Jinnahpur refers to an alleged plot in Pakistan to form a breakaway autonomous state to serve as a homeland for the Karachi based Urdu-speaking Muhajir community. Mohajirs are immigrants who came to Pakistan from India in the wake of the violence that followed the independence of Pakistan in 1947. The alleged name to be given to the proposed breakaway state was "Jinnahpur", named after Mohammed Ali Jinnah. In 1992, the Pakistani military claimed it had found maps of the proposed Jinnahpur state in the offices of the Mohajir Qaumi Movement (now renamed Muttahida Qaumi Movement), despite the party's strong denial of the authenticity of the maps. Despite the party's strong commitment to the Pakistani state, at that time government of Nawaz Sharif chose to use it as the basis for the military operation against the MQM, known as Operation Clean-up.
In August 2009, two senior military officers at the time (one of them Brigadier Imtiaz Billa) of the operation claimed that the maps had been fabricated. According to them the Jinnahpur maps were false allegations and an attempt to divide the nation. Their stance was immediately challenged by Major (R) Nadeem Dar, then an ISI officer, who claimed to have recovered maps and related documents personally after raiding MQM headquarter and sent them to Major Haroon and Major Nadeem
The Muhajir Sooba (literally meaning 'Immigrant Province') is a political movement which seeks to represent the Muhajir people of Sindh. This concept floated as a political bargaining tool by the leader of Muttahida Qaumi Movement, Altaf Hussain for the creation of a Muhajir province for the Muhajir-majority areas of Sindh, which would be independent from Sindh government. The political deprivations of MQM became the major causes leading towards the demand of a separate province. Various other names have been suggested by Altaf Hussain to refer to proposed new province such as Sindh 1 and Sindh 2.
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- The MQM of Pakistan: Between Political Party and Ethnic Movement, Mohammad Waseem, in Political parties in South Asia, ed. Mitra, Enskat & Spiess, pp185
- Retired army officers absolve MQM of Jinnahpur plot: Altaf calls for truth and reconciliation commission, Dawn.com, 25 August 2009
- Archives, Aaj News (27 August 2009). "Ex-ISI official says he has recovered Jinnahpur maps". Aaj. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- "Altaf for 'Sindh One' and 'Sindh Two'". Dawn.com. Jan 5, 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
- Z, Ali (January 4, 2014). "New province: Altaf Hussain kicks up a firestorm". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
- "Altaf threatens separate province for Urdu speaking Sindhis". Dawn. Jan 4, 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
- Hafeez, Tonio (September 26, 2014). "Controversy averted: Assembly passes resolution against division of Sindh". Retrieved 26 September 2014.
- "Fahim slams Altaf for seeking to divide Sindh on administrative grounds". Dawn. Sep 21, 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
- , Dawn.com, 26 August 2009
- Migrants and militants: fun and urban violence in Pakistan, Oskar Verkaaik, 2004, pp78
- Inside Pakistan: 52 years outlook, Sanjay Dutt, 2000, pp260,
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