|Single by Bee Gees|
|from the album Main Course|
|B-side||"Wind of Change"|
|Released||31 May 1975|
|Format||Vinyl record (7" 45 RPM)|
|Bee Gees singles chronology|
"Jive Talkin '" is a song by the Bee Gees, released as a single on 31 May 1975 by RSO Records. This was the lead single from the album Main Course and hit number one on the Billboard Hot 100 and reached the top-five on the UK Singles Chart in the summer of 1975. Largely recognised as the group's "comeback" song, it was their first US top-ten hit since "How Can You Mend a Broken Heart" in 1971. The original recording is also notable for its prominent bass-line, which was played on an ARP electronic synthesiser, rather than the usual electric bass.
Origins and recording
The song was originally called "Drive Talking". The song's rhythm was modelled after the sound their car made crossing the Julia Tuttle Causeway each day from Biscayne Bay to Criteria Studios in Miami.
Recording for "Jive Talkin'" took place on 30 January and 2 February 1975. The scratchy guitar intro was done by Barry and the funky bass line provided by Maurice Gibb. The finished recording featured a pulsing synthesiser bass line, which was (along with the pioneering work of Stevie Wonder) one of the earliest uses of "synth bass" on a pop recording. It was overdubbed by keyboardist Blue Weaver using a then state-of-the-art ARP 2600, which producer Arif Mardin had brought in for the recording of the Main Course album. Weaver continues, "Usually Maurice would play bass guitar, but he was away from the studio that night. And when Maurice came back, we let him hear it and suggested he re-record the bass line on his bass guitar". "I really liked the synth bass lines", Maurice said. "I overdubbed certain sections to add bass extra emphasis". "Jive Talkin'" was also influenced by "You're the One" (written by Sly Stone) by Little Sister.
According to Maurice, while hearing this rhythmic sound, "Barry didn't notice that he's going 'Ji-Ji Jive Talkin' ', thinking of the dance, 'You dance with your eyes'...that's all he had...exactly 35 mph...that's what we got." He goes on to say, "We played it to [producer] Arif [Mardin], and he went 'Do you know what "Jive Talkin'" means?' And we said 'Well yeah, it's, ya know, you're dancing.' He says 'NO...it's a black expression for bullshitting.' And we went 'OH, REALLY?!? Jive talkin', you're telling me lies...' and changed it". Maurice goes on to describe how Arif gave them "the groove, the tempo, everything." Robin Gibb then goes on to mention that, because they were English, they were less self-conscious about going into the "no-go areas", referring to musical styles that were more black in styles, etc. He then said, "We didn't think that there was any 'no go' areas, it's music!" Barry's guitar strumming has a smoother version of Kool and the Gang's signature chicka-chicka and funky Nassau version of KC and the Sunshine Band's Caribbean strumming. The song's rhythm riff perhaps from "Shirley & Company's "Shame, Shame, Shame", with a prominent use of the Bo Diddley beat.
After hearing "Jive Talkin'", Lindsey Buckingham of Fleetwood Mac, and co-producer Dashut built up the song "Second Hand News" (released on the band's Rumours in 1977) with four audio tracks of electric guitar and the use of chair percussion to evoke Celtic rock.
Upon its release to radio stations, the single was delivered in a plain white cover, with no immediate indication of what the song's name was or who sang it. The DJs would only find out what the song was and who played it when it was placed on the turntable; RSO did provide the song with a label on the record itself. It was the second time in the band's career that this strategy had been employed to get airplay for their music, after a similar tactic had popularized their debut US single "New York Mining Disaster 1941" in 1967. The song approximates the synthesized propulsion of Stevie Wonder's "Superstition".
The original studio version was included on the Saturday Night Fever soundtrack, as it was used in a scene that was cut from the final film. Later pressings of the album used the live version of "Jive Talkin' " from the Bee Gees 1977 album, Here at Last... Bee Gees... Live, due to contractual distribution changes. The CD version restores the use of the studio version.
Certifications and sales
- In 1975, the funk band Rufus covered "Jive Talkin'" on their album Rufus featuring Chaka Khan.
- In 1987, this song was covered by the Boogie Box High. Boogie Box High was a musical project by Andros Georgiou in the late 1980s, that featured a range of vocal collaborations such as his relative George Michael (of Wham!) and Nick Heyward (of Haircut One Hundred). The cover was their biggest hit in 1987.
- On Iron Maiden's song "More Tea Vicar", towards the end, Bruce Dickinson sings a bit of the song in a voice imitating The Bee Gees as a joke, then follows it up with, "No, no, no! You got the wrong track, you have to go in the studio next door." Then sings, "Okay" in a Bee Gees voice.
- Dread Zeppelin covered "Jive Talkin'" on their 1992 album It's Not Unusual.
- The Judybats covered "Jive Talkin'" on their 1994 album Full-Empty.
- Brennan, Joseph. "Gibb Songs : 1975". Columbia University. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
'Jive Talkin now continues on from 'Nights on Broadway' as another funk song, but there is no falsetto.
- DeCurtis, Anthony; Henke, James; George-Warren, Holly (1992). The Rolling Stone Album Guide: Completely New Reviews : Every Essential Album, Every Essential Artist. Random House. p. 833. ISBN 978-0-6797-3729-2.
Collecting the best of the Gibb brothers' born-again funk phase (like the itchy "Jive Talkin' ") and some authentic dance-floor jams (like the Trammps' blazing "Disco Inferno"), Saturday Night Fever deserves its preeminent status.
- Guarisco, Donald A. "Jive Talkin' – Song Review". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "The Bee Gees – 35 Years of Music". Billboard 113 (12): 22. 24 March 2001. ISSN 0006-2510.
- Dede, Mehmet (2001). "Jive Talkin' with Arif MARDIN". The Light Millenium. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- Meyer, David N. (2013). The Bee Gees: The Biography. Da Capo Press.
- Whitburn, Joel (2004). Hot Dance/Disco: 1974-2003. Record Research. p. 232.
- Fleetwood Mac (2001). Making of Rumours (DVD-Audio (Rumours)). Warner Bros.
- "Forum – ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts – CHART POSITIONS PRE 1989". Australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Ultratop.be – Bee Gees – Jive Talkin'" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "Radio 2 Top 30 : 16 augustus 1975" (in Dutch). Top 30. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- CHART NUMBER 966 – Saturday, July 26, 1975 at the Wayback Machine (archived 7 November 2006). CHUM. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Top RPM Adult Contemporary: Issue 4013." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "Top RPM Singles: Issue 4019a." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "Officialcharts.de – Bee Gees – Jive Talkin'". GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Jive Talking". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "Indice per Interprete: B" (in Italian). Hit Parade Italia. Creative Commons. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – Bee Gees - Jive search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – Bee Gees – Jive Talkin'" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "Charts.org.nz – Bee Gees – Jive Talkin'". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "Archive Chart: 1975-08-02" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "Main Course – Awards". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- CASH BOX Top 100 Singles – Week ending AUGUST 9, 1975 at the Wayback Machine (archived 14 August 2012). Cash Box magazine. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- RECORD WORLD 1975 at the Wayback Machine (archived 1 August 2004). Record World. Geocities.com. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Forum - ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts – Top 100 End of Year AMR Charts – 1970s". Australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Top Singles – Volume 24, No. 14, December 27, 1975". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Top 100 Hits for 1975". The Longbored Surfer. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- The CASH BOX Year-End Charts: 1975 at the Wayback Machine (archived 19 August 2012). Cash Box magazine. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "British single certifications – Bee Gees – Jive Talking". British Phonographic Industry. Enter Jive Talking in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Select Silver in the field By Award. Click Search
- "American single certifications – Bee Gees – Jive Talkin_". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH
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