|Place of origin||Korea|
|Associated national cuisine||Korean cuisine|
Jjamppong (짬뽕) is a Korean noodle soup with red, spicy seafood- or pork-based broth flavored with gochugaru (chili powder). Common ingredients include onions, garlic, Korean zucchini, carrots, cabbages, squid, mussels, and pork. It is a popular menu among the common people along with Jajangmyeon in South Korea.
History and etymology
Although the dish was inspired by Shandong-style chǎomǎmiàn (炒码面), the name of the dish was derived from chanpon, a Japanese Chinese dish derived from Fujian-style mènmiàn (焖面). During the Japanese occupation (1910–1945), the Japanese saw chǎomǎmiàn in Chinese restaurants in Korea and named it chanpon, as the white soup seemed similar to the soup of chanpon to their eyes. The Japanese word was adapted phonetically into Korean as jjamppong.
When considering how champon is made, it is assumed that the exported version of chǎomǎmiàn, a type of tó̤ng nṳ̀ sí mīng (湯肉絲麵), would have used boiled pork and chicken bones to make the broth, while the base broth of Jjamppong differ in that it mainly uses stir fried seafood and vegetables with the addition of gochugaru (chili powder) and chili oil; a practice that began in the 1960s.
In some restaurants, Samsun jjampong (삼선짬뽕) refers to a more expensive option with additional varieties of seafood. Inspired by Gamja-tang, Pork back-bone jjampong (뼈짬뽕) uses a mix of pork bone broth, stir fried seafood, chili oil, and vegetables. Gul jjampong (굴짬뽕) contains oysters and is usually served with a spicy white broth, also called Sacheon Tangmyeon (사천탕면). Gochu jjampong refers to a jjampong with additional spiciness using Cheongyang chili pepper. A panfried variety of jjampong is also served at some restaurants. In jjampong bap (짬뽕밥), rice is used in the place of noodles.
In Korea, the affection for Jjamppong leads to Ramen, and there are many kinds of Jjamppong ramen. There is even a Jjamppong burger.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jjamppong.|
- Rodbard, Matt (2 February 2016). "Recipe: Jjampong (Spicy Seafood Noodle Soup)". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
- Scott, Mark Alan (2014). The World Cup of Soups: A Recipe Book. Xlibris. p. 60. ISBN 978-1-4931-8275-6.[self-published source]
- Yarvin, Brian (2014). A World of Noodles. Woodstock, VT: Countryman Press. p. 134. ISBN 978-1-58157-210-0.
- "짬뽕(炒馬麵) - 한국민족문화대백과사전". encykorea.aks.ac.kr. Retrieved 2021-03-27.
- 이, 성희 (17 March 2017). "[명사 70인과의 동행] (38) "중국 초마면 본 일본인이 짬뽕이라 불러"…한국 근대를 맛보다". Kyunghyang Shinmun (in Korean). Retrieved 20 April 2017.
- 김, 현우. "식지 않는 짬뽕 열기…'짬뽕버거'까지 등장". news.naver.com (in Korean). Retrieved 2021-03-28.