Jin (Chinese surname)
|Region of origin||China|
Jin is the Hanyu pinyin transliteration of a number of Chinese surnames. The most common one, Jīn 金, literally means "gold" and is 29th in the list of "Hundred Family Surnames". As of 2006, it is ranked the 64th most common Chinese surname.
Jin is an ancient surname, dating back over 4,000 years. It was first mentioned during the period ruled by the Yellow Emperor, a legendary Chinese sovereign and cultural hero, who is considered in Chinese mythology to be the ancestor of all Han Chinese. The legend behind the Jin surname is as follows:
The Yellow Emperor's son, Yi Zhi (Shaohao), eventually succeeded him. On the same day he was installed as leader, a golden phoenix flew down and perched on top of a house exactly opposite of where he sat. His followers reckoned it was an auspicious beginning. They decided to use gold as the emblem of their tribe. Yi Zhi was retitled Jin Tian Shi ("golden skies") by his people, and headed the Jin Tian Tribe. Their settlement was located in Qufu (presently Qufu city in Shandong province). Yi Zhi died in 2515 BCE. Some of his descendants adopted Jin as their surnames and left off the words Tian Shi ("skies").
Origin of Surname Jīn (金)
- Jīn Wangsun (金王孫) was the first husband of Empress Wang Zhi during the Han dynasty.
- Jin Midi (金日磾) was with the Xiongnu people during the Han dynasty and received the surname Jīn (金) from Emperor Wu. His father, Xiutu (休屠) was a general-feudal lord of the Xiongnu. Jin Xuan (金旋) and Jin Yi (金禕) were his descendants.
- Qiang people use the surnames Jīn (金), Chang (羌), Gong (功), and Ju-Goo (俱).
- Some of Qian Liu's (錢鏐) descendents received the surname Jīn (金).
- Jin was among the surnames granted to the Kaifeng Jews by an unnamed Song dynasty emperor.
- During the Yuan dynasty, the Chinese Liu (劉) clan received the surname Jīn (金). Jīn Fuxiang (金覆祥).
- Mongolian Ye (也) clan got the surname Jīn (金) during the Ming dynasty
- Taiwanese aborigines received surname Jīn (金), Zhang, amongst others, during the Qing dynasty.
- Aisin Gioro clan got the surname Jīn (金), as "Aisin" means "gold" in Manchu language, following the fall of the Qing dynasty.
- Jin uses the same character as the Korean surname, "Kim". Kim is Korea's most common surname and is also widely found amongst the ethnic Koreans in China.
Notables with the surname 金
- Jin Midi (金日磾)
- Jin Shengtan (金聖嘆) (born Jin Renrui 金人瑞)
- Jin Yuelin (金岳霖)
- Jin Di (金迪)
- Jin Jing (金晶)
- Jin Fengling (金鳳玲)
- Jin Jingdao (金敬道)
- Jin Liqun (金立群)
- Jin Luxian (金鲁贤) bishop of Shanghai
- Jin Xing (金星)
- Jin Li (金力)
- Jin Renqing (金人慶)
- Jin Yubo (金煜博)
- Jin Zhiyang (金志扬)
- Elaine Jin (金燕玲)
- Ha Jin (born Jin Xuefei 金雪飛)
- Jin Dong
- Jin Chen Gina Jin (金晨) actress
- Ieng Sary (born Kim Trang) Khmer Rouge leader
- Gyim, Kim in Middle Chinese
- Kin in Hakka and Foochow
- Gam, Kam in Cantonese
- Gim, Kim in Korea
- Kim in Min Nam variations
Notables with the surname 靳
- Yue-Sai Kan (靳羽西)
Notables with the surname 晋
- Jin Xiaomei (晋小梅)
- Ronald Eng Young (1996–2009). "The Hundred Families Surnames". The Origin of Hundred Surnames (in English and Chinese). Ronald Eng Young. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
- CHUNG Yoon-Ngan (13 September 1996). soc.culture.china "Chinese surname No.29 Jin (gold)" Check
|url=value (help). Google groups - soc.culture.china. Google. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
|surname Jin. If an internal link intending to refer to a specific person led you to this page, you may wish to change that link by adding the person's given name(s) to the link.This page lists people with the|