Jit, Qalqilya

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Jit
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic جيت
 • Also spelled Jit (official)
Jit, 2013
Jit, 2013
Jit is located in the Palestinian territories
Jit
Jit
Location of Jit within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°12′53″N 35°10′11″E / 32.21472°N 35.16972°E / 32.21472; 35.16972Coordinates: 32°12′53″N 35°10′11″E / 32.21472°N 35.16972°E / 32.21472; 35.16972
Palestine grid 166/180
Governorate Qalqilya
Government
 • Type Village council
Population
 • Jurisdiction 2,320
Name meaning Kuryet Jit, the town of Jit[1]

Jit (Arabic: جيت‎) is a Palestinian town in the northern West Bank, located 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) west of Nablus. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the village had a population of approximately 2,320 inhabitants in 2006.[2]

Location[edit]

Jit is located 19.7 km north-east of Qalqiliya. It is bordered by Sarra and Beit Iba to the east, Far’ata and Immatin to the south, Kafr Qaddum to the west, and Qusin to the north.[3]

History[edit]

No Byzantine remains have been found here, leading to the conclusions that the early Muslim inhabitants came there as a result of migration, and not conversion.[4]

Diya al-Din (1173-1245) refers to the presence of Muslims in Jit during his lifetime.[5]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1517, the village was included in the Ottoman empire with the rest of Palestine, and in the 1596 tax-records it appeared as Jit Jammal, located in the Nahiya of Jabal Qubal of the Liwa of Nablus. The population was 50 households, all Muslim. They paid a fixed tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, such as wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, goats and beehives, a press for olive oil or grape syrup, in addition to occasional revenues and a fixed tax for people of Nablus area; a total of 20,000 Akçe.[6]

Madafeh, or guesthouse, in Jit in the late 18th hundred[7]

In 1870, Victor Guérin noted between seven hundred and fifty and eight hundred people in the village.[8] Also, "here Guérin observed among the houses a certain number of cut stones of apparent antiquity. Many of the houses are in a ruinous condition, others are completely destroyed. On the north-west side of the hill he found a great well, into which one descends by fifteen steps, now fallen to pieces. It gives a supply of water which never fails. The place is probably the old Gitta mentioned by Justin Martyr and Eusebius as the birthplace of Simon the Magician."[9]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Kuryet Jit as: "A well-built stone village with a high house in it, standing on a knoll by the main road, surrounded with olives; it has a well to the west; the inhabitants are remarkable for their courtesy, this part of the country and all the district west of it being little visited by tourists."[7]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Qariyet Jit had a population of 285 Muslims,[10] increasing in the 1931 census to 289 Muslims, in 70 houses.[11]

In 1945 the population of Jit was 440 Muslims,[12] while the total land area was 6,461 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[13] Of this, 816 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 3,915 for cereals,[14] while 61 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[15]

Jordanian era[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Jit came under Jordanian rule.

Post 1967[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Jit has been under Israeli occupation.

14% of village land is defined as Area B land, while the remaining 86% is defined as Area C land. Israel has confiscated village land for the Israeli settlements of Giv'at HaMerkaziz and Mitzpe Yishai, both part of the Kedumim settlement.[16] Reports have been made, about Israeli settlers from Kedumim stealing the olive harvest from the farmers of Jit.[17]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 187
  2. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Qalqiliya Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Archived 2008-02-07 at the Wayback Machine. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  3. ^ Jit village profile, ARIJ, p. 4
  4. ^ Ellenblum, 2003, p. 263
  5. ^ Ellenblum, 2003, p. 244
  6. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 133
  7. ^ a b Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 163
  8. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 181
  9. ^ Guérin, 1875, pp. 180 -181; as given in Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 201
  10. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Nablus, p. 24
  11. ^ Mills, 1931, p. 62
  12. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 18
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 60
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 106.
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 156.
  16. ^ Jit village profile, ARIJ, pp. 15-16
  17. ^ Israeli settlers 'poison, steal' Palestinian olive harvests, 30 October, 2017, Al-Araby Al-Jadeed

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]