Jindeok of Silla
Tomb of Queen Jindeok in Gyeongju, Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea
|Queen of Silla|
|Reign||647 – 654|
|Predecessor||Queen Seondeok of Silla|
|Successor||Muyeol of Silla|
|Mother||Lady Wolmyeong of the Park clan|
|Jindeok of Silla|
|Revised Romanization||Jindeok Yeowang|
|Monarchs of Korea|
Jindeok of Silla (? – 654), reigned as Queen of Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, from 647 to 654. She was the kingdom's 28th ruler, and its second reigning queen following her predecessor Queen Seondeok. During her reign, Silla jockeyed with Baekje for favor in the Chinese Tang court. She is also known for writing a poem of the Emperor Gaozong of Tang.
Queen Jindeok (r. 647–654) ascended the throne and became the Silla's second Queen regnant after Queen Seondeok. The last monarch from the ranks of the Seonggol, the highest class in the Silla's unique caste system, her real name is Seungman. Her father was Kim Gukban, who was King Jinpyeong's youngest brother, and her mother was Lady Wolmyeong. During her seven-year reign Queen Jindeok's primary concern was foreign policy. With the help of general Kim Yushin she was able to strengthen Silla's defenses and greatly improve her kingdom's relations with Tang China. Those efforts laid the foundation for the unification of the three kingdoms (Silla, Baekje, and Goguryeo).
She also expanded the Pumju tax-collecting system.
Her tomb is located on the hill in Gyeongju city. Although some historians have doubt that if it is really the tomb of Queen Jindeok. According to the Samguk Sagi she was buried at Saryangbu, which is located in the opposite direction from the tomb.
The name of an era
Queen Jindeok used the era name, Inpyeong, from January to July in 647, when she was crowned, and changed the era name as Taehwa. From July 647 to June 650, she used the Taehwa era, but later she used Yeonghwi, the era that was used during the Tang Dynasty. Taehwa is the last name that Silla has used independently.
- Grandfather: Crown Prince Dongryun (동륜태자), son of King Jinheung of Silla, 24th ruler of Silla, and Queen Sado of the Park clan (사도왕후 박씨)
- Grandmother: Lady Manho of the Kim clan (만호부인 김씨)
|Ancestors of Jindeok of Silla|
- Kim (1145), volume 5
- Lee (2008), p. 141.
- Cultural Properties Administration, Tomb of Queen Jindeok of Silla
- Dongguk Tonggam 7th Records of the Three Kingdoms(東國通鑑 卷7 三國紀)
- Kim Bu-sik (1145). 삼국사기 (三國史記) [History of the Three Kingdoms] (in Korean). Retrieved 9 April 2017.
- Lee, Bae-yong (2008). Women in Korean History. Ewha Womans University Press.
Jindeok of SillaDied: 654
| Queen of Silla
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