|• Mayor||(Muhammad Kezaala Baswale)|
|Population (2014 Census)|
- 1 Location
- 2 History
- 3 Economy
- 4 Finance
- 5 Education
- 6 Defense
- 7 Electricity generation
- 8 Transport
- 9 Local attractions
- 10 Other landmarks
- 11 Geographic data
- 12 See also
- 13 Notes
- 14 References
- 15 External links
It sits along the northern shores of Lake Victoria, near the source of the White Nile. The nearby Owen Falls Dam and adjacent Kiira Dam regulate the flow of the White Nile and generate electricity.
According to the 2014 national population census data, Jinja is the largest metropolitan area in the Jinja District and the 14th-largest town in the country. The coordinates of Jinja, Uganda are 0°25'24.0"N, 33°12'24.0"E (Latitude:0.423333; Longitude:33.206667).
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2015)|
In 1954, the construction of the Owen Falls Dam submerged the Ripon Falls. Most of the "Flat Rocks" that gave the area its name disappeared under water as well. A description of what the area looked like can be found in the notes of John Hanning Speke, the first European to lay eyes on the source of the Nile:
- "Though beautiful, the scene was not exactly what I expected, for the broad surface of the lake was shut out from view by a spur of hill, and the falls, about twelve feet deep and four to five hundred feet broad, were broken by rocks; still it was a sight that attracted one to it for hours. The roar of the waters, the thousands of passenger fish leaping at the falls with all their might, the fishermen coming out in boats, and taking post on all the rocks with rod and hook, hippopotami and crocodiles lying sleepily on the water, the ferry at work above the falls, and cattle driven down to drink at the margin of the lake, made in all, with the pretty nature of the country—small grassy-topped hills, with trees in the intervening valleys and on the lower slopes—as interesting a picture as one could wish to see."
Population during the 2000s
The national census of 2002 estimated Jinja's population to be 71,213 of which 36,325 were males and 34,888 were females. In 2010, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) estimated the population at 82,800. In 2011, UBOS estimated the population at 89,700. In 2014, the national population census put the population at 72,931 However, the Municipality Authority contested the recent census of 2014, saying it under-counted Jinja's population.
The majority of the population are of Bantu origin. Lusoga is the main local language. Jinja has a large population of inhabitants who are defined as "working urban poor". The average annual household income is estimated at US $100.
Jinja had the second largest economy in Uganda. In the past, factories chose Jinja as their base due to the proximity of the electric power station at the Owen Falls Dam. Since the early 2000s, the economy of Jinja has picked up steadily. The main economic activities take place in the central business district.
A new market for fresh produce was completed during the fourth quarter of 2014. The facility, which can accommodate up to 4,500 vendors, cost US$13.7 million to construct, with a loan from the African Development Bank over a three-year period from 2011 until 2014.
The biggest local employer is the Kakira Sugar Works (KSW), a member of the Madhvani Group of companies. KSW is one of the largest sugar factories in East Africa, employing over 75,000. The factory burns bagasse byproducts from sugar manufacturing to generate 50 megawatts of electricity for internal use and sale to the national grid. KSW has a 22,154 acres (34.616 sq mi) sugar cane estate and arguably is one of the largest benefiters of cheap labour. Sugar cane cutting median wages are about 1000 UGX per day.
The headquarters of Nile Breweries Limited can also be found in Njeru, a suburb of Jinja, near the Source of the Nile, from which the brewery has been drawing its water for the past fifty years. Building of the brewery commenced in 1952 but was only completed four years later. Bottles of Nile Beer, renamed Nile Special Lager, the company's flagship brand, were first enjoyed by consumers back in 1956. In 2001, Nile Breweries Limited was fully acquired by South African Breweries.
MM Integrated Steel Uganda Limited is one of the leading manufacturers of steel in the region. It has completed a $47 million (Shs122 billion) plant to produce 50,000 metric tonnes of steel products a year and directly employs 1,800 people. The company has projected to invest $600 million through 2018.
The international oil refining company called Bidco, maintains a palm oil factory in the city. The palm oil fruits come from Bidco's 6,500 hectares (16,000 acres) plantation on Bugala Island in the Ssese Islands Archipelago, Kalangala District, in Lake Victoria. The factory in the islands crushes the fruit and the crude palm oil is transported to Jinja for refining into edible oil and other products.
Kiira Motor Corporation, also known as the Kiira EV Project, a locally based startup car company, expects to set up the first car manufacturing facility in Uganda, based in Jinja. The Kiira EV Project received 100 acres (40 ha) of land at the Jinja Industrial and Business Park. Production is expected to start in 2018. The government of Uganda will provide funding to the initial production and setting up of a factory for the Kiira EV car project.
The following financial institutions maintain branches in Jinja:
- Bank of Africa
- Barclays Bank
- Centenary Bank
- Crane Bank
- DFCU Bank
- Equity Bank
- Finance Trust Bank
- Orient Bank
- Stanchart Uganda
- Tropical Bank
- UBA Uganda
- Opportunity Bank
- Jinja Currency Center
The city also has several educational establishments including the following:
Universities and colleges
- Eastern Campus of Makerere University
- Jinja Campus of the Makerere University Business School
- Jinja Campus of Busoga University
- Jinja Campus of Kampala University
- Nsaka University
- Civil Service College University -CSCU
- International Institute of Health Sciences
- Jinja Vocational Institute
- YMCA College of Business
- Nile Vocational Institute
- JInja School of Nursing and Midwifery
- Hotel and Tourism Training Institute
- Jinja School of Ophthalmic Clinical Officers
- Medical Laboratory Technicians School, Jinja
- Pasty Helm Memorial Vocational Training Center
- Uganda Senior Command and Staff College
- Uganda Junior Staff College
- Uganda Non–Commissioned Officer Academy
- Jinja College
- Busoga College
- Holy Cross Schools
- Kakira Secondary School
- Lords Meade School
- Nakanyonyi Girls School
- Pilkington College Muguluka
- St. James' Secondary School, Jinja
- Bugembe Islamic Institute Secondary School.
- Riverside Academy
- Kiira International School
- Galaxy International School-Jinja Campus
- Jinja Christian School
- Victoria Nile Primary School
- Maggwa Crescent Primary School
- Spire Road Primary School
- Jinja Montessori Pre School
- Vic View Primary School
- Kiira Primary School
- Shilo Nile Star Nursery and Primary School
There are many primary schools in Jinja, with many of them participating in Uganda's Universal Primary School Education.
Jinja is the location of Qaddafi Barracks, an institution of the Uganda People's Defence Force. The barracks are the location of the Uganda Junior Staff College, one of the dozen or so military schools in Uganda. The town is also the location of the Uganda Senior Command and Staff College, another UPDF institution, located at Kimaka, a neighborhood situated about 2.8 miles (4.5 km) north of the central business district of Jinja.
In 1993, construction began on a second power station, at the source of the White Nile; an extension of the original Nalubaale Power Station. The new extension, completed in 2003, was named Kiira Power Station, and is capable of producing 200MW of hydroelectric power at maximum utilization.
There is a good tarmac road west from Jinja to Kampala, 81 kilometres (50 mi) away (90 minutes by car, two hours by bus). The tarmac road to Tororo, 100 kilometres (62 mi) to the east of Jinja, has been improved with the completion of the Jinja-Bugiri Highway. Buses and minibuses provide transport between Jinja and other Ugandan towns.
Transport in Jinja is dominated by the motorbike (Boda boda) and small owner-operated cars locally known as Mycar.
Jinja is commonly regarded as "the adventure capital of East Africa" due to the very many activities in town that one could engage in, especially for tourists
Local attractions include white-water rafting, the "Source of the Nile", Bungee Jumping, and a large brewery. About 5 miles (8.0 km) north of Jinja is the Bujagali Power Station. The hydroelectric facility is providing 250 megawatts of electric power.
Jinja is the location of the headquarters of the Lake Victoria Fisheries Organisation, a subsidiary of the East African Community. Jinja also has the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Jinja, headed by Bishop Charles Martin Wamika.
Jinja hosts the regional offices of the Uganda Red Cross Society, a humanitarian organization.
- Jinja Hospital
- Jinja Airport
- Kiira Power Station
- List of birds in Jinja
- Nalubaale Power Station
- Bujagali Power Station
- Madhvani Group
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