Jiu River

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Jiu
Jiu River in Craiova.jpg
View of the Jiu River passing Craiova city, Dolj County, Romania
Raul Jiu.png
The river Jiu in Romania.
Location
CountryRomania
CountiesHunedoara, Gorj, Dolj
CitiesPetroșani (Jiul de Est), Lupeni (Jiul
de Vest), Târgu Jiu, Craiova
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - locationConfluence of headwaters Jiul de Vest and Jiul de Est, near Petroșani, Hunedoara
 - coordinates45°22′07″N 23°22′04″E / 45.36861°N 23.36778°E / 45.36861; 23.36778
 - elevation554 m (1,818 ft)
MouthDanube
 - location
near Bechet, Dolj
 - coordinates
43°46′41″N 23°48′48″E / 43.77806°N 23.81333°E / 43.77806; 23.81333Coordinates: 43°46′41″N 23°48′48″E / 43.77806°N 23.81333°E / 43.77806; 23.81333
Length339 km (211 mi)
Basin size10,080 km2 (3,890 sq mi)
Discharge 
 - average95 m3/s (3,400 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Tributaries 
 - leftJiul de Est, Gilort, Amaradia
 - rightJiul de Vest, Motru
ProgressionDanubeBlack Sea

The Jiu (Romanian: [ʒiw] (About this soundlisten); Hungarian: Zsil [ʒil]; German: Schil or Schiel; Latin: Rabon) is a river in southern Romania. It is formed near Petroșani by the confluence of headwaters Jiul de Vest and Jiul de Est.

It flows southward through the Romanian counties Hunedoara, Gorj and Dolj before flowing into the Danube a few kilometers upstream from the Bulgarian city of Oryahovo, 339 kilometers from its sources.[1] It has a basin of 10,080 km².[1][2]

The upper Jiu Valley, around Petroșani and Lupeni, is Romania’s principal coal mining region.

Towns and cities[edit]

The following towns are situated along the river Jiu, from source to mouth: Petroșani (Jiul de Est), Lupeni (Jiul de Vest), Bumbești-Jiu, Târgu Jiu, Turceni, Filiași, Craiova.

Border checkpoint between Romania and Austria-Hungary on the Jiu gorge (cca. 1914)

Tributaries[edit]

The following rivers are tributaries to the river Jiu:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Administrația Națională Apelor Române - Cadastrul Apelor - București
  • Institutul de Meteorologie și Hidrologie - Rîurile României - București 1971
  • Trasee turistice - județul Dolj [1]