Jin Ling

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Jin Ling
Jin ling cigarette pack.jpg
An old Russian pack of Jin Ling cigarettes, with a Russian text warning at the bottom of the pack.
Product type Cigarette
Produced by Baltic Tobacco Company
Country Russia (alleged)
Introduced 1997; 21 years ago (1997)
Markets Ukraine, Russia, China and everywhere else[1][2][3]

Jin Ling is a Russian brand of cigarettes, currently owned and manufactured by the Kaliningrad-based manufacturer Baltic Tobacco Company (Russian: Балтийская табачная фабрика, BTC). Other places where this brand is manufactured include Ukraine, Moldova, Cyprus and the United Arab Emirates.[4]

History[edit]

The name is derived from Jinling, the older name of Nanjing, where the brand was originally developed by the Chinese state-owned Nanjing Tobacco Factory.[5] After the brand died out, the Baltic Tobacco Company re-introduced it in 1997.[5][6]

The packet design resembles the American brand Camel in colour, typeface and layout,[7] but instead of a camel, it features a mouflon. Jin Ling cigarettes are only sold illegally and the brand is the first to be designed explicitly for smuggling.[8] It has been reported by customs officials as the "most seized" brand in Europe;[5] in 2007, 258 million Jin Ling cigarettes were seized by authorities in EU countries.[9] In 2017, during a bust by the North East Lincolnshire Council Trading Standards officers, a red variant of Jin Ling cigarettes was discovered. Previous Jin Ling cigarettes only had a yellow colour.[10]

There are 19 factories in Russia where Jin Ling is produced, but there are also factories in the Ukraine and Moldova. Some of these factories may be acting as a franchise, but the Jin Ling brand is also licensed to other manufacturers.[11]

Controversy[edit]

Feathers, mites and rat droppings in Jin Ling cigarettes[edit]

In May 2010, the tabloid Berliner Kurier reported that there were fake Jin Ling being made, which are no longer distinguishable from original brands, and could include feathers, mites, wood, pesticides, mold spores, rat droppings and other pollutants, because these cigarettes are manufactured under very poor production conditions.[12]

71 year old woman dies in house fire caused by Jin Ling cigarettes[edit]

In April 2014 the cigarette was linked to a house fire in Spalding in which a 71-year-old woman, June Buffham, had died. Emma Milligan, a Trading Standards Officer at Lincolnshire County Council, said: "Jin Ling cigarettes are so dangerous because they don't go out when not actively being smoked, potentially causing a horrendous house fire, like the case here."[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BrandJin Ling - Cigarettes Pedia". www.cigarettespedia.com. 
  2. ^ "Jin Ling". www.zigsam.at. 
  3. ^ "Brands". www.cigarety.by. 
  4. ^ Chaudhry, Peggy E. (28 July 2017). "Handbook of Research on Counterfeiting and Illicit Trade". Edward Elgar Publishing – via Google Books. 
  5. ^ a b c Shleynov, Roman; Candea, Stefan; Campbell, Duncan; Lavrov, Vlad (19 October 2008). "Made To Be Smuggled: Russian Contraband Cigarettes 'Flooding' EU". Center for Public Integrity. Archived from the original on 4 July 2010. Retrieved 8 October 2010. 
  6. ^ Jones, Andrew W. "The Marlboro Men of Chernivtsi - The Morning News". themorningnews.org. 
  7. ^ Steele, Jo (7 December 2009). "Children smoke asbestos ciggies". Metro. Retrieved 8 October 2010. 
  8. ^ Gross, Terry (21 July 2009). "Tobacco Fuels Addiction, And Terrorism". NPR. Retrieved 8 October 2010. 
  9. ^ Campbell, Duncan; Candea, Stefan (20 October 2008). "Waves of smuggled Russian cigarettes flood Europe". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 8 October 2010. 
  10. ^ "Warning over these illegal Russian cigarettes being sold in Grimsby". 28 June 2017 – via www.grimsbytelegraph.co.uk. 
  11. ^ Ross, Hana; Vellios, Nicole; Smith, Katherine Clegg; Ferguson, Jacqueline; Cohen, Joanna E. (28 September 2015). "A closer look at 'Cheap White' cigarettes". Tobacco Control: tobaccocontrol–2015–052540. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2015-052540. PMC 5036225Freely accessible. PMID 26418617 – via tobaccocontrol.bmj.com. 
  12. ^ SHI. "So erfolgreich, dass sie sogar gefälscht wird Rattenkot, Federn, Plaste - keiner weiß, was noch in den Schmuggel-Kippen drin ist: Schmuggelzigarette Jin Ling". berliner-kurier.de. 
  13. ^ "Family's plea over illegal cigarette death - BBC News". Bbc.co.uk. 30 April 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2015.