Jinping Miao, Yao, and Dai Autonomous County

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Jinping County

金平县
金平苗族瑶族傣族自治县
Jinping Miao, Yao, and Dai
Autonomous County
Jinping is located in Yunnan
Jinping
Jinping
Location of the seat in Yunnan
Coordinates: 22°46′48″N 103°13′34″E / 22.780°N 103.226°E / 22.780; 103.226Coordinates: 22°46′48″N 103°13′34″E / 22.780°N 103.226°E / 22.780; 103.226
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
Autonomous prefectureHonghe
Area
 • Total3,677 km2 (1,420 sq mi)
Population
 • Total320,000
 • Density87/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (CST)
Postal code
661500
Area code(s)0873
Websitewww.jinping.net
Landscape at Fenshuiling in Jinping County. Altitude ca. 2060 m.

Jinping Miao, Yao, and Dai Autonomous County (simplified Chinese: 金平苗族瑶族傣族自治县; traditional Chinese: 金平苗族瑤族傣族自治縣; pinyin: Jīnpíng Miáozú Yáozú Dǎizú Zìzhìxiàn) is located in Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan province, China, bordering Vietnam's Lai Châu Province to the south. Jinping is home to the Red-headed Yao (红头瑶族) minority group who wear a pointed red hat on their heads after they get married.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The Jinping County Almanac (1994:113-132) lists the following ethnic groups.

  • Miao
    • Black Miao (黑苗) / Mengba 蒙吧 / Mengshi 蒙施
    • Qingshui Miao (青水苗) / Mengnengcha 蒙能差; exonym: Mengbu 蒙补 / Mengbei 蒙背
    • Flowery Miao (花苗) / Meng Leng 蒙冷
    • Piantou Miao (偏头苗) / Meng Shua 蒙刷; exonym: Chinese Miao 汉苗 (least populous Miao subgroup)
    • White Miao (白苗) / Mengdou 蒙逗
  • Yao
    • Yu Mian (育棉): Red-Headed Yao 红头瑶
    • Men 门: Landian Yao 蓝靛瑶, Pingtou Yao 平头瑶, Sha Yao 沙瑶
  • Dai
    • Dai Luo (傣罗) (Black Dai 黑傣, Dry Dai 旱傣): located in Kuchuyi 苦初邑,[1] Shidong 石洞,[2] Laomanhao 老蔓耗,[3] Xiaohekou 小河口,[4] Changtan 长滩[5]
    • Dai Le (傣泐) (Pu'er Dai 普耳傣): located in Pu'erzhai 普耳寨 (Upper 上寨,[6] Central 中寨,[7] Lower 下寨[8] villages), Mengla Township/勐拉乡
    • Ludai Lunan (鲁傣鲁南) (= 水的儿子 child of the water; also called Water Dai/水傣 and White Dai/白傣)
The Red River forms the border between Jinping County (right) and Hekou Yao Autonomous County (left)
  • Zhuang
    • White Sha people (白沙人) (autonym: Bure 布惹)
    • Black Sha people (黑沙人) (autonym: Kacha 卡查): Zhemi Township/者米乡 (in the 3 villages of Baha 巴哈村,[9][10] Bayi 巴义, and Pingzhai 坪寨). 235 households and 965 persons as of 2005.
  • Lahu
    • Lahu Na (拉祜纳) (Black Lahu/黑拉祜)
    • Lahu Xi (拉祜西) (Yellow Lahu/黄拉祜)
    • Lahu Pu (拉祜普) (White Lahu/白拉祜)

An alternate list gives the following ethnic minorities and subgroups.[11] Locations are from the Jinping County Ethnic Gazetteer (2013:89, 101).[12]

  • Miao
    • Flowery Miao (花苗)
    • White Miao (白苗)
    • Black Miao (黑苗)
    • Chinese Miao (汉苗)
  • Yao
    • Red-headed Yao (红头瑶)
    • Landian Yao (蓝靛瑶)
    • Sha Yao (沙瑶)
  • Dai
    • Water Dai (水傣)
    • Black Dai (黑傣)
    • Pu'er Dai (普洱傣)
  • Hani
    • Nongmen (弄们) (Nuomei/糯美[13]): widely distributed across Jinping County. 10,323 households and 42,325 persons as of 2005. It is also spoken in Hanitian 哈尼田.[14]
    • Nongbi (弄毕) (Nuobi/糯比[13]): in Jinhe Town (金河镇) and Tongchang Township/铜厂乡 (in 23 villages). 2,358 households and 9,902 persons as of 2005. It is also spoken in Hanitian 哈尼田.[14]
    • Duoni (多尼):[13] in Laojizhai Township/老集寨乡 (in the villages of Masasi 马撒斯,[15] Bailezhai 白乐寨,[16] and Dazhupeng 大竹棚[17]). 793 households and 3,329 persons as of 2005.
    • Asuo (阿梭):[13] in Laojizhai Township/老集寨乡 (in the villages of Lilaochong 李老冲,[18] Duosha 多沙,[19] Baimazhai 白马寨,[20] Baigou 白沟,[21] Nanla 南拉, and Shaluo 沙啰[22]). 356 households and 1,425 persons as of 2005.
    • Lami (腊咪): in Laojizhai Township/老集寨乡 and Zhemi Township/者米乡 (in 20 villages). 2,135 households and 9,180 persons as of 2005.
    • Gehe (格合) (Gehe 格河;[13] Gehuo 格活; in Laomeng Township/老勐乡 their exonym is Angluo 昂珞): in Tongchang 铜厂, Yingpan 营盘, and Laomeng 老勐 townships. 2,563 households and 10,510 persons as of 2005. Gehuo 格活 is also spoken in Baima Shangzhai, Yingpan Township, Jinping County 金平县营盘乡白马上寨村.[23] (This is not the same as Guohe 郭合 of Dengqu Village, Majie Township, Yuanjiang County 元阳县马街乡登去村.[24])
    • Guozuo (国昨) (Guozhuo 郭卓[13]): in Zhemi 者米, Mengla 勐拉, and Jinshuihe 金水河 townships. 1,953 households and 8,398 persons as of 2005.
    • Habei (哈备) (Mani 玛尼[25]): in Habei village 哈备村,[26] Zhemi Township/者米乡. 56 households and 231 persons as of 2005.
  • Yi (speaking 4 languages: Nuosu 诺苏, Muji 姆基, Alu 阿鲁, and Laowu 老乌[13])
    • Nisu (尼苏): in Jinhe 金河镇, Mengqiao 勐桥乡, and Laomeng 老勐乡 townships (in 19 villages). 1,134 households and 5,519 persons as of 2005.
    • Alu (阿鲁): in Yakouzhe Village 丫口遮村, Laojizhai Township/老集寨乡 (in the villages of Luopan 罗盘,[27][28] Tiantou 田头,[29] Huilongzhai 回龙寨,[30] Laozhai 老寨,[31] Zhongzhai 中寨,[32] Xihadi 西哈底,[33] Heishan 黑山,[34] Amilong 阿咪笼,[35] Kabianzhai 卡边寨,[36] Anlezhai 安乐寨,[37] Nanlu 南鲁,[38] etc.[39]). 1,264 households and 5,307 persons as of 2005.
    • Pula (仆拉)
    • Muji (姆基): widely distributed across Jinping County
    • Laowu (老乌) (autonym: Laoyong/老涌): in Laojizhai 老集寨, Laomeng 老勐, Yingpan 营盘, and Mengla 勐拉 townships (in 29 villages). 2,222 households and 9,342 persons as of 2005.
    • Tulao (土老): in the 2 villages of Yugadi 鱼嘎底,[40] Xinzhai Village 新寨村, Mengqiao Township 勐桥乡; and Laowangzhai 老王寨,[41] Qingjiao Village 箐脚村, Dazhai Township 大寨乡
  • Zhuang
    • Sha (沙人)
    • Nong (侬人)
  • Lahu
    • Black Lahu (黑拉祜)
    • Yellow Lahu (黄拉祜)
    • White Lahu (白拉祜)[13]
  • Bulang (autonym: Mang/): in the 4 villages of Leigong Daniu 雷公打牛,[42] Pinghe Zhongzhai 坪河中寨,[43] Pinghe Xiazhai 平河下寨,[44] Nanke Xinzhai 南科新寨 (also known as Longfeng village 龙凤村[45]), all of which are administered by Jinshuihe Town (金水河镇). 110 households and 682 persons as of 2005.

The Lahu of Jinping County reside in the following villages (Jinping County Ethnic Gazetteer 2013:127). Village names are from 1985.

  • Zhemi Ethnic Lahu Township/者米拉祜族乡
    • Lower Xinzhai Village 下新寨村委会: in Niudi 牛底,[46] Upper Liangzhu 上良竹,[47] Middle Liangzhu 中良竹 (now part of Lower Liangzhu 下良竹), Lower Liangzhu 下良竹,[48] Upper Namihe 上纳迷河,[49] Lower Namihe 下纳迷河,[50] Jinzhuzhai 金竹寨,[51] Laobaizhai 老白寨,[52] Baixiaocun 白小村, Xincun 新村 (now part of Jinzhuzhai 金竹寨 and Baixiaocun 白小村), Longtang 龙塘, Zhongjianhe 中间河 (now part of Baixiaocun 白小村, Niudicun 牛底村, Jinzhuzhai 金竹寨); also in Kucong Xinzhai 苦聪新寨[53]
    • Baha Village 巴哈村委会: in Sulu 苏鲁,[54] Nanlu 南鲁,[55] Dongshan Xiaozhai 东山小寨[56]
    • Dingqing Village 顶青村委会: in Dipeng 地棚,[57] Gudeng 古灯,[58] Chaye 茶叶村, Laopuzhai 老普寨 (now part of Tuanjiezhai 团结寨), Nanmen 南门村,[59] Liuliu Xinzhai 六六新寨,[60] Liuqi Xinzhai 六七新寨,[61] Tuanjiezhai 团结寨,[62] Kucong Dazhai 苦聪大寨 (now called Dazhai 大寨村),[63] Liangzi village 2 良子二队,[64] Laoyangzhai 老杨寨[65]
    • Hebianzhai Village 河边寨村委会: in Jinzhuzhai 金竹寨 (now known as Yingfang village 营房村),[66] Dongfeng 东风,[67] Laolinjiao village 1 老林脚一队,[68] Laolinjiao village 2 老林脚二队[69]
  • Jinshuihe Town (金水河镇)
    • Pujiao Village 普角村委会: in Kucongzhai 苦聪寨 (now known as Lahu village 拉祜村)[70]
    • Nanke Village 南科村委会: in Lianfang 联防村,[71] Mujichong 母鸡冲村,[72] Laobaizhai 老白寨,[73] Xiaoyan 小岩
  • Mengla Township/勐拉乡
    • Laowuzhai Village 老乌寨村委会: in Daqi 大其苦聪寨 (now known as Daqi 1st and 2nd Lahu villages 大其拉祜一, 二队)[74]
    • Wengdang Village 翁当村委会: in Kucong Xinzhai 苦聪新寨 (now known as Lahu Xinzhai 拉祜新寨)[75]

The Gezou/格邹, a Hani subgroup, are found in the following villages of Jinping County (note: Hani village name followed by Chinese name).[76]

  • District 3 三区: Lijiazha 里加扎 (Wengdang 翁当寨[77]), Naniupuma 那纽普玛 (Daqi 大其寨[74]), Naniuzha 那纽扎 (Xiaoqi 小其寨[78][79])
  • District 4 四区: Gouqiezha 苟切扎 (Wuleguo 五了果寨), Silouqiuzha 斯楼丘扎 (Duguo 独果寨), Dapuzha 达普扎 (Ping'an 平安寨[80]), Qiemazha 切玛扎 (Hebian 河边寨[81]), Wupuzha 吴普扎 (Xin'an 新安寨)

The Apu/阿普 (autonym: a˥pʰu˧; also known as Bokho, po˨˩kʰo˥[82]), an Yi subgroup, are found in Ma'andi Township/马鞍底乡.[83][84]

The Luoluopo/倮倮颇 (lo˧lo˥ pʰo˨˩) or Luopo/倮颇 (lo˥ pʰo˨˩) are found in Luopan Shangzhai 罗盘上寨,[85] Jinping County and in Zhongzhai 中寨,[86] Dashuigou 大水沟 Township, Lüchun County.[83] The Luopo of Jinping believe that their ancestors had migrated from Pu'er and Mojiang County, while the Luopo of Lüchun believe that their ancestors had migrated from Dali.[83]

Gallery[edit]

Climate[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189004
  2. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189005
  3. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188483
  4. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189328
  5. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189326
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  7. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188909
  8. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188910
  9. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189400
  10. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189344
  11. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/CountyModel/ShowDocument.aspx?Did=799&DepartmentId=799&id=2217028
  12. ^ 金平苗族瑶族傣族自治县民族志1979-2010 [Jinping County Ethnic Gazetteer]. Yunnan Minorities Press (云南民族出版社). August 2013. p. 101. ISBN 9787536757028. templatestyles stripmarker in |publisher= at position 26 (help)
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h Jinping County Almanac (1994)
  14. ^ a b Tang Mingsheng (唐明生) (2011). 际哈尼/阿卡区域文化调查: 中国金平县哈尼田哈尼族罗比·罗们人文化实录. Kunming: Yunnan People's Press (云南人民出版社). ISBN 978-7-222-08436-0. templatestyles stripmarker in |publisher= at position 24 (help)
  15. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189079
  16. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189083
  17. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189080
  18. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189086
  19. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189123
  20. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189126
  21. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189127
  22. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189125
  23. ^ Tang Mingsheng (唐明生) (2011). 际哈尼/阿卡区域文化调查: 中国金平县营盘哈尼族格活人文化实录. Kunming: Yunnan People's Press (云南人民出版社). ISBN 978-7-222-07411-8. templatestyles stripmarker in |publisher= at position 24 (help)
  24. ^ Tang Mingsheng (唐明生) (2011). 际哈尼/阿卡区域文化调查: 中国元阳县马街哈尼族郭合人文化实录. Kunming: Yunnan People's Press (云南人民出版社). ISBN 978-7-222-07409-5. templatestyles stripmarker in |publisher= at position 24 (help)
  25. ^ 哈备村玛尼人传统思维方式探析
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  37. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189107
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  40. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189028
  41. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188477
  42. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188143
  43. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188176
  44. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188177
  45. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188183
  46. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189398
  47. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189397
  48. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189396
  49. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189386
  50. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189387
  51. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189384
  52. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189383
  53. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189385
  54. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189407
  55. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189409
  56. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189410
  57. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189378
  58. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189379
  59. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189382
  60. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189375
  61. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189376
  62. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189380
  63. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189377
  64. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189373
  65. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189374
  66. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189355
  67. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189358
  68. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189356
  69. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189357
  70. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188166
  71. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vindex.aspx?departmentid=188180
  72. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188175
  73. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188174
  74. ^ a b http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188918
  75. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188935
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  77. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188931
  78. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188919
  79. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188920
  80. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188722
  81. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189347
  82. ^ Pelkey, Jamin. 2011. Dialectology as Dialectic: Interpreting Phula Variation. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.
  83. ^ a b c Long Luogui (龙倮贵) (2007). 红河彝族族源族称及其人口分布.
  84. ^ Long Luogui (龙倮贵) (2010). 红河彝族支系及其历史源流略考.
  85. ^ 金平苗族瑶族傣族自治县老集寨乡丫口遮村委会罗盘上寨村
  86. ^ 绿春县大水沟乡大果马村委会中寨村
  • Jinping County Ethnic Gazetteer Editorial Committee (ed). 2013. Jinping County Ethnic Gazetteer 金平苗族瑤族傣族自治县民族志. Kunming: Yunnan People’s Press 云南民族出版社.

External links[edit]