Jizan

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Jazan
حفرالباطن
حفرالباطن
حفرالباطن
حفرالباطن
Jazan is located in Saudi Arabia
Jazan
Jazan
Coordinates: 16°53′21″N 42°33′40″E / 16.88917°N 42.56111°E / 16.88917; 42.56111
Country  Saudi Arabia
Region حفرالباطن
Government
 • Governor / Emir HRH Prince Mohammed Bin Nasser Bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud
Elevation 40 m (130 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 105,193
Time zone AST (UTC+3)
Website www.jazan.gov.sa

Jazan (Arabic: جازان‎‎ jazān), also spelled Jizan, Gizan or Gazan, is a port city and the capital of Jizan Region, which lies in the southwest corner of Saudi Arabia and directly north of the border with Yemen. Jazan City is situated on the coast of the Red Sea and serves a large agricultural heartland that has a population of 1.5 million, according to a 2010 census. The area is noted for its high-quality production of tropical fruits like mango, figs, and papaya.

Jazan has one of the largest mega projects market in the kingdom with significant infrastructure projects worth many billions of dollars. Saudi Aramco is building a 400,000 bpd refinery with associated terminal facilities on the Red Sea near Jazan, scheduled for completion in late 2016. [1]

Ethnography[edit]

The inhabitants of Jazan are Arab and almost entirely Sunni Muslim.

Economy[edit]

In the early 20th-century, Jazan was a major site for pearl fishing. When World War I began, trade declined at Jazan, moving to Al Hudaydah.[2]

Today, ambitious projects in transport, renewable energy, tourism and agricultural development are taking place in Jazan region, particularly in Jazan Economic City, including a USD$3 Billion aluminium smelter[3]

Climate[edit]

Jazan has a hot desert climate (Köppen: BWh) with an average annual temperature above 30 °C (86 °F). The weather is very hot all year round and its average annual temperature is one of the hottest in the world, even in its short winters.

It is very humid but parched in some months, making the weather very oppressive.

The highest recorded temperature was 46.3 °C (115.3 °F) on September 15, 2006, while the lowest was 11.8 °C (53.2 °F) on February 7, 1993.[4]

Climate data for Jizan (1985-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.0
(93.2)
34.9
(94.8)
38.1
(100.6)
41.1
(106)
44.0
(111.2)
42.7
(108.9)
42.3
(108.1)
45.3
(113.5)
46.3
(115.3)
43.0
(109.4)
42.3
(108.1)
38.0
(100.4)
46.3
(115.3)
Average high °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
31.2
(88.2)
33.0
(91.4)
35.5
(95.9)
37.4
(99.3)
38.4
(101.1)
38.3
(100.9)
38.1
(100.6)
38.0
(100.4)
36.7
(98.1)
34.4
(93.9)
31.9
(89.4)
35.3
(95.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.1
(79)
26.7
(80.1)
28.2
(82.8)
30.5
(86.9)
32.2
(90)
33.5
(92.3)
33.6
(92.5)
33.2
(91.8)
33.0
(91.4)
31.3
(88.3)
29.2
(84.6)
26.9
(80.4)
30.4
(86.7)
Average low °C (°F) 21.6
(70.9)
22.6
(72.7)
24.1
(75.4)
26.1
(79)
27.8
(82)
29.6
(85.3)
30.1
(86.2)
29.6
(85.3)
28.8
(83.8)
26.4
(79.5)
24.6
(76.3)
22.6
(72.7)
26.2
(79.2)
Record low °C (°F) 14.9
(58.8)
11.8
(53.2)
16.3
(61.3)
18.8
(65.8)
19.1
(66.4)
23.0
(73.4)
21.0
(69.8)
19.0
(66.2)
20.0
(68)
20.3
(68.5)
18.3
(64.9)
17.0
(62.6)
11.8
(53.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.4
(0.528)
3.7
(0.146)
5.7
(0.224)
14.6
(0.575)
7.4
(0.291)
0.9
(0.035)
10.5
(0.413)
26.2
(1.031)
10.1
(0.398)
18.5
(0.728)
12.8
(0.504)
15.9
(0.626)
139.7
(5.5)
Average relative humidity (%) 73 73 70 66 64 64 60 64 67 67 69 73 68
Source: Jeddah Regional Climate Center[5]


Jīzān mean sea temperature[6]
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
26.8 °C (80.2 °F) 26.6 °C (79.9 °F) 27.6 °C (81.7 °F) 28.9 °C (84.0 °F) 30.7 °C (87.3 °F) 31.9 °C (89.4 °F) 31.5 °C (88.7 °F) 31.6 °C (88.9 °F) 32.0 °C (89.6 °F) 32.0 °C (89.6 °F) 30.5 °C (86.9 °F) 28.7 °C (83.7 °F)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aramco lets contracts for Jazan refinery, terminal". Oil & Gas Journal. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  2. ^ Prothero, G.W. (1920). Arabia. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 75. 
  3. ^ "$3bn Jazan aluminium smelter deal signed". Trade Arabia. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  4. ^ "Gizan, Saudi Arabia". Jeddah Regional Climate Center. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "Climate Data for Saudi Arabia". Jeddah Regional Climate Center. Retrieved December 7, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Monthly Jīzān water temperature chart". Seatemperatures.org. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 16°53′21″N 42°33′40″E / 16.88917°N 42.56111°E / 16.88917; 42.56111