Jingchuan County

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Jingchuan County
泾川县
Kingchwan
Jingchuan in Pingliang
Jingchuan in Pingliang
Pingliang in Gansu
Pingliang in Gansu
Coordinates (Jingchuan government): 35°19′58″N 107°22′04″E / 35.3327°N 107.3679°E / 35.3327; 107.3679Coordinates: 35°19′58″N 107°22′04″E / 35.3327°N 107.3679°E / 35.3327; 107.3679
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGansu
Prefecture-level cityPingliang
Area
 • County1,409.3 km2 (544.1 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,460 m (4,790 ft)
Lowest elevation
930 m (3,050 ft)
Population
 (2020)
 • County356,200
 • Density250/km2 (650/sq mi)
 • Rural
317,000
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
744300
Websitewww.jingchuan.gov.cn/index.html

Jingchuan County (simplified Chinese: 泾川县; traditional Chinese: 涇川縣; pinyin: Jīngchuān Xiàn) is county under jurisdiction of the prefecture-level city of Pingliang, in the east of Gansu Province, China, bordering Shaanxi Province to the southeast. It has a land area of 1,486 square kilometers. The county is named after the Jing River. In 2020 it had a population of 356,200, over 300,000 of whom in the rural area.[1]

History[edit]

"King-tcheou" and other "second-order" towns of Shaan-Gan from Du Halde's 1736 Description of China, based on reports from Jesuit missionaries

Under the name Jingzhou, Jingchuan was formerly the seat of Gansu's Jing Prefecture. The site of former Jingzhou is near the county seat of Jingchuan. The ancient city was built starting in the period of the Western Han Dynasty and abandoned in the early Ming Dynasty. Parts of the old city are still preserved.[2]

During the Republic of China (1912–1949) period it was renamed from Jing County to Jingchuan to avoid confusion with Anhui's Jing County which shared the same name.[3]

Since 1983, Jingchuan has been a model county for reforestation of the Loess Plateau.[4] It is a key county in the Three-North Shelter Forest Program.[5]

Economy[edit]

Jingchuan is a large producer of apples, in 2015 it cultivated 400,000 tons of fruit, mostly Fuji apples.[6] Other agricultural produce includes carrots, cabbage, and persimmon.[7][8]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Jingchuan County is divided to 1 subdistrict, 11 towns, 3 townships and 1 other.[9] The seat of government is Chengguan Town.

Subdistricts
  • Chengshishequ (城市社区街道)
Towns
  • Chengguan (城关镇)
  • Yudu (玉都镇)
  • Gaoping (高平镇)
  • Libao (荔堡镇)

-Towns are upgraded from Township.

  • Wangcun (王村镇)
  • Yaodian (窑店镇)
  • Feiyun (飞云镇)
  • Fengtai (丰台镇)
  • Dangyuan (党原镇)
  • Shefeng (汭丰镇) - it is renamed from Neifeng.
  • Taiping (太平镇)
Townships
  • Luohandong Township(罗汉洞乡)
  • Jingming Township(泾明乡)
  • Honghe Township (红河乡)
Others
  • Zhanglaosi Farm(张老寺农场)

Transport[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "泾川概况_甘肃·泾川" [Overview of Jingchuan]. www.jingchuan.gov.cn. Retrieved 2021-04-26.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ "泾州古城-平凉市泾川县泾州古城旅游指南". www.bytravel.cn. Retrieved 2021-04-26.
  3. ^ 中国县域经济: 西南, 西北卷 (in Chinese). 中国统计出版社. 1996. ISBN 978-7-5037-2265-3.
  4. ^ 甘肃新县志便览 (in Chinese). 甘肃人民出版社. 1991. ISBN 978-7-226-00811-9.
  5. ^ 马戎 (1999). 中国农村敎育发展的区域差异: 24县调查 (in Chinese). 福建教育出版社. ISBN 978-7-5334-2663-7.
  6. ^ "泾川苹果产业简介_甘肃·泾川". www.jingchuan.gov.cn. Retrieved 2021-04-26.
  7. ^ "柿子产业_甘肃·泾川". www.jingchuan.gov.cn. Retrieved 2021-04-26.
  8. ^ "蔬菜产业发展情况_甘肃·泾川". www.jingchuan.gov.cn. Retrieved 2021-04-26.
  9. ^ "统计用区划代码 www.stats.gov.cn" (in Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2020-12-27.

External links[edit]