Jinping Miao, Yao, and Dai Autonomous County

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Jinping County
Country China
Province Yunnan
Prefecture Honghe
Area
 • Total 3,677 km2 (1,420 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 320,000
 • Density 87/km2 (230/sq mi)
Postal code 661500
Area code(s) 0873
Website http://www.jinping.gov.cn/
Landscape at Fenshuiling in Jinping County. Altitude ca. 2060 m.

Jinping Miao, Yao, and Dai Autonomous County (金平苗族瑶族傣族自治县; pinyin: Jīnpíng miáozú yáozú dǎizú Zìzhìxiàn) is located in Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan province, China. Jinping is home to the Red-headed Yao (红头瑶族) minority group who wear a pointed red hat on their heads after they get married.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The Jinping County Almanac (1994:113-132) lists the following ethnic groups.

  • Miao
    • Black Miao 黑苗 / Mengba 蒙吧 / Mengshi 蒙施
    • Qingshui Miao 青水苗 / Mengnengcha 蒙能差; exonym: Mengbu 蒙补 / Mengbei 蒙背
    • Flowery Miao 花苗 / Meng Leng 蒙冷
    • Piantou Miao 偏头苗 / Meng Shua 蒙刷; exonym: Chinese Miao 汉苗 (least populous Miao subgroup)
    • White Miao 白苗 / Mengdou 蒙逗
  • Yao
    • Yu Mian 育棉: Red-Headed Yao 红头瑶
    • Men 门: Landian Yao 蓝靛瑶、Pingtou Yao 平头瑶、Sha Yao 沙瑶
  • Dai
    • Dai Luo 傣罗 (Black Dai 黑傣、Dry Dai 旱傣): located in Kuchuyi 苦初邑[1]、Shidong 石洞[2]、Laomanhao 老蔓耗[3]、Xiaohekou 小河口[4]、Changtan 长滩[5]
    • Dai Le 傣泐 (Pu'er Dai 普耳傣): located in Pu'erzhai 普耳寨 (Upper 上寨[6]、Central 中寨[7]、Lower 下寨[8] villages), Mengla Township 勐拉乡
    • Ludai Lunan 鲁傣鲁南 (= 水的儿子 child of the water; also called Water Dai 水傣 and White Dai 白傣)
  • Zhuang
    • White Sha people 白沙人 (autonym: Bure 布惹)
    • Black Sha people 黑沙人 (autonym: Kacha 卡查): Zhemi Township 者米乡 (in the 3 villages of Baha 巴哈村,[9][10] Bayi 巴义, and Pingzhai 坪寨). 235 households and 965 persons as of 2005.
  • Lahu
    • Lahu Na 拉祜纳 (Black Lahu 黑拉祜)
    • Lahu Xi 拉祜西 (Yellow Lahu 黄拉祜)
    • Lahu Pu 拉祜普 (White Lahu 白拉祜)

An alternate list gives the following ethnic minorities and subgroups.[11] Locations are from the Jinping County Ethnic Gazetteer (2013:89, 101)[12]

  • Miao
    • Flowery Miao 花苗
    • White Miao 白苗
    • Black Miao 黑苗
    • Chinese Miao 汉苗
  • Yao
    • Red-headed Yao 红头瑶
    • Landian Yao 蓝靛瑶
    • Sha Yao 沙瑶
  • Dai
    • Water Dai 水傣
    • Black Dai 黑傣
    • Pu'er Dai 普洱傣
  • Hani
    • Nongmen 弄们 (Nuomei 糯美[13]): widely distributed across Jinping County. 10,323 households and 42,325 persons as of 2005.
    • Nongbi 弄毕 (Nuobi 糯比[13]): in Jinhe Town 金河镇 and Tongchang Township 铜厂乡 (in 23 villages). 2,358 households and 9,902 persons as of 2005.
    • Duoni多尼:[13] in Laojizhai Township 老集寨乡 (in the villages of Masasi 马撒斯,[14] Bailezhai 白乐寨,[15] and Dazhupeng 大竹棚[16]). 793 households and 3,329 persons as of 2005.
    • Asuo 阿梭:[13] in Laojizhai Township 老集寨乡 (in the villages of Lilaochong 李老冲,[17] Duosha 多沙,[18] Baimazhai 白马寨,[19] Baigou 白沟,[20] Nanla 南拉, and Shaluo 沙啰[21]). 356 households and 1,425 persons as of 2005.
    • Lami 腊咪: in Laojizhai Township 老集寨乡 and Zhemi Township 者米乡 (in 20 villages). 2,135 households and 9,180 persons as of 2005.
    • Gehe 格合 (Gehe 格河;[13] Gehuo 格活; in Laomeng Township 老勐乡 their exonym is Angluo 昂珞): in Tongchang 铜厂, Yingpan 营盘, and Laomeng 老勐 townships. 2,563 households and 10,510 persons as of 2005.
    • Guozuo 国昨 (Guozhuo 郭卓[13]): in Zhemi 者米, Mengla 勐拉, and Jinshuihe 金水河 townships. 1,953 households and 8,398 persons as of 2005.
    • Habei 哈备: in Habei village 哈备村,[22] Zhemi Township 者米乡. 56 households and 231 persons as of 2005.
  • Yi (speaking 4 languages: Nuosu 诺苏, Muji 姆基, Alu 阿鲁, and Laowu 老乌[13])
    • Nisu 尼苏: in Jinhe 金河镇, Mengqiao 勐桥乡, and Laomeng 老勐乡 townships (in 19 villages). 1,134 households and 5,519 persons as of 2005.
    • Alu 阿鲁: in Laojizhai Township 老集寨乡 (in the villages of Luopan 罗盘,[23][24] Tiantou 田头,[25] Huilongzhai 回龙寨,[26] Laozhai 老寨, Zhongzhai 中寨, Xihadi 西哈底, Heishan 黑山, Amilong 阿咪笼, Kabianzhai 卡边寨, Anlezhai 安乐寨, Nanlu 南鲁, etc.[27]). 1,264 households and 5,307 persons as of 2005.
    • Pula 仆拉
    • Muji 姆基: widely distributed across Jinping County
    • Laowu 老乌 (autonym: Laoyong 老涌): in Laojizhai 老集寨, Laomeng 老勐, Yingpan 营盘, and Mengla 勐拉 townships (in 29 villages). 2,222 households and 9,342 persons as of 2005.
    • Tulao 土老: in the 2 villages of Yugadi 鱼嘎底,[28] Xinzhai Village 新寨村, Mengqiao Township 勐桥乡; Laowangzhai 老王寨,[29] Qingjiao Village 箐脚村, Dazhai Township 大寨乡
  • Zhuang
    • Sha 沙人
    • Nong 侬人
  • Lahu
    • Black Lahu 黑拉祜
    • Yellow Lahu 黄拉祜
    • White Lahu 白拉祜[13]
  • Bulang (autonym: Mang): in the 4 villages of Leigong Daniu 雷公打牛,[30] Pinghe Zhongzhai 坪河中寨,[31] Pinghe Xiazhai 平河下寨,[32] Nanke Xinzhai 南科新寨 (also known as Longfeng village 龙凤村[33]), all of which are administered by Jinshuihe Town 金水河镇. 110 households and 682 persons as of 2005.

The Gezou 格邹, a Hani subgroup, are found in the following villages of Jinping County (note: Hani village name followed by Chinese name).[34]

  • District 3 三区: Lijiazha 里加扎 (Wengdang 翁当寨[35]), Naniupuma 那纽普玛 (Daqi 大其寨[36]), Naniuzha 那纽扎 (Xiaoqi 小其寨[37][38])
  • District 4 四区: Gouqiezha 苟切扎 (Wuleguo 五了果寨), Silouqiuzha 斯楼丘扎 (Duguo 独果寨), Dapuzha 达普扎 (Ping'an 平安寨[39]), Qiemazha 切玛扎 (Hebian 河边寨[40]), Wupuzha 吴普扎 (Xin'an 新安寨)

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189004
  2. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189005
  3. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188483
  4. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189328
  5. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189326
  6. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188908
  7. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188909
  8. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188910
  9. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189400
  10. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189344
  11. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/CountyModel/ShowDocument.aspx?Did=799&DepartmentId=799&id=2217028
  12. ^ 金平苗族瑶族傣族自治县民族志1979-2010. 金平苗族瑶族傣族自治県民族宗教事務局編. 雲南民族出版社. 2013年8月. ISBN 9787536757028
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h Jinping County Almanac (1994)
  14. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189079
  15. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189083
  16. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189080
  17. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189086
  18. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189123
  19. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189126
  20. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189127
  21. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189125
  22. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189370
  23. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189103
  24. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189104
  25. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189105
  26. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189102
  27. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189081
  28. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189028
  29. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188477
  30. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188143
  31. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188176
  32. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188177
  33. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188183
  34. ^ 中国少数民族社会历史调查资料丛刊》修订编辑委员会. 2009. 哈尼族社会历史调查, p.61. Beijing: Minzu Chubanshe.
  35. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188931
  36. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188918
  37. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188919
  38. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188920
  39. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=188722
  40. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=189347

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°45′30″N 103°09′50″E / 22.75833°N 103.16389°E / 22.75833; 103.16389