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The jipitecas (sometimes called "xipitecas") were the Mexican hippies of the late 1960s and early 1970s. The term was coined by scholar Enrique Marroquin in the late 1960s and used widely in the media afterwards. Other terms for referring Mexican hippies were "macizos" and "onderos", since they were part of the broader counterculture movement known as "La Onda" (The Wave).[1][2][3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Zolov, Eric (1999). Refried Elvis: The rise of the Mexican counterculture (1st ed.). USA: University of California Press. ISBN 0520215141. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  2. ^ Arana, Federico (1998). Roqueros y Folcloroides. Mexico: Mortiz.
  3. ^ Garcia, Parménides (1972). En la ruta de La Onda (1st ed.). Mexico: Diogenes.
  4. ^ Marroquin, Enrique (1975). La contracultura como protesta. Mexico: Joaquin Mortiz.

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