Jira (software)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Initial release2002; 21 years ago (2002)[2]
Stable release9.6 (24 January 2023; 8 months ago (2023-01-24)[3]) [±]
Written inJava
Operating systemCross-platform
TypeBug tracking system, project management software

Jira (/ˈrə/ JEE-rə)[4] is a proprietary issue tracking product developed by Atlassian that allows bug tracking and agile project management.


The product name comes from the second and third syllables of the Japanese word pronounced as Gojira, which is Japanese for Godzilla.[5] The name originated from a nickname Atlassian developers used to refer to Bugzilla, which was previously used internally for bug-tracking.[5]


JIRA was an open source tool available for anyone to download. Its popularity drove thousands of users to adopt it within organizations across the globe. Unlike IBM Engineering Management Platform, the tool is primarily for use in small teams and individuals, not large projects or enterprises. Subsequently, the product was taken off of open-source servers somehow. Atlassian created a business around this product. According to Atlassian, Jira is used for issue tracking and project management.[6] Some of the organizations that have used Jira at some point in time for bug-tracking and project management include Fedora Commons,[7] Hibernate,[8] and the Apache Software Foundation, which uses both Jira and Bugzilla.[9] Jira includes tools allowing migration from competitor Bugzilla.[10]

Jira is offered in four packages:[11]

  • Jira Work Management is intended as generic project management.
  • Jira Software includes the base software, including agile project management features (previously a separate product: Jira Agile).
  • Jira Service Management is intended for use by IT operations or business service desks.
  • Jira Align is intended for strategic product and portfolio management.

Jira is written in Java and uses the Pico inversion of control container, Apache OFBiz entity engine, and WebWork 1 technology stack. For remote procedure calls (RPCs), Jira has REST, SOAP, and XML-RPC interfaces.[12] Jira integrates with source control programs such as Clearcase, Concurrent Versions System (CVS), Git, Mercurial, Perforce,[13] Subversion,[14] and Team Foundation Server. It ships with various translations including English, French, German, Japanese, and Spanish.[15]

Jira implements the Networked Help Desk API for sharing customer support tickets with other issue tracking systems.[16]


Jira is a commercial software product that can be licensed for running on-premises or available as a hosted application.[17]

Atlassian provides Jira for free to open source projects meeting certain criteria, and to organizations that are non-academic, non-commercial, non-governmental, non-political, non-profit, and secular. For academic and commercial customers, the full source code is available under a developer source license.[17]


In April 2010, a cross-site scripting vulnerability in Jira led to the compromise of two Apache Software Foundation servers. The Jira password database was also compromised. The database contained unsalted password hashes, which are vulnerable to rainbow attacks, dictionary lookups and cracking tools. Apache advised users to change their passwords.[18] Atlassian themselves were also targeted as part of the same attack and admitted that a legacy database with passwords stored in plain text had been compromised.[19]


When launched in 2002, Jira was purely issue tracking software, targeted at software developers. The app was later adopted by non-IT organizations as a project management tool. The process accelerated after the launch of Atlassian Marketplace in 2012, which allowed third-party developers to offer project management plugins for Jira.[20] BigPicture, Scriptrunner, Advanced Roadmaps (formerly Portfolio), Structure, Tempo Planner and ActivityTimeline[21][22] are major project management plugins for Jira.[23]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Jira". Atlassian.com. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
  2. ^ "About us". Atlassian.com official website. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
  3. ^ "Update Jira Software Server". Atlassian.com. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  4. ^ "How is JIRA pronounced?". Atlassian.com official website. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  5. ^ a b "What does JIRA mean?". Atlassian.com official website. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  6. ^ "Customers". Atlassian.com official website. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
  7. ^ "Fedora Repository Project". DuraSpace. Archived from the original on 22 August 2018. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
  8. ^ "Hibernate Home page". Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  9. ^ "Issues.Apache.org". The Apache Software Foundation. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  10. ^ "ApacheJira". Apache.org. Archived from the original on 6 July 2019. Retrieved 25 September 2008.
  11. ^ "Jira Overview". Atlassian.com official website. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  12. ^ "JIRA RPC Services". Atlassian.com official website. 21 October 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2012.
  13. ^ "Integrating with Development Tools". Atlassian.com official website.
  14. ^ "Subversion JIRA plugin". Atlassian.com official website. 18 July 2012. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
  15. ^ "Choosing a Default Language". Atlassian.com official website. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
  16. ^ Latkiewicz, Matthew (7 June 2011). "Zendesk's JIRA Integration Rocks!". Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  17. ^ a b "Licensing and Pricing". Atlassian.com official website. Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
  18. ^ Golucci, Philip (13 April 2010). "apache.org incident report for 04/09/2010". Apache Software Foundation. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
  19. ^ Cannon-Brookes, Mike (13 April 2010). "Oh man, what a day! An update on our security breach". Atlassian Blogs – Atlassian.com official website. Atlassian. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
  20. ^ "Atlassian Launches A Marketplace For Project Management Add-Ons – TechCrunch". techcrunch.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  21. ^ "Resource Planning in Jira: Top 7 apps on the Marketplace". Reliex. 12 February 2020. Retrieved 28 October 2021.
  22. ^ "Resource Planning & Timesheets for Jira | ActivityTimeline". activitytimeline.com. Retrieved 16 August 2022.
  23. ^ "Jira Project Management Tool. Compare "big 4" | SoftwarePlant". SoftwarePlant.com. 24 March 2018. Retrieved 2 July 2018.

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