Jirkov

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Jirkov
Town
Jirkov CZ Kostelni ul 019.jpg
The Town Tower and St Giles Church
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Ústí nad Labem
District Chomutov
Commune Chomutov
Municipality Jirkov
River Bílina
Elevation 305 m (1,001 ft)
Coordinates 50°30′1″N 13°26′31″E / 50.50028°N 13.44194°E / 50.50028; 13.44194Coordinates: 50°30′1″N 13°26′31″E / 50.50028°N 13.44194°E / 50.50028; 13.44194
Area 17.11 km2 (6.61 sq mi)
Population 21,442 (2006-08-28)
Density 1,253 / km2 (3,245 / sq mi)
First mentioned 1352
Mayor Štejnar Radek
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 431 11 - 431 21
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in Chomutov District
Wikimedia Commons: Jirkov
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.jirkov.cz

Jirkov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈjɪrkof]; German: Görkau) is a small town situated between Most and Chomutov in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic and is situated on the Chomutov - Ústi nad Labem railway line. Although geographically close to the German border, the presence of hills along the border hinders land travel to Germany.

Jirkov is also a place of cultural and sports activities. A citizen can attend many sports clubs and organizations, use a large number of cycle routes around the town or participate in one of the town-organized activities. One such sport activity is Jirkov Crossmarathon.

History[edit]

Červený Hrádek Castle

Červený Hrádek (formerly Borek Castle) belonged to a family Kraa since year 1415. Hussies came and attacked the castle in the year 1421. In the 15th century, an owner of the castle renovated the new facade and painted the roof red. That is where the name Červený Hrádek (or Red Castle) comes from. Accessible premises in the castle are: the castle’s chapel, the hall of mirrors, the gallery and Max. Hohenlohe’s study (the last owner).

Austrian KK stamp cancelled GÖRKAU around 1861

Long cellar

Long cellar was built in year 1555. People built cellar for 40 years. It had 150 counters. Its second name is Sand cellar. Long cellar served to the brewery and to a beer storage. Thanks to this, the beer was better. Beer was brewed in Jirkov from year 1443. People brewed beer in the 16th and 17th centuries. A brewery was built near Long cellar in year 1841; thanks to this, Long cellar lost importance.

Until 1918, the town was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), in the KOMOTAU (Chomutov) district, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.[1] From 1938 to 1945 it was one of the municipalities in Sudetenland.

St. Jiljí's Church

The oldest monument in Jirkov. St. Jiljí's Church was originated in year 1300.It was rebuilt and improved in year 1538 again.


Legend[edit]

A Black rider

It happened in year 1588. Jirkov juniors made a party of Masopust. When Masopust party stopped in front of the cemetery, a drunk capitan blew his trumpet, and called: “dead people,don’t be lazy, quickly wake up, it’s Masopust.’’The people went to Chomutov and back..

Education[edit]

ZUŠ

ZUŠ is a type of Art School in the Czech Republic. ZUŠ Jirkov - formerly a primary school. In year 1950 the primary school became ZUŠ. The reason was: a town built four new primary schools, and one special school. Now, there are lesons of music, dancing and painting.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967
Town Jirkov, 2011