Jing'an Temple

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Jing'an Temple
静安寺·上海静安.jpg
Aerial photo of Jing'an Temple
Religion
AffiliationBuddhism
Location
CountryChina
Jing'an Temple is located in Shanghai
Jing'an Temple
Location in Shanghai
Geographic coordinates31°13′25″N 121°26′43″E / 31.223493°N 121.445314°E / 31.223493; 121.445314Coordinates: 31°13′25″N 121°26′43″E / 31.223493°N 121.445314°E / 31.223493; 121.445314
Architecture
Completed247 AD

Jing'an Temple (simplified Chinese: 静安寺; traditional Chinese: 靜安寺; pinyin: Jìng'ān Sì; Shanghainese: Zin'oe Zy; lit. 'Temple of Peace and Tranquility') is an esoteric Tangmi Buddhist temple on the West Nanjing Road in Shanghai. Jing'an District, where it is located, is named after the temple.

History[edit]

The front gates of Jing'an Temple in Shanghai China
Buddha in the Mahavira Hall

The temple was first built in 247 AD in the Wu Kingdom during the Three Kingdoms period of ancient China. Originally located beside the Suzhou Creek, it was relocated to its current site in 1216 during the Song Dynasty. The current temple was rebuilt in the Qing Dynasty but, during the Cultural Revolution, the temple was razed and turned into a plastic factory. In 1983, it was returned to its original purpose and rebuilt. Over the years, the temple was expanded, with the Jing'an Pagoda being completed in 2010. In 1953, Master Chisong (释持松), a monk who had been initiated into the Shingon sect and was trained as an acharya, was appointed abbot of the temple. He re-established the temple under the Tangmi Buddhist tradition and enshrined the Mandala of the Two Realms within the temple. In contemporary times, the temple still officially practices Tangmi Buddhism.

Features[edit]

Three Southern-style halls, each with its own courtyard, dating from the most recent reconstruction (1880):

  • Hall of Heavenly Kings
  • Hall of the Three Saints
  • Hall of Virtuous Works
  • The Mahavira Hall ("Precious Hall of the Great Hero"), the main hall
  • To the east of the main hall is the Guanyin Hall. In the center of the hall is a statue of the goddess made out of camphor wood. Standing on a lotus-shaped base, it is 6.2 meters tall and weighs 5 metric tons
  • Opposite the hall is the Jade Buddha Hall, where a 3.8-meter jade Buddha sits in the center. It is the largest sitting jade Buddha statue in the country
  • Abbot's Chambers
  • Ming Dynasty copper bell (Hongwu Bell), weighing 3.5 tons
  • Stone Buddhas from the Southern and Northern Dynasties period (420-589 AD)
  • Paintings by master painters, Chu Zhishan, Zhang Daqian and Wen Zhenming[1]
  • Mandalas enshrined at a tantric altar on the upper floor

Transportation[edit]

The temple sits on top of the Jing'an Temple Station, a major hub of the Shanghai Metro network where Line 2 and Line 7 intersect.

You can take Bus No.113, 40, 830, 824, 20, 15, 37, 21 to arrive Jing'an Temple.

There are also Shuttle Express Service provided from airports to Jing'an Temple. Pudong Airport Shuttle Bus Line No. 2 run from City Terminal (beside Jing'an Temple)

Opening Time[edit]

The temple opens at 7:30AM and closes at 17:00PM daily in most times of the year .

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tourist Attractions in Shanghai". Archived from the original on 2014-04-13. Retrieved Apr 16, 2014.

External links[edit]