Jingjinji

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Jingjinji (JJJ)
京津冀城市群
Metropolitan region
Skyline of Jingjinji (JJJ)
Country  China
Province Hebei
Municipalities Beijing
Tianjin
Major Prefectural Cities Baoding
Shijiazhuang
Tangshan
Cangzhou
Langfang
Zhangjiakou
Chengde
Qinhuangdao
Government
 • Mayor of Beijing Chen Jining
 • Mayor of Tianjin Li Hongzhong
 • Governor of Hebei Zhang Qingwei
Time zone CST (UTC+8)

Jingjinji Metropolitan Region or Jing-Jin-Ji (JJJ)[a], also known as Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, is the national capital region of China. It is the biggest urbanised region in Northern China that includes an economic region surrounding Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei, along the coast of the Bohai Sea.[1] This emerging region is rising as a northern metropolitan region rivaling the Pearl River Delta in the south and the Yangtze River Delta in the east.

Economy[edit]

In 2016, Jingjinji produced 10%(US$1.1 trillion) of China's Nominal GDP. [2] Jingjinji has traditionally been involved in heavy industries and manufacturing. Tianjin's strengths have always been in aviation, logistics and shipping. Beijing complements this with strong petrochemical, education and R&D industries. The area is becoming a significant growth cluster for automobile, electronics, petrochemical sectors, automotive industry, software and aircraft, also attracting foreign investments in manufacturing and health services.[3][4]

The Chinese central government has made it a priority to integrate all the cities in the Bohai Bay rim and foster economic development. This includes building an advanced communications network, better highways, increased education and scientific resources as well as tapping natural resources off the Bohai rim.[5]

In recent decades, petroleum and natural gas deposits have been discovered in Jingjinji coast Bo Hai.

Metropolitan areas[edit]

Metropolitan area Chinese Cities
Beijing Metropolitan Area 北京城市圈
Běijīng Chéngshì Quān
Beijing
Tianjin Metropolitan Area 天津城市圈
Tiānjīn Chéngshì Quān
Tianjin

Major cities[edit]

Jingjinji includes Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei province. Major cities in these municipalities and provinces include:

City Pinyin Population (2010) Image Information City Map
Beijing
北京
Běijīng 19,612,368 CBD view from Tongzhou 3.jpg Beijing is a metropolis in northern China and the capital of the People's Republic of China. Governed as a municipality under direct administration of the central government. Beijing is China's second largest city after Shanghai, with more than 17 million people in Beijing's area of jurisdiction. Beijing mcp.png
Tianjin
天津
Tiānjīn 12,938,224 Tianjin Skyline 2009 Sep 11 by Nangua 1.jpg The third largest city of the People's Republic of China in terms of urban population. Administratively it is one of the four municipalities that have provincial-level status, reporting directly to the central government. Also, its urban land area is the third largest in China, ranked only after Beijing and Shanghai. Tianjin mcp.png
Baoding
保定
Bǎodìng 10,029,197 Evening Baoding.JPG Baoding is the third largest city in Hebei,ranked only after Shijiazhuang and Tangshan.The city located between Beijing and Shijiazhuang,which has a convient transportation. Administrative Division Baoding.png
Shijiazhuang
石家庄
Shíjiāzhuāng 9,547,869 Farviewshijiazhuang.jpg Shijiazhuang is the capital of Hebei,it is also the third largest city in Jingjinji,ranked only after Beijing and Tianjin. Administrative Division Shijiazhuang.png
Tangshan
唐山
Tángshān 7,577,284 TangShan.jpg Tangshan, a coastal city along the Bohai Bay and neighboring Tianjin.The city is the second largest city in Hebei,ranked only after Shijiazhuang.Tangshan has a closed economic connection with Beijing.It is also known for the 1976 Tangshan earthquake. Administrative Division Tangshan.png
Cangzhou
沧州
Cāngzhōu 7,134,053 沧州体育馆.jpg A city in south-east Hebei,which near the Bohai Sea.The city also neighboring Tianjin. Administrative Division Cangzhou.png
Langfang
廊坊
Lángfāng 4,358,839 Closer Look at Farming Village in Langfang.jpg A city between Beijing and Tianjin.The city developed rapidly recent years. Administrative Division Langfang.png
Zhangjiakou
张家口
Zhāngjiākǒu 4,345,491 Mount Dongtaiping, Zhangjiakou, June 10, 2010.jpg A city in north-west Hebei,neighboring Beijing. Administrative Division Zhangjiakou 2.png
Chengde
承德
Chéngdé 3,473,197 Chengdeview3.JPG A city in north-east Hebei,which has many places of interest. Administrative Division Chengde.png

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Major airports[edit]

Regional airports[edit]

Road[edit]

There are many major highways servicing the routes within Jingjinji area. This includes the following expressways:

The following six China National Highways pass through Tianjin:

Planned road[edit]

High-speed rail[edit]

Intercity high-speed rail lines[edit]

Other high-speed rail lines[edit]

High-speed rail lines planned or under construction[edit]

Suburban railway[edit]

Metro systems[edit]

Light rail[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jīng (京), Jīn (津), and (冀) are the common abbreviations for Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei, respectively

References[edit]

  1. ^ Johnson, Ian (July 19, 2015). "In China, a Supercity Rises Around Beijing". New York Times. 
  2. ^ Ji, David. "Beijing's dream of a 'super city' cluster still faces many challenges". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 27 May 2017. 
  3. ^ Regional Definition: Bohai Sea Archived 2006-09-30 at the Library of Congress Web Archives Unep.Org Retrieved 2010-01-09
  4. ^ Tianjin at a Glance Archived 2009-01-07 at the Wayback Machine. uschina.org Retrieved 2010-01-09
  5. ^ Gain a strategic advantage in the Bohai Bay region sdic.com.cn 2007-06-11 Retrieved 2010-01-16

Coordinates: 38°42′N 118°6′E / 38.700°N 118.100°E / 38.700; 118.100