Jind district

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Jind district
District of Haryana
Location of Jind district in Haryana
Location of Jind district in Haryana
Country India
State Haryana
Administrative division Hisar
Headquarters Jind
Tehsils 1. Jind 2. Julana 3. Narwana 4. Safidon
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies 1. Sonipat (shared with Sonipat district), 2, Hisar (shared with Hisar district), 3. Sirsa (shared with Sirsa district)
 • Assembly seats 5
Area
 • Total 2,702 km2 (1,043 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,189,872
 • Density 440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 72.7%
Average annual precipitation 434 mm
Website Official website

Jind district is one of the 21 districts of Haryana state in northern India. Jind town is the administrative headquarters of the district. It is part of Hisar Division and was created in 1966.

One of the first Sikh Kingdoms, Jind lies in the heart of Haryana and is the fourth district of the Jat belt along with Sonipat, Rohtak and Hissar.

Origin of name[edit]

The district derives its name from its headquarters town Jind that is said to be derived from Jaintapuri. It is also said that this town had been founded at the time of the Mahabharta. According to a legend, the Pandavas built a temple in honour of Jainti Devi (the goddess of victory), offered prayers for success, and then launched the battle with the Kauravas. The town grew up around the temple and was named Jaintapuri (Abode of Jainti Devi) which later on came to be known as Jind.

History[edit]

Jind Fort[edit]

Raja Gajpat Singh, a great grandson of Phul, the founder of the Phulkian Misl, established an independent kingdom by seizing a large tract of the country, which included the territory occupied by the present district of Jind, from the Afghan governor Zain Khan in 1763 and created Jind city, the capital of the state in 1776. He built a fort here in 1775. Later, Sangrur was chosen as the capital of Jind State by Raja Sangat Singh (reigned 1822 to 1834).

The Raja of Jind is of the same family as the Maharaja of Patiala, being like him, descended from Choudhari Phul.

The Originator of the Phulkian Dynasty, Phul left six sons, of whom Tiloka was the eldest, and from him are descended the families of Jind and Nabha.

From Rama, the second son, sprang the greatest of the Phulkian houses, that of Patiala besides Bhadaur, Kot Duna and Malaudh.

In 1627 Phul founded and gave his name to a village which was an important town in the State of Nabha. His two elder sons founded Bhai Rupa whileRama also built Rampura Phul.

Jat history reveals that Jind was founded by descendants of Phool Jat. Jind was a native state in Haryana. Jind was a state of Siddhu Jats founded by grandson of Chaudhary Phul Singh who had six sons namely, 1.Tiloka 2.Ram Singh 3. Rudh 4. Chunu 5. Jhandu and 6. Takhtmal. Area of the state was 1259 sq mile and annual income of Jind state was Rs 30,00,000/-.

Claiming descent from Jaisal, founder of the State of Jaisalmer in 1156, the founder of this Sikh dynasty, Phul, was Chaudhary (Governor) of a country located at the south east of Dihli. Phul’s descendants founded 3 States:Patiala, Jind and Nabha.

Tiloka had two sons namely, 1. Gurudutta 2. Sukh Chain. Sukh Chain's descendants ruled Jind state and Gurudatta's descendants ruled Nabha state.

Post-Independence after 1947[edit]

After independence, Jind State was merged with the Indian union and the territory of the present district became part of Sangrur district of Patiala and East Punjab States Union on 15 July 1948. At the time of its creation of Haryana state on 1 November 1966, Sangrur district was bifurcated and its Jind and Narwana tehsils were merged to form Jind district, one of the seven districts of the newly formed state. Jind tehsil was bifurcated to two tehsils: Jind and Safidon in 1967.

Divisions[edit]

The district comprises three sub-divisions: Jind, Narwana and Safidon. Jind sub-division is further divided into three tehsils: Jind, Julana and Alewa (sub-tehsil). Narwana sub-division is further divided into two tehsils: Narwana and Uchana (sub-tehsil), and Safidon sub-division is also divided into two tehsils: Safidon and Pillu-Khera (sub-tehsil).

There are five Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Jind, Julana, Safidon, Uchana Kalan and Narwana. Jind, Julana and Safidon are part of Sonipat Lok Sabha constituency. Narwana and Uchana Kalan are part of Sirsa and Hisar Lok Sabha constituencies respectively.[1]

Jind town, the administrative headquarters, has an Arjun stadium, milk plant, cattle feed plant, and a large grain market. There are facilities for stay at PWD rest house, canal rest house and market committee rest house. The town is well provided with schools, colleges, hospitals and other basic amenities. Jind is noted for its numerous temples sacred to the worship of Shiva. Tradition assigns the settlement of the town to the Mahabharat period. Rani Talab is the major tourist attraction and Pandu-Pidara and Ramrai are the main devotional places attracting devotees for Amaavas bath.

Villages[edit]

Gatauli- Gatauli is Ideal Village at Jind Rohtak Main Highway (N.H.-71). The Main Population belongs to Kaushik, Bhardwaj, and Jatt like Malik, Dhanda, Chahal etc. The occupation of people is teaching and agriculture because most of villagers are educated and well settled in there occupation. Village have beautiful temples, schools, and vast river named Sunder Branch.Village have B.ed and J.B.T.Colleges.Village have a veterinary hospital for animals, Primary health center. The village has 6 Temples, 7 ponds, 6 Panchayat Ghar, 4 Primary and Senior secondary Govt. Schools. Mostly all castes are found in the village: Jaat, Brahmin, Lohar, kumhar, Nai, Kashay .Balmiki, etc. Some Muslim families are also found in the village.

  • Brahmanwas is at Rohtak Jind highway. The main population of this village belongs to 'Vats Mrathas gotra.[citation needed] The village was founded after defeat in 3rd war of Panipat. Radhey Shyam is the present sarpanch.[citation needed] The primary occupation is agriculture. There is a beautiful Lord Shivamandir and Devi mata mandir.
  • Sunderpura - Sunderpura(Narwana) is at Hissar Chindigarh Highway link road. The main population of this village belongs to Beniwals. The village was developed after freedom. Umesh Beniwal is the present youth president of village. The primary occupation is agriculture. There is a beautiful Lord Shiva Mandir, an old haveli, a big pound and vast river named Bhakra branch. Siwaha village is a famous village of Jind District. Many Freedom fighter belonging this village like seonath Bhanwala his Son Sh. Ran Singh Bhanwala. They are the richest person of the village and ruled nearly 50 villages of Jind District.
  • Baroda - Baroda is a Village in Uchana Tehsil in Jind District of Haryana State, India. It belongs to Hisar Division. It is located 19 km towards North from District headquarters Jind. 10 km from Uchana Khurd. 179 km from State capital Chandigarh. Population of Baroda is around 10,000 where is voter capacity is 6500.

Baroda Pin code is 126115 and postal head office is Uchana. Baroda is on NH71 and quietly center for all neighborhood villages. Quite famous for to believe in JAIN community and has know to be birthplace of Yogi raj Muni Maya ram Jain. There are number of school which including two girls and 4 combing senior secondary schools. Two JAIN hospitals which have 50 bad capacities and give facility free of cost (10 rest charge registration). A number of old building which showing how village has transform form old to new. Couple of fames place which one must visit if got chance to visit BARODA Village assan, JAIN mender, Muni Maya Ram birthplace and Temples Kasoon (5 km), Bhongra (5 km), Barsola (6 km), Khatkar (6 km), Pahlwan (6 km) are the nearby Villages to Baroda. Baroda is surrounded by Jind Tehsil towards South, Narwana Tehsil towards North, Alewa Tehsil towards East, Narnaund Tehsil towards South .

  • Intal kalan - Intal kalan is a village in Jind tehsil of Jind district of Haryana state, India. It belongs to Hisar Division. It is located on State highway-10 just 8 km away from Jind city and 188 km from state Capital. Population of village is 5k whereas voters are estimated about 2,400.

Intal Kalan Pin Code is 126102 and its post office is located in village while postal head office is located in Jind city. It has a communication office established by BSNL for various landline phone purpose which includes Intal Kalan,Intal Khurd and Ikkas village wiring systems It has two Government Schools one primary and other secondary school. Nearby villages to Intal kalan are Intal Khurd(2 km),Mirchpur(8 km),Ikkas(4 km) Ramrai(3 km),Rajpura(2 km) jajwan(4 km) sangatpura(2 km) & jalalpur kalan(2 km). It has 60% Jaat population which includes Ahlawat ,Jaglan,Redhu,Nehra and Maan. It also have Mahabharata 's pilgrims named as Attri Kund & Mahadev temple. It has water house which supply water to three villages. It has 3 ponds located around the village.There have been various famous persons from Jind district Village SIWAHA including Advocate Deepak Singh Bhanwala(DADA) from Faculty of Law university of Delhi who has given extreme contribution to Indian Judiciary.

Kuchrana kalan is a historical village in jind district. This village is Dominated by Punia gotra Jat. It is included in the 48 kos kurukshtara pilgrimage. Ramsar tirtha's history goes back to mahabharta period. Baba Biram Das dera is a local religious centre here.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Jind district has a population of 1,332,042,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Mauritius[3] or the US state of Maine.[4] This gives it a ranking of 364th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 493 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,280/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.95%.[2] Jind has a sex ratio of 870 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 72.7%.[2] Haryanavi & Punjabi are major dialects spoken.

Religion in Jind district (2011)[5]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
  
95.69%
Sikhism
  
2.18%
Islam
  
1.73%
Jainism
  
0.19%
Christianity
  
0.07%
Buddhism
  
0.01%
Not Stated
  
0.12%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" (PDF). The Election Commission of India. pp. 151, 157. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Mauritius 1,303,717 July 2011 est. 
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Maine 1,328,361 
  5. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/216-jind.html

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°18′36″N 76°19′12″E / 29.31000°N 76.32000°E / 29.31000; 76.32000