View of the Jiu River passing Craiova city, Dolj County, Romania
The river Jiu in Romania.
|Counties||Hunedoara, Gorj, Dolj|
|Cities||Petroșani (Jiul de Est), Lupeni (Jiul |
de Vest), Târgu Jiu, Craiova
|Source||Confluence of headwaters Jiul de Vest and Jiul de Est, near Petroșani, Hunedoara|
|⁃ elevation||554 m (1,818 ft)|
|near Bechet, Dolj|
|Length||339 km (211 mi)|
|Basin size||10,080 km2 (3,890 sq mi)|
|⁃ average||95 m3/s (3,400 cu ft/s)|
|Progression||Danube→ Black Sea|
|⁃ left||Jiul de Est, Gilort, Amaradia|
|⁃ right||Jiul de Vest, Motru|
The Jiu (Romanian: [ʒiw] (listen); Hungarian: Zsil [ʒil]; German: Schil or Schiel; Latin: Rabon) is a river in southern Romania. It is formed near Petroșani by the confluence of headwaters Jiul de Vest and Jiul de Est.
It flows southward through the Romanian counties Hunedoara, Gorj and Dolj before flowing into the Danube a few kilometers upstream from the Bulgarian city of Oryahovo, 339 kilometers from its sources. It has a basin of 10,080 km².
The upper Jiu Valley, around Petroșani and Lupeni, is Romania’s principal coal mining region.
Towns and cities
The following rivers are tributaries to the river Jiu (from source to mouth):
- Left: Jiul de Est, Izvor, Polatiștea, Radul, Pârâul Alb, Păiușu, Chițiu, Sadu, Curpenoasa, Tetila, Iazu Topilelor, Hodinău, Amaradia (Gorj), Dâmbova, Cioiana, Gilort, Cârnești, Brădești, Amaradia (Dolj), Preajba, Lumaș, Leu, Gioroc
- Right: Jiul de Vest, Cândețu, Murga Mică, Murga Mare, Dumitra, Cerbănașu, Bratcu, Porcu, Sâmbotin, Cartiu, Pietroasa, Șușița (Gorj), Tismana, Timișeni, Jilț, Ceplea, Șușița (Mehedinți), Motru, Racovița, Argetoaia, Raznic, Tejac, Ulm, Prodila
- Trasee turistice - județul Dolj 
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