|Born||July 14, 1974
Jitish Kallat (born 1974) is an Indian contemporary artist. He currently lives and works in Mumbai, India. Kallat's work includes painting, photography, collage, sculptures, installations and multimedia works. He was the artistic director of the second edition of the Kochi-Muziris Biennale, held in Fort Kochi in 2014. Kallat is currently represented by Chemould Prescott Road- Mumbai, Nature Morte -New Delhi, ARNDT - Berlin and Galerie Daniel Templon in France and Belgium and he currently sits on the Board of Trustees of the India Foundation for the Arts. Kallat is married to artist Reena Saini Kallat.
Having received his BFA in painting in 1996, Kallat had his debut solo exhibition titled “PTO” at Chemould Prescott Road. His large-format paintings and drawings already had in them the themes that would recur throughout his work until today. With the self at the centre of an unfolding narrative, these paintings are connected to ideas of time, death, cycles of life, references to the celestial, familial ancestry. It was only in the next three or four years that an image of the city seen at the margins of the paintings began to take centre stage. In those days Kallat has referred to the city street as his university, often carrying within it pointers to the perennial themes of life that have remained a subtext to his work that have taken form in diverse media.
The theme of time for instance could be rendered as date in works such as Public Notice 3, where two historical moments are overlayed like a palimpcest or in works such as Epilogue, every moon that his father saw in his lifetime becomes a labyrinth of fullness and emptiness with the image of the moon morphing with the form of a meal.
Kallat’s work has also developed in response to museum collections in the case of projects such as "Field Notes, (Tomorrow was here yesterday)" at the Dr Bhau Daji Lad Museum, Mumbai, or "Circa," at the Ian Potter Museum in Melbourne. Both these projects had several of his recurring preoccupations find their form and structure in conversation with the museum viewed both as an infrastructure of signs but equally a field of stimuli and meaning. In 2011 Kallat was shortlisted for The Skoda Prize 2012 for Indian Contemporary Art for his work Fieldnotes: Tomorrow was here yesterday (2011).
Often works which begin with a private narrative or an autobiographical impulse might be materialized in a form where the self remains invisible within the space of the artwork and could often be traced back by observing several bodies of work alongside each other.
Kallat is known for working with a variety of media, including painting, large-scale sculpture installations, photography, and video art. He employs a bold and vivid visual language that references both Asian and European artistic traditions, along with popular advertising imagery that fuels urban consumerism. Kallat regularly exploits images and materials chanced upon around Mumbai's sprawling metropolis, affording his works an inherent spontaneity and a handcrafted aesthetic. For instance, in 2014 the artist unveiled a series of large-scale sculptures made out of resin that were inspired by the urban environment of Mumbai. He unites these various media through themes that endure within Kallat's work, such as the relationship between the individual and the masses. He references his own personal experiences and those of Mumbai's other inhabitants. His work speaks of both the self and the collective, fluctuating between intimacy and monumentality, and characterized by contrasting themes of pain, hope and survival.
Kallat's paintings address the problem of painting in an age dominated by mass media, writes art dealer and collector, Amrita Jhaveri, in A Guide to 101 Modern & Contemporary Indian Artists. "Using images from newspapers and magazines, advertising billboards, wallpaper and graffiti, his works are richly layered and replete with metaphor. Kallat has reinvented the painted surface to mimic the appearance of a television still or a computer monitor, complete with its surface striations and auras."
In 2007 Kallat was featured in the book, Made by Indians, a book on the Contemporary Indian art scene published by Enrico Navarra Galleries in Paris, and curated by Fabrice Bousteau, with photographs by Amanda Eliasch.
Much of Kallat’s work has been based on his encounters with the multi-sensory environment of Bombay/Mumbai, as well as the economic, political and historical events that have contributed to its making, wrote art historian Chaitanya Sambrani. "His practice as painter has frequently highlighted a concern he shares with the founders of Indian modernism in visual and literary art. Kallat has couched his references to the “underdog” in a hyper-pop language in order to signal the ironies that attend the lives of migrant workers and menial labourers in India’s megacities: people met on “second class” train compartments, people whose labour continues to keep afloat the nation’s aspirations. In his installation and video practice, he has often revisited archival texts and museum displays with a view to probing the production and dissemination of knowledge."
For the first in what would be termed as his Public Notice series, Kallat revisited the famous speech made by Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru before the stroke of midnight on August 14, 1947, to commemorate India's Independence against the British. Often recalled as the "Tryst with Destiny" speech, the historic address spoke of India's awakening into freedom after centuries of colonialism. Kallat hand-rendered the iconic text using rubber adhesive on five large acrylic mirrors before setting them aflame, thereby incinerating the words and producing mangled reflections that changed in relation to the viewer's position against the burnt glass. The 2003 piece was a political statement Kallat was making against the carnage of the Godhra Riots in February 2002. "The words are cremated... much as the content of the speech itself was distorted by the way the nation has conducted itself in the last six decades," Kallat has said about the work.
Public Notice 2
Created in 2007, Kallat's Public Notice 2 is a large-scale display of letters formed out of 4,479 pieces of fibreglass bones installed on shelves against a background of saturated turmeric yellow reproducing the 1000-word speech given by Mahatma Gandhi on March 11, 1930 at the Sabarmati Ashram by the banks of the River Sabarmati in Ahmedabad a day before he along with 78 of his followers began the historic Dandi March to protest against the British-imposed tax on salt during which the virtues of Non-Violence were repeatedly insisted on by Gandhi. "The act of rehearsing a text from modern history and meditating on its relevance today is charged with a revisionary historicism: Kallat simultaneously places the text within its particular historical moment and reinvigorates it for present purposes," art historian Chaitanya Sambrani wrote in an essay titled Of Bones and Salt: Jitish Kallat's Public Notice 2. "The first activity, that of historical situation, locates the text securely in the past; the second asks us to reconsider it so as to glean an insight into present exigences and possibilities for the future." The work, according to Sambrani, represents "evidence of the past, scientifically gathered, enumerated, classified and sorted into significant units."
Public Notice 3
In 2010 the artist installed his large-scale site-specific LED installation, Public Notice 3, at the Art Institute of Chicago. This installation was Kallat's first major exhibition at a US institution. The artwork links two disparate yet connected historical events, the First World Parliaments of Religions, held in September 1893, and the much later terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, in September 2001. Kallat's 2004 piece Detergent could be seen as the prototype for Public Notice 3, a text-based work in which Swami Vivekananda's speech was rendered in the same way as in Public Notice. According to Madhuvanti Ghose, "Finally, Kallat's Detergent came 'home' when as Public Notice 3 it opened on September 11, 2010, at the Art Insittute of Chicago. Swami Vivekananda's evocative words calling for universal toleration and the end of bigotry and religious fanaticism were presented on the Woman's Board Grand Staircase, a space approximating the stages of the two temporary halls in which he originally spoke: the Hall of Columbus, where his opening address had been delivered; and the Hall of Washington-an area now largely occupied by the museum's Ryerson Library-where Vivekananda spok on other occasions during the World's Parliament of Religions."
Source: Nature Morte, New Delhi
The Infinite Episode, Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris
The Hour of the Day of the Month of the Season, Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris
Epilogue, San Jose Museum of Art, USA
Circa, Ian Potter Museum of Art, Melbourne
Chlorophyll Park, Nature Morte, New Delhi
Fieldnotes: Tomorrow was Here Yesterday, Dr. Bhau Daji Lad Museum, Mumbai
Stations of a Pause, Chemould Prescott Road, Mumbai
Public Notice 3, Art Institute of Chicago
Likewise, ARNDT Berlin
The Astronomy of the Subway, Haunch of Venison, London
Aquasaurus, Sherman Contemporary Art Foundation, Sydney
Skinside Outside, Arario Gallery, Seoul
Public Notice-2, Bodhi Art, Singapore
Universal Recipient, Haunch of Venison, Zurich
Sweatopia, Chemould Prescott Road and Bodhi Art
Unclaimed Baggage, Albion, London
365 Lives, Arario Gallery, Beijing
Rickshawpolis–3, Gallery Barry Keldoulis, Sydney
Rickshawpolis–2, Spazio Piazza Sempione, Milan
Rickshawpolis–1, Nature Morte, New Delhi
Panic Acid, Bodhi Art, Singapore
Humiliation Tax, Gallery Chemould, Mumbai
The Lie of the Land, Walsh Gallery, Chicago
First Information Report, Bose Pacia Modern, New York
Milk Route, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi
General Essential, Sakshi Gallery, Bangalore
Ibid., Gallery Chemould, Mumbai
Private limited–I, Bose Pacia Modern, New York
Private limited–II, Apparao Gallery, Chennai
Apostrophe, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi
P.T.O., Gallery Chemould and Prithvi Gallery, Mumbai
Select Group Exhibitions
After Midnight: Indian Modernism To Contemporary India 1947/1997, Queens Museum of Art, New York
After Utopia, Singapore Art Museum
Obsession, Maison Particulière, Brussels
Postdate: Photography And Inherited History In India, San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose CA
Busan Biennale 2014 - Inhabiting the World, Busan
An Appetite for Painting, Contemporary Painting 2000–2014, The Museum of Contemporary Art Oslo, Oslo
St. Moritz Art Masters, St. Moritz
ARSENALE 2012, The First Kiev International Biennale of Art, Kiev
India: Art Now, ARKEN Museum of Modern Art, Ishøj
Critical Mass: Contemporary Art From India, Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv
Indian Highway, Ullens Center for Contemporary Art, Beijing
Curitiba Biennial, Curitiba
Ideas of the Sublime, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
Aesthetic Bind: Citizen Artist: Forms of Address, Chemould Prescott Road, Mumbai
Palindrome: Jitish Kallat & Gilbert and George, ARNDT, Singapore
Car Fetish. I drive, therefore I am, Museum Tinguely, Basel
Maximum India, Kennedy Center for Performing Arts, Washington D.C.
Watercolour, Tate Britain, London
Indian Highway IV, Musée d’Art Contemporain, Lyon, France
Metropolis, The New Art Gallery Walsall, UK
Finding India - Art for the New Century, MOCA Taipei
Skulptur i Pilane, Pilane Burial Grounds, Tjorn, Sweden
Indian Highway, Herning Kunstmuseum, Denmark
Urban Manners 2, SESC Pompeia, Sao Paulo
The Empire Strikes Back, Saatchi Gallery, London
India Contemporary, Gemeente Museum Hague,
Mythologies, Haunch of Venison, London
Art Foundation Mallorca Collection, Centro Cultural Andratx, CCA Andratx
Passage to India Part II, Initial Access Frank Cohen Collection, Wolverhampton
Indian Highway, Astrup Fearnley Museum of Modern Art, Oslo
Indian Narrative in the 21st Century: Between Memory and History, Casa Asia Center, Madrid
The 3rd Guangzhou Triennial, Guangdong Museum of Art, Guangzhou, Guangdong
Indian Highway, Serpentine Gallery, London
Die Tropen, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin
India Moderna, Institut Valencia d’Art Modern, Valencia
Chalo! India: A New Era of Indian Art, Mori Art Museum, Tokyo
Soft Power, Zendai Museum of Art, Shanghai
Urban Manners, Hangar Bicocca, Milan
Hungry God, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto
Aftershock, The Sainsbury Center for Visual Arts, Norwich
Horn Please, Kunstmuseum, Bern
Thermocline of Art – New Asian Waves, ZKM Museum, Karlsruhe, Germany
The 6th Gwangju Biennale, Korea
The 5th Asia Pacific Triennial of Contemporary Art, Brisbane, Australia
Passages, Palais des Beaux Arts, Brussels
Lille 3000, Lille, France
L’Art à la Plage, Galerie Enrico Navarra, Ramatuelle, France
First Pocheon Asian Art Triennale, Pocheon, Korea
Indian Summer, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, Paris
The Artist Lives and Works in Baroda/Bombay/Calcutta/Mysore/ Rotterdam/Trivandrum, House of World Cultures, Berlin
Zoom! Art in Contemporary India, Culturgest, Lisbon
SubTerrain: Artists Dig the Contemporary, House of World Cultures, Berlin
Pictorial Transformations, National Art Gallery, Malaysia
Crossing generations: diVERGE, National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai
Indians+Cowboys, 4A Center for Contemporary Art, Sydney
The Tree from the Seed, Henie Onstad Kunstsenter, Høvikodden, Norway
Hard Copy, a two-person show with Reena Saini Kallat, Gallery 88, Calcutta
Under Construction, The Japan Foundation, Asia Center, Tokyo
India – Contemporary Art from Northeastern Private Collection, Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum, New Jersey
Century City, Tate Modern, London
Indian Painting, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
7th Havana Biennial, Havana, Cuba
Art of the World 1998, Passage de Retz, Paris, France
Innenseite, Projektgruppe Stoffwechsel, University of Kassel, Germany
50 Years of Art in Mumbai, National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai
Kallat's work can be found in a number of public and private collections including:
- National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi
- Art Institute of Chicago
- Victoria and Albert Museum, London
- Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
- Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles
- Brooklyn Museum, New York
- Singapore Art Museum
- Fukuoka Asian Art Museum, Fukuoka City
- Birmingham Museum
- New Art Gallery Walsall
- Ian Potter Museum of Art, Melbourne
- Centre of Contemporary Art, Mallorca
- The Saatchi Gallery, London
- Vanhaerents Art Collection, Brussels
- Sigg Collection, Switzerland
- Arario Gallery, Korea
- Initial Access Frank Cohen, Wolverhampton
- Burger Collection, Hong Kong
- Kiran Nadar Museum of Art, New Delhi
- Sherman Contemporary Art Foundation, Sydney
- The Guy & Myriam Ullens Foundation Collection, Beijing
- "Artist's Profile - Jitish Killat", The Saatchi Gallery, Retrieved 16 September 2014.
- "Trustees Patrons Founder", India Institute for the Arts, Retrieved 16 September 2014.
- Rangachari Shah, Gayatri. "Couples Fuel India's Vibrant Art Scene", The New York Times, Retrieved 16 September 2014.
- "Jitish Kallat - Artist Bio", Aicon Gallery, Retrieved 16 September 2014.
- "The Skoda Prize 2012", Skoda, Retrieved 16 September 2014.
- "Arndt - Jitish Kallat", Arndt Gallery, Retrieved 16 September 2014.
- Griffiths, Sarah. "Now that's a bone shaker', The Daily Mail, Retrieved 16 September 2014.
- Page 118, A Guide to Modern & Contemporary Indian Artists, Amrita Jhaveri, India Book House, 2005, Mumbai, India, ISBN 81-7508-423-5
- From Vivekananda to Kallat, Madhuvanti Ghose, from Public Notice 3 published by The Art Institute of Chicago, April 2011
- Jitish Kallat, Public Notice 2, published by Art Gallery of New South Wales and Sherman Contemporary Art Foundation, 2015
- "Public Notice 3", The Art Institute of Chicago, Retrieved 16 September 2014.
- "Jitish Kallat: Public Notice 3", The Art Institute of Chicago, Retrieved 16 September 2014.
- 'From Vivekananda to Kallat, Madhuvanti Ghose, from Public Notice 3 published by The Art Institute of Chicago, April 2011
- http://www.aaa.org.hk › Collection
- Holland Cotter on Jitish Kallat’s 1999 solo exhibition in New York
- Holland Cotter on Jitish Kallat’s solo exhibition titled ‘First Information Report’ in New York
- Jitish Kallat, The Hour of the Day of the month of the Season at Daniel Templon
- With two months to go... | The making of Whorled Explorations, Kochi-Muziris Biennale
- Jitish Kallat's Public Notice-3 at the Art Institute of Chicago
- Jitish Kallat discusses Circa
- Circa at Ian Potter Museum of Art
- Public Notice-2 at Art Gallery of New South Wales
- Public Notice-3 at Art Institute of Chicago
- Epilogue at San Jose Museum of Art
- Jitish Kallat Interview with Quadrilogy 'The Layering of Unintended Meanings'
- Re-searching the Nation and Artist Archive part 2
- Art Talk - Jitish Kallat, News X
- Interview: Jitish Kallat with Susan Hapgood about Fieldnotes: Tomorrow Was Here Yesterday
- Jitish Kallat on France 24
- Interview with Politics of Art on curating the Kochi-Muziris Biennale 2014
- Interview with Anabelle de Gersigny for Ocula
- Interview with Wall Street Journal
- Profile of Jitish Kallat by Nisha Susan for Tehelka