|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Jingshan County (simplified Chinese: 京山县; traditional Chinese: 京山縣; pinyin: jīngshān xiàn) is a county of Jingmen City, in central Hubei Province, People's Republic of China. It is bordered on the north by the Dahong Mountain and on the south by the Jianghan Plain. The county has an area of over 3,520 square kilometres (1,360 sq mi). It has one economic development zone, jurisdiction over 14 towns and a total population of 640,000. Jingshan is located approximately one hour's drive from the provincial capital Wuhan.
Geography and climate
Jingshan has a subtropical monsoon climate and four distinct seasons. There is abundant rainfall but the seasonal distribution is uneven. The annual mean temperature is 16.3 °C.
In 2002, 636,100 people lived in Jingshan County. 403,100 of them were rural inhabitants whilst 233,000 formed the urban population. 320,100 of them were male and 316,000 femal. The central towns have a total population of 233,200 inhabitants, 15,500 of them are mobile. In Jingshan the population density is 181 people per km² with an average life expectancy of 74.12 years.
At the end of 2002, the county had 98846.37 hectares (1482695.6 acres) of farmland (29.56% of the total area), 31776.07 hectares (476641.00 acres) of water (9.51%) and 43040.54 hectares of unused land (645608.10 acres) accounting for 12.88% of the total.
Jingshan County has rich mineral resources. After years of extensive geological studies, more than 20 kinds of minerals have been found in Jingshan. The main non-metallic mineral mines in the county include limestone (500 million tons), dolomite (700 million tons) and Silica (300 million tons).
The rivers of Jingshan County are mainly fed by surface water and groundwater. The annual precipitation averages 1179 mm and the average annual runoff adds up to 350.5 mm, equivalent to 1.173 billion cubic meters. There are more than 500 rivers, 68 of them more than 10 kilometers long. Inside the county, the Block Reservoir, Ponds contain a total 1.329 billion cubic meters of water.
Animal and plant resources
Major crops are rice, barley, broad beans, soybeans, and many varieties of corn . Native products are mainly mushrooms, fungi, bridge meters, chestnut, tea and seedless watermelons.
The flora in Jingshan derive from 73 branches, 146 genera and 247 species.
Pangolins, wolves, bifurcates, leopards, parrots and wildlife in general are protected according to law within the territory of the state.
Industry and economy
In 2005, the county achieved a GDP of 7.1 billion. There are more than 100 enterprises, eleven of which are 10 million euro enterprises. 39 of them are 10 million yuan enterprises. Yearly exports reached 48 million U.S. dollars in 2005.
Construction, machinery manufacturing, materials processing, textiles and garments, chemical metallurgy and food processing shape the five industrial clusters.
- (In Chinese) Official Government Website