Jump to content

Jimmy Page

Page semi-protected
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Jimmy page)

Jimmy Page
Page at the Echo Music Awards, 2013
James Patrick Page

(1944-01-09) 9 January 1944 (age 80)
Heston, Middlesex, England
  • Musician
  • record producer
  • songwriter
Years active1957–present
  • Patricia Ecker
    (m. 1986; div. 1995)
  • Jimena Gomez Paratcha
    (m. 1995; div. 2008)
PartnerScarlett Sabet (2014–present)
Children5, including Scarlet
Musical career
Formerly of

James Patrick Page OBE (born 9 January 1944) is an English musician and producer who achieved international success as the guitarist and founder of the rock band Led Zeppelin. Prolific in creating guitar riffs, Page’s style involves various alternative guitar tunings and melodic solos, coupled with aggressive, distorted guitar tones. It is also characterized by his folk and eastern-influenced acoustic work. He is notable for occasionally playing his guitar with a cello bow to create a droning sound texture to the music.[1][2][3]

Page began his career as a studio session musician in London and, by the mid-1960s, alongside Big Jim Sullivan, was one of the most sought-after session guitarists in Britain. He was a member of the Yardbirds from 1966 to 1968. When the Yardbirds broke up, he founded Led Zeppelin, which was active from 1968 to 1980. Following the death of Led Zeppelin drummer John Bonham, he participated in a number of musical groups throughout the 1980s and 1990s, more specifically XYZ, the Firm, the Honeydrippers, Coverdale–Page, and Page and Plant. Since 2000, Page has participated in various guest performances with many artists, both live and in studio recordings, and participated in a one-off Led Zeppelin reunion in 2007 that was released as the 2012 concert film Celebration Day. Along with the Edge and Jack White, he participated in the 2008 documentary It Might Get Loud.

Page is widely considered to be one of the greatest and most influential guitarists of all time.[4][5][6] Rolling Stone magazine has described Page as "the pontiff of power riffing" and ranked him number three in their 2015 list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time", behind Jimi Hendrix and Eric Clapton, and ranking 3rd again in 2023 behind Chuck Berry and Jimi Hendrix.[7][8][9] In 2010, he was ranked number two in Gibson's list of "Top 50 Guitarists of All Time" and, in 2007, number four on Classic Rock's "100 Wildest Guitar Heroes". He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice: once as a member of the Yardbirds (1992) and once as a member of Led Zeppelin (1995).

Early life

Page was born to James Patrick Page and Patricia Elizabeth Gaffikin in the west London suburb of Heston on 9 January 1944.[10] His father was a personnel manager at a plastic-coatings plant[10] and his mother, who was of Irish descent,[11] was a doctor's secretary. In 1952, they moved to Feltham, and then to Miles Road, Epsom, in Surrey.[10] Page was educated from the age of eight at Epsom County Pound Lane Primary School, and when he was eleven he went to Ewell County Secondary School in West Ewell.[12] He came across his first guitar, a Spanish guitar,[12] in the Miles Road house: "I don't know whether [the guitar] was left behind by the people [in the house] before [us], or whether it was a friend of the family's—nobody seemed to know why it was there."[13] First playing the instrument when aged 12,[14] he took a few lessons in nearby Kingston, but was largely self-taught:

When I grew up there weren't many other guitarists ... There was one other guitarist in my school who actually showed me the first chords that I learned and I went on from there. I was bored so I taught myself the guitar from listening to records. So obviously it was a very personal thing.[15]

This "other guitarist" was a boy called Rod Wyatt, a few years his senior, and together with another boy, Pete Calvert, they would practise at Page's house; Page would devote six or seven hours on some days to practising and would always take his guitar with him to secondary school,[16] only to have it confiscated and returned to him after class.[17] Among Page's early influences were rockabilly guitarists Scotty Moore and James Burton, who both played on recordings made by Elvis Presley.[18] Presley's song "Baby Let's Play House" is cited by Page as being his inspiration to take up the guitar,[19] and he would reprise Moore's playing on the song in the live version of "Whole Lotta Love" on The Song Remains the Same.[20] He appeared on BBC1 in 1957 with a Höfner President acoustic, which he'd bought from money saved up from his milk round in the summer holidays and which had a pickup so it could be amplified,[21] but his first solid-bodied electric guitar was a second-hand 1959 Futurama Grazioso, later replaced by a Fender Telecaster,[22] a model he had seen Buddy Holly playing on the TV and a real-life example of which he'd played at an electronics exhibition at the Earls Court Exhibition Centre in London.[23]

Page's musical tastes included skiffle (a popular English music genre of the time) and acoustic folk playing, and the blues sounds of Elmore James, B.B. King, Otis Rush, Buddy Guy, Freddie King, and Hubert Sumlin.[24] "Basically, that was the start: a mixture between rock and blues."[19]

At the age of 13, Page appeared on Huw Wheldon's All Your Own talent quest programme in a skiffle quartet, one performance of which aired on BBC1 in 1957.[25] The group played "Mama Don't Want to Skiffle Anymore" and another American-flavoured song, "In Them Ol' Cottonfields Back Home".[26] When asked by Wheldon what he wanted to do after schooling, Page said, "I want to do biological research [to find a cure for] cancer, if it isn't discovered by then."[25]

In an interview with Guitar Player magazine, Page stated that "there was a lot of busking in the early days, but as they say, I had to come to grips with it and it was a good schooling."[19] When he was fourteen, and billed as James Page, he played in a group called Malcolm Austin and Whirlwinds, alongside Tony Busson on bass, Stuart Cockett on rhythm and a drummer named Tom, playing Chuck Berry and Jerry Lee Lewis numbers. This band was short-lived, as Page soon found a drummer for a band he'd previously been playing in with Rod Wyatt, David Williams and Pete Calvert, and came up with a name for them: The Paramounts.[27] The Paramounts played gigs in Epsom, once supporting a group who would later become Johnny Kidd & the Pirates.[28]

Although interviewed for a job as a laboratory assistant, he ultimately chose to leave secondary school in West Ewell to pursue music,[17] doing so at the age of fifteen – the earliest age permitted at the time – having gained four GCE O levels and on the back of a major row with the school Deputy Head Miss Nicholson about his musical ambitions, about which she was wholly scathing.[29]

Page had difficulty finding other musicians with whom he could play on a regular basis. "It wasn't as though there was an abundance. I used to play in many groups ... anyone who could get a gig together, really."[22] Following stints backing recitals by Beat poet Royston Ellis at the Mermaid Theatre between 1960 and 1961,[1] and singer Red E. Lewis, who'd seen him playing with the Paramounts at the Contemporary club in Epsom and told his manager Chris Tidmarsh to ask Page to join his backing band, the Redcaps, after the departure of guitarist Bobby Oats,[30] Page was asked by singer Neil Christian to join his band, the Crusaders. Christian had seen a fifteen-year-old Page playing in a local hall,[22] and the guitarist toured with Christian for approximately two years and later played on several of his records, including the 1962 single, "The Road to Love".[31]

During his stint with Christian, Page fell seriously ill with glandular fever and could not continue touring.[22] While recovering, he decided to put his musical career on hold and concentrate on his other love, painting, and enrolled at Sutton Art College in Surrey.[6] As he explained in 1975:

[I was] travelling around all the time in a bus. I did that for two years after I left school, to the point where I was starting to get really good bread. But I was getting ill. So I went back to art college. And that was a total change in direction. That's why I say it's possible to do. As dedicated as I was to playing the guitar, I knew doing it that way was doing me in forever. Every two months I had glandular fever. So for the next 18 months I was living on ten dollars a week and getting my strength up. But I was still playing.[14]


Early 1960s: session musician

While still a student, Page often performed on stage at the Marquee Club with bands such as Cyril Davies' All Stars, Alexis Korner's Blues Incorporated, and fellow guitarists Jeff Beck and Eric Clapton. He was spotted one night by John Gibb of Brian Howard & the Silhouettes, who asked him to help record some singles for Columbia Graphophone Company, including "The Worrying Kind". Mike Leander of Decca Records first offered Page regular studio work. His first session for the label was the recording "Diamonds" by Jet Harris and Tony Meehan, which went to Number 1 on the singles chart in early 1963.[22]

After brief stints with Carter-Lewis and the Southerners, Mike Hurst and the Method and Mickey Finn and the Blue Men, Page committed himself to full-time session work. As a session guitarist, he was known as 'Lil' Jim Pea' to prevent confusion with the other noted English session guitarist Big Jim Sullivan. Page was mainly called into sessions as "insurance" in instances when a replacement or second guitarist was required by the recording artist. "It was usually myself and a drummer", he explained, "though they never mention the drummer these days, just me ... Anyone needing a guitarist either went to Big Jim [Sullivan] or myself."[22] He stated that "In the initial stages they just said, play what you want, cos at that time I couldn't read music or anything."[32]

Page was the favoured session guitarist of record producer Shel Talmy. As a result, he secured session work on songs for the Who and the Kinks.[34] Page is credited with playing acoustic twelve-string guitar on two tracks on the Kinks' debut album, "I'm a Lover Not a Fighter" and "I've Been Driving on Bald Mountain",[35] and possibly on the B-side "I Gotta Move".[36] He played rhythm guitar on the sessions for the Who's first single "I Can't Explain"[32] (although Pete Townshend was reluctant to allow Page's contribution on the final recording; Page also played lead guitar on the B-side, "Bald Headed Woman").[37] Page's studio gigs in 1964 and 1965 included Marianne Faithfull's "As Tears Go By", Jonathan King's "Everyone's Gone to the Moon", the Nashville Teens' "Tobacco Road", the Rolling Stones "Heart of Stone" (along with "We're Wasting Time") (also, Van Morrison & Them's "Baby, Please Don't Go", "Mystic Eyes", and "Here Comes the Night", Dave Berry's "The Crying Game" and "My Baby Left Me", Brenda Lee's "Is It True", Shirley Bassey's "Goldfinger",[38] and Petula Clark's "Downtown".

In 1964, Page contributed guitar to the incidental music of the Beatles' 1964 film A Hard Day's Night.[39]

In 1965, Page was hired by Stones manager Andrew Loog Oldham to act as house producer and A&R man for the newly formed Immediate Records label, which allowed him to play on and/or produce tracks by John Mayall, Nico, Chris Farlowe, Twice as Much and Clapton. Also in 1965, Page produced one of Dana Gillespie's early singles, "Thank You Boy".[40] Page also formed a brief songwriting partnership with then romantic interest Jackie DeShannon. He composed and recorded songs for the John Williams (not to be confused with the film composer John Williams) album The Maureeny Wishful Album with Big Jim Sullivan. Page worked as session musician on Donovan Leitch's Sunshine Superman, on Engelbert Humperdinck's Release Me,[41] the Johnny Hallyday albums Jeune homme and Je suis né dans la rue, the Al Stewart album Love Chronicles and played guitar on five tracks of Joe Cocker's debut album, With a Little Help from My Friends. Over the years since 1970, Page played lead guitar on 10 Roy Harper tracks, comprising 81 minutes of music.

When questioned about which songs he played on, especially ones where there exists some controversy as to what his exact role was, Page often points out that it is hard to remember exactly what he did given the enormous number of sessions he was playing at the time.[32][34] In a radio interview, he explained that "I was doing three sessions a day, fifteen sessions a week. Sometimes I would be playing with a group, sometimes I could be doing film music, it could be a folk session ... I was able to fit all these different roles."[15]

Although Page recorded with many notable musicians, many of these early tracks are only available as bootleg recordings, several of which were released by the Led Zeppelin fan club in the late 1970s. Examples include early jam sessions featuring him and guitarists Jeff Beck and Eric Clapton covering various blues themes, which were included on compilations released by Immediate Records. Several early tracks were compiled on the twin album release, Jimmy Page: Session Man. He also recorded with Keith Richards on guitar and vocals in Olympic Sound Studios on 15 October 1974. Along with Ric Grech on bass and Bruce Rowland on drums, a track called "Scarlet" was cut (the same year he played acoustic guitar on The Stones' "Through the Lonely Nights"). Page reflected later in an interview with Rolling Stone's Cameron Crowe: "I did what could possibly be the next Stones B side. It was Ric Grech, Keith and me doing a number called "Scarlet". I can't remember the drummer. It sounded very similar in style and mood to those Blonde on Blonde tracks. It was great, really good. We stayed up all night and went down to Island Studios where Keith put some reggae guitars over one section. I just put some solos on it, but it was eight in the morning of the next day before I did that. He took the tapes to Switzerland and someone found out about them. Richards told people that it was a track from my album".[14]

Page left studio work when the increasing influence of Stax Records on popular music led to the greater incorporation of brass and orchestral arrangements into recordings at the expense of guitars.[19] He stated that his time as a session player served as extremely good schooling:

My session work was invaluable. At one point I was playing at least three sessions a day, six days a week! And I rarely ever knew in advance what I was going to be playing. But I learned things even on my worst sessions – and believe me, I played on some horrendous things. I finally called it quits after I started getting calls to do Muzak. I decided I couldn't live that life any more; it was getting too silly. I guess it was destiny that a week after I quit doing sessions Paul Samwell-Smith left the Yardbirds and I was able to take his place. But being a session musician was good fun in the beginning – the studio discipline was great. They'd just count the song off and you couldn't make any mistakes.[24]

Late 1960s: The Yardbirds

In late 1964, Page was approached about the possibility of replacing Eric Clapton in the Yardbirds, but he declined out of loyalty to his friend. In February 1965, Clapton quit the Yardbirds and Page was formally offered his spot, but unwilling to give up his lucrative career as a session musician and worried about his health under touring conditions, he suggested his friend Jeff Beck.[42] On 16 May 1966, drummer Keith Moon, bass player John Paul Jones, keyboardist Nicky Hopkins, Jeff Beck and Page recorded "Beck's Bolero" in London's IBC Studios. The experience gave Page an idea to form a new supergroup featuring Beck, along with The Who's John Entwistle on bass and Moon on drums.[22] However, the lack of a quality vocalist and contractual problems prevented the project from getting off the ground. During this time, Moon suggested the name "Lead Zeppelin" for the first time, after Entwistle commented that the proceedings would take to the air like a lead balloon.

Within weeks, Page attended a Yardbirds concert at Oxford. After the show, he went backstage where Paul Samwell-Smith announced that he was leaving the group.[19] Page offered to replace Samwell-Smith, and this was accepted by the group. He initially played electric bass with the Yardbirds before finally switching to twin lead guitar with Beck when Chris Dreja moved to bass. The musical potential of the line-up was scuttled, however, by interpersonal conflicts caused by constant touring and a lack of commercial success, although they released one single, "Happenings Ten Years Time Ago". While Page and Beck played together in the Yardbirds, the trio of Page, Beck and Clapton never played in the original group at the same time. The three guitarists did appear on stage together at the ARMS Charity Concerts in 1983.

After Beck's departure, the Yardbirds remained a quartet. They recorded one album with Page on lead guitar, Little Games. The album received indifferent reviews and was not a commercial success, peaking at number 80 on the Billboard 200. Though their studio sound was fairly commercial at the time, the band's live performances were just the opposite, becoming heavier and more experimental. These concerts featured musical aspects that Page would later perfect with Led Zeppelin, most notably performances of "Dazed and Confused".

After the departure of Keith Relf and Jim McCarty in 1968, Page reconfigured the group with a new line-up to fulfill unfinished tour dates in Scandinavia. To this end, Page recruited vocalist Robert Plant and drummer John Bonham, and he was also contacted by John Paul Jones, who asked to join.[43] During the Scandinavian tour, the new group appeared as the New Yardbirds, but soon recalled the old joke by Keith Moon and John Entwistle. Page stuck with that name to use for his new band. Manager Peter Grant changed it to "Led Zeppelin", to avoid a mispronunciation as "Leed Zeppelin".[44]

1968–1980: Led Zeppelin

Jimmy Page performing onstage in 1977

Led Zeppelin are one of the best-selling music groups in the history of audio recording. Various sources estimate the group's worldwide sales at more than 200 or even 300 million albums. With 111.5 million RIAA-certified units, they are the second-best-selling band in the United States. Each of their nine studio albums reached the top 10 of the US Billboard album chart, and six reached the number-one spot.[citation needed]

Led Zeppelin were the progenitors of heavy metal and hard rock, and their sound was largely the product of Page's input as a producer and musician.[citation needed] The band's individualistic style drew from a wide variety of influences. They performed on multiple record-breaking concert tours, which also earned them a reputation for excess. Although they remained commercially and critically successful, in the later 1970s, the band's output and touring schedule were limited by the personal difficulties of the members.

Page explained that he had a very specific idea in mind as to what he wanted Led Zeppelin to be, from the very beginning:

I had a lot of ideas from my days with the Yardbirds. The Yardbirds allowed me to improvise a lot in live performance and I started building a textbook of ideas that I eventually used in Zeppelin. In addition to those ideas, I wanted to add acoustic textures. Ultimately, I wanted Zeppelin to be a marriage of blues, hard rock and acoustic music topped with heavy choruses – a combination that had never been done before. Lots of light and shade in the music.[24]

Led Zeppelin broke up in 1980 following the death of Bonham at Page's home. Page initially refused to touch a guitar, grieving for his friend.[32][45] For the rest of the 1980s, his work consisted of a series of short-term collaborations in the bands the Firm, the Honeydrippers, reunions and individual work, including film soundtracks. He also became active in philanthropic work.


Page made a return to the stage at a Jeff Beck show in March 1981 at the Hammersmith Odeon.[46] Also in 1981, Page joined with Yes bassist Chris Squire and drummer Alan White to form a supergroup called XYZ (for former Yes-Zeppelin). They rehearsed several times, but the project was shelved. Bootlegs of these sessions revealed that some of the material emerged on later projects, notably The Firm's "Fortune Hunter" and Yes songs "Mind Drive" and "Can You Imagine?". Page joined Yes on stage in 1984 at Westfalenhalle in Dortmund, Germany, playing "I'm Down".

In 1982, Page collaborated with director Michael Winner to record the Death Wish II soundtrack. This and several subsequent Page recordings, including the Death Wish III soundtrack, were recorded and produced at his recording studio, The Sol in Cookham, which he had purchased from Gus Dudgeon in the early 1980s.

Page performing at an ARMS Charity Concert in 1983

In 1983, Page appeared with the A.R.M.S. (Action Research for Multiple Sclerosis) charity series of concerts which honoured Small Faces bassist Ronnie Lane, who suffered from the disease. For the first shows at the Royal Albert Hall in London, Page's set consisted of songs from the Death Wish II soundtrack (with Steve Winwood on vocals) and an instrumental version of "Stairway to Heaven". A four-city tour of the United States followed, with Paul Rodgers of Bad Company replacing Winwood. During the tour, Page and Rodgers performed "Midnight Moonlight", which would later appear on The Firm's first album. All of the shows featured an on stage jam of "Layla" that reunited Page with Beck and Clapton. According to the book Hammer of the Gods, it was reportedly around this time that Page told friends that he had just ended seven years of heroin use. On 13 December 1983, Page joined Plant on stage for one encore at the Hammersmith Odeon in London.

Page next linked up with Roy Harper for the 1984 album Whatever Happened to Jugula? and occasional concerts, performing a predominantly acoustic set at folk festivals under various guises such as the MacGregors and Themselves. Also in 1984, Page recorded with Plant as the Honeydrippers the album The Honeydrippers: Volume 1 and with John Paul Jones on the film soundtrack Scream for Help.

Page subsequently collaborated with Rodgers on two albums under the name The Firm.[47] The first album, released in 1985, was the self-titled The Firm. Popular songs included "Radioactive" and "Satisfaction Guaranteed". The album peaked at number 17 on the Billboard pop albums chart and went gold in the US. It was followed by Mean Business in 1986. The band toured in support of both albums, but soon split up.

Various other projects followed, such as session work for Graham Nash, Stephen Stills and the Rolling Stones (on their 1986 single "One Hit (To the Body)"). In 1986, Page reunited temporarily with his former Yardbirds bandmates to play on several tracks of the Box of Frogs album Strange Land.[48] Page released a solo album entitled Outrider in 1988, which featured contributions from Plant, with Page contributing in turn to Plant's solo album Now and Zen, which was released the same year. Outrider also featured singer John Miles on the album's opening track "Wasting My Time".[citation needed]

Throughout these years, Page also reunited with the other former bandmates of Led Zeppelin to perform live on a few occasions, most notably in 1985 for the Live Aid concert with both Phil Collins and Tony Thompson filling drum duties. However, the band members considered this performance to be sub-standard, with Page having been let down by a poorly tuned Les Paul. Page, Plant and Jones, as well as John Bonham's son Jason, performed at the Atlantic Records 40th Anniversary show on 14 May 1988, closing the 12-hour show.[49]

1990s: Coverdale–Page, Page and Plant

In 1990, a Knebworth concert to aid the Nordoff-Robbins Music Therapy Centre and the British School for Performing Arts and Technology saw Plant unexpectedly joined by Page to perform "Misty Mountain Hop", "Wearing and Tearing" and "Rock and Roll". The same year, Page appeared with Aerosmith at the Monsters of Rock festival. Page also performed with the band's former members at Jason Bonham's wedding. In 1993, Page collaborated with David Coverdale (of English rock band Whitesnake) for the album Coverdale–Page and a brief tour of Japan.

In 1994, Page and Robert Plant reunited as Page and Plant for an initial performance as part of MTV's "Unplugged" series. The 90-minute special, dubbed Unledded, premiered to the highest ratings in MTV's history. In October of the same year, the session was released as the live album No Quarter: Jimmy Page and Robert Plant Unledded, and on DVD as No Quarter Unledded in 2004. Following a highly successful mid-1990s tour to support No Quarter, Page and Plant recorded 1998's Walking into Clarksdale, featuring the Grammy Award-winning songs "Most High" and "Please Read the Letter".[50]

Page was heavily involved in remastering the Led Zeppelin catalogue. He participated in various charity concerts and charity work, particularly the Action for Brazil's Children Trust (ABC Trust), founded by his wife Jimena Gomez-Paratcha in 1998. In the same year, Page played guitar for rap singer/producer Puff Daddy's song "Come with Me", which heavily samples Led Zeppelin's "Kashmir" and was included in the soundtrack of Godzilla. The two later performed the song on Saturday Night Live.

Following a benefit performance in the summer where the Black Crowes guested with him, Page teamed up with the band for six shows in October 1999, playing material from the Led Zeppelin catalogue and old blues and rock standards.[51][52] The last two concerts were recorded in Los Angeles and released as a double live album, Live at the Greek in 2000.


Following the release of the live album, Page and the Black Crowes continued their collaboration by joining a package tour with the Who in 2000, which Page ultimately quit before completion.[53]

In 2001, after guesting with Fred Durst and Wes Scantlin's performance of "Thank You" at the MTV Europe Video Music Awards, Page once again continued his collaboration with Robert Plant.[54] After recording a cover of "My Bucket's Got a Hole in It" for a tribute album, the duo performed at the Montreux Jazz Festival.[55]

In 2005, Page was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in recognition of his Brazilian charity work for Task Brazil and Action For Brazil's Children's Trust,[56] made an honorary citizen of Rio de Janeiro later that year[57] and won a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award with Led Zeppelin.[58]

In November 2006, Led Zeppelin was inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame. The television broadcasting of the event consisted of an introduction to the band by various famous admirers (including Roger Taylor, Slash, Joe Perry, Steven Tyler, Jack White and Tony Iommi), an award presentation to Page and a short speech by him. After this, rock group Wolfmother played a tribute to Led Zeppelin.[59] During an interview for the BBC in connection with the induction, Page expressed plans to record new material in 2007, saying: "It's an album that I really need to get out of my system ... there's a good album in there and it's ready to come out" and "Also there will be some Zeppelin things on the horizon."[60]

Page and Jones with Taylor Hawkins and Dave Grohl of the Foo Fighters

On 10 December 2007, the surviving members of Led Zeppelin, as well as John Bonham's son, Jason Bonham played a charity concert at the O2 Arena London. According to Guinness World Records 2009, Led Zeppelin set the world record for the "Highest Demand for Tickets for One Music Concert" as 20 million requests for the reunion show were rendered online.[61] On 7 June 2008, Page and John Paul Jones appeared with the Foo Fighters to close the band's concert at Wembley Stadium, performing "Rock and Roll" and "Ramble On".[62] On 20 June 2008, at a ceremony at Guildford Cathedral, he was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Surrey.[63][64] For the 2008 Summer Olympics, Page, David Beckham and Leona Lewis represented Britain during the closing ceremonies on 24 August 2008. Beckham rode a double-decker bus into the stadium, and Page and Lewis performed "Whole Lotta Love".[65]

Page at the 2008 MOJO Awards in London with the Best Live Act award

In 2008, Page co-produced a documentary film directed by Davis Guggenheim entitled It Might Get Loud. The film examines the history of the electric guitar, focusing on the careers and styles of Page, The Edge and Jack White. The film premiered on 5 September 2008 at the Toronto International Film Festival.[66] Page also participated in the three-part BBC documentary London Calling: The making of the Olympic handover ceremony on 4 March 2009.[67] On 4 April 2009, Page inducted Jeff Beck into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[68] Page announced his 2010 solo tour while talking to Sky News on 16 December 2009.[69][70]


In January 2010, Page announced an autobiography published by Genesis Publications, in a hand-crafted, limited edition of 2,150 copies.[71] Page was honoured with a first-ever Global Peace Award by the United Nations' Pathways to Peace organisation after confirming reports that he would be among the headliners at a planned Show of Peace Concert in Beijing, on 10 October 2010.[72][73]

On 3 June 2011, Page played with Donovan at the Royal Albert Hall in London. The concert was filmed. Page made an unannounced appearance with The Black Crowes at the Shepherd's Bush Empire in London on 13 July 2011. He also played alongside Roy Harper at Harper's 70th-birthday celebratory concert, in London's Royal Festival Hall on 5 November 2011.[74]

Page (right) with the other surviving members of Led Zeppelin, with U.S. President Barack Obama at the 2012 Kennedy Center Honors

In November 2011, British Conservative MP Louise Mensch launched a campaign to have Page knighted for his contributions to the music industry.[75] In December 2012, Page, along with Plant and Jones, received the annual Kennedy Center Honors[76] from President Barack Obama in a White House ceremony. The honour is the U.S.'s highest award for those who have influenced American culture through the arts.[77] In February 2013, Plant hinted that he was open to a Led Zeppelin reunion in 2014, stating that he is not the reason for the band's dormancy, saying "Jimmy Page and John Paul Jones are quite contained in their own worlds and leave it to [him]", adding that he is "not the bad guy" and that he has "got nothing to do in 2014."[78]

In 2013, Page (with Led Zeppelin) was awarded a Grammy Award "Best Rock Album" for Celebration Day.[50]

In May 2014, Page was awarded an honorary doctorate by the Berklee College of Music in Boston.[79] In a spring 2014 interview with the BBC about the then forthcoming reissue of Led Zeppelin's first three albums, Page said he was confident fans would be keen on another reunion show, but Plant later replied that "the chances of it happening [were] zero." Page then told The New York Times that he was "fed up" with Plant's refusal to play, stating "I was told last year that Robert Plant said he is doing nothing in 2014, and what do the other two guys think? Well, he knows what the other guys think. Everyone would love to play more concerts for the band. He's just playing games, and I'm fed up with it, to be honest with you. I don't sing, so I can't do much about it", adding, "I definitely want to play live. Because, you know, I've still got a twinkle in my eye. I can still play. So, yeah, I'll just get myself into musical shape, just concentrating on the guitar."[80]

In July 2014, an NME article revealed that Plant was "slightly disappointed and baffled" by Page in ongoing Led Zeppelin dispute during which Page declared he was "fed up" with Plant delaying Led Zeppelin reunion plans. Instead, Plant offered Led Zeppelin's guitarist to write acoustically with him as he is interested in working with Page again but only in an unplugged way.[81]

In September 2014, Page – who has not toured as a solo act since 1988 – announced that he would start a new band and perform material spanning his entire career. He spoke about his prospects for hitting the road, saying: "I haven't put [musicians] together yet but I'm going to do that next year [i.e. 2015]. If I went out to play, I would play material that spanned everything from my recording career right back to my very, very early days with The Yardbirds. There would certainly be some new material in there as well ...".[82]

In December 2015, Page was featured in the two-hour long BBC Radio 2 programme Johnny Walker Meets, in conversation with DJ Johnny Walker.[83] In October 2017, Page spoke at the Oxford Union about his career in music.[84]


Page is among the people interviewed for the documentary film If These Walls Could Sing directed by Mary McCartney about the recording studios at Abbey Road.[85]


Along with a highly original and well-rounded guitar style, influenced by blues, country and international folk music, Jimmy Page has the grand distinction of being one of the most respected and influential songwriters and producers in the history of rock music.

—Chipkin, Stang in 2003[86]

Page is considered – by musical peers – one of the greatest and most influential guitarists. His experiences in the studio and with the Yardbirds were key to the success of Led Zeppelin. As a producer, songwriter and guitarist, he helped make Zeppelin a prototype for countless bands and was one of the major driving forces behind the rock sound of that era, influencing a host of guitarists.[87][88]

Guitarists influenced by Page include Eddie Van Halen,[89] Ace Frehley,[90] Joe Satriani,[91] John Frusciante,[92] Kirk Hammett,[93] Joe Perry,[94] Richie Sambora,[95] Slash,[96] Dave Mustaine,[97] Mick Mars,[98] Alex Lifeson,[99] Steve Vai,[100] Dan Hawkins,[101] and Char,[102] among others. John McGeoch was described as "the new wave Jimmy Page" by Mojo magazine.[103]

Queen's Brian May told Guitarist in 2004: "I don't think anyone has epitomised riff writing better than Jimmy Page—he's one of the great brains of rock music."[104]

"If Jimmy Page would play guitar with me," remarked Stevie Nicks, "I'd put a band around us tomorrow."[105]

Equipment and techniques


Page frequently played a double-necked Gibson EDS-1275 in concert, as seen here in 1983

For the recording of most of Led Zeppelin material from Led Zeppelin's second album onwards, Page used a Gibson Les Paul guitar (sold to him by Joe Walsh) with Marshall amplification. A Harmony Sovereign H-1260 was used in-studio on Led Zeppelin III and Led Zeppelin IV and on-stage from 5 March 1971 to 28 June 1972. During the studio sessions for Led Zeppelin and later for recording the guitar solo in "Stairway to Heaven", he used a Fender Telecaster (a gift from Jeff Beck).[106] He also used a Danelectro 3021, tuned to DADGAD, most notably on live performances of "Kashmir".

Page also plays his guitar with a cello bow,[1][2][3] as on the live versions of the songs "Dazed and Confused" and "How Many More Times". This was a technique he developed during his session days.[34] On MTV's Led Zeppelin Rockumentary, Page said that he obtained the idea of playing the guitar with a bow from David McCallum, Sr. who was also a session musician. Page used his Fender Telecaster and later his Gibson Les Paul for his bow solos.[107]

Notable guitars

6-string electric guitars
Page's Dragon Telecaster with a violin bow
  • 1959 Fender Telecaster (The Dragon). Given to Page by Jeff Beck and repainted with a psychedelic dragon design by Page. Played with the Yardbirds. Used to record the first Led Zeppelin album and used on the early tours during 1968–69. In 1971, it was used for recording the "Stairway to Heaven" solo. It was later disassembled and parts used in other guitars.
  • 1959 Gibson Les Paul Standard (No. 1). Sold to Page by Joe Walsh for $500. This guitar was also used by Gibson as the model for the company's second run of Page signature models in 2004. Produced by Gibson and aged by luthier Tom Murphy, this second generation of Page tribute models was limited to 25 guitars signed by Page himself; and only 150 guitars in total for the aged model issue.[108][109]
  • 1959 Gibson Les Paul Standard (No. 2) with a shaved-down neck to match the profile on his No. 1. He added four push/pull pots to coil split the humbuckers as well as phase and series switches which were added under the pick guard after the break-up of Led Zeppelin. Used primarily as an alternate-tuning guitar (DADGAD) and as a back-up for his No. 1 guitar.
  • 1969 Gibson Les Paul DeLuxe (No. 3). Seen in The Song Remains the Same during the theremin/solo section of "Whole Lotta Love" and for "Kashmir" at the O2 reunion concert. In 1985, the guitar was fitted with a Parsons-White B-string bender and used extensively by Page from the mid-to-late 1980s onward, including the Outrider tour and the Page/Plant "Unledded" special on MTV.
  • 1969 Gibson Les Paul Deluxe. Used only for "Over the Hills and Far Away" during the 1977 North American tour. Slightly different from the Les Paul Deluxe (No. 3) due to its smaller headstock and thin cutaway binding. Refinished in a solid brick-red paint.
  • 1991 Gibson Les Paul Custom Shop. English luthier Roger Giffin built a guitar for Page-based loosely on Page's No. 2. Giffin's work was later copied for Gibson's original run of Jimmy Page Signature model Les Pauls in the mid-1990s.[108][110][111]
  • 1961 Danelectro 3021. Tuned to DADGAD and used live for "White Summer", "Black Mountain Side", "Kashmir" and "Midnight Moonlight" with The Firm. Also tuned to open G live for "In My Time of Dying".
  • 1958 Danelectro 3021. Tuned to open G and used on the Outrider tour. This one has a smaller pickguard, as opposed to the large "seal" pickguard on his 1961 Danelectro.
  • 1960 Black Gibson Les Paul Custom (with Bigsby tremolo) – stolen in 1970. Page ran an ad requesting the return of this highly modified instrument but the guitar was not recovered until 2015–2016. In 2008 the Gibson Custom Shop produced a limited run of 25 re-creations of the guitar, each with a Bigsby tremolo and a new custom six-way toggle switch.[112]
  • 1953 Botswana Brown Fender Telecaster featuring a Parsons and White B-string bender, originally with a maple neck, and later refitted with the rosewood neck originally from the "Dragon Telecaster". Seen primarily during the 1980s since it was one of his main guitars on stage during The Firm and Outrider era. Also used on the Led Zeppelin's 1977 North American concert tour and at Knebworth in 1979, notably on "Ten Years Gone" and "Hot Dog".
  • 1964 Lake Placid Blue Fender Stratocaster. Used during recording sessions for In Through the Out Door, at Earls Court in 1975, Knebworth in 1979 and the Tour Over Europe 1980 for In the Evening.
  • 1966 Cream Fender Telecaster (used on Physical Graffiti and on "All My Love" during the Tour Over Europe in 1980).
12-string electric guitars
  • 1967 black Vox Phantom 12-string used during the recording for the Yardbirds album Little Games and for onstage appearances. This was also the electric twelve-string guitar used to record "Travelling Riverside Blues" on the BBC Sessions and it was used to record "Thank You" and "Living Loving Maid (She's Just A Woman)" on Led Zeppelin II.
  • 1965 Fender Electric XII (12-String) used to record "When the Levee Breaks", "Stairway to Heaven" and "The Song Remains The Same".
Acoustic guitars
  • 1963 Gibson J-200, used to record acoustic parts for Led Zeppelin I. It was loaned to Page by its owner, Big Jim Sullivan, and returned to him after recording the album. Page would later own a re-issue built to the same specs as the 1963 model.
  • 1972 Martin D-28, used to record acoustic songs after Led Zeppelin IV, used live at Earls Court in 1975
  • Harmony Sovereign H-1260 (year unknown), used on Led Zeppelin III, for the acoustic intro to "Stairway to Heaven", and in live shows from 1970 to 1972.
  • 1970 Giannini Craviola twelve-string acoustic used in recording "Tangerine" and in live performances of the same.
Multi-neck guitars
Page's double-neck guitar
  • 1971 Gibson EDS-1275. Used during live concerts for playing "Stairway to Heaven", "The Song Remains the Same", "The Rain Song", "Celebration Day" (1971, 1972, and 1979 performances), "Tangerine" (1975 Earls Court shows) and "Sick Again" (1977 North American tour). Jimmy Page says: "My original idea for the opening tracks for 'Houses Of The Holy' was that a short overture would be a rousing instrumental introduction with layered electric guitars that would segue in to 'The Seasons', later to be titled 'The Rain Song'."
  • In 1994 Andy Manson was commissioned to make another triple neck guitar for Page. It was used during the "Unledded" performances.[113][114]


  • Ernie Ball Super Slinky electric guitar strings .009s-.042s[115]

Signature models

Gibson released a Jimmy Page Signature Les Paul, discontinued in 1999, then released another version in 2004, which was also discontinued. The 2004 version included 25 guitars signed by Page, 150 aged by Tom Murphy (an acknowledged ageing "master") and 840 "unlimited" production guitars. The Jimmy Page Signature EDS-1275 has been produced by Gibson. Recently, Gibson reproduced Page's 1960 Les Paul Black Beauty, the one stolen from him in 1970, with modern modifications. This guitar was sold in 2008 with a run of 25, again signed by Page, plus an additional 500 unsigned guitars.

In December 2009, Gibson released the 'Jimmy Page "Number Two" Les Paul'.[116] This is a re-creation of Page's famous "Number Two" Les Paul used by him since about 1974. The model includes the same pick-up switching setup as devised by Page, shaved-down neck profile, Burstbucker pick-up at neck and "Pagebucker" at the bridge. A total of 325 were made in three finishes: 25 Aged by Gibson's Tom Murphy, signed and played by Page ($26,000), 100 aged ($16,000) and 200 with VOS finish ($12,000).

In 2019, Fender released two signature models, both based on Page's 1959 Telecaster (which he received as a gift from Jeff Beck):

  • Page's "Mirror" design, which features the guitar in a white blond finish with eight mirrors attached throughout the body.
  • Page's "Dragon" design. After the dissolution of the Yardbirds, Page removed the mirrors from the guitar, stripped the finish and applied a dragon design himself.[117]

Other instruments


Page frequently employed a scaled-down version of the Theremin known as the Sonic Wave, first using the instrument during live performances with the Yardbirds. As a member of Led Zeppelin, Page played the Sonic Wave on the studio recordings of "Whole Lotta Love" and "No Quarter", and frequently played the instrument at the band's live shows.[118][119]


Page owns two hurdy-gurdies, and is shown playing one of the instruments in the 1976 film The Song Remains the Same. The second hurdy-gurdy owned by Page was produced by Christopher Eaton, father of renowned English hurdy-gurdist Nigel Eaton.[118]

Amplifiers and effects

Page usually recorded in studio with assorted amplifiers by Vox, Axis, Fender and Orange amplification. Live, he used Hiwatt and Marshall amplification. The first Led Zeppelin album was played on a Fender Telecaster through a Supro amplifier.[119]

Page used a limited number of effects, including a Maestro Echoplex,[119][120][121] a Dunlop Cry Baby, an MXR Phase 90, a Vox Cry Baby Wah, a Boss CE-2 Chorus, a Yamaha CH-10Mk II Chorus, a Sola Sound Tone Bender Professional Mk II, an MXR Blue Box (distortion/octaver) and a DigiTech Whammy.[119]

Music production techniques

Page is credited for the innovations in sound recording he brought to the studio during the years he was a member of Led Zeppelin,[122][123] many of which he had initially developed as a session musician:[124]

This apprenticeship ... became a part of [learning] how things were recorded. I started to learn microphone placements and things like that, what did and what didn't work. I certainly knew what did and didn't work with drummers because they put drummers in these little sound booths that had no sound deflection at all and the drums would just sound awful. The reality of it is the drum is a musical instrument, it relies on having a bright room and a live room ... And so bit by bit I was learning really how not to record.[15]

He developed a reputation for employing effects in new ways and trying out different methods of using microphones and amplification. During the late 1960s, most British music producers placed microphones directly in front of amplifiers and drums, resulting in the sometimes "tinny" sound of the recordings of the era. Page commented to Guitar World magazine that he felt the drum sounds of the day in particular "sounded like cardboard boxes."[122] Instead, Page was a fan of 1950s recording techniques, Sun Studio being a particular favourite. In the same Guitar World interview, Page remarked: "Recording used to be a science" and "[engineers] used to have a maxim: distance equals depth." Taking this maxim to heart, Page developed the idea of placing an additional microphone some distance from the amplifier (as much as twenty feet) and then recording the balance between the two. By adopting this technique, Page became one of the first British producers to record a band's "ambient sound" – the distance of a note's time-lag from one end of the room to the other.[125]

For the recording of several Led Zeppelin tracks, such as "Whole Lotta Love" and "You Shook Me", Page additionally utilised "reverse echo" – a technique which he claims to have invented himself while with the Yardbirds (he had originally developed the method when recording the 1967 single "Ten Little Indians").[122] This production technique involved hearing the echo before the main sound instead of after it, achieved by turning the tape over and employing the echo on a spare track, then turning the tape back over again to get the echo preceding the signal.

Page has stated that, as producer, he deliberately changed the audio engineers on Led Zeppelin albums, from Glyn Johns for the first album, to Eddie Kramer for Led Zeppelin II, to Andy Johns for Led Zeppelin III and later albums. He explained: "I consciously kept changing engineers because I didn't want people to think that they were responsible for our sound. I wanted people to know it was me."[122]

John Paul Jones acknowledged that Page's production techniques were a key component of the success of Led Zeppelin:

The backwards echo stuff [and] a lot of the microphone techniques were just inspired. Using distance-miking ... and small amplifiers. Everybody thinks we go in the studio with huge walls of amplifiers, but Page doesn't. He uses a really small amplifier and he just mikes it up really well, so that it fits into a sonic picture.[45]

In an interview that Page himself gave to Guitar World magazine in 1993, he remarked on his work as a producer:

Many people think of me as just a riff guitarist, but I think of myself in broader terms ... As a record producer I would like to be remembered as someone who was able to sustain a band of unquestionable individual talent and push it to the forefront during its working career. I think I really captured the best of our output, growth, change and maturity on tape – the multifaceted gem that is Led Zeppelin.[24]

Personal life


During the 1960s Page was with American recording artist Jackie DeShannon, who is cited as a possible inspiration for the Page composition and Led Zeppelin recording "Tangerine".[126]

French model Charlotte Martin was Page's partner from 1970 to about 1982 or 1983. Page called her "My Lady" and together they had a daughter, Scarlet Page (born in 1971), who is a photographer.

While touring with Led Zeppelin, Page's view on groupies was described as "the younger, the better," according to tour manager Richard Cole.[127] For example, Page had a well-documented,[128][129] one-year-long "relationship" with "baby groupie" Lori Mattix (also known as Lori Maddox), beginning when she was 14 or 15 and while he was an adult of 28. Mattix describes her first meeting with Page starting by being approached by Peter Grant and taken to a room with Page as "[feeling] like I was being kidnapped."[130] In light of the Me Too movement four decades later, their relationship attracted renewed attention.[131][132]

From 1986 to 1995, Page was married to Patricia Ecker, a model and waitress. They have a son, James Patrick Page (born April 1988).[133] Page later married Jimena Gómez-Paratcha, whom he met in Brazil on the No Quarter tour.[134] He adopted her oldest daughter Jana (born 1994) and they have two children together: Zofia Jade (born 1997) and Ashen Josan (born 1999).[135][136] Page and Gómez-Paratcha divorced in 2008.[137]

Page has been in a relationship with actress and poet Scarlett Sabet, forty-five years his junior, since August 2014.[138]


Boleskine House in 1912

In 1967, when Page was still with The Yardbirds, he purchased the Thames Boathouse on the River Thames in Pangbourne, Berkshire and resided there until 1973. The Boathouse was also the place where Page and Plant first officially got together in the summer of 1968 and Led Zeppelin was formed.[139]

In 1972, Page bought the Tower House from Richard Harris. It was the home that William Burges (1827–81) had designed for himself in London. "I had an interest going back to my teens in the pre-Raphaelite movement and the architecture of Burges", Page said. "What a wonderful world to discover." The reputation of Burges rests on his extravagant designs and his contribution to the Gothic revival in architecture in the nineteenth century.[140]

From 1980 to 2004 Page owned the Mill House, Mill Lane, Windsor, which was formerly the home of actor Michael Caine. Fellow Led Zeppelin band member John Bonham died at the house in 1980.

From the early 1970s to the early 1990s, Page owned the Boleskine House, the former residence of occultist Aleister Crowley.[141][142] Sections of Page's fantasy sequence in the film The Song Remains the Same were filmed at night on the mountainside directly behind Boleskine House.

Plumpton Place, previously owned by Page

Page also previously owned Plumpton Place in Sussex, formerly owned by Edward Hudson, the owner of Country Life magazine and with certain parts of the house designed by Edwin Lutyens. This house features in the Zeppelin film The Song Remains The Same where Page is seen sitting on the lawn playing a hurdy-gurdy.

He currently resides in Sonning, Berkshire in Deanery Garden, a house also designed by Edwin Lutyens for Edward Hudson.

Recreational drug use

Page has acknowledged heavy recreational drug use throughout the 1970s. In an interview with Guitar World magazine in 2003, he stated: "I can't speak for the [other members of the band], but for me drugs were an integral part of the whole thing, right from the beginning, right to the end."[143] After the band's 1973 North American tour, Page told Nick Kent: "Oh, everyone went over the top a few times. I know I did and, to be honest with you, I don't really remember much of what happened."[144]

In 1975, Page began to use heroin, according to Richard Cole. Cole claims that he and Page took the drug during the recording sessions of the album Presence, and Page admitted shortly afterward that he was addicted to the drug.[145]

By Led Zeppelin's 1977 North American tour, Page's heroin addiction was beginning to hamper his guitar playing performances.[6][125][146] By this time the guitarist had lost a noticeable amount of weight. His onstage appearance was not the only obvious change; his addiction caused Page to become so inward and isolated it altered the dynamics between him and Plant considerably.[147] During the recording sessions for In Through the Out Door in 1978, Page's diminished influence on the album (relative to bassist and keyboardist John Paul Jones) is partly attributed to his heroin addiction, which resulted in his absence from the studio for long periods of time.[148]

Page reportedly overcame his heroin habit in the early 1980s,[149] although he was arrested for possession of cocaine in both 1982 and 1984.[150][151][152] He was given a 12-month conditional discharge in 1982 and, despite a second offence usually carrying a jail sentence, he was only fined.[153]

In a 1988 interview with Musician magazine, Page took offence when the interviewer noted that heroin had been associated with his name and insisted: "Do I look as if I'm a smack addict? Well, I'm not. Thank you very much."[32]

In an interview he gave to Q magazine in 2003, Page responded to a question as to whether he regrets getting so involved in heroin and cocaine:

I don't regret it at all because when I needed to be really focused, I was really focused. That's it. Both Presence and In Through the Out Door were only recorded in three weeks: that's really going some. You've got to be on top of it.[154]

Interest in the occult

Page's interest in the occult started as a schoolboy at the age of fifteen, when he read English occultist's Aleister Crowley's Magick in Theory and Practice. He later said that following this discovery, he thought: "Yes, that's it. My thing: I've found it."[28]

The appearance of four symbols on the jacket of Led Zeppelin's fourth album has been linked to Page's interest in the occult.[155] The four symbols represented each member of the band. Page's own so-called "Zoso" symbol originated in Ars Magica Arteficii (1557) by Gerolamo Cardano, an old alchemical grimoire, where it has been identified as a sigil consisting of zodiac signs. The sigil is reproduced in Dictionary of Occult, Hermetic and Alchemical Sigils by Fred Gettings.[156][157]

During tours and performances after the release of the fourth album, Page often had the "Zoso" symbol embroidered on his clothes, along with zodiac symbols. These were visible most notably on his "Dragon Suit", which included the signs for Capricorn, Scorpio and Cancer which are Page's Sun, Ascendant and Moon signs, respectively. The "Zoso" symbol also appeared on Page's amplifiers.

The artwork inside the album cover of Led Zeppelin IV is from a painting attributed to the artist Barrington Colby, influenced by the traditional Rider/Waite Tarot card design for the card called "The Hermit". Very little is known about Colby and rumours have persisted down the years that Page himself is responsible for the painting.[155] Page transforms into this character during his fantasy sequence in Led Zeppelin's concert film The Song Remains the Same.

In the early 1970s Page owned an occult bookshop and publishing house, The Equinox Booksellers and Publishers, at 4 Holland Street in Kensington, London, named after Crowley's biannual magazine, The Equinox.[158] The design of the interior incorporated Egyptian and Art Deco motifs, with Crowley's birth chart affixed to a wall. Page's reasons for setting up the bookshop were straightforward:

There was not one bookshop in London with a good collection of occult books and I was so pissed off at not being able to get the books I wanted.[158]

The company published two books: a facsimile of Crowley's 1904 edition of The Goetia[159] and Astrology, A Cosmic Science by Isabel Hickey.[160] The lease eventually expired on the premises and was not renewed. As Page said: "It obviously wasn't going to run the way it should without some drastic business changes, and I didn't really want to have to agree to all that. I basically just wanted the shop to be the nucleus, that's all."[161]

Page has maintained a strong interest in Crowley for many years. In 1978, he explained:

I feel Aleister Crowley is a misunderstood genius of the 20th century. It is because his whole thing was liberation of the person, of the entity and that restrictions would foul you up, lead to frustration which leads to violence, crime, mental breakdown, depending on what sort of makeup you have underneath. The further this age we're in now gets into technology and alienation, a lot of the points he's made seem to manifest themselves all down the line. ... I'm not saying it's a system for anybody to follow. I don't agree with everything but I find a lot of it relevant and it's those things that people attacked him on, so he was misunderstood. ... I'm not trying to interest anyone in Aleister Crowley any more than I am in Charles Dickens. All it was, was that at a particular time he was expounding a theory of self-liberation, which is something which is so important. He was like an eye to the world, into the forthcoming situation. My studies have been quite intensive, but I don't particularly want to go into it because it's a personal thing and isn't in relation to anything apart from the fact that I've employed his system in my own day to day life. ... The thing is to come to terms with one's free will, discover one's place and what one is, and from that you can go ahead and do it and not spend your whole life suppressed and frustrated. It's very basically coming to terms with yourself.[162]

Page was commissioned to write the soundtrack music for the film Lucifer Rising by Crowley admirer and underground movie director Kenneth Anger. Page ultimately produced 23 minutes of music, which Anger felt was insufficient because the film ran for 28 minutes and Anger wanted the film to have a full soundtrack. Anger claimed Page took three years to deliver the music and the final product was only 23 minutes of "droning". The director also slammed the guitarist in the press by calling him a "dabbler" in the occult and an addict and being too strung out on drugs to complete the project. Page countered that he had fulfilled all his obligations, even going so far as to lend Anger his own film editing equipment to help him finish the project.[163] Page released the Lucifer Rising music on vinyl in 2012 via his website on "Lucifer Rising and other sound tracks". Side one contained "Lucifer Rising – Main Track", whilst side two contained the tracks "Incubus", "Damask", "Unharmonics", "Damask – Ambient", and "Lucifer Rising – Percussive Return". In the December 2012 Rolling Stone cover story "Jimmy Page Looks Back", Page said: "... there was a request, suggesting that Lucifer Rising should come out again with my music on. I ignored it."[This quote needs a citation]

Although Page collected works by Crowley, he has never described himself as a Thelemite nor was he ever initiated into Ordo Templi Orientis.[citation needed] The Equinox Bookstore and Boleskine House were both sold off during the 1980s, as Page settled into family life and participated in charity work.[citation needed]


With Led Zeppelin:

With Roy Harper:

With the Firm:


With Coverdale–Page:

with Page and Plant:



  1. ^ a b c Case 2007, p. 294.
  2. ^ a b Lewis & Kendall 2004, p. 67.
  3. ^ a b Fast 2001, p. 210.
  4. ^ George-Warren, Romanowski Bashe & Pareles 2001, p. 773.
  5. ^ Gulla 2009, p. 151.
  6. ^ a b c Prato, Greg. "Jimmy Page Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
  7. ^ Fricke, David (25 August 1998). "Outrider". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
  8. ^ "100 Greatest Guitarists". Rolling Stone. 18 December 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
  9. ^ "The 250 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". Rolling Stone. 13 October 2023. Retrieved 14 October 2023.
  10. ^ a b c Salewicz 2018, p. 19.
  11. ^ Case 2007, p. 5.
  12. ^ a b Salewicz 2018, p. 20.
  13. ^ Charles Shaar Murray, "The Guv'nors", Mojo, August 2004, p. 67.
  14. ^ a b c Crowe, Cameron (13 March 1975). "The Durable Led Zeppelin". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 12 July 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
  15. ^ a b c "Guitar Legend Jimmy Page". NPR. 2 June 2003. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
  16. ^ Salewicz 2018, pp. 21–22.
  17. ^ a b Kendall 1981, p. 11.
  18. ^ Dave Hunter (15 October 2012). The Fender Telecaster: The Life and Times of the Electric Guitar That Changed the World. Voyageur Press. pp. 142–. ISBN 978-0-7603-4138-4.
  19. ^ a b c d e Rosen, Steven (25 May 2007). "1977 Jimmy Page Interview". Modern Guitars. Archived from the original on 5 January 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
  20. ^ Salewicz 2018, p. 21.
  21. ^ Salewicz 2018, pp. 25–26.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g Schulps, Dave. "Interview with Jimmy Page". Trouser Press (October 1977). Archived from the original on 20 August 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
  23. ^ Salewicz 2018, p. 30.
  24. ^ a b c d "Interview with Jimmy Page". Guitar World (May 1993). Archived from the original on 7 August 2011. Retrieved 17 December 2012.
  25. ^ a b Scott Calef (21 August 2013). Led Zeppelin and Philosophy: All Will Be Revealed. Open Court. pp. 125–. ISBN 978-0-8126-9776-6.
  26. ^ Martin Power (10 November 2014). Hot Wired Guitar: The Life of Jeff Beck. Omnibus Press. p. 47. ISBN 978-1-78323-386-1.
  27. ^ Salewicz 2018, pp. 29–32.
  28. ^ a b Salewicz 2018, p. 33.
  29. ^ Salewicz 2018, p. 34.
  30. ^ Salewicz 2018, p. 32.
  31. ^ Scott Schinder; Andy Schwartz (2008). Icons of Rock: Velvet Underground; The Grateful Dead; Frank Zappa; Led Zeppelin; Joni Mitchell; Pink Floyd; Neil Young; David Bowie; Bruce Springsteen; Ramones; U2; Nirvana. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 381. ISBN 978-0-313-33847-2.
  32. ^ a b c d e Du Noyer, Paul (August 1988). "Who the hell does Jimmy Page think he is?". Q magazine. pp. 5–7.
  33. ^ Case 2009, p. 43.
  34. ^ a b c Kingsmill, Richard (12 July 2000). "Led Zeppelin Triple J Music Specials". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 20 January 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2007.
  35. ^ Booklet of The Kinks Deluxe Edition Sanctuary Records 2011
  36. ^ Booklet of the Kinks' Picture Book box set Sanctuary Records 2008
  37. ^ "Official Discography". The Who. 13 September 1971. Retrieved 14 January 2013.
  38. ^ "Jimmy Page Recalls Playing on James Bond 'Goldfinger' Theme". Ultimate Classic Rock. 19 January 2021.
  39. ^ Power 2016, p. 76.
  40. ^ Jean-Emmanuel Deluxe (18 November 2013). Ye-Ye Girls of '60s French Pop. Feral House. p. 302. ISBN 978-1-936239-72-6.
  41. ^ Simpson, Dave (18 October 2021). "'Everyone's laughing at it!' – how we made Release Me by Engelbert Humperdinck". The Guardian.
  42. ^ Power 2016, p. 94.
  43. ^ Miserandino, Dominick A. (29 November 2000). "Led Zeppelin : John talks about his musical career with Led Zeppelin, before and after". TheCelebrityCafe.com. Retrieved 7 August 2021.
  44. ^ "Led Zeppelin Biography". Jimmy Page Online. Archived from the original on 8 May 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
  45. ^ a b Cavanagh, David (29 December 2008). "John Paul Jones on Jimmy Page". Uncut. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  46. ^ Case 2007, p. 164.
  47. ^ Wall, Mick (11 February 2020). "The story of The Firm: the band that saved Jimmy Page". Louder. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  48. ^ "Zeppelin defend Live Aid opt out". BBC News. 4 August 2004. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
  49. ^ Lewis & Pallett 2005, p. 139.
  50. ^ a b "Jimmy Page". GRAMMY.com. 23 November 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  51. ^ SPIN. SPIN Media LLC. January 2000.
  52. ^ Gorman, Steve (24 September 2019). Hard to Handle: The Life and Death of the Black Crowes—A Memoir. Hachette Books. ISBN 978-0-306-92201-5.
  53. ^ Kielty, Martin (4 October 2019). "Why Jimmy Page Abandoned Tour With Black Crowes in 2000". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved 15 January 2022.
  54. ^ "Led Zep's Page Joins Limp Bizkit's Durst And Puddle of Mudd's Scantlin On Stage". Yahoo. 11 October 2001. Archived from the original on 16 June 2007. Retrieved 17 February 2007.
  55. ^ Archive-Jon-Wiederhorn. "Robert Plant, Jimmy Page To Play Montreux Jazz Festival". MTV News. Archived from the original on 15 January 2022. Retrieved 15 January 2022.
  56. ^ "Jimmy Page given OBE for charity work". CBC.ca Arts. CBC. 14 December 2005. Archived from the original on 12 March 2007. Retrieved 6 January 2007.
  57. ^ "Zeppelin's Page made Rio citizen". BBC News. BBC. 22 September 2006. Retrieved 6 January 2007.
  58. ^ "Led Zeppelin". GRAMMY.com. 23 November 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  59. ^ "Led Zeppelin make UK Hall of Fame". BBC News. 23 May 2006. Retrieved 10 December 2007.
  60. ^ "Jimmy Page Talks On New Album". Ultimate Guitar. 16 November 2006. Retrieved 9 January 2009.
  61. ^ "Guinness 2010 entertainment winners". TVNZ. 17 December 2009. Archived from the original on 6 March 2011. Retrieved 5 December 2017. Led Zeppelin broke the world record for the Highest Demand for Tickets for One Music Concert when 20 million requests came through for the one-time reunion show in December 2007.
  62. ^ "Led Zeppelin reunite at Foo Fighters show | News". Nme.Com. 8 June 2008. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  63. ^ "Honorary graduates | University of Surrey". www.surrey.ac.uk. Retrieved 24 November 2022.
  64. ^ NME (26 June 2008). "Led Zeppelin's Jimmy Page awarded honorary doctorate". NME. Retrieved 24 November 2022.
  65. ^ Knight, Tom (17 June 2008). "London rap troupe fly flag at Beijing Olympics". The Daily Telegraph. London. ISSN 0307-1235. OCLC 49632006. Archived from the original on 10 January 2022. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  66. ^ "It Might Get Loud". Little Film Company. 5 September 2008. Archived from the original on 11 February 2009. Retrieved 4 April 2009.
  67. ^ "Olympic Documentary London Calling – screens this week". Thi Is London. Radio Movies. 28 February 2009. Retrieved 4 April 2009.
  68. ^ "Jeff Beck". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved 17 December 2012.
  69. ^ "Jimmy Makes It Celebration Day For Fans". Sky News. 16 December 2009. Archived from the original on 6 January 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  70. ^ Barnes, Ellen (18 January 2010). "Jimmy Page Announces Free Concert, Wins U.N. Peace Award, Plots Solo Tour". Gibson. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  71. ^ "Jimmy Page: The Photographic Autobiography". Genesis Publications. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
  72. ^ "Guitarist Jimmy Page receives UN award". Yahoo! India. 15 January 2010. Archived from the original on 19 January 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
  73. ^ "Page lands Peace Prize". Contact Music. 15 January 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
  74. ^ McNulty, Bernadette (7 November 2011). "Roy Harper at the Festival Hall, 2011". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 10 January 2022. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  75. ^ Craig Dunning (16 November 2011). "British MP lobbying for Knighthood for Led Zeppelin guitarist Jimmy Page". DailyTelegraph. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
  76. ^ "Stairway to Heaven (Live at The Kennedy Center Honors)". Vimeo.
  77. ^ Serpick, Evan (3 December 2012). "Led Zeppelin Get All-Star Tribute At Kennedy Center Honors". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  78. ^ "Robert Plant hints he'd be open to a Led Zeppelin reunion". NBC News Entertainment. 19 February 2013. Archived from the original on 3 December 2018. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
  79. ^ Coleman, Miriam (11 May 2014). "Jimmy Page receives honorary doctorate from Berklee College of Music". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  80. ^ Rohter, Larry (15 May 2014). "Remastering, Reflecting: Everything Still Turns to Gold". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  81. ^ "Robert Plant says he is 'disappointed and baffled' by Jimmy Page in ongoing Led Zeppelin dispute". NME. 30 July 2014. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
  82. ^ "JIMMY PAGE Says He Will Start New Band, Perform Material Spanning His Entire Career". blabbermouth.net. 30 September 2014. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
  83. ^ "BBC Radio 2 – Johnnie Walker Meets..., Jimmy Page". BBC.
  84. ^ "Jimmy Page". www.oxford-union.org. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  85. ^ "If These Walls Could Sing Premieres At Abbey Road". AbbeyRoad.com.
  86. ^ Chipkin & Stang 2003, p. 85.
  87. ^ "Their Time is Gonna Come", Classic Rock Magazine, December 2007
  88. ^ "10 questions with Ted Nugent". Music Gear Review.com. 6 August 2011. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
  89. ^ Case 2009, p. 188.
  90. ^ "Ace Frehley Interview". Modernguitars.com. Archived from the original on 22 November 2010. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
  91. ^ "Joe Satriani Interview". Metal-rules.com. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
  92. ^ Mucchio Selvaggio 2004 interview. Wikiquote. Retrieved 15 February 2010.
  93. ^ "Kirk Hammett: Official Biography". Archived from the original on 17 January 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
  94. ^ Elliott, Paul (17 September 2004). "Joe Perry Interview". Mojo. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
  95. ^ "Richie Sambora". MPCA Music Publishing. Archived from the original on 14 February 2012. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
  96. ^ "Slash Interview". Snakepit.org. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  97. ^ "Dave Mustaine: 'My Life Isn't About Name-Calling And Mud-Slinging'". Blabbermouth.net. 5 April 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
  98. ^ "GetMetal.com". GetMetal.com. Archived from the original on 29 August 2010.
  99. ^ "Alex Lifeson Interview". Guitar Player. 1 February 2006. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
  100. ^ Elliott, Paul (June 2015). "Heavy Load". Classic Rock #210. p. 138.
  101. ^ Farley, Mike (6 June 2007). "Dan Hawkins Interview". Bullz-eye.com. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
  102. ^ "ギタリストChar「何度も観たいと思う演奏はジェフ・ベックだけ」" (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. 24 May 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  103. ^ Batey, Rick (April 1991). Compilation John McGeoch [interview]. He grew up trying to play along to the best of what was around, like Clapton, Led Zeppelin and Jimi Hendrix. {{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)
    Perrone, Pierre (11 March 2004). "Obituary – John McGeoch: Influential post-punk guitarist". The Independent. Archived from the original on 14 February 2009. Retrieved 26 December 2021. In 1996, he was described as "the new wave Jimmy Page" by Mojo magazine.
  104. ^ "Whole lotta riffs". Guitarist. Issue 247. March 2004.
  105. ^ McNair, James (December 2013). "The Mojo Interview". Mojo (241): 39.
  106. ^ Charles Shaar Murray, "21st Century Digital Man", Classic Rock Magazine: Classic rock Presents Led Zeppelin, 2008, p. 56.
  107. ^ "Cello Bow". led-zeppelin.org. Archived from the original on 20 October 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  108. ^ a b Bacon et al. 2000, p. 121.
  109. ^ Higgs, Simon. "Jimmy Page's Signature Les Paul". Retrieved 15 January 2013.
  110. ^ Case 2007, p. 80.
  111. ^ "Luthier Roger Giffin with Jimmy Page's 1959 Les Paul No. 2". Giffinguitars.com. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
  112. ^ "Gibson built, Jimmy Page OK'd, yours for just $20,999". .canada.com. 3 April 2008. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
  113. ^ "Manson Triple Neck Acoustic Instrument". led-zeppelin.org. Archived from the original on 15 October 2018. Retrieved 19 March 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  114. ^ rockfandom (2 April 2023). "Jimmy Page shares previously unreleased instrumental arrangement that became 'The Rain Song'". Rock Fandom. Retrieved 8 April 2023.
  115. ^ Mitch Gallagher (14 May 2014). Guitar Tone:: Pursuing the Ultimate Guitar Sound. Cengage Learning. p. 326. ISBN 978-1-4354-5621-1.
  116. ^ "9.6 Rating Jimmy Page "Number Two" Les Paul". Gibson. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  117. ^ "NAMM 2019: Fender Unveils Jimmy Page Signature Telecasters | Guitar World". www.guitarworld.com. 23 January 2019.
  118. ^ a b Page, Jimmy (2020). Jimmy Page : the anthology. Guildford, Surrey, England: Genesis Publications. p. 178. ISBN 978-1-905662-61-6. OCLC 1203144576.
  119. ^ a b c d Gress, Jesse (July 2011). "10 Things You Gotta Do To Play Like Jimmy Page". Guitar Player. pp. 74–88.
  120. ^ Cleveland, Barry (August 2008). "Passing Notes: Mike Battle". Guitar Player. 42 (8): 60.
  121. ^ Tolinski 2012, p. 261.
  122. ^ a b c d Tolinski, Brad; Greg Di Bendetto (January 1998). "Light and Shade". Guitar World. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  123. ^ "Rock's Sonic Architect", Classic Rock Magazine, December 2007
  124. ^ Ian Fortnam, "Dazed & confused", Classic Rock Magazine: Classic Rock Presents Led Zeppelin, 2008, p. 41.
  125. ^ a b Gilmore, Mikal (10 August 2006). "The Long Shadow of Led Zeppelin". Rolling Stone. No. 1006. Archived from the original on 11 November 2007. Retrieved 9 December 2007.
  126. ^ Lewis 2012, p. 44.
  127. ^ Cole, Richard, and Trubo, Richard (1992), Stairway to Heaven: Led Zeppelin Uncensored, New York: HarperCollins, ISBN 0-06-018323-3 pg 77.
  128. ^ Nigel Williamson (2 August 2007). The Rough Guide to Led Zeppelin. Rough Guides Limited. pp. 253, 254. ISBN 978-1-84353-841-7.
  129. ^ Davis, Stephen (1997) [1985]. Hammer Of The Gods: The Led Zeppelin Saga. Boulevard Books. pp. 171-174. ISBN 978-1-57297-306-0.
  130. ^ "The life of Lori Maddox, the "baby groupie" of the stars". faroutmagazine.co.uk. 21 February 2021. Retrieved 14 May 2023.
  131. ^ Greene, Andy (21 November 2012). "Jimmy Page Dated a 14-year-old Girl While He Was in Led Zeppelin". Rolling Stone. New York City: Wenner Media LLC. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  132. ^ Cross, Alan (11 February 2018). "The music industry is hurtling towards its own #MeToo and #TimesUp reckonings: Alan Cross". Global News. Vancouver, Canada: Corus Entertainment. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  133. ^ Salewicz 2018, p. 469.
  134. ^ "ABC Trust History: Who We Are". Abctrust.org.uk. Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
  135. ^ Case 2007, p. 227.
  136. ^ Salewicz 2018, p. 470.
  137. ^ "Jimmy Page reflects on Led Zeppelin". Sydney Morning Herald. 27 September 2014.
  138. ^ Conway, Clare (7 August 2020). "As the Rolling Stones release their new hit Scarlet, the song's writer – Led Zeppelin's Jimmy Page – and his girlfriend Scarlett Sabet welcome Tatler to their Gothic castle". Tatler. Condé Nast.
  139. ^ Williamson, Nigel. The Rough Guide to Led Zeppelin, Rough Guides, September 2007, p. 255.
  140. ^ "Rock legend's pilgrimage to castle". BBC News. 20 May 2004. Retrieved 17 February 2007.
  141. ^ Case 2011, p. 292.
  142. ^ "Led Zeppelin Biography". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 12 April 2009. Retrieved 14 January 2013.
  143. ^ Tolinski, Brad. "The Greatest Show on Earth", Guitar World, July 2003; re-published in Guitar Legends Magazine, Winter 2004, p. 72.
  144. ^ Case, George, "Jimmy Page: Magnus, Musician, Man", Hal Leonard Books 2007; excerpt printed in Guitar World, May 2007, p. 52.
  145. ^ Cole 1992, pp. 322–326.
  146. ^ Davis, Stephen (4 July 1985). "Power, Mystery and the Hammer of the Gods: The Rise and Fall of Led Zeppelin". Rolling Stone. No. 451. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 15 May 2014 – via boards.atlantafalcons.com.
  147. ^ Fast 2001, p. 47.
  148. ^ Aizelwood, John. "Closing Time", Q Magazine Special Led Zeppelin edition, 2003, p. 94.
  149. ^ Davis 1995, pp. 316–317.
  150. ^ "Jimmy Page is found guilty of cocaine possession". This Day in Rock. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  151. ^ "Back from the Led (Zeppelin), Jimmy Page Tries to Rekindle the Old Rock 'n' Roll Fires". People. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  152. ^ "Jimmy Page". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 5 March 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  153. ^ Case 2011, p. 343.
  154. ^ Kent, Nick. "Bring It On Home", Q Magazine, Special Led Zeppelin edition, 2003
  155. ^ a b Jimmy Page interview, Guitar World, January 2008.
  156. ^ Gettings 1981, p. 201.
  157. ^ "Jimmy Page's symbol". 17 September 2009. Archived from the original on 22 February 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  158. ^ a b Salewicz 2018, p. 289.
  159. ^ Brad Tolinski (2012). Light and Shade: Conversations with Jimmy Page. Virgin. p. 183. ISBN 978-0-7535-4039-8.
  160. ^ Salewicz 2018, p. 290.
  161. ^ Salewicz 2018, p. 410.
  162. ^ Sounds, 13 March 1978.
  163. ^ The Story Behind The Lost Lucifer Rising Soundtrack, Guitar World, October 2006.

Works cited

Further reading

External links