Jincheng

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Jincheng

晋城市

Tsincheng
The Tower of Rivers and Mountains overlooking the House of the Huangcheng Chancellor
Location of Jincheng City jurisdiction in Shanxi
Location of Jincheng City jurisdiction in Shanxi
Jincheng is located in Shanxi
Jincheng
Jincheng
Location of the city center in Shanxi
Coordinates: 35°31′00″N 112°50′00″E / 35.51667°N 112.83333°E / 35.51667; 112.83333
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceShanxi
County-level divisions6
Government
 • TypePrefecture-level city
 • CPC Jincheng SecretaryZhang Jiuping (张九萍)
 • MayorWang Qingxian (王清宪)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city9,490 km2 (3,660 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city2,279,151
 • Density240/km2 (620/sq mi)
 • Metro
476,945
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
048000
Area code(s)0356
ISO 3166 codeCN-SX-05
Licence plates晋E
Administrative division code140500
Websitewww.JCOnline.cn
City trees
Cedrus
City flowers
Lagerstroemia indica
Jincheng
Traditional Chinese晉城
Simplified Chinese晋城
Literal meaningJin City

Jincheng is a prefecture-level city in the southeast of Shanxi province, China, bordering Henan province to the south and southeast. It is an industrial city in an area where coal mining is an important industry.[2] The entire city has a population of 2.2 million.[3]

The presence of such a large coal industry has given Jincheng a reputation for air pollution and in recent years the local government has invested heavily to promote better air quality in the city. This includes tree-planting, establishing and maintaining large parks and ecological reserves, shutting down or relocating some of the worst-polluting factories, and the generalized use of coalbed methane which burns much cleaner than coal.[4]

History[edit]

Jincheng has a long history. During the Warring States period, Zhao, Wei and han divided the land of Jinguo and settled the Late Jin monarch in Qinshui County of Jincheng. At the end of the Warring States period, the famous battle of Changping broke out between Qin and Zhao, which was in Gaoping City of Jincheng. After the first emperor of Qin unified the six countries, China was divided into 36 Shire , and most of Jincheng and Southeast Shanxi belonged to ShangdangShire . After the Han Dynasty and the Wei Dynasty, Jincheng has always belonged to Shangdang Shire and Pingyang Shire . To the Sixteen States, West Yan Murong Yong set up JianxingShire in the south of ShangdangShire , which is also the beginning of Jincheng becoming a Shire today. After that, Jianxing Shire changed its name several times. It was changed to Jianzhou in the Northern Wei Dynasty, and then to Zezhou in the Sui Dynasty, until it was upgraded to Zezhoufu in the Qing Dynasty. They are basically consistent with the five counties under the jurisdiction of Jincheng today. Until the period of the Republic of China, Yuan Shikai issued a policy to change all Chinese State into counties.

Geography[edit]

Jincheng is located in the southeast corner of Shanxi province. The prefecture-level city covers an area of 9,490-square-kilometers. It has 188,920 hectares of cultivated land.[5]

Jincheng has a rather dry, monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa),[6] with cold and very dry winters, and hot, humid summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −2.2 °C (28.0 °F) in January to 24.2 °C (75.6 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 11.83 °C (53.3 °F). Typifying the influence of the East Asian Monsoon, over tow-thirds of the annual 576 millimetres (22.7 in) of precipitation occurs from June to September.

Climate data for Jincheng (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.7
(38.7)
6.6
(43.9)
12.1
(53.8)
19.8
(67.6)
24.9
(76.8)
28.6
(83.5)
29.2
(84.6)
27.9
(82.2)
23.9
(75.0)
18.6
(65.5)
11.8
(53.2)
5.6
(42.1)
17.7
(63.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.2
(28.0)
0.7
(33.3)
5.9
(42.6)
13.2
(55.8)
18.6
(65.5)
22.7
(72.9)
24.2
(75.6)
22.8
(73.0)
18.3
(64.9)
12.5
(54.5)
5.6
(42.1)
−0.3
(31.5)
11.8
(53.3)
Average low °C (°F) −6.9
(19.6)
−4.0
(24.8)
0.8
(33.4)
7.2
(45.0)
12.6
(54.7)
17.1
(62.8)
20.0
(68.0)
18.9
(66.0)
13.9
(57.0)
7.5
(45.5)
0.7
(33.3)
−4.9
(23.2)
6.9
(44.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.4
(0.29)
10.4
(0.41)
22.5
(0.89)
24.5
(0.96)
55.6
(2.19)
72.0
(2.83)
122.9
(4.84)
127.9
(5.04)
74.3
(2.93)
34.9
(1.37)
17.1
(0.67)
6.4
(0.25)
575.9
(22.67)
Average relative humidity (%) 53 56 55 54 58 62 75 78 73 65 58 52 62
Source: China Meteorological Administration[7]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2003 est.)
Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Cheng District 城区 Chéngqū 280,000 141 1,986
Gaoping City 高平市 Gāopíng Shì 480,000 946 507
Zezhou County 泽州县 Zézhōu Xiàn 510,000 2,023 252
Qinshui County 沁水县 Qìnshuǐ Xiàn 210,000 2,655 79
Yangcheng County 阳城县 Yángchéng Xiàn 390,000 1,968 198
Lingchuan County 陵川县 Língchuān Xiàn 250,000 1,751 143

Economy[edit]

Jincheng has considerable mineral resources, notably coal. Coal-beds account for more than 56% of the total area. Most of this is anthracite, a very valuable type of coal with few impurities. The anthracite in Jincheng makes up more than a quarter of the total in China and half of the total for Shanxi province. Jincheng also has a large coal mine methane field which was discovered in Qinshui county in 2001.[5]

Both anthracite and coal mine methane were mainly produced by Jincheng Anthracite Mining Group.

Jingcheng also has a major Foxconn manufacturing campus which is known for production of over 3 billion RMB / year of fiber optic parts. [8]

Transportation[edit]

Jincheng does not have a commercial airport, although the nearby cities of Zhengzhou, Changzhi and Luoyang do.[9]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 晋城市第六次人口普查结果公布 (in Chinese). Jincheng Online (晋城在线). Retrieved 30 August 2012.
  2. ^ 晋城主要资源 [Jincheng primary natural resources]. Jincheng Online.
  3. ^ 晋城概述. Jincheng Online.
  4. ^ Sun Ruisheng; He Dan (2012-11-09). "Jincheng: The coal city that's turning green". China Daily. p. 20. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  5. ^ a b "Jincheng". 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2015.
  6. ^ Peel, M. C., Finlayson, B. L., and McMahon, T. A.: Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1633-1644, doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007, 2007.
  7. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data. China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2018-11-09.
  8. ^ "Foxconn to help China's Jincheng with industrial development". Retrieved 13 October 2019.
  9. ^ "The Public information Network of Jincheng Government". Archived from the original on 23 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°30′N 112°51′E / 35.500°N 112.850°E / 35.500; 112.850