|Awarded by||Bharatiya Jnanpith|
|First awardee(s)||G. Sankara Kurup|
|Last awardee(s)||Bhalchandra Nemade|
The Jnanpith Award (also spelled as Gyanpeeth Award) is a literary award in India. Along with the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship, it is one of the two most prestigious literary honours in the country. The award was instituted in 1961. Eligibility is restricted to any Indian citizen who writes in one of the 22 languages listed in Schedule Eight of the Indian constitution. It is presented by the Bharatiya Jnanpith, a trust founded by the Sahu Jain family, the publishers of the newspaper The Times of India.
The name of the award is taken from Sanskrit words jnāna and pīṭha (knowledge-seat). It carries a cheque for ₹11 lakh, a citation plaque and a bronze replica of Saraswati, the Indian goddess of knowledge, music, and the arts.
Prior to 1982, the awards were given for a single work by a writer; since then, the award has been given for a lifetime contribution to Indian literature. As of 2014 most Jananpith award winners, ten have been writing in Hindi followed by eight in Kannada, five each in Bengali and Malayalam, four each in Oriya, Urdu and Marathi and three each in Gujarati and Telugu and two each in Assamese and Tamil.
Starting with the Bengali writer Ashapoorna Devi in 1976, seven women writers have won the award so far. The other recipients include Amrita Pritam (1981, Punjabi), Mahadevi Varma (1982, Hindi), Qurratulain Hyder (1989, Urdu), Mahasweta Devi (1996, Bengali), Indira Goswami (2000, Assamese) and Pratibha Ray (2011, Oriya).
The award announcements have lately been lagging behind the award-years. The awards for the years 2005 and 2006 were announced on 22 November 2008, and were awarded to the Hindi writer Kunwar Narayan for 2005 and jointly to Konkani writer Ravindra Kelekar and Sanskrit scholar Satya Vrat Shastri for 2006. Satya Vrat Shastri is the first Sanskrit poet to be conferred the award since its inception. The awards for the 45th and 46th Jnanpith for the years 2009 and 2010 respectively, were announced on 20 September 2011. The 45th award was jointly conferred on Hindi littérateurs Amar Kant and Sri Lal Sukla, and the 46th on the Kannada littérateur Chandrashekhara Kambara. The 48th Jnanpith award for the year 2012 was announced on 17 April 2013 and was conferred to Telugu novelist, short-story writer and poet Ravuri Bharadhwaja for his overall contribution to Telugu literature.
Jnanpith Award recipients
|1965||G. Sankara Kurup||Odakkuzhal||Malayalam|
|1967||Kuppali Venkatappa Puttappa (Kuvempu)||Sri Ramayana Darshanam||Kannada|
|1970||Viswanatha Satyanarayana||Ramayana Kalpavrukshamu (A resourceful tree:Ramayana)||Telugu|
|1971||Bishnu Dey||Smriti Satta Bhavishyat||Bengali||–|
|1972||Ramdhari Singh Dinkar||Urvashi||Hindi|
|1973||Dattatreya Ramachandra Bendre||Nakutanti (Four Strings)||Kannada|
|1974||Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar||Yayati||Marathi|
|1975||P. V. Akilan||Chitttrappavai||Tamil|
|1976||Ashapoorna Devi||Pratham Pratisruti||Bengali||–|
|1977||K. Shivaram Karanth||Mookajjiya Kanasugalu (Mookajjis dreams)||Kannada|
|1978||Sachchidananda Vatsyayan||Kitni Navon Men Kitni Bar (How many times in how many boats?)||Hindi||–|
|1979||Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya||Mrityunjay (Conquering Death)||Assamese||–|
|1980||S. K. Pottekkatt||Oru Desathinte Katha (Story of a Land)||Malayalam|
|1981||Amrita Pritam||Kagaj te Canvas||Punjabi|
|1983||Masti Venkatesha Iyengar||Chikkaveera Rajendra (Life and struggle of Kodava King Chikkaveera Rajendra)||Kannada|
|1984||Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai||Kayar (Coir)||Malayalam|
|1985||Pannalal Patel||Maanavi Ni Bhavaai||Gujarati||–|
|1987||Vishnu Vaman Shirwadkar (Kusumagraj)||For his contributions to Marathi literature||Marathi|
|1988||C. Narayana Reddy||Viswambhara||Telugu|
|1989||Qurratulain Hyder||Akhire Shab Ke Humsafar||Urdu|
|1990||V. K. Gokak (Vinayaka Krishna Gokak)||Bharatha Sindhu Rashmi||Kannada|
|1991||Subhas Mukhopadhyay||Padatik (The Foot Soldier)||Bengali|
|1993||Sitakant Mahapatra||For outstanding contribution to the enrichment of Indian literature, 1973–92||Oriya|
|1994||U. R. Ananthamurthy||For his contributions to Kannada literature||Kannada|
|1995||M. T. Vasudevan Nair||Randamoozham||Malayalam|
|1996||Mahasweta Devi||Hajar Churashir Maa||Bengali||–|
|1997||Ali Sardar Jafri||Urdu||–|
|1998||Girish Karnad||For his contributions to Kannada literature and for contributions to Kannada theatre (Yayati)||Kannada|
|2000||Indira Goswami||Datal Hatir Unye Khuwa Howdah (The Termite Eaten Howdah of the Tusker)||Assamese|
|2002||D. Jayakanthan||Novels: Oru Manidhan Oru Vidu Oru Ulakam (A Man, a Home and a World), Oru Nadikai Nadakam Parkkiral (Actress watches the Act), Parisukkup Po (Go to Paris), Sila Nerangalil Sila Manithargal (Certain people at certain times). More than 200 short stories. Non fiction: Oru Ilakkiyavaathiyin Arasiyal Anubhavangal ((A Literary Man's Political Experiences), Oru Ilakkiyavaathiyin Aanmeega Anubhavangal (A Literary Man's Spiritual Experiences)||Tamil|
|2003||Vinda Karandikar||For his contributions to Marathi literature||Marathi||–|
|2004||Rehman Rahi||Subhuk Soda, Kalami Rahi and Siyah Rode Jaren Manz||Kashmiri||–|
|Satya Vrat Shastri||Sanskrit|
|2007||O. N. V. Kurup||For his contributions to Malayalam literature||Malayalam|
|2008||Akhlaq Mohammed Khan 'Shahryar'||Urdu||–|
|2010||Chandrashekhara Kambara||For his contributions to Kannada literature||Kannada|
|2013||Kedarnath Singh||Akaal Mein Saras||Hindi|
|2014||Bhalchandra Nemade||Hindu: Jagnyachi Samrudhha Adgal||Marathi|
- Report from The Hindu, January 2007. Noted writer Manoj Das (in January 2007) "received the country's highest literary honour – Sahitya Akademi Fellowship."
- Parvathi Menon (1999). "The multi-faceted playwright". Frontline 16 (3).
- "Jnanpith award for Jayakanthan". The Times of India. 20 March 2005. Retrieved 12 November 2007.
- "Kunwar Narayan to be awarded Jnanpith". The Times of India. 24 Nov 2008. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
- "Jnanpith Award presented". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 20 August 2009. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
- "Amar Kant, Shrilal Shukla, Kambar win Jnanpith Award", The Hindu, 20 September 2011.
- Ravindra, Kalia (March 9, 2007). "40th Jnanpith Award to Eminent Kashmiri Poet Shri Rahman Rahi" (PDF) (Press release). Bharatiya Jnanpith. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-04-07. Retrieved 2013-05-06.
- Ravindra, Kalia (November 22, 2008). "41st Jnanpith Award to Eminent Hindi Poet Shri Kunwar Narayan and 42nd Jnanpith Award jointly to Eminent Konkani Poet and Author Shri Ravindra Kelekar and Sanskrit Poet and Scholar Shri Satya Vrat Shastri" (PDF) (Press release). Bharatiya Jnanpith. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-02-15. Retrieved 2013-05-06.
- "Malayalam, Urdu writers claim Jnanpith awards". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 25 September 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
- "Oriya novelist and academician Pratibha Ray wins 2011 Jnanpith Award". ibnlive.in.com. 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
it was decided that Ray, 69, will be the winner of the 2011 Janapith Award.
- "Ravuri Bharadwaja Gets Gyanpeeth Award" (PDF). Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- "Kedarnath Singh chosen for Jnanpith". Retrieved June 21, 2014.
- Jnanpith, Bhartiya (1994). The text and the context: an encounter with Jnanpith laureates. Bhartiya Jnanpith.
- "Jnanpith Laureates". Bharatiya Jnanpith.
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