|• Mayor||(Muhammad Kezaala Baswale)|
|Population (2014 Census)|
- 1 Location
- 2 History
- 3 Economy
- 4 Education
- 5 Defense
- 6 Electricity generation
- 7 Transport
- 8 Local attractions
- 9 Other landmarks
- 10 Geographic data
- 11 See also
- 12 Notes
- 13 References
- 14 External links
According to the 2014 national population census data, Jinja is the largest metropolitan area in the Jinja District and the 14th-largest town in the country. The coordinates of Jinja, Uganda are 0°25'24.0"N, 33°12'24.0"E (Latitude:0.423333; Longitude:33.206667).
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The city was planned under colonial rule in 1948 by Ernst May, German architect and urban planner. May also designed the urban planning scheme for Kampala, creating what he called "neighborhood units." Estates were built for the ruling elite in many parts outside the center city. This led to the area's 'slum clearance' which displaced more than 1,000 residents in the 1950s.
In 1954, the construction of the Owen Falls Dam submerged the Ripon Falls. Most of the "Flat Rocks" that gave the area its name disappeared under water as well. A description of what the area looked like can be found in the notes of John Hanning Speke, the first European to lay eyes on the source of the Nile:
Though beautiful, the scene was not exactly what I expected, for the broad surface of the lake was shut out from view by a spur of hill, and the falls, about twelve feet deep and four to five hundred feet broad, were broken by rocks; still it was a sight that attracted one to it for hours. The roar of the waters, the thousands of passenger fish leaping at the falls with all their might, the fishermen coming out in boats, and taking post on all the rocks with rod and hook, hippopotami and crocodiles lying sleepily on the water, the ferry at work above the falls, and cattle driven down to drink at the margin of the lake, made in all, with the pretty nature of the country—small grassy-topped hills, with trees in the intervening valleys and on the lower slopes—as interesting a picture as one could wish to see."
Population during the 2000s
The national census of 2002 estimated Jinja's population to be 71,213 of which 36,325 were males and 34,888 were females. In 2010, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) estimated the population at 82,800. In 2011, UBOS estimated the population at 89,700. In 2014, the national population census put the population at 72,931 However, the Municipality Authority contested the recent census of 2014, saying it under-counted Jinja's population.
The majority of the population are of Bantu origin. Lusoga is the main local language. Jinja has a large population of inhabitants who are defined as "working urban poor". The average annual household income is estimated at US $100.
Jinja had the second largest economy in Uganda. In the past, factories chose Jinja as their base because of the nearby electric power station at the Owen Falls Dam. Since the early 2000s, the economy of Jinja has picked up steadily. The main economic activities take place in the central business district.
A new market for fresh produce was completed during the fourth quarter of 2014. The facility can accommodate up to 4,500 vendors and cost US$13.7 million to construct, with a loan from the African Development Bank from 2011 until 2014.
The biggest local employer is the Kakira Sugar Works (KSW), a member of the Madhvani Group of companies. KSW is one of the largest sugar factories in East Africa, employing over 7,500. The factory burns bagasse byproducts from sugar manufacturing to generate 50 megawatts of electricity for internal use and sale to the national grid. Sugar cane cutting median wages are about UGX:1,000 per day.
The headquarters of Nile Breweries Limited are in Njeru, a suburb of Jinja, near the Source of the Nile, from which the brewery has been drawing its water for the past fifty years. Building of the brewery commenced in 1952 and was completed four years later. Bottles of Nile Beer, renamed Nile Special Lager, the company's flagship brand, were first consumed in 1956. In 2001, Nile Breweries Limited was fully acquired by South African Breweries.
MM Integrated Steel Uganda Limited is one of the leading manufacturers of steel in the region. It has completed a $47 million (Shs122 billion) plant to produce 50,000 metric tonnes of steel products a year and directly employs 1,800 people. The company has projected to invest US$600 million through 2018.
The Bidco international oil refining company maintains a palm oil factory in the city. The palm oil fruits come from Bidco's 6,500 hectares (16,000 acres) plantation on Bugala Island in the Ssese Islands Archipelago, Kalangala District, in Lake Victoria. The factory in the islands crushes the fruit, and the crude palm oil is transported to Jinja for refining into edible oil and other products.
Kiira Motor Corporation, also known as the Kiira EV Project, a locally based startup car company, expects to set up the first car manufacturing facility in Uganda, based in Jinja. The Kiira EV Project received 100 acres (40 ha) of land at the Jinja Industrial and Business Park. Production is expected to start in 2018. The government of Uganda will provide funding to the initial production and setting up of a factory for the project.
The city also has several educational establishments including the following:
Universities and colleges
- Eastern Campus of Makerere University
- Jinja Campus of the Makerere University Business School
- Jinja Campus of Busoga University
- Jinja Campus of Kampala University
- Nsaka University
- Civil Service College University
- International Institute of Health Sciences
- Jinja Vocational Institute
- YMCA College of Business
- Nile Vocational Institute
- JInja School of Nursing and Midwifery
- Hotel and Tourism Training Institute
- Jinja School of Ophthalmic Clinical Officers
- Medical Laboratory Technicians School, Jinja
- Pasty Helm Memorial Vocational Training Center
- Uganda Senior Command and Staff College
- Uganda Junior Staff College
- Uganda Non–Commissioned Officer Academy
- Jinja College
- Busoga College
- Holy Cross Schools
- Kakira Secondary School
- Lords Meade School
- Nakanyonyi Girls School
- Pilkington College Muguluka
- St. James' Secondary School, Jinja
- Bugembe Islamic Institute Secondary School.
- Galaxy International School-Jinja Campus
- Jinja Christian School
- Jinja Montessori Pre School
- Kiira International School
- Kiira Primary School
- Maggwa Crescent Primary School
- Riverside Academy
- Shilo Nile Star Nursery and Primary School
- Spire Road Primary School
- Victoria Nile Primary School
- Vic View Primary School
The Qaddafi Barracks, an institution of the Uganda People's Defence Force (UPDF), are in Jinja. They are the location of the Uganda Junior Staff College, one of the about dozen military schools in Uganda. The town is also the site of the Uganda Senior Command and Staff College, another UPDF institution, located in the Kimaka neighborhood about 2.8 miles (4.5 km) north of Jinja's central business district.
In 1993, construction began on a second power station at the source of the White Nile; an extension of the original Nalubaale Power Station. The extension was completed in 2003, named the Kiira Power Station, and is capable of producing 200 megawatts of hydroelectric power at maximum utilization.
Jinja is commonly regarded as "the adventure capital of East Africa" due to the very many activities in town that one could engage in, especially for tourists
Local attractions include white-water rafting, the "Source of the Nile", Bungee Jumping, and a large brewery. About 5 miles (8.0 km) north of Jinja is the Bujagali Power Station. The hydroelectric facility is providing 250 megawatts of electric power.
Jinja is the location of the headquarters of the Lake Victoria Fisheries Organisation, a subsidiary of the East African Community. Jinja also has the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Jinja, headed by Bishop Charles Martin Wamika.
Jinja hosts the regional offices of the Uganda Red Cross Society, a humanitarian organization.
- Jinja Hospital
- Jinja Airport
- Kiira Power Station
- List of birds in Jinja
- Nalubaale Power Station
- Bujagali Power Station
- Madhvani Group
- ^ Great African Travellers, From Mungo Park to Livingstone and Stanley, The Project Gutenberg EBook of Great African Travellers, by W.H.G. Kingston (2007) (https://www.gutenberg.org/files/21391/21391-h/21391-h.htm).
- UBOS (27 August 2014). "The Population of The Regions of the Republic of Uganda And All Cities And Towns of More Than 15,000 Inhabitants". Citypopulation.de Quoting Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS). Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- VUC (2000). "Visiting Uganda: Jinja". Visiting-Uganda.com (VUC).
- "Road Distance Between Kampala And Jinja With Map". Globefeed.com. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
- The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (13 January 2014). "Profile of Lake Victoria, East Africa". Britinnica.com. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- Google (2 July 2015). "Location of Jinja, Uganda At Google Maps" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- Byerley, Andrew (2013-10-01). "Displacements in the name of (re)development: the contested rise and contested demise of colonial 'African' housing estates in Kampala and Jinja". Planning Perspectives. 28 (4): 547–570. doi:10.1080/02665433.2013.774537. ISSN 0266-5433.
- Kingston, W. H. G. (2007). "Great African Travellers, From Mungo Park to Livingstone and Stanley, The Project Gutenberg EBook of Great African Travellers". Gutenberg.org. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- UBOS (2011). "Estimated Population of Jinja In 2002, 2010 & 2011" (PDF). Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS). Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 July 2014. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- Walukamba, Aldon G (16 March 2015). "Jinja Municipality Contests UBOS Population Statistics". Uganda Radio Network. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
- Wagner, Florian (29 May 2010). "Economy of Jinja". Jinja.eu. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
- VUC (17 August 2015). "Jinja". Visiting-Uganda.com (VUC). Retrieved 17 August 2015.
- Kasita, Ibrahim (3 February 2012). "Owen Falls Dam: Powering Uganda For Five Decades". New Vision. Kampala. Archived from the original on 17 February 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- TEA (16 August 2015). "The return of Jinja, town on the Nile". The EastAfrican (TEA). Nairobi. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
- Nabwiiso, Samuel (10 August 2014). "$13 Million Jinja Market Close to Completion". East African Business Week. Kampala. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- KSW (2010). "About Kakira Sugar Works: Kakira Sugar Works Employs Over 7,500 People". Kakira Sugar Works (KSW). Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- New Vision Supplement (24 August 2013). "Nile Breweries Limited Expands foot print to Western Uganda". New Vision. Kampala. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
- "MM Integrated Steel Mills (Uganda) Limited: Steel The Best". Littlegatepublishing.com. 14 October 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
|last1=in Authors list (help)[dead link]
- Bwire, Stephen (16 March 2015). "Jinja acquires Shs120b steel plant to boost local industry". Daily Monitor. Kampala. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
- IFAD (2005). "A Successful Public/Private Partnership: Vegetable Oil Production In Uganda". Ruralpovertyportal.org. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- Mulupi, Dinfin (25 November 2014). "Introducing the 'Made In Uganda' Electric Car". Howwemadeitinafrica.com. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
- Agaba, John (13 July 2014). "Uganda to Start Producing Cars In 2018". New Vision. Kampala. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
- Kafeero, Stephen (12 July 2014). "Government to Fund Kiira Car Production". Daily Monitor. Kampala. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
- UNCHE (17 August 2015). "Uganda National Council for Higher Education: Private Universities". Uganda National Council for Higher Education (UNCHE). Retrieved 17 August 2015.
- Kiirya, Donald (14 July 2010). "Uganda: Army Can't Stay Out of Politics - Defence Minister". New Vision (Kampala). Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- Musingo, Doreen (29 November 2009). "Jeje Odongo Cautions Kimaka Graduands Against HIV". New Vision (Kampala). Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- Ojambo, Fred (11 April 2014). "Eskom Seeks To More Than Double Ugandan Power Plants It Runs". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- Tajuba, Paul (30 January 2015). "CAA Unveils Master Plan to Create Four New International Airports". Daily Monitor (Kampala). Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- Kagolo, Francis (2013). "Construction of New Jinja Bridge Commences December". New Vision (Kampala). Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "Bujagali: Powering Uganda From The Nile" (PDF). International Water Power & Dam Construction. March 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- Musingo, Doreen (27 August 2009). "Jinja Municipality To Gain City Status: Jinja District Headquarters to Relocate to Buwenge". New Vision (Kampala). Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- Mukyala, Esther (7 March 2010). "Farm Fish To Increase Stocks". New Vision (Kampala). Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "Overview of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Jinja". Catholic-hierarchy.org. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Jinja.|