Jinja (template engine)

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Jinja software logo.svg
Original author(s)Armin Ronacher
Stable release
2.10.1 / April 6, 2019; 6 months ago (2019-04-06)[1]
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written inPython
TypeTemplate engine
LicenseBSD License

Jinja is a web template engine for the Python programming language and is licensed under a BSD License created by Armin Ronacher. It is similar to the Django template engine but provides Python-like expressions while ensuring that the templates are evaluated in a sandbox. It is a text-based template language and thus can be used to generate any markup as well as sourcecode.

The Jinja template engine allows customization of tags,[2] filters, tests, and globals.[3] Also, unlike the Django template engine, Jinja allows the template designer to call functions with arguments on objects. Jinja is Flask's default template engine [4] and it is also used by Ansible [5] and Trac.


Some of the features of Jinja are:[6]

  • sandboxed execution
  • automatic HTML escaping to prevent cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks
  • template inheritance
  • compiles down to the optimal python code just in time
  • optional ahead-of-time template compilation
  • easy to debug. Line numbers of exceptions directly point to the correct line in the template.
  • configurable syntax

Jinja, like Smarty, also ships with an easy-to-use filter system similar to the Unix pipeline.


Here is a small example of a template file "example.html.jinja":[7]

<!DOCTYPE html>
    <title>{{ variable|escape }}</title>
  {%- for item in item_list %}
    {{ item }}{% if not loop.last %},{% endif %}
  {%- endfor %}

and templating code:

from jinja2 import Template
with open('example.html.jinja') as f:
    tmpl = Template(f.read())
print tmpl.render(
    variable = 'Value with <unsafe> data',
    item_list = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]

This produces the HTML string:

<!DOCTYPE html>
    <title>Value with &lt;unsafe&gt; data</title>


  1. ^ "GitHub - pallets/jinja: The Jinja2 template engine". March 5, 2019 – via GitHub.
  2. ^ "Extensions". Jinja2 Documentation (2.8-dev). Retrieved 2015-05-26.
  3. ^ "Extensions". Jinja2 Documentation (2.8-dev). Retrieved 2015-05-26.
  4. ^ DuPlain, R. (2013). Instant Flask Web Development. Packt Publishing. p. 30. ISBN 978-1-78216-963-5. Retrieved 2015-05-26.
  5. ^ https://docs.ansible.com/ansible/latest/user_guide/playbooks_templating.html
  6. ^ "Welcome | Jinja2 (The Python Template Engine)". jinja.pocoo.org.
  7. ^ Ronacher, Armin. "Template Designer Documentation". Jinja2 Documentation. Retrieved 7 January 2016. A Jinja template doesn’t need to have a specific extension: .html, .xml, or any other extension is just fine.

External links[edit]