Jinan Military Region
|Jinan Military Region|
Jinan Military Region (highlighted)
|Jinan Military Region|
The Jinan Military Region was a PLA Military Region located in the east of the People's Republic of China, covering the Shandong and Henan Provinces, which also form military districts. It appears that Yang Dezhi was one of the first commander of the Jinan MR, from 1958. It was considered a strategic reserve. It includes some of the area previously within the Wuhan Military Region, disbanded in 1985–88.
The Jinan Military Region was disbanded in the reorganisation of 2015–16, being replaced and incorporated into a Theatre Command. There were previously three Group Armies within the Region, the 20th Group Army at Kaifeng, the 26th Group Army at Weifang, and the 54th in Xinxiang. It previously included the now disbanded 67th Group Army.
In 2006, the International Institute for Strategic Studies attributed the formation with 190,000 personnel, including two armoured divisions, one mechanised infantry division, three motorised infantry divisions, one artillery division, one armoured brigade, one mechanised infantry brigade, four motorised infantry brigades, two artillery brigades, three anti-aircraft brigades, and an anti-tank regiment.
- 20th Group Army (Kaifeng, Henan)
- 11th Armoured Brigade with 20th Group Army at Xuchang.
- other units
- 26th Group Army (Weifang, Shandong)
- 54th Group Army (Xinxiang, Henan)
- Zhao Zongqi (Commander), since November 2012
- Wang Jun (Deputy Commander), since December 2011
- Ji Wenming (Deputy Commander), since July 2014
- Liu Zhigang (Deputy Commander), since December 2014
- Zhang Ming (Chief-of-Staff), since December 2014
- Du Hengyan (Political Commissar), since July 2010
- Lü Jiancheng (Deputy Political Commissar), since July 2010
- Wu Shezhou (Political Department Director) since December 2014
Organizations affiliated with the Jinan Military Region often use the nickname "vanguard" (Chinese: 前卫; pinyin: qiánweì; literally: 'front guard'), including the Vanguard Performance Troupe (Chinese: 前卫文工团) and the Vanguard Newspaper (Chinese: 前卫报).
- Allen RAND 2002, 444.
- http://www.baike.com/wiki/, "The Lost Army" in Chinese (http://www.baike.com/wiki/%E6%B6%88%E5%A4%B1%E7%9A%84%E5%86%9B%E9%98%9F)
- IISS Military Balance 2006
- Blasko, The Chinese Army Today: Tradition and Transformation for the 21st Century, 2013, p.93.
- International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2006
- Chapter 8, PLA Ground Forces, by Dennis J Blasko, in The People's Liberation Army as Organisation, RAND, CF182
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