Jinja, Uganda

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Jinja
Idindha  (Soga)
Jinja PICT0177.JPG
Jinja is located in Uganda
Jinja
Jinja
Location in Uganda
Coordinates: 00°25′24″N 33°12′14″E / 0.42333°N 33.20389°E / 0.42333; 33.20389Coordinates: 00°25′24″N 33°12′14″E / 0.42333°N 33.20389°E / 0.42333; 33.20389
Country Uganda
RegionEastern Region
Sub-regionBusoga
DistrictJinja
Government
 • Mayor(Majid Batambuze)
Population (2014 Census)[1]
 • Total72,931

Jinja is a town in Uganda, located on the shore of Lake Victoria.

Location[edit]

Jinja is in Jinja District, Busoga sub-region, in the Eastern Region of Uganda. The town is approximately 81 kilometres (50 mi), by road, east of Kampala, the capital and largest city of Uganda.[2]

It sits along the northern shores of Lake Victoria, near the source of the White Nile.[3]

According to the 2014 national population census data, Jinja is the largest metropolitan area in the Jinja District and the 14th-largest town in the country.[1]

History[edit]

The city was planned under colonial rule in 1948 by Ernst May, German architect and urban planner. May also designed the urban planning scheme for Kampala, creating what he called "neighborhood units." Estates were built for the ruling elite in many parts outside the center city. This led to the area's 'slum clearance' which displaced more than 1,000 residents in the 1950s.[4]

In 1954, the construction of the Owen Falls Dam submerged the Ripon Falls. Most of the "Flat Rocks" that gave the area its name disappeared under water as well. A description of what the area looked like can be found in the notes of John Hanning Speke, the first European to lay eyes on the source of the Nile:

Though beautiful, the scene was not exactly what I expected, for the broad surface of the lake was shut out from view by a spur of hill, and the falls, about twelve feet deep and four to five hundred feet broad, were broken by rocks; still it was a sight that attracted one to it for hours. The roar of the waters, the thousands of passenger fish leaping at the falls with all their might, the fishermen coming out in boats, and taking post on all the rocks with rod and hook, hippopotami and crocodiles lying sleepily on the water, the ferry at work above the falls, and cattle driven down to drink at the margin of the lake, made in all, with the pretty nature of the country—small grassy-topped hills, with trees in the intervening valleys and on the lower slopes—as interesting a picture as one could wish to see."[5]

Population during the 2000s[edit]

The national census of 2002 estimated Jinja's population to be 71,213 of which 36,325 were males and 34,888 were females. In 2010, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) estimated the population at 82,800. In 2011, UBOS estimated the population at 89,700.[6] In 2014, the national population census put the population at 72,931[1] However, the Municipality Authority contested the recent census of 2014, saying it under-counted Jinja's population.[7]

The majority of the population are of Bantu origin. Lusoga is the main local language. Jinja has a large population of inhabitants who are defined as "working urban poor". The average annual household income is estimated at US $100.[8]

Economy[edit]

Jinja had the second largest economy in Uganda.[9][10] In the past, factories chose Jinja as their base because of the nearby electric power station at the Owen Falls Dam.[11] Since the early 2000s, the economy of Jinja has picked up steadily.[12] The main economic activities take place in the central business district.[9]

A new market for fresh produce was completed during the fourth quarter of 2014. The facility can accommodate up to 4,500 vendors and cost US$13.7 million to construct, with a loan from the African Development Bank from 2011 until 2014.[13]

The biggest local employer is the Kakira Sugar Works (KSW), a member of the Madhvani Group of companies. KSW is one of the largest sugar factories in East Africa, employing over 7,500. The factory burns bagasse byproducts from sugar manufacturing to generate 50 megawatts of electricity for internal use and sale to the national grid.[10][14] Sugar cane cutting median wages are about UGX:1,000 per day.[9]

The headquarters of Nile Breweries Limited are in Njeru, a suburb of Jinja, near the Source of the Nile, from which the brewery has been drawing its water for the past fifty years. Building of the brewery commenced in 1952 and was completed four years later. Bottles of Nile Beer, renamed Nile Special Lager, the company's flagship brand, were first consumed in 1956. In 2001, Nile Breweries Limited was fully acquired by South African Breweries.[15]

MM Integrated Steel Uganda Limited is one of the leading manufacturers of steel in the region. It has completed a $47 million (Shs122 billion) plant to produce 50,000 metric tonnes of steel products a year and directly employs 1,800 people.[16] The company has projected to invest US$600 million through 2018.[17]

The Bidco international oil refining company maintains a palm oil factory in the city. The palm oil fruits come from Bidco's 6,500 hectares (16,000 acres) plantation on Bugala Island in the Ssese Islands Archipelago, Kalangala District, in Lake Victoria. The factory in the islands crushes the fruit, and the crude palm oil is transported to Jinja for refining into edible oil and other products.[18]

Kiira Motor Corporation, also known as the Kiira EV Project, a locally based startup car company, expects to set up the first car manufacturing facility in Uganda, based in Jinja.[19] The Kiira EV Project received 100 acres (40 ha) of land at the Jinja Industrial and Business Park. Production is expected to start in 2018. The government of Uganda will provide funding to the initial production and setting up of a factory for the project.[20][21]

WIEGO, in collaboration with Nurturing Uganda, is conducting a project allowing women to sustain herself better, giving them the opportunity to cover their children' school expenses[22].

Education[edit]

The city also has several educational establishments including the following:

Universities and colleges[edit]

Civil Service College Uganda
  • Jinja School of Ophthalmic Clinical Officers[32]
  • Medical Laboratory Technicians School, Jinja[33]
  • Pasty Helm Memorial Vocational Training Center[34]

Military colleges[edit]

Secondary schools[edit]

Primary schools[edit]

  • Galaxy International School-Jinja Campus[48]
  • Jinja Christian School[49]
  • Jinja Montessori Pre School[50]
  • Kiira International School[51]
  • Kiira Primary School[52]
  • Maggwa Crescent Primary School[53]
  • Riverside Academy[54]
  • Shilo Nile Star Nursery and Primary School[55][56]
  • Spire Road Primary School[57]
  • Victoria Nile Primary School[58]
  • Vic View Primary School[59]

Defense[edit]

The Qaddafi Barracks, an institution of the Uganda People's Defence Force (UPDF), are in Jinja. They are the location of the Uganda Junior Staff College,[60] one of the about dozen military schools in Uganda.[citation needed] The town is also the site of the Uganda Senior Command and Staff College, another UPDF institution, located in the Kimaka neighborhood about 2.8 miles (4.5 km) north of Jinja's central business district.[61]

Electricity generation[edit]

In 1993, construction began on a second power station at the source of the White Nile; an extension of the original Nalubaale Power Station. The extension was completed in 2003, named the Kiira Power Station, and is capable of producing 200 megawatts of hydroelectric power at maximum utilization.[62]

Transport[edit]

Jinja station with a Uganda Railways diesel locomotive.

Jinja is a major station on the Uganda Railway and is a port for Lake Victoria ferries.[citation needed]

Jinja Airport, a small civilian and military airport,[63] is located at Kimaka, about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) north of Jinja's central business district.

A bridge, known as the New Jinja Bridge, is planned across the Nile, connecting the town of Njeru to Jinja. Construction started in 2013 and is expected to be completed in 2016.[64]

Local attractions[edit]

Jinja is commonly regarded as "the adventure capital of East Africa" due to the very many activities in town that one could engage in, especially for tourists[65]

Local attractions include white-water rafting, the "Source of the Nile", Bungee Jumping,[66] and the Nile Breweries Limited's large brewery. About 5 miles (8.0 km) north of Jinja is the Bujagali Power Station. The hydroelectric facility is providing 250 megawatts of electric power.[67]

Bugembe also has the headquarters of Jinja District.[68]

There is an active Hindu temple near Jinja, which has a bronze bust of Gandhi.

Other landmarks[edit]

Jinja is the location of the headquarters of the Lake Victoria Fisheries Organisation, a subsidiary of the East African Community.[69] Jinja also has the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Jinja, headed by Bishop Charles Martin Wamika.[70]

Notable people[edit]

Geographic data[edit]

Jinja hosts the regional offices of the Uganda Red Cross Society, a humanitarian organization.[71]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Great African Travellers, From Mungo Park to Livingstone and Stanley, The Project Gutenberg EBook of Great African Travellers, by W.H.G. Kingston (2007) (https://www.gutenberg.org/files/21391/21391-h/21391-h.htm).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c UBOS (27 August 2014). "The Population of The Regions of the Republic of Uganda And All Cities And Towns of More Than 15,000 Inhabitants". Citypopulation.de Quoting Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS). Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Road Distance Between Kampala And Jinja With Map". Globefeed.com. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
  3. ^ The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (13 January 2014). "Profile of Lake Victoria, East Africa". Britinnica.com. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  4. ^ Byerley, Andrew (2013-10-01). "Displacements in the name of (re)development: the contested rise and contested demise of colonial 'African' housing estates in Kampala and Jinja". Planning Perspectives. 28 (4): 547–570. doi:10.1080/02665433.2013.774537. ISSN 0266-5433.
  5. ^ Kingston, W. H. G. (2007). "Great African Travellers, From Mungo Park to Livingstone and Stanley, The Project Gutenberg EBook of Great African Travellers". Gutenberg.org. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  6. ^ UBOS (2011). "Estimated Population of Jinja In 2002, 2010 & 2011" (PDF). Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS). Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 July 2014. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  7. ^ Walukamba, Aldon G (16 March 2015). "Jinja Municipality Contests UBOS Population Statistics". Uganda Radio Network. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  8. ^ VUC (2000). "Visiting Uganda: Jinja". Visiting-Uganda.com (VUC).
  9. ^ a b c Wagner, Florian (29 May 2010). "Economy of Jinja". Jinja.eu. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  10. ^ a b VUC (17 August 2015). "Jinja". Visiting-Uganda.com (VUC). Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  11. ^ Kasita, Ibrahim (3 February 2012). "Owen Falls Dam: Powering Uganda For Five Decades". New Vision. Kampala. Archived from the original on 17 February 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  12. ^ TEA (16 August 2015). "The return of Jinja, town on the Nile". The EastAfrican (TEA). Nairobi. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  13. ^ Nabwiiso, Samuel (10 August 2014). "$13 Million Jinja Market Close to Completion". East African Business Week. Kampala. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  14. ^ KSW (2010). "About Kakira Sugar Works: Kakira Sugar Works Employs Over 7,500 People". Kakira Sugar Works (KSW). Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  15. ^ New Vision Supplement (24 August 2013). "Nile Breweries Limited Expands foot print to Western Uganda". New Vision. Kampala. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  16. ^ "MM Integrated Steel Mills (Uganda) Limited: Steel The Best". Littlegatepublishing.com. 14 October 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2015. |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)[dead link]
  17. ^ Bwire, Stephen (16 March 2015). "Jinja acquires Shs120b steel plant to boost local industry". Daily Monitor. Kampala. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  18. ^ IFAD (2005). "A Successful Public/Private Partnership: Vegetable Oil Production In Uganda". Ruralpovertyportal.org. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  19. ^ Mulupi, Dinfin (25 November 2014). "Introducing the 'Made In Uganda' Electric Car". Howwemadeitinafrica.com. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  20. ^ Agaba, John (13 July 2014). "Uganda to Start Producing Cars In 2018". New Vision. Kampala. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  21. ^ Kafeero, Stephen (12 July 2014). "Government to Fund Kiira Car Production". Daily Monitor. Kampala. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  22. ^ "Leadership & Business Skills for Women Fair Trade Producers". Social Impact Open Repository. Archived from the original on 2017. Retrieved 2017-09-05.
  23. ^ http://www.raad.co.nf
  24. ^ UNCHE (17 August 2015). "Uganda National Council for Higher Education: Private Universities". Uganda National Council for Higher Education (UNCHE). Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  25. ^ Technologies, Emrite. "Civil Service College Uganda". www.cscuganda.go.ug. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  26. ^ "International Institute of Health Sciences- Jinja". www.iihsjinja.ac.ug. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  27. ^ "Jinja Vocational Institute proudly stands test of time". www.newvision.co.ug. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  28. ^ "YMCA College of Business Studies, Jinja — Uganda BTVET - Business Technical Vocational Education and Training". www.btvet-uganda.org. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  29. ^ "http://nviuganda.org/". nviuganda.org. Retrieved 2017-07-06. External link in |title= (help)
  30. ^ "Jinja School of Nursing and Midwifery :Uganda National Council of Higher Education". www.unche.or.ug. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  31. ^ "The Hotel and Tourism Training Institute - JINJA — Uganda BTVET - Business Technical Vocational Education and Training". www.btvet-uganda.org. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  32. ^ "Community Eye Health Journal » Ophthalmic clinical officers: developments in Uganda". www.cehjournal.org. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  33. ^ "Medical Laboratory Technician's School, Jinja :Uganda National Council of Higher Education". www.unche.or.ug. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  34. ^ "Patsy Helm Memorial Vocational Training Center". www.kiira.co.ug. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  35. ^ "Senior Command and Staff College, Kimaka -Jinja :Uganda National Council of Higher Education". www.unche.or.ug. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  36. ^ "Junior Staff College –Jinja :Uganda National Council of Higher Education". www.unche.or.ug. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  37. ^ "Non – Commissioned Officer Academy Jinja :Uganda National Council of Higher Education". www.unche.or.ug. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  38. ^ "The Amazima School". amazima.org. Retrieved 2017-12-04.
  39. ^ Dame, ENR/PAZ // University Communications: Web // University of Notre. "Uganda // Congregation of Holy Cross". www.holycrosscongregation.org. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  40. ^ Dame, ENR // Marketing Communications: Web // University of Notre. "Holy Cross Lake View: One of the Best Schools in Uganda // Holy Cross Vocations United States Province // University of Notre Dame". Holy Cross Vocations United States Province. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  41. ^ "Kakira Secondary School". Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  42. ^ "Lords Meade Vocational College". www.lordsmeade.org. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  43. ^ "Nakanyonyi Girls' Secondary School". Yellow.ug. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  44. ^ "Pilkington College Muguluka". Yellow.ug. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  45. ^ "BCS: Home". www.bristolcathedral.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  46. ^ G, Aldon Walukamba. "Jinja Schools Welcome New Compulsory UACE Subjects". Uganda Radio Network. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  47. ^ umbsextra (2012-02-23). "Uganda Muslim Secondary & Primary Schools". Islam in Uganda. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  48. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  49. ^ <http://www.jinjachristianschool.ug/>
  50. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 July 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  51. ^ http://www.kiirajuniorprep.com/
  52. ^ Knowledge, ELSTROM Network. "Thyges skoleprojekt i Uganda, Thyge, Thygesskoleprojekt, Jinja Uganda, Kiira Primary School". thygesskoleprojekt.dk. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  53. ^ "Magwa Primary School - Magwa Crescent Avemar Arcade Shopping Mall, P.O.Box 1113, Jinja, Uganda". live-uganda2.s3-website-us-east-1.amazonaws.com. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  54. ^ "Riverside Academy". Yellow.ug. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  55. ^ "Shilo Nile Star Nursery and Primary Day and Boarding School. Jinja, Njeru.Uganda". Shilo Nile Star Nursery and Primary Day and Boarding School. Jinja, Njeru.Uganda. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  56. ^ App, Daily Monitor. "Headmaster, teachers fired for failing classroom tests". Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  57. ^ "Spire Road Primary School,SPIRE ROAD,Jinja M/C- Kigongo". www.kigongo.com. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  58. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  59. ^ "VIC View Primary School Gives Back to Uganda's Community". vicviewchildrenschool.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  60. ^ Kiirya, Donald (14 July 2010). "Uganda: Army Can't Stay Out of Politics - Defence Minister". New Vision (Kampala). Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  61. ^ Musingo, Doreen (29 November 2009). "Jeje Odongo Cautions Kimaka Graduands Against HIV". New Vision (Kampala). Archived from the original on 24 February 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  62. ^ Ojambo, Fred (11 April 2014). "Eskom Seeks To More Than Double Ugandan Power Plants It Runs". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  63. ^ Tajuba, Paul (30 January 2015). "CAA Unveils Master Plan to Create Four New International Airports". Daily Monitor (Kampala). Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  64. ^ Kagolo, Francis (2013). "Construction of New Jinja Bridge Commences December". New Vision (Kampala). Archived from the original on 24 February 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  65. ^ http://kabiza.com/kabiza-wilderness-safaris/jinja-the-adrenaline-pumping-capital-of-east-africa/
  66. ^ "Nile High Bungee - Jump / Swing the Nile - Ugandan Adventures - Adrift". adrift.ug. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  67. ^ "Bujagali: Powering Uganda From The Nile" (PDF). International Water Power & Dam Construction. March 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 October 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  68. ^ Musingo, Doreen (27 August 2009). "Jinja Municipality To Gain City Status: Jinja District Headquarters to Relocate to Bugembe". New Vision (Kampala). Archived from the original on 24 February 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  69. ^ Mukyala, Esther (7 March 2010). "Farm Fish To Increase Stocks". New Vision (Kampala). Archived from the original on 24 February 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  70. ^ "Overview of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Jinja". Catholic-hierarchy.org. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  71. ^ http://ug.viadeo.com/en/profile/uganda-redcross-society.jinja-branch

External links[edit]