Ruffin in 1964
|Birth name||Jimmie Lee Ruffin|
|Born||May 7, 1936|
Collinsville, Mississippi, U.S.
|Died||November 17, 2014 (aged 78)|
Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S.
|Associated acts||David Ruffin|
James Lee Ruffin (May 7, 1936 – November 17, 2014) was an American soul singer, and elder brother of David Ruffin of the Temptations. He had several hit records between the 1960s and 1980s, the most successful being the Top 10 hits "What Becomes of the Brokenhearted" and "Hold On (To My Love)".
Jimmy Ruffin was born in 1936 in Collinsville, Mississippi, to Eli, a sharecropper, and Ophelia Ruffin. He was approaching his fifth birthday when his younger brother David was born. As children, the brothers began singing with a gospel group, the Dixie Nightingales.
In 1961, Jimmy became a singer as part of the Motown stable, mostly on sessions but also recording singles for its subsidiary Miracle label, but was then drafted for national service. After leaving the Army in 1964, he returned to Motown, where he was offered the opportunity to join the Temptations to replace Elbridge Bryant. However, after hearing his brother David, they hired him for the job instead so Jimmy decided to resume his solo career. Ruffin recorded for Motown's subsidiary Soul label, but with little success.
In 1966, he heard a song about unrequited love written for The Spinners, and persuaded the writers that he should record it himself. His recording of "What Becomes of the Brokenhearted" became a major success. The song reached #7 on the Billboard Hot 100 and #6 on the R&B Chart. It also initially reached #8 in the UK singles chart, rising to #4 when it was reissued in the UK in 1974. "What Becomes of the Brokenhearted" remains Ruffin's best-known song. It was the lead single from his debut album Jimmy Ruffin Sings Top Ten (released as The Jimmy Ruffin Way in the UK), which was released on the Motown's Soul subsidiary label in 1967. Follow-up singles in America were successful, with "I've Passed This Way Before" and "Gonna Give Her All The Love I've Got" reaching the top of the US Charts in late 1966 and early 1967.
Ruffin's second album, Ruff 'n' Ready, was released in 1969. It contained the song "Don't You Miss Me a Little Bit Baby", which made the lower parts of the Billboard Hot 100 (#68) and was a Top 30 hit on the R&B Charts, peaking at #27. As a solo artist, it would prove to be Ruffin's last significant chart appearance in America for many years, and his very last significant charting record for Motown in the US. The song was also released as the B-Side to "What Becomes of the Brokenhearted" when it was reissued in 1974.
As Ruffin found success in the United States difficult to sustain, he began to concentrate instead on the British market. In 1970, "Farewell Is A Lonely Sound", "I'll Say Forever, My Love" and "It's Wonderful (To Be Loved By You)" each made the UK Top Ten, and he was voted the world's top singer in one British poll. He also teamed up with brother David to record the album I Am My Brother's Keeper, a modestly successful 1970 album for Motown that included the songs "When The Love Hand Comes Down", "Your Love Was Worth Waiting For" and a cover of Ben E. King's "Stand by Me". His third solo album for the label, The Groove Governor, was released in 1970, and did not fare as well as his previous two albums.
Following the success of his initial hits, Ruffin found it hard to maintain an identity, as most of his songs were later covered by other Motown artists, most prominently "Everybody Needs Love", a hit when covered by Gladys Knight & The Pips for their 1967 debut album of the same name, "Maria (You Were The Only One)", a hit for Michael Jackson and "If You Let Me," a minor hit for Eddie Kendricks. In addition, he had recorded the first version of The Temptations hit "Beauty Is Only Skin Deep".
He then left Motown, and recorded for the Polydor and Chess labels, where he recorded "Tell Me What You Want." In 1980, Robin Gibb of the Bee Gees produced his album Sunrise and the hit single "Hold On To My Love", which reached #10 in the US and #7 in the UK, on the RSO label.
In the 1980s, Ruffin moved to live in Great Britain, where he continued to perform successfully. In December 1984 he collaborated with Paul Weller of The Style Council for his benefit single "Soul Deep", produced to raise money for the families of striking miners affected by the UK miners' strike. This went under the name of The Council Collective and Jimmy appeared with Paul on Radio 1 to say he is involved because his father worked down the mines and "he understands the suffering."
In 1986 he collaborated with the British pop group Heaven 17, singing "A Foolish Thing To Do" and "My Sensitivity" on a 12" EP record. He took part in recording for Ian Levine's Motown revival label, Motorcity Records, in the late 1980s and early 1990s. He recorded duets with both Maxine Nightingale and Brenda Holloway. Later, Ruffin hosted a radio show in the UK for a time, and became an anti-drug advocate following the 1991 drug overdose death of his brother David. Ruffin was portrayed by Lamman Rucker in the 1998 mini-series The Temptations.
Later life and death
Following the 2010 release - on CD for the first time - of his 1970 album I Am My Brother's Keeper, Ruffin had been writing and recording songs for a new album that he had planned to release during 2013. It was not finished at the time of his death.
In 2012, a compilation album titled There Will Never Be Another You, including his hit songs "What Becomes of the Brokenhearted", and "Hold On To My Love", had been released.
Ruffin lived in the area of Las Vegas, Nevada. On October 17, 2014, it was reported that he was gravely ill and had been taken into an intensive care unit at a Las Vegas hospital. He died on November 17, 2014, in Las Vegas, aged 78.
Ruffin is buried at Palm Memorial Park Northwest Cemetery, Las Vegas, Clark County, Nevada in the Garden of Eternal Life Section.
His siblings are Davis (David) Eli, Rita Mae (Marie), Rosa, and Quincy B (all deceased). His children are Arlet, Philicia, Jimmie Ray (deceased), Jimmy Jr., Ophelia and Camilla.
- Jimmy Ruffin Sings Top Ten (1967) - U.S. #133
- The Jimmy Ruffin Way (1967, UK release of Jimmy Ruffin Sings Top Ten) - UK #32
- Ruff 'n' Ready (1969) - US #196, US R&B #50
- The Groove Governor (1970)
- I Am My Brother's Keeper (1970, with David Ruffin) - US #178, US R&B #15
- Jimmy Ruffin ... Forever (1973)
- Greatest Hits (1974) - UK #41
- I've Passed This Way Before (1974)
- Sunrise (1980) - US #152
- The Ultimate Motown Collection (2003) (2 CDs) 981 200-6
- There Will Never Be Another You (2012)
|Year||Titles (A-side, B-side)||Label & Catalogue #||Chart positions|
|1961||"Don't Feel Sorry for Me"
|US: Miracle 1||-||-||-||-|
|1964||"Since I've Lost You"
b/w "I Want Her Love"
|US: Soul 35002||-||-||-||-|
|1965||"As Long as There Is L-O-V-E Love"
b/w "How Can I Say I'm Sorry"
|US: Soul 35016||-||-||-||-|
|1966||"What Becomes of the Brokenhearted"
b/w "Baby I've Got It"
|US: Soul 35022
UK: Tamla Motown TMG577
|1967||"I've Passed This Way Before"
b/w "Tomorrow's Tears"
|US: Soul 35027
UK: Tamla Motown TMG593
|"Gonna Give Her All the Love I've Got"
b/w "World So Wide Nowhere to Hide"
|US: Soul 35032
UK: Tamla Motown TMG603
|"Don't You Miss Me a Little Bit Baby"
b/w "I Want Her Love"
|US: Soul 35035
UK: Tamla Motown TMG617
|1968||"I'll Say Forever My Love"
b/w "Everyone Needs Love"
|US: Soul 35043
UK: Tamla Motown TMG649/740
|"Don't Let Him Take Your Love from Me"
b/w "Lonely Lonely Man Am I"
|US: Soul 35046
UK: Tamla Motown TMG664
|1969||"I've Passed This Way Before"
b/w "Tomorrow's Tears"
|UK: Tamla Motown TMG703||-||-||33||-|
|1970||"Farewell Is a Lonely Sound"
b/w "If You Will Let Me I Know I Can"
|US: Soul 35060
UK: Tamla Motown TMG726
|"It's Wonderful (To Be Loved by You)"
b/w "Maria (You Were the Only One)"
|UK: Tamla Motown TMG753||-||-||6||-|
|"Let's Say Goodbye Tomorrow"
b/w "Living in a World I Created for Myself"
|UK: Tamla Motown TMG767||-||-||-||-|
|"Maria (You Were the Only One)"
b/w "Living in a World I Created for Myself"
|US: Soul 35077||97||-||-||-|
|1971||"On the Way Out (On the Way In)"
b/w "Honey Come Back"
|UK: Tamla Motown TMG784||-||-||-||-|
|"When My Hand Comes Down"
b/w "Steppin' on a Dream"
|US: Soul 35082||-||-||-||-|
|1972||"Our Favorite Melody"
b/w "You Gave Me Love"
|US: Soul 35092||-||-||-||-|
b/w "Tears of Joy"
|US: Atco 6926||-||-||-||-|
b/w "Waiting on You"
|UK: Mojo 2092 060||-||-||-||-|
|"Thank You Girl"
b/w "Do You Know Me"
|UK: Polydor 2058 401||-||-||-||-|
|1974||"What Becomes of the Brokenhearted"
b/w "Don't You Miss Me a Little Bit Baby"
|UK: Tamla Motown TMG911||-||-||4||-|
|"Farewell Is a Lonely Sound"
b/w "I Will Never Let You Get Away"
|UK: Tamla Motown TMG922||-||-||30||-|
|"Tell Me What You Want"
b/w US: "Do You Know Me"
UK: "Going Home"
|US: Chess 2160
UK: Polydor 2058 433
|1975||"Give You All the Love I've Got"
b/w "Get On Up"
|UK: Polydor 2058 586||-||-||-||-|
|1977||"Fallin' in Love with You"
|US: Epic 28-50384 XSS 163023||-||-||-||-|
|1980||"Hold On (To My Love)"
b/w Instrumental version of A-side
|US: RSO 1021
UK: RSO 57
|"Night of Love"
b/w US: "Searchin'"
|US: RSO 1042
UK: RSO 2090 459
|1985||"There Will Never Be Another You"
b/w "The Backstabbers"
|UK: EMI 5514||-||-||68||-|
|"That's When My Loving Begins"
b/w "Don't Stop (Keep on Loving Me Girl)"
|UK: EMI 5524||-||-||-||-|
|"-" denotes release did not chart.|
- Sweeting, Adam (20 November 2014). "Jimmy Ruffin obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved November 25, 2014.
- Biography by Bill Dahl at Allmusic.com.
- Ribowsky, Mark (2010), Ain't Too Proud to Beg: The Troubled Lives and Enduring Soul of the Temptations, Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, p. 89. ISBN 978-0-470-26117-0.
- "Jimmy Ruffin Biography". OLDIES.com.
- Biography by Kefauver Inge at Mississippi Writers and Musicians; accessed November 24, 2014.
- Biography of Jimmy Ruffin, SoulTracks.com; accessed November 14, 2014.
- "Searching For Light" - biographical article at SoullyOldies.com.
- Kory grow (November 20, 2014). "Jimmy Ruffin, Motown Hitmaker, Dead at 78". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
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- "Allmusic ((( Jimmy Ruffin > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums )))".
- Whitburn, Joel (2003). Top Pop Singles 1955-2002 (1st ed.). Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research Inc. p. 611. ISBN 0-89820-155-1.
- Rice, Tim (1985). Guinness British Hit Singles (5th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 188. ISBN 0-85112-429-1.
- mtc. "Record Label Discographies for rare and collectable vinyl records". Vinylnet. Archived from the original on 2007-07-02.
- "Allmusic ((( Jimmy Ruffin > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles )))".
- "The Official Charts Company". Retrieved 2013-07-26.