Founded by descendants of Phul Haryana, under the patronage and protection of the Sikh gurus Guru Hargobind and Guru Har Rai, Jind was a Sikh state of BRAR Jat origin. The state was some 3,260 km2 (1,260 sq mi) in area and its annual income was Rs.3,000,000 in the 1940s.
Claiming descent from Jaisal, founder of Jaisalmer State in 1156, the founder of this Sikh dynasty, Phul Singh, was Chaudhary (Governor) of a province to the south east of Delhi. Phul’s descendants founded three States: Patiala, Jind and Nabha. Phul had six sons, Tiloka Ram Singh, Rudh, Chunu, Jhandu, and Takhtmal. Tiloka had two sons, Gurudutta and Sukh Chain. Sukh Chain founded Jind, which was ruled by his descendants, while Gurudatta's descendants ruled Nabha State.
The princely state of Jind was founded in 1763. The rulers belonged to the Phulkian dynasty. Gajpat Singh ruled under the title of raja until 1789, then Bhag Singh until 1819, Fateh Singh until 1822, and Sangat Singh until 1834. After a vacancy of three years, Sarup Singh ruled until 1864, succeeded by Raghubir Singh, who took the title raja-i rajgan in 1881. In 1887 he was succeeded by Ranbir Singh, who became maharaja in 1911 and continued to rule the state until its accession to India in 1947. Ranbir Singh, last Ruler of Jind, was called Colonel His Highness Farzand-i-dilband Rasikh-ul-itikad Daulat-i-englishia Raja-i-rajgan Maharaja Sir Ranbir Singh Rajendra Bahadur.
With accession to India, Jind became a part of the Patiala and East Punjab States Union in 1948 and ceased to exist as a separate state. Jind town and district now form a part of Indian state of Haryana.
Postage stamps prior to King George V consisted of Indian stamps over printed as "Jhind State", with the letter 'H' in the name. On the George V stamps, the 'H' is omitted and is overprinted as "Jind State" (Reference actual stamps from the Victorian, Edward VII and George V eras).
Rulers of Jind
- 1763 - 1789 Gajpat Singh (b. c.1738 - d. 1789)
- 1789 - 1819 Bhag Singh (b. 1768 - d. 1819)
- 1819 - 3 Feb 1822 Fateh Singh (b. 1789 - d. 1822)
- 1822 - 2 Nov 1834 Sangat Singh (b. 1811 - d. 1834)
- 1834 - 1837 vacant
- 1837 - 26 Jan 1864 Sarup Singh (b. c.1812 - d. 1864)
- 1864 - 7 Mar 1887 Raghubir Singh (b. 1832 - d. 1887)
- 1887 - 15 Aug 1947 Ranbir Singh (b. 1879 - d. 1948)
- Dr.Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar (1998). आधुनिक जाट इतिहास [Ādhunik Jat Itihasa] (The modern history of Jats) (in Hindi). Agra: Jaypal Agencies.
- Bhagat Singh, A History of Sikh Misals
- According to the World Statesmen website