The Town Tower and St Giles Church
|Region||Ústí nad Labem|
|Elevation||305 m (1,001 ft)|
|Area||17.11 km2 (6.61 sq mi)|
|Density||1,253/km2 (3,245/sq mi)|
|- summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||431 11 - 431 21|
Location in Chomutov District
|Wikimedia Commons: Jirkov|
Jirkov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈjɪrkof]; German: Görkau) is a small town situated between Most and Chomutov in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic and is situated on the Chomutov - Ústi nad Labem railway line. Although geographically close to the German border, the presence of hills along the border hinders land travel to Germany.
Jirkov is also a place of cultural and sports activities. A citizen can attend many sports clubs and organizations, use a large number of cycle routes around the town or participate in one of the town-organized activities. One such sport activity is Jirkov Crossmarathon.
Červený Hrádek Castle
Červený Hrádek (formerly Borek Castle) was founded by the Kraa family prior to 1415. The castle was sacked by the Hussites in 1421 and, after renovation later in the 15th century, the façade was painted red – hence the name Červený Hrádek (or Red Castle). In 1687 and 1688, the baroque sculptor Jan Brokoff carved statues, fountains and other works at the castle. His son Ferdinand Maxmilian Brokoff, also a sculptor, was born there. The last aristocratic family to own the castle were the Hohenlohe-Langeburgs, Accessible areas of the castle include the castle’s chapel, the hall of mirrors, the gallery and the study of Max Hohenlohe, the last owner.
In August 1938, the British mediator in the dispute between Germany and Czechoslovakia over the Sudetenland, Lord Runciman, met the leader of the Sudeten German Party (SdP), Konrad Henlein, at the castle.
Long cellar was built in year 1555. People built cellar for 40 years. It had 150 counters. Its second name is Sand cellar. Long cellar served to the brewery and to a beer storage. Thanks to this, the beer was better. Beer was brewed in Jirkov from year 1443. People brewed beer in the 16th and 17th centuries. A brewery was built near Long cellar in year 1841; thanks to this, Long cellar lost importance.
Until 1918, the town was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), in the KOMOTAU (Chomutov) district, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia. From 1938 to 1945 it was one of the municipalities in Sudetenland.
St. Jiljí's Church
The oldest monument in Jirkov. St. Jiljí's Church was originated in year 1300.It was rebuilt and improved in year 1538 again.
A Black rider
It happened in year 1588. Jirkov juniors made a party of Masopust. When Masopust party stopped in front of the cemetery, a drunk capitan blew his trumpet, and called: “dead people,don’t be lazy, quickly wake up, it’s Masopust.’’The people went to Chomutov and back..
ZUŠ is a type of Art School in the Czech Republic. ZUŠ Jirkov - formerly a primary school. In year 1950 the primary school became ZUŠ. The reason was: a town built four new primary schools, and one special school. Now, there are lesons of music, dancing and painting.
- Vyšný, Paul, The Runciman Mission to Czechoslovakia, 1938: Prelude to Munich, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, Hampshire, 2003, ISBN 0-333-73136-0, pp. 215-7.
- Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967
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