||Drummer||Uncredited|
|1963||The Sword in the Stone||Wolf (voice)||Uncredited|
|1966||Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree||Bees (voice)||Uncredited|
|1967||The Adventures of Bullwhip Griffin||Saloon Percussionist||Uncredited|
|The Jungle Book||Mowgli's brothers (voice)||Uncredited|
|1968||The Mickey Mouse Anniversary Show||Mickey Mouse (voice)||Uncredited|
|1971||Bedknobs and Broomsticks||Hyena (voice)||Uncredited|
|1977||The Rescuers||Evinrude, Brutus and Nero (voice)|
|1955–1968||The Magical World of Disney||Mickey Mouse, Chip, Lumpjaw (voices)||Episodes: "The Mickey Mouse Anniversary Show", "This Is Your Life", "Pluto's Day", "Adventures of Mickey Mouse", "Jiminy Cricket Presents Bongo"|
|1989||Chip 'n Dale: Rescue Rangers||Humphrey the Bear (voice)||Episode: "Bearing Up Baby"|
|1937||Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs||Sound effects||Uncredited|
|1941||The Reluctant Dragon||Uncredited|
|1943||Victory Through Air Power||Uncredited|
|1944||The Three Caballeros||Uncredited|
|1946||Make Mine Music||Uncredited|
|Song of the South||Uncredited|
|1947||Fun and Fancy Free||Uncredited|
|Seal Island||Documentary film, uncredited|
|So Dear to My Heart||Uncredited|
|The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad||Uncredited|
|Beaver Valley||Documentary film, uncredited|
|1951||Nature's Half Acre||Documentary film, uncredited|
|Alice in Wonderland||Uncredited|
|1952||The Olympic Elk||Documentary film, uncredited|
|Water Birds||Documentary film, uncredited|
|Bear Country||Documentary film, uncredited|
|Powlers of the Evergladers||Documentary film, uncredited|
|The Living Desert||Documentary film, uncredited|
|1954||The Vanishing Prairie||Documentary film, uncredited|
|20,000 Leagues Under the Sea||Uncredited|
|1955||Lady and the Tramp||Uncredited|
|The African Lion||Documentary film, uncredited|
|1956||Secret of Life||Documentary film, uncredited|
|1958||White Wilderness||Documentary film, uncredited|
|1960||Jungle Cat||Documentary film, uncredited|
|1961||One Hundred and One Dalmatians||Uncredited|
|1963||The Sword in the Stone||Uncredited|
|1966||Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree||Uncredited|
|1967||The Jungle Book||Uncredited|
|1968||Winnie the Pooh and the Blustery Day||Uncredited|
|The Love Bug||Uncredited|
|1971||Bedknobs and Broomsticks||Uncredited|
|1974||Winnie the Pooh and Tigger Too||Uncredited|
|1977||The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh||Uncredited|
|1979||The Black Hole||Special sound effects|
|1964||Mary Poppins||Assistant conductor||Credited as James MacDonald|
|1968||The One and Only, Genuine, Original Family Band|
|1971||Bedknobs and Broomsticks|
- Obituary Variety, February 18, 1991.
- Birth certificate
- Korkis, Jim (February 12, 2021). "Animated Characters At the Academy Awards". Cartoon Research. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
- "Interview: Jimmy MacDonald – The Dundee voice of Disney". scotsman.com. December 23, 2009. Retrieved September 1, 2017.
- James MacDonald – Variety
- Thomas, Frank; Johnston, Ollie (1995). The illusion of life : Disney animation (1st Hyperion ed.). New York: Hyperion. ISBN 0-7868-6070-7. OCLC 32509417.
- YouTube. "Disney Family Album #4-Jimmy MacDonald". YouTube. Archived from the original on February 6, 2014. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
- McLellan, Dennis (May 21, 2009). "Wayne Allwine, voice of Mickey Mouse, dies at 62". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
- AP (February 8, 1991). "James MacDonald, 84, Mickey Mouse's Voice". The New York Times. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
- MacDonald, Jimmy. "Obituaries: James MacDonald, 84, Mickey Mouse's Voice". LA Times. Retrieved September 27, 2012.
- Segaloff, Nat (2017). Screen Saver Too: Hollywood Strikes Back. BearManor Media. Retrieved March 21, 2020.