João Braz de Aviz
João Braz de Aviz
|Prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life|
|Appointed||4 January 2011|
|Predecessor||Franc Rode CM|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Deacon of Sant’Elena fuori Porta Prenestina|
|Ordination||26 November 1972|
by Romeu Alberti
|Consecration||31 May 1994|
by Domingos Gabriel Wisniewski
|Created cardinal||18 February 2012|
by Pope Benedict XVI
|Birth name||João Braz de Aviz|
|Born||24 April 1947|
|Motto||Omnes Unum Sint|
(All May Be One)
João Braz de Aviz
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
João Braz de Aviz (Brazilian Portuguese: [ʒuˈɐ̃w ˈbɾas dʒi aˈvis], Latin: Ioannes Blasius de Aviz; born 24 April 1947) is a prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He has served as the prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life since his appointment by Pope Benedict XVI on 4 January 2011.
Early life and education
Aviz was born in Mafra, Diocese of Joinville, Santa Catarina, Brazil in 1947. He has four brothers and three sisters – the youngest sister has Down's syndrome. After pursuing his philosophical studies at the Major Seminary Rainha dos Apostolos in Curitiba and the Faculty of Palmas, he completed his theological studies in Rome at the Pontifical Gregorian University, where he obtained a licenciate, and at the Pontifical Lateran University, where he graduated in 1992 with a doctorate in dogmatic theology.
Aviz was ordained a priest 26 November 1972. He began his ministry as a parish priest in the diocese of Apucarana, as Rector of the Major Seminary Apucarana and Londrina, and as professor of dogmatic theology at the Theological Institute Paul VI in Londrina. He was also member of the Council of Priests and the College of Consultors and General Coordinator of the Diocesan Pastoral Apucarana. As a young priest Aviz was once on his way to a village to say Mass when he stumbled upon an armored car robbery. He was caught in the crossfire and shot, with bullets perforating his lungs and intestines and one eye. He survived and surgeons were able to save his eye; he still carries fragments of those bullets in his body.
On 6 April 1994, he was appointed to the titular bishop of Flenucleta as auxiliary of the Archdiocese of Vitória and received episcopal consecration on 31 May of that year. He was appointed bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Ponta Grossa on 12 August 1998 by Pope John Paul II. He was promoted to archbishop of Maringá on 17 July 2002 where he served until he was appointed archbishop of Brasília on 28 January 2004. In May 2010 he organised the XVI National Eucharistic Congress, which coincided with the 50th anniversary of the city's founding.
On 4 January 2011, Aviz, not a member of a religious order, was appointed prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life.[a] He is the fourth Brazilian to head a Vatican department.[b]
In February 2011, Aviz said he almost abandoned the seminary and the Catholic Church because of the ideological excesses that emerged in the early years of liberation theology. He said in an interview that "Personally, I lived with a lot of anguish during the years of the birth of liberation theology". He said he appreciated that liberation theology promoted the preferential option for the poor, which represents "the church's sincere and responsible concern for the vast phenomenon of social exclusion." He said consecrated men and women need to explore more deeply the mystery of God to strengthen their relationships with others.
In July 2011, he referred to a breakdown in trust between the Vatican and many religious orders because of "some positions taken previously", referring to his predecessor, Cardinal Franc Rode, who decried a "crisis" in religious life following the Second Vatican Council (1962–65) which he believed to have fostered excessively liberalizing currents in some communities of religious. Braz said that he recognizes there are problems, but his main aim is to "rebuild trust" by approaching issues in a new way, "without preemptive condemnations" and "by listening to people's concerns."
Pope Benedict made him a cardinal on 18 February 2012, with the rank of Cardinal-Deacon assigned to Sant'Elena fuori Porta Prenestina. On 21 April 2012 he was appointed a member of the Congregation for the Clergy and the Congregation for Catholic Education. In the spring of 2013, at the time of the conclave that elected Pope Francis, he was mentioned as a possible candidate for election to the papacy.
- Since 1973, prelates ordained for religious orders and for dioceses have alternated in holding the post of prefect of the congregation overseeing religious in the Catholic Church. In the past 100 years, 11 of the 18 prefects did not belong to a religious order.
- Others are Cardinal Agnelo Rossi, who led the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples from 1970 to 1984, Cardinal Lucas Moreira Neves, who headed the Congregation for Bishops from 1998 to 2000, and Cardinal Cláudio Hummes, who headed the Congregation for Clergy from 2006 to 2010.
- Allen Jr., John L. (5 July 2011). "Vatican's point man for religious life: 'We've started to listen again'". National Catholic Reporter.
- Allen Jr., John L. (6 January 2011). "New Vatican head of religious life comes without agenda". National Catholic Reporter.
- Glatz, Carol (2 February 2011). "Liberation theology nearly drove Brazilian archbishop from church". Catholic News Agency.
- Allen, Jr., John L. (5 July 2011). "Vatican's point man for religious life: 'We've started to listen again'". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- Otterman, Sharon (18 February 2012). "Dolan Among 22 New Cardinals, as Trend Favors Vatican Insiders". New York Times. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
- "Rinunce e Nomine" (in Italian). Sala Stampa della Santa Sede. 21 July 2012. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
- Heneghan, Tom (11 February 2013). "With Benedict resigning, can Latin American claim papacy?". Reuters. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
- "Pope: Runners and riders". BBC. 8 March 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
- "Pontifical Acts - 16 December". Vatican Network News. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "Aviz Card. João Braz de". Holy See Press Office. Archived from the original on 19 September 2016. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
|Catholic Church titles|
Murilo Ramos Krieger SCI
| Bishop of Ponta Grossa
12 August 1998–17 July 2002
Sérgio Arthur Braschi
Murilo Ramos Krieger SCI
| Archbishop of Maringá
17 July 2002–28 January 2004
José Freire Falcão
| Archbishop of Brasília
28 January 2004–4 January 2011
Sérgio da Rocha
Franc Rode CM
| Prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life
4 January 2011–present