Jiu River

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Jiu
Jiu River in Craiova.jpg
View of the Jiu River passing Craiova city, Dolj County, Romania
Countries Romania
Counties Hunedoara, Gorj, Dolj
Tributaries
 - left Jiul de Est, Gilort, Amaradia
 - right Jiul de Vest, Motru
Cities Petroșani (Jiul de Est), Lupeni (Jiul
de Vest), Târgu Jiu, Craiova
Source
 - location Confluence of headwaters Jiul de Vest and Jiul de Est, near Petroșani, Hunedoara
 - elevation 554 m (1,818 ft)
 - coordinates 45°22′07″N 23°22′04″E / 45.36861°N 23.36778°E / 45.36861; 23.36778
Mouth Danube
 - location near Bechet, Dolj
 - coordinates 43°46′41″N 23°48′48″E / 43.77806°N 23.81333°E / 43.77806; 23.81333Coordinates: 43°46′41″N 23°48′48″E / 43.77806°N 23.81333°E / 43.77806; 23.81333
Length 339 km (211 mi)
Basin 10,080 km2 (3,892 sq mi)
Discharge
 - average 95 m3/s (3,355 cu ft/s)
Progression DanubeBlack Sea
The river Jiu in Romania.

The Jiu (Romanian pronunciation: [ʒiw], Latin: Rabon) is a river in southern Romania. It is formed near Petroșani by the confluence of headwaters Jiul de Vest and Jiul de Est.

It flows southward through the Romanian counties Hunedoara, Gorj and Dolj before flowing into the Danube a few kilometers upstream from the Bulgarian city of Oryahovo, 339 kilometers from its sources.[1] It has a basin of 10,080 km².[2][1]

The upper Jiu Valley, around Petroșani and Lupeni, is Romania’s principal coal mining region.

History[edit]

Historically, the Jiu River was also called Rhabon by the Dacian people.[citation needed]

Towns and cities[edit]

The following towns are situated along the river Jiu, from source to mouth: Petroșani (Jiul de Est), Lupeni (Jiul de Vest), Bumbești-Jiu, Târgu Jiu, Turceni, Filiași, Craiova.

Tributaries[edit]

The following rivers are tributaries to the river Jiu:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Administrația Națională Apelor Române - Cadastrul Apelor - București
  • Institutul de Meteorologie și Hidrologie - Rîurile României - București 1971
  • Trasee turistice - județul Dolj [1]