|• Also spelled||Jit (official)|
|• Type||Village council|
|Name meaning||Kuryet Jit, the town of Jit|
Jit (Arabic: جيت) is a Palestinian town in the northern West Bank, located 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) west of Nablus. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the village had a population of approximately 2,320 inhabitants in 2006.
In 1517, the village was included in the Ottoman empire with the rest of Palestine, and in the 1596 tax-records it appeared as Jit Jammal, located in the Nahiya of Jabal Qubal of the Liwa of Nablus. The population was 50 households, all Muslim. They paid a fixed tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, such as wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, goats and beehives, a press for olive oil or grape syrup, in addition to occasional revenues and a fixed tax for people of Nablus area; a total of 20,000 Akçe.
In 1870, Victor Guérin noted between seven hundred and fifty and eight hundred people in the village. Also, "here Guérin observed among the houses a certain number of cut stones of apparent antiquity. Many of the houses are in a ruinous condition, others are completely destroyed. On the north-west side of the hill he found a great well, into which one descends by fifteen steps, now fallen to pieces. It gives a supply of water which never fails. The place is probably the old Gitta mentioned by Justin Martyr and Eusebius as the birthplace of Simon the Magician."
In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Kuryet Jit as: "A well-built stone village with a high house in it, standing on a knoll by the main road, surrounded with olives; it has a well to the west; the inhabitants are remarkable for their courtesy, this part of the country and all the district west of it being little visited by tourists."
British Mandate era
In 1945 the population of Jit was 440 Muslims, while the total land area was 6,461 dunams, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 816 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 3,915 for cereals, while 61 dunams were classified as built-up areas.
14% of village land is defined as Area B land, while the remaining 86% is defined as Area C land. Israel has confiscated village land for the Israeli settlements of Giv'at HaMerkaziz and Mitzpe Yishai, both part of the Kedumim settlement. Reports have been made, about Israeli settlers from Kedumim stealing the olive harvest from the farmers of Jit.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 187
- Projected Mid -Year Population for Qalqiliya Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Archived 2008-02-07 at the Wayback Machine. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
- Jit village profile, ARIJ, p. 4
- Ellenblum, 2003, p. 263
- Ellenblum, 2003, p. 244
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 133
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 163
- Guérin, 1875, p. 181
- Guérin, 1875, pp. 180 -181; as given in Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 201
- Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Nablus, p. 24
- Mills, 1931, p. 62
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 18
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 60
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 106.
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 156.
- Jit village profile, ARIJ, pp. 15-16
- Israeli settlers 'poison, steal' Palestinian olive harvests, 30 October, 2017, Al-Araby Al-Jadeed
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Ellenblum, Ronnie (2003). Frankish Rural Settlement in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521521871.
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.